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carbendazima (Ref: BAS 346F)
** carbendazim ** carbendazol ** carbendazim (MBC) ** carbendazime ** MBC ** Traducciones

Destino ambiental - Ecotoxicología - La salud humana - A a Z Indice - Inicio

RESUMEN

Carbendazim is a fungicide that is not approved for use in the EU. It has a low aqueous solubility, is volatile and moderately mobile. It is moderately persistent in soil and can be very persistent in water systems under certain conditions. Carbendazim has a low mammalian toxicity and is not expected to bioaccumulate. It is, however, reported as a reproduction/developmental toxicant. It is moderately toxic to honeybees and most aquatic organisms. It is highly toxic to earthworms but non-toxic to birds.

INFORMACIÓN GENERAL Click here for an explantaion of the general chemical status information
for carbendazim

Descripción: A fungicide used to control a a range of diseases including Septoria, Fusarium and Sclerotina. Can also be a pesticide transformation product

Ejemplos de plagas controladas: Husk spot; Chocolate spot; Grey mould; Green mould; Crown rot

Ejemplos de aplicaciones: Beans; Macademia nuts; Lentils; Chickpeas; Strawberries; Sugarcane; Cereals

Eficacia y actividad: Wheat/Fungal infections=Low

Availability status: Current

Introduction & key dates: 1973, first reported; 1974, first introduced

CEE Regulación 1107/2009 ( 91/414):
Estado Not approved
Dossier rapporteur/co-rapporteur Germany
Date inclusion expires Expired
UE Candidatas a sustitución -
Incluido en la base de datos de la UE

Approved for use () or known to be used () in the following European countries: Click to access a note on the approvals information on this site

AT

BE

BG

CY

CZ

DE

DK

EE

EL

ES

FI

FR

HR

HU

IE

IT

LT

LU

LV

MT

NL

PL

PT

RO

SE

SI

SK

UK

Also used in: Australia, Estados Unidos

Estructura química: Click here for further information on the general chemical status information used on this site
Isomerism None
Fórmula química C9H9N3O2
Canonical SMILES COC(=O)NC1=NC2=CC=CC=C2N1
Isomeric SMILES No data
International Chemical Identifier Key (InChIKey) TWFZGCMQGLPBSX-UHFFFAOYSA-N
International Chemical Identifier (InChI) InChI=1S/C9H9N3O2/c1-14-9(13)12-8-10-6-4-2-3-5-7(6)11-8/h2-5H,1H3,(H2,10,11,12,13)
¿Diagrama de estructura 2D / imagen disponible?

Estado general: Click here for further information on the general chemical status information used on this site
Tipo de pesticida Fungicide, Metabolite
Metabolite Type Suelo
Grupo químico Benzimidazole
Minimum active substance purity 960 g/kg
Known relevant impurities EU dossier - 3-amino-2-hydroxyphenazine 0.0005 g/kg; 2,3-diamino-phenazine 0.0006 g/kg
Sustancias de origen Sintéticas
Modo de acción Systemic with curative and protectant activity. Inhibition of mitosis and cell division (Beta-tubulin assembly in mitosis).
CAS RN 10605-21-7
CEE número 234-323-0
Número CIPAC 263
EPA américaine chimiques de code 115001/128872
PubChem CID 25429
CLP index number 613-048-00-8
Masa molecular (g mol-1) 191.21
PIN (Preferred Identification Name) methyl 1H-1,3-benzimidazol-2-ylcarbamate
Nombre IUPAC methyl benzimidazol-2-ylcarbamate
Nombre CAS methyl 1H-benzimidazol-2-ylcarbamate
Otra información de estado Marine Pollutant
Relevant Environmental Water Quality Standards Environment Agency UK non-statutory standard for the protection of aquatic life: freshwater and saltwater annual average 0.1 ug/L; max acceptable conc: 1.0 ug/L
Herbicide Resistance Classification (HRAC) No aplicable
Herbicide Resistance Classification (WSSA) No aplicable
Insecticide Resistance Classification (IRAC) No aplicable
Fungicide Resistance Classification (FRAC) 1
Examples of recorded resistance -
Estado físico Colourless crystalline powder
Related substances & organisms

Puede ser un metabolito de
Padre/origen Medio de formación Maximó Calculado de Fracción Ocurrencia 1107/2009 Importancia Click here for further information on 1107/2009 relevancy
thiophanate-methyl Soil   0.758   Major fraction, Relevant
benomyl Soil     -
thiophanate Soil     Major fraction, Relevant

Formulaciones:
Propiedad Click here for information on the general product and branding information used on this site Valor
Example manufacturers & suppliers of products using this active now or historically
  • AgriGuard
  • DuPont
  • Nufarm
  • Barclay
Example products using this active
  • Delsene 50 Flo
  • Harvesan
  • Mascot
  • Occidor
  • Ringer
  • Punch SE
Estado de UK LERAP None
Formulation and application details Usually supplied as a soluble concentrate that is mixed with water and applied as a spray, used as a drench or pre-planting dip.


DESTINO AMBIENTAL

for carbendazim

Propiedad Click here for information on the parameters used to describe environmental fate on this site Valor Fuente/Cuenta de Cualidad/Otra Información Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with fate data Interpretación Click here for information on the way in which we interpret environmental fate data
Solubilidad - En aqua en 20oC (mg l-1) 8.0 A5 Bajo
Solubilidad - en solventes organicos en 20oC (mg l-1) 300 A5 - Etanol -
36 A5 - Benceno -
135 A5 - Acetato de etilo -
100 A5 - Cloroformo -
Punto de fusión (oC) 305 A5 -
Punto de ebullición (oC) Decomposes before boiling A5 -
El punto de degradación (oC) 305 A5 -
Punto de inflamación (oC) Not expected to self ignite; Not highly flammable A5 -
Octanol-aqua coeficiente de particiónat en pH 7, 20oC P 3.02 X 1001 Calculado -
Log P 1.48 A5 Bajo
Masa densidad (g ml-1)/Peso específico 1.45 A5 -
Disociación constante (pKa) at 25oC 4.2 A5 -
Nota: Base débil
Presión de vapor en 20oC (mPa) 0.09 A5 Baja volatilidad
Constante de Henry a 25oC (Pa m3 mol-1) 3.60 X 10-03 A5 No volátil
Indice de potencial de lixiviación GUS Click here for a note on the limitations of the GUS index 2.53 Calculado Estado de transición
SCI-GROW groundwater index (μg l-1) for a 1 kg ha-1 or 1 l ha-1 application rate Click here for a note on the limitations of the SCI-GROW index Valor 1.50 X 10-01 Calculado -
Nota -
Potencial para transportar de 'particle bound' Click here for a note on the limitations of the potential for particle bound transport index - Calculado Bajo
Maximum UV-vis absorption L mol-1 cm-1 242.5-244nm =10410, two smaller peaks at 279-280.5nm and 285-288 nm = 14670 A3 -
Surface tension (mN m-1) - - -

Degradación:
Propiedad Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance degradation Valor Fuente/Cuenta de Cualidad/Otra Información Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with degradation data Interpretación Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance degradation data
Biodegradabilidad general -
Degradación de suelo (días) (aerobic) DT50 (típico) 40 A5 Persistente moderado
DT50 (laboratorio en 20oC) 34.3 A5 Persistente moderado
DT50 (campo) 22 A5 No persistente
DT90 (laboratorio en 20oC) 132.5 A5 -
DT90 (campo) 115 A5 -
Endpoint de modelado DT50 - - -
Nota EU dossier Lab studies DT50 range 20-40 days, DT90 range 86-226 days; Field studies DT50 range 11-78 days, DT90 range 36-257 days; Defra give general range as 8-32 days; Other sources: DT50 120 days (F3)
Dissipation rate RL50 on plant matrix Valor 5.6 R4 -
Nota Published literature RL50 range 2.2-9.0 days, 2 undercover grown crops, various matrices, n=2
Dissipation rate RL50 on and in plant matrix Valor 8.4 R4 -
Nota Published literature RL50 range 2.2-32.0 days, 17 field crops, various matrices, n=32
Acuoso fotólisis DT50 (días) en pH 7 Valor Estable A5 -
Nota Stable at pH 5 to pH 7, DT50 22-124 days at pH 9
Acuoso hidrólisis DT50 (días) en 20oC y pH 7 Valor 350 A5 Persistente
Nota pH5:>350 days; pH7:>350 days; pH9: 54-124 days, all @ 22-25 DegC
Aqua-Sedimento DT50 (días) 33.7 A5 Moderado rápido
Fase de agua sola DT50 (días) 7.9 A5 Moderado rápido

De absorción del suelo y la movilidad:
Propiedad Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance adsorption and mobility Valor Fuente/Cuenta de Cualidad/Otra Información Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with adsorption and mobility data Interpretación Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance adsorption and mobility
Lineal Kd - - -
Koc -
Notas y rango -
Freundlich Kf 3.4 A4 Móvil moderado
Kfoc 225
1/n 0.967
Notas y rango EU dossier Kf range 1.6-6.3 mL/g, Kfoc range 200-246 mL/g, 1/n range 0.87-1.12, Soils=3
pH senbsibilidad No

Key metabolites:
Metabolito Medio de formación Maximó Calculado de Fracción Ocurrencia 1107/2009 Importancia Click here for further information on 1107/2009 relevancy
2-aminobenzimidazole Suelo   0.08   Minor fraction, Relevant

Other known metabolites:
Metabolite name and reference Aliases Medio de formación / Rate Maximó Calculado de Fracción Ocurrencia Metabolising enzymes
5-hydroxymethylbenzimidazole carbamate 5-OH-MBC; 5-OH-carbendazim a=Animal; b=Plant a=1.00 -


ECOTOXICOLOGÍA

for carbendazim

Propiedad Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance ecotoxicology Valor Fuente/Cuenta de Cualidad/Otra Información Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with ecotoxicology data Interpretación Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance ecotoxicology
Factor de la bio-concentración BCF (l kg-1) 25 P4 Bajo potencial
CT50 (días) No disponible -
Mamíferos - Agudos oral LD50 (mg kg-1) > 10000 A5 Rata Bajo
Mamíferos - a corto plazo NOEL (mg kg-1) > 10 B5 Rata Alto
(ppm dieta) > 100 -
Pájaros/aves - Agudos LD50 (mg kg-1) > 2250 A5 Colinus virginianus Bajo
Birds - Short term dietary (LC50/LD50) 615 mg kg-1 bw/día A5 Anas platyrhynchos -
Pez - agudo 96 hora LC50 (mg l-1) 0.19 A5 Oncorhynchus mykiss Moderado
Pez - Crónico 21 días NOEC (mg l-1) 0.0032 A5 Oncorhynchus mykiss Alto
Invertebrados acuáticos - Agudos 48 hora EC50 (mg l-1) 0.15 A5 Daphnia magna Moderado
Invertebrados acuáticos - Crónicos 21 días NOEC (mg l-1) 0.0015 A5 Daphnia magna Alto
Crustáceos acuáticos - Agudos 96 hora LC50 (mg l-1) 0.086 F3 Americamysis bahia Alto
Sediment dwelling organisms - Agudos 96 hora LC50 (mg l-1) - - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Crónicos 28 día NOEC, estático, agua (mg l-1) 0.0133 A5 Chironomus riparius Moderado
Sediment dwelling organisms - Crónicos 28 día NOEC, sedimento (mg kg-1) - - -
Plantas acuáticas - Agudos 7 día EC50, biomasa (mg l-1) - - -
Non-target plants - - -
- - -
Algas - Agudos 72 hora EC50, crecimiento (mg l-1) > 7.7 A5 Scenedemus subspicatus Moderado
Algas - Crónicos 96 hora NOEC, crecimiento (mg l-1) - - -
Abejas mielíferas Contacto aguda 48 hora LD50 (μg abeja-1) > 50 A5 Moderado
Oral aguda 48 hora LD50 (μg abeja-1) > 756 A5 Bajo
Modo desconocido aguda 48 hora LD50 (μg abeja-1) - - -
Lombrices - Agudos 14 día LC50 (mg kg-1) 5.4 A5 Eisenia foetida Alto
Lombrices - Crónicos 14 día NOEC, reproducción (mg kg-1) 1.0 A5 Eisenia foetida Moderado
Other soil macro-organisms - e.g. Collembola LR50 / EC50 / NOEC / % Causalidad - - -
Otro arthropoda (1) LR50 g ha-1 3000 > Mortality
A5 Aphidius rhopalosiphi
-
% Causalidad 39 Dose: 0.36 kg ha-1
A5 Aphidius matricariae
-
Otro arthropoda (2) LR50 g ha-1 30 > Mortality
A5 Typhlodromus pyri
-
% Causalidad 100 Dose: 0.03 kg ha-1
A5 Typhlodromus pyri, protonymph
-
Soil micro-organisms Nitrogen mineralisation: No significant adverse effect
Carbon mineralisation: No significant adverse effect
A5
Dose: 1.5 kg ha-1
-
Mesocosm study data NOEAEC mg l-1 - - -
NOEAEC mg l-1 - - -


LA SALUD HUMANA Y PROTECCIÓN

for carbendazim

General:
Propiedad Click here for information on the parameters used to describe human health and protection issues Valor Fuente/Cuenta de Cualidad/Otra Información Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with human health and protection data Interpretación Click here for information on the way in which we interpret human health and protection data
Threshold of Toxicological Concern (Cramer Class) Click here for a note on the limitations of the Cramer class High (class III) - -
Mamíferos - Agudos oral LD50 (mg kg-1) > 10000 A5 Rata Bajo
Mammals - Dermal LD50 (mg kg-1 body weight) > 2000 A5 Rat -
Mammals - Inhalation LC50 (mg l-1) > 5.8 A5 Rat, 4 hr (head/nose) -
Other Mammal toxicity endpoints - -
Consumo cada día aceptable (mg kg-1p.c. días-1) 0.02 A5 Rabbit, SF-500 -
ARfD - Acute Reference Dose (mg kg-1p.c. días-1) 0.02 A5 Rat, SF=500 -
AAOEL - Acute Acceptable Operator Exposure Level (mg kg-1 bw day-1) - - -
El nivel de exposición del operador (AOEL) sistemíco (mg kg-1p.c. días-1) 0.02 A5 Rat, SF=500 -
Estudios den la absorción cutánea (%) - - -
Directivo 76/464 Sustancias Peligrosas - - -
Limites de exposiciones - - -
Exposure Routes Public Negligible risk to consumers and bystanders
Occupational Low risk to agricultural workers
European MRLs Click here for the EU MRL pesticide database
Drinking Water Standards - - -
Drinking Water MAC (μg l-1) - - -

Health issues:
Carcinogen Mutágeno Endocrine disrupter Reproduction / development effects Cholinesterase inhibitor Neurotoxicant

Respiratory tract irritant Skin irritant Skin sensitiser Eye irritant Phototoxicant

-

-

Cuestiones generales de la salud humana Evidence of liver enzyme induction
Possible liver toxicant
USEPA - possible human carcinogen Increase of estrogen production and aromatase activity

: Yes, known to cause a problem
: No, known not to cause a problem
: Possibly, status not identified
- : No data found

Handling issues:
Propiedad Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance handling issues Valor Fuente/Cuenta de Cualidad/Otra Información Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with data on handling issues Interpretación Click here for information on the way in which we interpret data on handling issues
General Click here for a description of the International Maritime Dangerous Goods (IMDG) codes IMDG Transport Code is usually 9
CLP classification 2013 Health: H340, H360FD
Environment: H400, H410
CEE clasificación de riesgos Click here to view information omn the EU risk phrases Mutagenic category 2: R46
Reproduction risk category 2: R60, R61
N - Dangerous for the environment: R50, R53
CEE clasificación sin riesgos Click here to view information omn the EU safety phrases S45, S53, S60, S61
Clasificación de OSM U - Es poco probable que presente un riesgo agudo
US EPA Classification (formulation) III - Caution - Slightly toxic
Número de las NU Usually 3082
Waste disposal & packaging Click here for a description of UN packaging marks Packaging Group III (minor danger)


TRADUCCIONES

for carbendazim

Idioma Nombre
Inglés carbendazim
Francés carbendazime
Alemán Carbendazim
Danés carbendazim
Italiano carbendazim
Español carbendazima
Griego carbendazim
Esloveno karbendazim
Polaco karbendazym
Sueco karbendazim
Húngaro karbendazim
Holandés carbendazim

Última actualización del registro: Tuesday 03 July 2018
Contacto: aeru@herts.ac.uk