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clororofam (Ref: ENT 18060)
** chlorpropham ** chlorproham ** chlor-IFC ** chlorprophame ** chlor-IPC ** CIPC ** chloropropham ** Traducciones

Destino ambiental - Ecotoxicología - La salud humana - A a Z Indice - Inicio

RESUMEN

Chlorpropham is a residual herbicide and potato sprout suppressant that has EU approval for use. It is moderately soluble in water, highly volatile and moderately mobile. It is not persistent in soil but may be persistent in water systems. Chlorpropham has a low mammalian toxicity but it may bioaccumulate. It is a recognised irritant. It is moderately toxic to birds, honeybees and most aquatic organisms.

INFORMACIÓN GENERAL Click here for an explantaion of the general chemical status information
for chlorpropham

Descripción: A residual herbicide and potato sprout suppressant

Ejemplos de plagas controladas: Sprouting; Suckering; Annual and perennial broad-leaved weeds

Ejemplos de aplicaciones: Alfalfa; Potatoes; Sugarbeet; Sweet potatoes; Tomatoes; Lettuce; Garlic; Cranberries; Blueberries; Tobacco

Eficacia y actividad: Efficacy proven in field through extensive use in the EU and from field studies.

Availability status: Current

Introduction & key dates: 1951

CEE Regulación 1107/2009 ( 91/414):
Estado Approved
Dossier rapporteur/co-rapporteur Netherlands/Spain
Date inclusion expires 31/07/2019
UE Candidatas a sustitución No
Incluido en la base de datos de la UE

Approved for use () or known to be used () in the following European countries: Click to access a note on the approvals information on this site

AT

BE

BG

CY

CZ

DE

DK

EE

EL

ES

FI

FR

HR

HU

IE

IT

LT

LU

LV

MT

NL

PL

PT

RO

SE

SI

SK

UK

Also used in: Australia, Estados Unidos

Estructura química: Click here for further information on the general chemical status information used on this site
Isomerism None
Fórmula química C10H12ClNO2
Canonical SMILES CC(C)OC(=O)NC1=CC(=CC=C1)Cl
Isomeric SMILES No data
International Chemical Identifier Key (InChIKey) CWJSHJJYOPWUGX-UHFFFAOYSA-N
International Chemical Identifier (InChI) InChI=1S/C10H12ClNO2/c1-7(2)14-10(13)12-9-5-3-4-8(11)6-9/h3-7H,1-2H3,(H,12,13)
¿Diagrama de estructura 2D / imagen disponible?

Estado general: Click here for further information on the general chemical status information used on this site
Tipo de pesticida Herbicida, Plant growth regulator
Grupo químico Carbamate
Minimum active substance purity 975 g/kg
Known relevant impurities EU dossier - 3-chloroaniline @ max 0.25 g/kg
Sustancias de origen Sintéticas
Modo de acción Mitosis inhibitor, absorbed predominately by roots
CAS RN 101-21-3
CEE número 202-925-7
Número CIPAC 43
EPA américaine chimiques de code 018301
PubChem CID 2728
Masa molecular (g mol-1) 213.66
PIN (Preferred Identification Name) propan-2-yl (3-chlorophenyl)carbamate
Nombre IUPAC isopropyl 3-chlorocarbanilate
Nombre CAS 1-methylethyl (3-chlorophenyl)carbamate
Otra información de estado PAN Listed as Highly Hazardous Chemical
Relevant Environmental Water Quality Standards UK Environment Agency non-statutory standard for the protection of aquatic life: freshwater and saltwater annual average 10 ug/L, max acceptable conc 40 ug/L
Herbicide Resistance Classification (HRAC) K2
Herbicide Resistance Classification (WSSA) 23
Insecticide Resistance Classification (IRAC) No aplicable
Fungicide Resistance Classification (FRAC) No aplicable
Examples of recorded resistance Lolium rigidum
Estado físico White/brown crystals
Related substances & organisms

Formulaciones:
Propiedad Click here for information on the general product and branding information used on this site Valor
Example manufacturers & suppliers of products using this active now or historically
  • Certis
  • Whyte Agrochemicals
  • United Phosphorus
  • Chipman
  • Universal Crop Protection
Example products using this active
  • Croptex Pewter
  • Gro-Stop 100
  • BL500
  • Warefog 25
  • Preweed
  • Furloe
Estado de UK LERAP None
Formulation and application details Usually supplied as concentrates, diluted and applied as spray in the field or as thermal fogging formulations for application in stores.


DESTINO AMBIENTAL

for chlorpropham

Propiedad Click here for information on the parameters used to describe environmental fate on this site Valor Fuente/Cuenta de Cualidad/Otra Información Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with fate data Interpretación Click here for information on the way in which we interpret environmental fate data
Solubilidad - En aqua en 20oC (mg l-1) 110 A5 Moderado
Solubilidad - en solventes organicos en 20oC (mg l-1) 1000000 A5 - Heptano -
1000000 A5 - Acetona -
1000000 A5 - Xileno -
1000000 A5 - Cloruro de metileno -
Punto de fusión (oC) 36 A3 -
Punto de ebullición (oC) 256 A5 -
El punto de degradación (oC) 150 L2 -
Punto de inflamación (oC) 435 A5 -
Octanol-aqua coeficiente de particiónat en pH 7, 20oC P 5.75 X 1003 Calculado -
Log P 3.76 A5 Alto
Masa densidad (g ml-1)/Peso específico 1.18 L3 -
Disociación constante (pKa) at 25oC No aplicable A5 -
Nota: Ninguna disociación
Presión de vapor en 20oC (mPa) 24 A5 Altamente volátil
Constante de Henry a 25oC (Pa m3 mol-1) 0.047 A5 No volátil
Indice de potencial de lixiviación GUS Click here for a note on the limitations of the GUS index 1.54 Calculado Bajo posibilidad de lixiviación
SCI-GROW groundwater index (μg l-1) for a 1 kg ha-1 or 1 l ha-1 application rate Click here for a note on the limitations of the SCI-GROW index Valor 2.96 X 10-02 Calculado -
Nota -
Potencial para transportar de 'particle bound' Click here for a note on the limitations of the potential for particle bound transport index - Calculado Bajo
Maximum UV-vis absorption L mol-1 cm-1 - - -
Surface tension (mN m-1) 63.5 A5 at 20 degC, 98% -

Degradación:
Propiedad Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance degradation Valor Fuente/Cuenta de Cualidad/Otra Información Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with degradation data Interpretación Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance degradation data
Biodegradabilidad general Considered to be readily biodegradable
Degradación de suelo (días) (aerobic) DT50 (típico) 13.1 A5 No persistente
DT50 (laboratorio en 20oC) 13.1 A5 No persistente
DT50 (campo) - - -
DT90 (laboratorio en 20oC) 53.2 A5 -
DT90 (campo) - - -
Endpoint de modelado DT50 42.8 A5 worse case lab study -
Nota EU 2017 dossier Lab studies DT50 range 2.8-42.8 days, DT90 range 18.8-142 days, Soils=8; EU 2003 dossier Lab studies: 2 tests DT50 22 and 27 days, DT90 73 and 90 days; Other sources: DT50 30 days (DW4)
Dissipation rate RL50 on plant matrix Valor - - -
Nota -
Dissipation rate RL50 on and in plant matrix Valor - - -
Nota -
Acuoso fotólisis DT50 (días) en pH 7 Valor Estable A5 -
Nota Stable pH 4 to pH 9 at 20 degC
Acuoso hidrólisis DT50 (días) en 20oC y pH 7 Valor Estable K4 -
Nota Stable pH 4 to pH 9 at 20 degC
Aqua-Sedimento DT50 (días) 35.4 A5 Moderado rápido
Fase de agua sola DT50 (días) 60 A5 Estable

De absorción del suelo y la movilidad:
Propiedad Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance adsorption and mobility Valor Fuente/Cuenta de Cualidad/Otra Información Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with adsorption and mobility data Interpretación Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance adsorption and mobility
Lineal Kd 6.79 A5 Móvil moderado
Koc 470
Notas y rango EU 2016 dossier Kd range 4.31-9.99 mL/g, Koc range 244-862 mL/g, Soils=7
Freundlich Kf 6.41 A5 Móvil moderado
Kfoc 418
1/n 0.81
Notas y rango EU 2017 dossier Kf range 4.0-8.7 mL/g, Kfoc range 260-774 mL/g, 1/n range 0.71-0.87, Soils=7
pH senbsibilidad No

Key metabolites:
Metabolito Medio de formación Maximó Calculado de Fracción Ocurrencia 1107/2009 Importancia Click here for further information on 1107/2009 relevancy
3-chloroaniline This metabolite may cause environmental pollution, click here for further information Suelo   0.186   Major fraction; Relevant

Other known metabolites:
Metabolite name and reference Aliases Medio de formación / Rate Maximó Calculado de Fracción Ocurrencia Metabolising enzymes
3-chloroaniline - - - -


ECOTOXICOLOGÍA

for chlorpropham

Propiedad Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance ecotoxicology Valor Fuente/Cuenta de Cualidad/Otra Información Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with ecotoxicology data Interpretación Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance ecotoxicology
Factor de la bio-concentración BCF (l kg-1) 144 A5 Umbral de importancia
CT50 (días) 0.6 -
Mamíferos - Agudos oral LD50 (mg kg-1) 4200 A5 Rata Bajo
Mamíferos - a corto plazo NOEL (mg kg-1) - L2 Rata, 2 año -
(ppm dieta) > 2000 -
Pájaros/aves - Agudos LD50 (mg kg-1) > 2000 A5 Colinus virginianus Bajo
Birds - Short term dietary (LC50/LD50) > 5170 mg kg feed-1 A5 Colinus virginianus -
Pez - agudo 96 hora LC50 (mg l-1) 7.8 A5 Oncorhynchus mykiss Moderado
Pez - Crónico 21 días NOEC (mg l-1) 0.32 A5 Brachydanio rerio Moderado
Invertebrados acuáticos - Agudos 48 hora EC50 (mg l-1) 3.7 A5 Daphnia magna Moderado
Invertebrados acuáticos - Crónicos 21 días NOEC (mg l-1) 1 A5 Daphnia magna Moderado
Crustáceos acuáticos - Agudos 96 hora LC50 (mg l-1) - - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Agudos 96 hora LC50 (mg l-1) - - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Crónicos 28 día NOEC, estático, agua (mg l-1) - - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Crónicos 28 día NOEC, sedimento (mg kg-1) - - -
Plantas acuáticas - Agudos 7 día EC50, biomasa (mg l-1) 1.07 A4 Lemna minor, 7 día Moderado
Non-target plants - - -
- - -
Algas - Agudos 72 hora EC50, crecimiento (mg l-1) 1.65 A5 Navicula pelliculosa Moderado
Algas - Crónicos 96 hora NOEC, crecimiento (mg l-1) 0.32 Q2 Unknown species Moderado
Abejas mielíferas Contacto aguda 48 hora LD50 (μg abeja-1) 96.1 A5 Moderado
Oral aguda 48 hora LD50 (μg abeja-1) 505 A5 Bajo
Modo desconocido aguda 48 hora LD50 (μg abeja-1) - - -
Lombrices - Agudos 14 día LC50 (mg kg-1) 132 A5 Eisenia foetida Moderado
Lombrices - Crónicos 14 día NOEC, reproducción (mg kg-1) - - -
Other soil macro-organisms - e.g. Collembola LR50 / EC50 / NOEC / % Causalidad - - -
Otro arthropoda (1) LR50 g ha-1 - - -
% Causalidad 100 Mortalidad
Dose: 4.8 kg ha-1
A5 Aphidius rhopalosiphi, adult
-
Otro arthropoda (2) LR50 g ha-1 - - -
% Causalidad 100 Mortalidad
Dose: 4.8 kg ha-1
A5 Typhlodromus pyri, protonymph
-
Soil micro-organisms Nitrogen mineralisation: No significant adverse effect
Carbon mineralisation: No significant adverse effect
A5
Dose: Field rate, 100 días
-
Mesocosm study data NOEAEC mg l-1 - - -
NOEAEC mg l-1 - - -


LA SALUD HUMANA Y PROTECCIÓN

for chlorpropham

General:
Propiedad Click here for information on the parameters used to describe human health and protection issues Valor Fuente/Cuenta de Cualidad/Otra Información Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with human health and protection data Interpretación Click here for information on the way in which we interpret human health and protection data
Threshold of Toxicological Concern (Cramer Class) Click here for a note on the limitations of the Cramer class High (class III) - -
Mamíferos - Agudos oral LD50 (mg kg-1) 4200 A5 Rata Bajo
Mammals - Dermal LD50 (mg kg-1 body weight) > 2000 A5 Rat -
Mammals - Inhalation LC50 (mg l-1) > 0.47 A5 Rat, 4 hr (nose only, aerosol) -
Other Mammal toxicity endpoints - -
Consumo cada día aceptable (mg kg-1p.c. días-1) 0.05 A5 -
ARfD - Acute Reference Dose (mg kg-1p.c. días-1) 0.5 A5 Dog, SF=100 -
AAOEL - Acute Acceptable Operator Exposure Level (mg kg-1 bw day-1) 0.5 A5 Dog, SF=100 -
El nivel de exposición del operador (AOEL) sistemíco (mg kg-1p.c. días-1) 0.05 A5 -
Estudios den la absorción cutánea (%) 19-54 A5 concentration dependent -
Directivo 76/464 Sustancias Peligrosas - - -
Limites de exposiciones - - -
Exposure Routes Public Minimal risk from dietary exposure
Risk assessment indicates ARfD would not normally be execeeded
Occupational -
European MRLs Click here for the EU MRL pesticide database
Drinking Water Standards - - -
Drinking Water MAC (μg l-1) - - -

Health issues:
Carcinogen Mutágeno Endocrine disrupter Reproduction / development effects Cholinesterase inhibitor Neurotoxicant

-

Respiratory tract irritant Skin irritant Skin sensitiser Eye irritant Phototoxicant

-

Cuestiones generales de la salud humana IARC Group 3 carcinogen
Possible spleen, bone-marrow & red blood cell toxicant

: Yes, known to cause a problem
: No, known not to cause a problem
: Possibly, status not identified
- : No data found

Handling issues:
Propiedad Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance handling issues Valor Fuente/Cuenta de Cualidad/Otra Información Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with data on handling issues Interpretación Click here for information on the way in which we interpret data on handling issues
General Click here for a description of the International Maritime Dangerous Goods (IMDG) codes IMDG Transport Code is usually 6.1
Not explosive or oxidising
CLP classification 2013 Health: H351, H373
Environment: H411
CEE clasificación de riesgos Click here to view information omn the EU risk phrases Carcinogen category 3: R40
Xn - Harmful: R48/R22
N - Dangerous for the environment: R50, R53
CEE clasificación sin riesgos Click here to view information omn the EU safety phrases S2, S36/37, S61
Clasificación de OSM U - Es poco probable que presente un riesgo agudo
US EPA Classification (formulation) III - Caution - Slightly toxic
Número de las NU Variable with product, usually 2902 or 3077
Waste disposal & packaging Click here for a description of UN packaging marks Packaging Group III (minor danger)


TRADUCCIONES

for chlorpropham

Idioma Nombre
Inglés chlorpropham
Francés chlorprophame
Alemán Chlorpropham
Danés chlorpropham
Italiano clorprofam
Español clororofam
Griego -
Esloveno klorprofam
Polaco chloroprofam
Sueco klorprofam
Húngaro chlorpropham
Holandés chloorprofam

Última actualización del registro: Thursday 23 August 2018
Contacto: aeru@herts.ac.uk