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hidróxido de cobre
** copper II hydroxide ** cupric hydroxide ** copper dihydroxide ** Traducciones

Destino ambiental - Ecotoxicología - La salud humana - A a Z Indice - Inicio

RESUMEN

A widely used copper fungicide that is approved for use in many countries including at EU level. It has a low aqueous solubility and a low volatility. As a heavy metal, copper itself will not degrade in the environment. It is moderately toxic to mammals and most biodiversity.

INFORMACIÓN GENERAL Click here for an explantaion of the general chemical status information
for copper II hydroxide

Descripción: Inorganic copper compound used to protect against a number of fungal and bacterial diseases

Ejemplos de plagas controladas: Wide range of fungal pathogens including mildews and leaf spots

Ejemplos de aplicaciones: Fruit including plums, citrus, litchi, mango, apples, pears, grapes; Beans, Peppers, Brassicas, Lettuce, Onions, Curcubits; Tomatoes

Eficacia y actividad: Copper based products have been shown to be affective against many fungal pathogens in field trials.

Availability status: Current

Introduction & key dates: 1968, Estados Unidos

CEE Regulación 1107/2009 ( 91/414):
Estado Approved
Dossier rapporteur/co-rapporteur France/Germany
Date inclusion expires 30/01/2019
UE Candidatas a sustitución Yes - two 'Persistent-Bioaccumulative-Toxic' criteria
Incluido en la base de datos de la UE

Approved for use () or known to be used () in the following European countries: Click to access a note on the approvals information on this site

AT

BE

BG

CY

CZ

DE

DK

EE

EL

ES

FI

FR

HR

HU

IE

IT

LT

LU

LV

MT

NL

PL

PT

RO

SE

SI

SK

UK

Estructura química: Click here for further information on the general chemical status information used on this site
Isomerism None
Fórmula química H2O2Cu
Canonical SMILES [Cu+2].[OH-].[OH-]
Isomeric SMILES No data
International Chemical Identifier Key (InChIKey) JJLJMEJHUUYSSY-UHFFFAOYSA-L
International Chemical Identifier (InChI) InChI=1S/Cu.2H2O/h;2*1H2/q+2;;/p-2/rCuH2O2/c2-1-3/h2-3H
¿Diagrama de estructura 2D / imagen disponible?

Estado general: Click here for further information on the general chemical status information used on this site
Tipo de pesticida Fungicide, Bactericide
Grupo químico Inorganic compound
Minimum active substance purity > 583 g/Kg total copper
Known relevant impurities EU 2018 dossier: May contain heavy metals including Pb, Cd, As, Ni, CO, Sb & Hg
Sustancias de origen Sintéticas
Modo de acción Absorbed copper disrupts the enzyme systems of the pathogens. Multi-site activity.
CAS RN 20427-59-2
CEE número 243-815-9
Número CIPAC 44.305
EPA américaine chimiques de code -
PubChem CID 30154
Masa molecular (g mol-1) 97.56
PIN (Preferred Identification Name) copper(II) hydroxide
Nombre IUPAC copper(II) hydroxide
Nombre CAS copper hydroxide
Otra información de estado PAN listed Highly Hazardous Chemical
Relevant Environmental Water Quality Standards -
Herbicide Resistance Classification (HRAC) No aplicable
Herbicide Resistance Classification (WSSA) No aplicable
Insecticide Resistance Classification (IRAC) No aplicable
Fungicide Resistance Classification (FRAC) M1/2
Examples of recorded resistance -
Estado físico Blue-green powdery solid
Related substances & organisms -

Formulaciones:
Propiedad Click here for information on the general product and branding information used on this site Valor
Example manufacturers & suppliers of products using this active now or historically -
Example products using this active -
Estado de UK LERAP None
Formulation and application details -


DESTINO AMBIENTAL

for copper II hydroxide

Propiedad Click here for information on the parameters used to describe environmental fate on this site Valor Fuente/Cuenta de Cualidad/Otra Información Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with fate data Interpretación Click here for information on the way in which we interpret environmental fate data
Solubilidad - En aqua en 20oC (mg l-1) 0.506 A5 Bajo
Solubilidad - en solventes organicos en 20oC (mg l-1) 0.007 A5 - Heptano -
0.016 A5 - p-Xileno -
0.0016 A5 - Isopropanol -
0.005 A5 - Acetona -
Punto de fusión (oC) Decomposes before melting A5 -
Punto de ebullición (oC) Decomposes before boiling A5 -
El punto de degradación (oC) 229 A5 -
Punto de inflamación (oC) Not expected to self ignite; Not highly flammable A5 -
Octanol-aqua coeficiente de particiónat en pH 7, 20oC P 2.75 X 1000 Calculado -
Log P 0.44 A5 Bajo
Masa densidad (g ml-1)/Peso específico - - -
Disociación constante (pKa) at 25oC - - -
Nota:
Presión de vapor en 20oC (mPa) 0.000001 C4 Baja volatilidad
Constante de Henry a 25oC (Pa m3 mol-1) - - -
Indice de potencial de lixiviación GUS Click here for a note on the limitations of the GUS index -0.32 Calculado Bajo posibilidad de lixiviación
SCI-GROW groundwater index (μg l-1) for a 1 kg ha-1 or 1 l ha-1 application rate Click here for a note on the limitations of the SCI-GROW index Valor 5.35 X 10-03 Calculado -
Nota Estimated concentrations of chemicals with Koc values greater than 9995 ml g-1 are beyond the scope of the regression data used in SCI-GROW development. If there are concerns for such chemicals, a higher tier groundwater exposure assessment should be considered, regardless of the concentration returned by SCI-GROW
Potencial para transportar de 'particle bound' Click here for a note on the limitations of the potential for particle bound transport index - Calculado Alto
Maximum UV-vis absorption L mol-1 cm-1 Acidic soln: 205nm=3605, 250nm=185, 800nm=13, 290nm=32, 295nm=24 A5 -
Surface tension (mN m-1) No aplicable A5 -

Degradación:
Propiedad Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance degradation Valor Fuente/Cuenta de Cualidad/Otra Información Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with degradation data Interpretación Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance degradation data
Biodegradabilidad general Not biodegradable
Degradación de suelo (días) (aerobic) DT50 (típico) 10000 A2 Persistente muy alta
DT50 (laboratorio en 20oC) - - -
DT50 (campo) 2600 F3 Persistente muy alta
DT90 (laboratorio en 20oC) - - -
DT90 (campo) - - -
Endpoint de modelado DT50 - - -
Nota EU 2018 dossier: No degradation expected
Dissipation rate RL50 on plant matrix Valor - - -
Nota -
Dissipation rate RL50 on and in plant matrix Valor - - -
Nota -
Acuoso fotólisis DT50 (días) en pH 7 Valor Estable A5 -
Nota -
Acuoso hidrólisis DT50 (días) en 20oC y pH 7 Valor Estable A5 -
Nota -
Aqua-Sedimento DT50 (días) - - -
Fase de agua sola DT50 (días) - - -

De absorción del suelo y la movilidad:
Propiedad Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance adsorption and mobility Valor Fuente/Cuenta de Cualidad/Otra Información Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with adsorption and mobility data Interpretación Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance adsorption and mobility
Lineal Kd - F3 No Móvil
Koc 12000
Notas y rango Other data source: Koc 4000-20000 mL/g (US3)
Freundlich Kf - - -
Kfoc -
1/n -
Notas y rango -
pH senbsibilidad -


ECOTOXICOLOGÍA

for copper II hydroxide

Propiedad Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance ecotoxicology Valor Fuente/Cuenta de Cualidad/Otra Información Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with ecotoxicology data Interpretación Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance ecotoxicology
Factor de la bio-concentración BCF (l kg-1) Low risk A5 Based on LogP < 3 Bajo potencial
CT50 (días) - -
Mamíferos - Agudos oral LD50 (mg kg-1) > 489 A5 Rata Moderado
Mamíferos - a corto plazo NOEL (mg kg-1) - - -
(ppm dieta) - -
Pájaros/aves - Agudos LD50 (mg kg-1) 223 A5 Colinus virginianus, as copper Moderado
Birds - Short term dietary (LC50/LD50) - - -
Pez - agudo 96 hora LC50 (mg l-1) 0.017 A5 Oncorhynchus mykiss Alto
Pez - Crónico 21 días NOEC (mg l-1) 0.027 A5 Oncorhynchus mykiss Moderado
Invertebrados acuáticos - Agudos 48 hora EC50 (mg l-1) 0.038 A5 Daphnia magna Alto
Invertebrados acuáticos - Crónicos 21 días NOEC (mg l-1) 0.03 A5 Daphnia magna Moderado
Crustáceos acuáticos - Agudos 96 hora LC50 (mg l-1) - - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Agudos 96 hora LC50 (mg l-1) - - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Crónicos 28 día NOEC, estático, agua (mg l-1) - - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Crónicos 28 día NOEC, sedimento (mg kg-1) - - -
Plantas acuáticas - Agudos 7 día EC50, biomasa (mg l-1) - - -
Non-target plants - - -
- - -
Algas - Agudos 72 hora EC50, crecimiento (mg l-1) 0.009 A5 Pseudokirchneriella subcapitata Alto
Algas - Crónicos 96 hora NOEC, crecimiento (mg l-1) - - -
Abejas mielíferas Contacto aguda 48 hora LD50 (μg abeja-1) > 44.46 A5 Apis mellifera Moderado
Oral aguda 48 hora LD50 (μg abeja-1) 49.0 A5 Apis mellifera Moderado
Modo desconocido aguda 48 hora LD50 (μg abeja-1) - - -
Lombrices - Agudos 14 día LC50 (mg kg-1) > 677 A5 Eisenia foetida Moderado
Lombrices - Crónicos 14 día NOEC, reproducción (mg kg-1) < 15 A5 Eisenia foetida, as Cu, 56 días Moderado
Other soil macro-organisms - e.g. Collembola LR50 / EC50 / NOEC / % Causalidad - - -
Otro arthropoda (1) LR50 g ha-1 50 As Cu, Mortality
A5 Aphidius rhopalosiphi
-
% Causalidad - - -
Otro arthropoda (2) LR50 g ha-1 - - -
% Causalidad - - -
Soil micro-organisms Nitrogen mineralisation: No significant adverse effect
Carbon mineralisation: No significant adverse effect
A5
Dose: 12.5 kg Cu/ha
-
Mesocosm study data NOEAEC mg l-1 0.003 A5 -
NOEAEC mg l-1 - - -


LA SALUD HUMANA Y PROTECCIÓN

for copper II hydroxide

General:
Propiedad Click here for information on the parameters used to describe human health and protection issues Valor Fuente/Cuenta de Cualidad/Otra Información Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with human health and protection data Interpretación Click here for information on the way in which we interpret human health and protection data
Threshold of Toxicological Concern (Cramer Class) Click here for a note on the limitations of the Cramer class High (class III) - -
Mamíferos - Agudos oral LD50 (mg kg-1) > 489 A5 Rata Moderado
Mammals - Dermal LD50 (mg kg-1 body weight) > 2000 A5 Rat -
Mammals - Inhalation LC50 (mg l-1) 0.45 A5 Rat, 4 hr (whole body) -
Other Mammal toxicity endpoints - -
Consumo cada día aceptable (mg kg-1p.c. días-1) 0.15 A5 Dog, SF=100 -
ARfD - Acute Reference Dose (mg kg-1p.c. días-1) Ningunos asignaron A5 -
AAOEL - Acute Acceptable Operator Exposure Level (mg kg-1 bw day-1) Ningunos asignaron A5 -
El nivel de exposición del operador (AOEL) sistemíco (mg kg-1p.c. días-1) 0.072 A5 -
Estudios den la absorción cutánea (%) 1-9 A5 concentration dependent -
Directivo 76/464 Sustancias Peligrosas Lista II - -
Limites de exposiciones - - -
Exposure Routes Public Negligible risk to bystanders for proposed uses
Occupational Acceptable risk to operators and workers for proposed uses with PPE/PPC
European MRLs Click here for the EU MRL pesticide database
Drinking Water Standards Statutory EU standard for total copper in drinking water: 2 mg/L
Non-statutory WHO guideline for total copper in drinking water: 2 mg/L
UK EA QS database, 2018 -
Drinking Water MAC (μg l-1) 2000 EU Dir 89/778/EC limit as Cu, A5 -

Health issues:
Carcinogen Mutágeno Endocrine disrupter Reproduction / development effects Cholinesterase inhibitor Neurotoxicant

Respiratory tract irritant Skin irritant Skin sensitiser Eye irritant Phototoxicant

-

Cuestiones generales de la salud humana Potential heavy metal poisoning

: Yes, known to cause a problem
: No, known not to cause a problem
: Possibly, status not identified
- : No data found

Handling issues:
Propiedad Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance handling issues Valor Fuente/Cuenta de Cualidad/Otra Información Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with data on handling issues Interpretación Click here for information on the way in which we interpret data on handling issues
General Click here for a description of the International Maritime Dangerous Goods (IMDG) codes Prevent generation of dust
Corrosive
Not explosive or oxidising
CLP classification 2013 Health: H301, H332
CEE clasificación de riesgos Click here to view information omn the EU risk phrases T - Toxic: R23
Xn - Harmful: R22, R41
N - Dangerous for the environment: R50-53
CEE clasificación sin riesgos Click here to view information omn the EU safety phrases S26, S39, S45, S57, S60, S61, S63
Clasificación de OSM II - Peligroso mediano
US EPA Classification (formulation) III - Caution - Slightly toxic
Número de las NU -
Waste disposal & packaging Click here for a description of UN packaging marks -


TRADUCCIONES

for copper II hydroxide

Idioma Nombre
Inglés copper II hydroxide
Francés hydroxyde de cuivre
Alemán Kupferhydroxid
Danés kobberhydroxid
Italiano idrossido di rame
Español hidróxido de cobre
Griego -
Esloveno bakrov II hidroksid
Polaco wodorotlenek miedzi (II)
Sueco kopparhydroxid
Húngaro réz(II)-hidroxid
Holandés -

Última actualización del registro: Thursday 23 August 2018
Contacto: aeru@herts.ac.uk