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DDT (Ref: OMS 16)
** DDT ** clofenotane ** dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane ** dicofane ** chlorophenothane ** NCI C00464 ** Traducciones

Destino ambiental - Ecotoxicología - La salud humana - A a Z Indice - Inicio

RESUMEN

DDT is a banned organochlorine insecticide. It has a low aqueous solubility, is relatively volatile and has a low potential to leach to groundwater. It is highly persistent in soil and non-mobile. It is moderately toxic by the oral route in humans and other mammals but is a carcinogen and endocrine disrupter. It shows a high to moderate level of toxicity to most animals and insects although it is relatively non-toxic to birds

INFORMACIÓN GENERAL Click here for an explantaion of the general chemical status information
for DDT

Descripción: An obsolete and banned insecticide that was used to control insect vectors of disease, especially malaria

Ejemplos de plagas controladas: Mosquitoes; Houseflies; Body lice; Colarado beetles; Gypsy moths

Ejemplos de aplicaciones: Agricultural crops; Domestic houses; Offices, commercial and industrial situations; Non-cropped sites including roads, rights-of-way; parkland

Eficacia y actividad: Not applicable

Availability status: Obsolete, Banned since 1972

Introduction & key dates: 1944

CEE Regulación 1107/2009 ( 91/414):
Estado Not approved
Dossier rapporteur/co-rapporteur No aplicable
Date inclusion expires Expired
UE Candidatas a sustitución No aplicable
Incluido en la base de datos de la UE

Approved for use () or known to be used () in the following European countries: Click to access a note on the approvals information on this site

AT

BE

BG

CY

CZ

DE

DK

EE

EL

ES

FI

FR

HR

HU

IE

IT

LT

LU

LV

MT

NL

PL

PT

RO

SE

SI

SK

UK

Estructura química: Click here for further information on the general chemical status information used on this site
Isomerism Isomer mix containing roughly 75-85% p,p'-DDT, 10-15% o,p'-DDT and a small amount of o,o'-DDT. Any balance is comprised of transformation products dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene (DDE) and dichlorodiphenyldichloroethane (DDD).
Fórmula química C14H9Cl5
Canonical SMILES C1=CC(=CC=C1C(C2=CC=C(C=C2)Cl)C(Cl)(Cl)Cl)Cl (for p,p'-DDT)
Isomeric SMILES No data
International Chemical Identifier Key (InChIKey) YVGGHNCTFXOJCH-UHFFFAOYSA-N (for p,p'-DDT)
International Chemical Identifier (InChI) InChI=1S/C14H9Cl5/c15-11-5-1-9(2-6-11)13(14(17,18)19)10-3-7-12(16)8-4-10/h1-8,13H (for p,p'-DDT)
¿Diagrama de estructura 2D / imagen disponible?

Click to access the Cambridge Crystallographic Data Centre (CCDC) website
Cambridge Crystallographic Data Centre diagrams:
Nombre Común Relación Vínculo
o,p'-DDT Isomer Click here for the CCDC structure diagram
DDT Unstated isomer Click here for the CCDC structure diagram

Estado general: Click here for further information on the general chemical status information used on this site
Tipo de pesticida Insecticide
Grupo químico Organochlorine
Minimum active substance purity -
Known relevant impurities -
Sustancias de origen Sintéticas
Modo de acción Non-systemic stomach and contact action. Sodium channel modulator.
CAS RN 50-29-3
CEE número 200-024-3
Número CIPAC 3
EPA américaine chimiques de code 029201
PubChem CID 3036
Masa molecular (g mol-1) 354.49
PIN (Preferred Identification Name) 1,1'-(2,2,2-trichloroethane-1,1-diyl)bis(4-chlorobenzene)
Nombre IUPAC 1,1,1-trichloro-2,2-bis(4-chlorophenyl)ethane
Nombre CAS 1,1'-(2,2,2-trichloroethylidene)bis(4-chlorobenzene)
Otra información de estado WFD priority substance; Subject to PIC regulations; POP - regulated by Stockholm Convention; LRTAP Annex I; PAN Dirty Dozen; OSPAR soc; Marine Pollutant; Rotterdam Convention (Class II)
Relevant Environmental Water Quality Standards EU Directive 2008/105/EC EQS for total DDT surface waters: annual average 0.025 ug/L
UK statutory standard for protection of aquatic life for inland, coastal & territorial surface waters: 0.025 ug/L as annual mean conc
Herbicide Resistance Classification (HRAC) No aplicable
Herbicide Resistance Classification (WSSA) No aplicable
Insecticide Resistance Classification (IRAC) 3
Fungicide Resistance Classification (FRAC) No aplicable
Examples of recorded resistance Wide variety of insects are resistant
Aedes aegypti
Aedes vittatus
Amblyseius fallacis
Apis mellifera
many varieties of mosquito
Estado físico White crystalline powder
Related substances & organisms

Formulaciones:
Propiedad Click here for information on the general product and branding information used on this site Valor
Example manufacturers & suppliers of products using this active now or historically
  • King Tech
  • Hindustan Insecticides Ltd.
Example products using this active
  • Hildit
  • Heliotox
  • Didigam
  • Dinocide
  • Digmar
  • Genitox
  • Pentachlorin
  • Rukseam
Estado de UK LERAP No UK approval for use as a pesticide under EC Regulation 1107/2009
Formulation and application details DDT was available in many different formats including aerosols, dustable powders, emulsifiable concentrates, granules and wettable powders.


DESTINO AMBIENTAL

for DDT

Propiedad Click here for information on the parameters used to describe environmental fate on this site Valor Fuente/Cuenta de Cualidad/Otra Información Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with fate data Interpretación Click here for information on the way in which we interpret environmental fate data
Solubilidad - En aqua en 20oC (mg l-1) 0.006 Q3 Bajo
Solubilidad - en solventes organicos en 20oC (mg l-1) 1000000 L3 - Ciclohexanona -
850000 L3 - Cloruro de metileno -
770000 L3 - Benceno -
600000 L3 - Xileno -
Punto de fusión (oC) 109 Q3 -
Punto de ebullición (oC) 185 L2 -
El punto de degradación (oC) - - -
Punto de inflamación (oC) - - -
Octanol-aqua coeficiente de particiónat en pH 7, 20oC P 8.13 X 1006 Calculado -
Log P 6.91 V3 Alto
Masa densidad (g ml-1)/Peso específico 0.99 Q3 -
Disociación constante (pKa) at 25oC - - -
Nota:
Presión de vapor en 20oC (mPa) 0.025 G4 Baja volatilidad
Constante de Henry a 25oC (Pa m3 mol-1) 8.43 X 10-01 V3 Volátil moderado
Indice de potencial de lixiviación GUS Click here for a note on the limitations of the GUS index -3.89 Calculado Bajo posibilidad de lixiviación
SCI-GROW groundwater index (μg l-1) for a 1 kg ha-1 or 1 l ha-1 application rate Click here for a note on the limitations of the SCI-GROW index Valor 5.35 X 10-03 Calculado -
Nota Estimated concentrations of chemicals with Koc values greater than 9995 ml g-1 are beyond the scope of the regression data used in SCI-GROW development. If there are concerns for such chemicals, a higher tier groundwater exposure assessment should be considered, regardless of the concentration returned by SCI-GROW
Potencial para transportar de 'particle bound' Click here for a note on the limitations of the potential for particle bound transport index - Calculado Alto
Maximum UV-vis absorption L mol-1 cm-1 - - -
Surface tension (mN m-1) - - -

Degradación:
Propiedad Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance degradation Valor Fuente/Cuenta de Cualidad/Otra Información Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with degradation data Interpretación Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance degradation data
Biodegradabilidad general -
Degradación de suelo (días) (aerobic) DT50 (típico) 6200 L3 Persistente muy alta
DT50 (laboratorio en 20oC) 2000 A3 Persistente muy alta
DT50 (campo) - - -
DT90 (laboratorio en 20oC) - - -
DT90 (campo) - - -
Endpoint de modelado DT50 - - -
Nota Best available data, PIC DGD; DT50; Other sources: DT50 3 months in tropical regions, 4-30 years temperate regions.
Dissipation rate RL50 on plant matrix Valor 6.0 R4 -
Nota Published literature RL50 range 1.6-10.8 days, 4 field crops, various matrices, n=5
Dissipation rate RL50 on and in plant matrix Valor 20.2 R4 -
Nota Published literature RL50 range 3.4-44.0 days, 8 field crops, various matrices, n=13
Acuoso fotólisis DT50 (días) en pH 7 Valor - - -
Nota -
Acuoso hidrólisis DT50 (días) en 20oC y pH 7 Valor - - -
Nota -
Aqua-Sedimento DT50 (días) - - -
Fase de agua sola DT50 (días) - - -

De absorción del suelo y la movilidad:
Propiedad Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance adsorption and mobility Valor Fuente/Cuenta de Cualidad/Otra Información Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with adsorption and mobility data Interpretación Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance adsorption and mobility
Lineal Kd - G3 No Móvil
Koc 151000
Notas y rango Log Koc given as 5.18
Freundlich Kf - - -
Kfoc -
1/n -
Notas y rango -
pH senbsibilidad -

Key metabolites:
Metabolito Medio de formación Maximó Calculado de Fracción Ocurrencia 1107/2009 Importancia Click here for further information on 1107/2009 relevancy
DDE (Ref: HSDB 1625) Suelo   -   Not assessed under 91/414 or 1107/2009
DDD (Ref: ENT 4225) Suelo   -   Not assessed under 91/414 or 1107/2009


ECOTOXICOLOGÍA

for DDT

Propiedad Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance ecotoxicology Valor Fuente/Cuenta de Cualidad/Otra Información Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with ecotoxicology data Interpretación Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance ecotoxicology
Factor de la bio-concentración BCF (l kg-1) 3173 F3 (Other literature Log BCF values range 1.9-5.5 (R3)) Umbral de importancia
CT50 (días) No disponible -
Mamíferos - Agudos oral LD50 (mg kg-1) 113 A4 Rata Moderado
Mamíferos - a corto plazo NOEL (mg kg-1) - L2 Rata, 160 día -
(ppm dieta) 1 -
Pájaros/aves - Agudos LD50 (mg kg-1) > 2240 G4 Anas platyrhynchos Bajo
Birds - Short term dietary (LC50/LD50) - - -
Pez - agudo 96 hora LC50 (mg l-1) > 2.5 F4 Oncorhynchus mykiss Moderado
Pez - Crónico 21 días NOEC (mg l-1) 0.13 F4 Oncorhynchus mykiss Moderado
Invertebrados acuáticos - Agudos 48 hora EC50 (mg l-1) > 0.005 J4 Daphnia magna Alto
Invertebrados acuáticos - Crónicos 21 días NOEC (mg l-1) - - -
Crustáceos acuáticos - Agudos 96 hora LC50 (mg l-1) - - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Agudos 96 hora LC50 (mg l-1) > 0.0027 F3 Chironomus riparius, 1 día Alto
Sediment dwelling organisms - Crónicos 28 día NOEC, estático, agua (mg l-1) - - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Crónicos 28 día NOEC, sedimento (mg kg-1) - - -
Plantas acuáticas - Agudos 7 día EC50, biomasa (mg l-1) - - -
Non-target plants - - -
- - -
Algas - Agudos 72 hora EC50, crecimiento (mg l-1) - - -
Algas - Crónicos 96 hora NOEC, crecimiento (mg l-1) - - -
Abejas mielíferas Contacto aguda 48 hora LD50 (μg abeja-1) 0.54 F4 Alto
Oral aguda 48 hora LD50 (μg abeja-1) - - -
Modo desconocido aguda 48 hora LD50 (μg abeja-1) - - -
Lombrices - Agudos 14 día LC50 (mg kg-1) > 1000 F3 Eisenia foetida, 56 día Bajo
Lombrices - Crónicos 14 día NOEC, reproducción (mg kg-1) - - -
Other soil macro-organisms - e.g. Collembola LR50 / EC50 / NOEC / % Causalidad - - -
Otro arthropoda (1) LR50 g ha-1 - - -
% Causalidad Moderado dañoso AB1 Typhlodromus pyri -
Otro arthropoda (2) LR50 g ha-1 - - -
% Causalidad - - -
Soil micro-organisms - - -
Mesocosm study data NOEAEC mg l-1 - - -
NOEAEC mg l-1 - - -


LA SALUD HUMANA Y PROTECCIÓN

for DDT

General:
Propiedad Click here for information on the parameters used to describe human health and protection issues Valor Fuente/Cuenta de Cualidad/Otra Información Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with human health and protection data Interpretación Click here for information on the way in which we interpret human health and protection data
Threshold of Toxicological Concern (Cramer Class) Click here for a note on the limitations of the Cramer class High (class III) - -
Mamíferos - Agudos oral LD50 (mg kg-1) 113 A4 Rata Moderado
Mammals - Dermal LD50 (mg kg-1 body weight) > 2510 L3 Rat -
Mammals - Inhalation LC50 (mg l-1) - - -
Other Mammal toxicity endpoints - -
Consumo cada día aceptable (mg kg-1p.c. días-1) 0.01 JMPR 2001 -
ARfD - Acute Reference Dose (mg kg-1p.c. días-1) Ningunos asignaron JMPR 2000 -
AAOEL - Acute Acceptable Operator Exposure Level (mg kg-1 bw day-1) - - -
El nivel de exposición del operador (AOEL) sistemíco (mg kg-1p.c. días-1) - - -
Estudios den la absorción cutánea (%) - - -
Directivo 76/464 Sustancias Peligrosas List I; List II - -
Limites de exposiciones [ACGIK/OSHA LT TWA 8 hr: 1 mg/m3] US EPA -
Exposure Routes Public -
Occupational -
European MRLs Click here for the EU MRL pesticide database
Drinking Water Standards Non-statutory WHO drinking water guideline 0.001 mg/L UK EA QS database, 2018 -
Drinking Water MAC (μg l-1) - - -

Health issues:
Carcinogen Mutágeno Endocrine disrupter Reproduction / development effects Cholinesterase inhibitor Neurotoxicant

Respiratory tract irritant Skin irritant Skin sensitiser Eye irritant Phototoxicant

-

-

Cuestiones generales de la salud humana Highly toxic by ingestion, inhalation and via skin absorption
Strong links with breast and womb cancer
Endocrine issues - Competitive binding to androgen receptors

: Yes, known to cause a problem
: No, known not to cause a problem
: Possibly, status not identified
- : No data found

Handling issues:
Propiedad Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance handling issues Valor Fuente/Cuenta de Cualidad/Otra Información Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with data on handling issues Interpretación Click here for information on the way in which we interpret data on handling issues
General Click here for a description of the International Maritime Dangerous Goods (IMDG) codes No information available
CLP classification 2013 Health: H301, H351, H372
Environment: H400, H410
CEE clasificación de riesgos Click here to view information omn the EU risk phrases Carcinogen category 3: R40
T - Toxic: R25, R48/25
N - Dangerous for the environment: R50, R53
CEE clasificación sin riesgos Click here to view information omn the EU safety phrases S1/2, S22, S36/37, S45, S60, S61
Clasificación de OSM II - Peligroso mediano
US EPA Classification (formulation) II - Warning - Moderately toxic
Número de las NU 2761
Waste disposal & packaging Click here for a description of UN packaging marks -


TRADUCCIONES

for DDT

Idioma Nombre
Inglés DDT
Francés DDT
Alemán DDT
Danés DDT
Italiano DDT
Español DDT
Griego DDT
Esloveno DDT
Polaco DDT
Sueco DDT
Húngaro DDT
Holandés DDT

Última actualización del registro: Monday 03 December 2018
Contacto: aeru@herts.ac.uk