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diclorvos (Ref: OMS 14)
** dichlorvos ** DDVP ** dichlorfos ** DDVF ** denkavepon ** vapona ** Traducciones

Destino ambiental - Ecotoxicología - La salud humana - A a Z Indice - Inicio

RESUMEN

Dichlorvos is an organophosphate fumigant insecticide that is not approved for use in the EU. It has a high aqueous solubility, quite volatile and, based on its chemical properties, is unlikely to leach to groundwater. It is not usually persistent in soils or water. It is highly toxic to mammals and has a high tendency to bioaccumulate. Dichlorvos is also a probable mutagen, a neurotoxin and may damage reproduction and/or development. It is considered to be an acetyl cholinesterase inhibitor. It has a moderate to high toxicity to most biodiversity including honeybees.

INFORMACIÓN GENERAL Click here for an explantaion of the general chemical status information
for dichlorvos

Descripción: A contact and fumigant insecticide used in a range of crop and non-crop situations. Can also be a pesticide transformation product

Ejemplos de plagas controladas: Grain beetle; Flour beetle; Weevils; Grain borer; Flies; Mosquitoes; Cockroaches; Aphids; Thrips

Ejemplos de aplicaciones: Stored cereal grains; Farm buildings; Non-agricultural sites including wineries, factories

Eficacia y actividad: Not applicable

Availability status: Current

Introduction & key dates: 1959

CEE Regulación 1107/2009 ( 91/414):
Estado Not approved
Dossier rapporteur/co-rapporteur Italy
Date inclusion expires Expired
UE Candidatas a sustitución -
Incluido en la base de datos de la UE

Approved for use () or known to be used () in the following European countries: Click to access a note on the approvals information on this site

AT

BE

BG

CY

CZ

DE

DK

EE

EL

ES

FI

FR

HR

HU

IE

IT

LT

LU

LV

MT

NL

PL

PT

RO

SE

SI

SK

UK

Also used in: Australia, Estados Unidos

Estructura química: Click here for further information on the general chemical status information used on this site
Isomerism None
Fórmula química C4H7C12O4P
Canonical SMILES COP(=O)(OC)OC=C(Cl)Cl
Isomeric SMILES O=P(O\C=C(/Cl)Cl)(OC)OC
International Chemical Identifier Key (InChIKey) OEBRKCOSUFCWJD-UHFFFAOYSA-N
International Chemical Identifier (InChI) InChI=1S/C4H7Cl2O4P/c1-8-11(7,9-2)10-3-4(5)6/h3H,1-2H3
¿Diagrama de estructura 2D / imagen disponible?

Estado general: Click here for further information on the general chemical status information used on this site
Tipo de pesticida Insecticide, Acaricide, Metabolite
Metabolite Type Suelo
Grupo químico Organophosphate
Minimum active substance purity 950 g/kg
Known relevant impurities EU dossier - Chloral (trichloroacetaldehyde) 5 g/kg
Sustancias de origen Sintéticas
Modo de acción Respiratory, contact and stomach action. Cholinesterase inhibitor.
CAS RN 62-73-7
CEE número 200-547-7
Número CIPAC 11
EPA américaine chimiques de code 084001
PubChem CID 3039
Masa molecular (g mol-1) 220.98
PIN (Preferred Identification Name) 2,2-dichloroethenyl dimethyl phosphate
Nombre IUPAC 2,2-dichlorovinyl dimethyl phosphate
Nombre CAS 2,2-dichloroethenyl dimethyl phosphate
Otra información de estado Severe Marine Pollutant; Evidence of use in third world countries; Chemical subject to PIC regulations
Relevant Environmental Water Quality Standards UK Statutory standard for the protection of aquatic life in inland waters: 0.001 ug/L as annual average
UK Statutory standard for the protection of aquatic life in coastal and territorial waters: 0.04 ug/L as annual average
Herbicide Resistance Classification (HRAC) No aplicable
Herbicide Resistance Classification (WSSA) No aplicable
Insecticide Resistance Classification (IRAC) 1B
Fungicide Resistance Classification (FRAC) No aplicable
Examples of recorded resistance Aphis gossypii
Culex pipiens pallens
Frankliniella occidentalis
Musca domestica
Myzus persicae
Thrips tabaci
Tribolium confusum
many others
Estado físico Pale yellow clear liquid
Related substances & organisms -

Puede ser un metabolito de
Padre/origen Medio de formación Maximó Calculado de Fracción Ocurrencia 1107/2009 Importancia Click here for further information on 1107/2009 relevancy
naled Soil   0.165   -
trichlorfon Soil   0.245   Major fraction, Relevant

Formulaciones:
Propiedad Click here for information on the general product and branding information used on this site Valor
Example manufacturers & suppliers of products using this active now or historically
  • Value Garden Supplies
  • Fuller Systems
  • Nufarm
  • Ciba Geigy
  • Nippon Soda
  • KenoGard
Example products using this active
  • Dichlorvos 550
  • Derribante
  • Valpona
  • Derriban
  • Vaportape
  • Dichlorvos 1140
Estado de UK LERAP No UK approval for use as a pesticide under EC Regulation 1107/2009
Formulation and application details Often supplied as an emulsifiable concentrate that is diluted with water and used with fogging vaporising equipment. Also used as ready-to-use aerosols.


DESTINO AMBIENTAL

for dichlorvos

Propiedad Click here for information on the parameters used to describe environmental fate on this site Valor Fuente/Cuenta de Cualidad/Otra Información Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with fate data Interpretación Click here for information on the way in which we interpret environmental fate data
Solubilidad - En aqua en 20oC (mg l-1) 18000 A5 Alto
Solubilidad - en solventes organicos en 20oC (mg l-1) Miscible A5 - Etanol -
Miscible A5 - Acetona -
Miscible A5 - Tolueno -
Miscible A5 - n-Hexano -
Punto de fusión (oC) - - -
Punto de ebullición (oC) Decomposes before boiling A5 -
El punto de degradación (oC) 190 A5 -
Punto de inflamación (oC) 350 V3 -
Octanol-aqua coeficiente de particiónat en pH 7, 20oC P 7.94 X 1001 Calculado -
Log P 1.9 A5 Bajo
Masa densidad (g ml-1)/Peso específico 1.42 A5 -
Disociación constante (pKa) at 25oC No aplicable Q3 -
Nota: Ninguna disociación
Presión de vapor en 20oC (mPa) 2100 A5 Altamente volátil
Constante de Henry a 25oC (Pa m3 mol-1) 2.58 X 10-02 A5 No volátil
Indice de potencial de lixiviación GUS Click here for a note on the limitations of the GUS index 0.69 Calculado Bajo posibilidad de lixiviación
SCI-GROW groundwater index (μg l-1) for a 1 kg ha-1 or 1 l ha-1 application rate Click here for a note on the limitations of the SCI-GROW index Valor 1.60 X 10-03 Calculado -
Nota -
Potencial para transportar de 'particle bound' Click here for a note on the limitations of the potential for particle bound transport index - Calculado Bajo
Maximum UV-vis absorption L mol-1 cm-1 Maxima at 204nm A2 -
Surface tension (mN m-1) - - -

Degradación:
Propiedad Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance degradation Valor Fuente/Cuenta de Cualidad/Otra Información Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with degradation data Interpretación Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance degradation data
Biodegradabilidad general -
Degradación de suelo (días) (aerobic) DT50 (típico) 2 K4 No persistente
DT50 (laboratorio en 20oC) 2 K4 No persistente
DT50 (campo) - - -
DT90 (laboratorio en 20oC) - - -
DT90 (campo) - - -
Endpoint de modelado DT50 - - -
Nota Other sources: DT50 0.5 days (DW4), <1 day (R3)
Dissipation rate RL50 on plant matrix Valor 0.2 R3 -
Nota Chrysanthmum leaves, undercover, n=1
Dissipation rate RL50 on and in plant matrix Valor 1.9 R4 -
Nota Published literature RL50 range 0.2-3.5 days, 5 field crops, various matrices, n=5
Acuoso fotólisis DT50 (días) en pH 7 Valor - - -
Nota -
Acuoso hidrólisis DT50 (días) en 20oC y pH 7 Valor 4.7 K3 No persistente
Nota -
Aqua-Sedimento DT50 (días) 0.22 K4 Rápido
Fase de agua sola DT50 (días) - - -

De absorción del suelo y la movilidad:
Propiedad Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance adsorption and mobility Valor Fuente/Cuenta de Cualidad/Otra Información Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with adsorption and mobility data Interpretación Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance adsorption and mobility
Lineal Kd - H3 Móvil
Koc 50
Notas y rango -
Freundlich Kf - - -
Kfoc -
1/n -
Notas y rango -
pH senbsibilidad -

Other known metabolites:
Metabolite name and reference Aliases Medio de formación / Rate Maximó Calculado de Fracción Ocurrencia Metabolising enzymes
mercapturic acid - Rat (Urinary) - -
methyl cystein - Rat (Urinary) - -
urea - Rat (Urinary) - -
diemethyl dichlorvos
Nota: Toxicologically relevant
- Rat - -
2,2-dichloroacetaldehyde
Nota: Toxicologically relevant
- Rat - -
2,2-dichloroacetic acid
Nota: Toxicologically relevant
- Rat - -
dimethylphosphate - Rat (Urinary) - -
dichloroethanol glucuronide - Rat (Urinary) - -
hippuric acid - Rat (Urinary) - -


ECOTOXICOLOGÍA

for dichlorvos

Propiedad Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance ecotoxicology Valor Fuente/Cuenta de Cualidad/Otra Información Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with ecotoxicology data Interpretación Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance ecotoxicology
Factor de la bio-concentración BCF (l kg-1) Low risk A5 Based on LogP < 3 Bajo potencial
CT50 (días) - -
Mamíferos - Agudos oral LD50 (mg kg-1) 80 A5 Rata Alto
Mamíferos - a corto plazo NOEL (mg kg-1) 0.5 A5 Rata Alto
(ppm dieta) - -
Pájaros/aves - Agudos LD50 (mg kg-1) 24 L3 Colinus virginianus Alto
Birds - Short term dietary (LC50/LD50) 251 ppm A4 Colinus virginianus -
Pez - agudo 96 hora LC50 (mg l-1) 0.55 A5 Oncorhynchus mykiss Moderado
Pez - Crónico 21 días NOEC (mg l-1) 0.11 Q2 Pimephales promelas, 28 día Moderado
Invertebrados acuáticos - Agudos 48 hora EC50 (mg l-1) 0.00019 L3 Daphnia magna Alto
Invertebrados acuáticos - Crónicos 21 días NOEC (mg l-1) - - -
Crustáceos acuáticos - Agudos 96 hora LC50 (mg l-1) 0.019 F4 Americamysis bahia Alto
Sediment dwelling organisms - Agudos 96 hora LC50 (mg l-1) - - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Crónicos 28 día NOEC, estático, agua (mg l-1) - - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Crónicos 28 día NOEC, sedimento (mg kg-1) - - -
Plantas acuáticas - Agudos 7 día EC50, biomasa (mg l-1) - - -
Non-target plants - - -
- - -
Algas - Agudos 72 hora EC50, crecimiento (mg l-1) 52.8 L3 Scenedemus subspicatus Bajo
Algas - Crónicos 96 hora NOEC, crecimiento (mg l-1) 4.73 Q2 Unknown species Bajo
Abejas mielíferas Contacto aguda 48 hora LD50 (μg abeja-1) - - -
Oral aguda 48 hora LD50 (μg abeja-1) 0.29 L3 Alto
Modo desconocido aguda 48 hora LD50 (μg abeja-1) - - -
Lombrices - Agudos 14 día LC50 (mg kg-1) - - -
Lombrices - Crónicos 14 día NOEC, reproducción (mg kg-1) - - -
Other soil macro-organisms - e.g. Collembola LR50 / EC50 / NOEC / % Causalidad - - -
Otro arthropoda (1) LR50 g ha-1 - - -
% Causalidad - - -
Otro arthropoda (2) LR50 g ha-1 - - -
% Causalidad - - -
Soil micro-organisms Nitrogen mineralisation: No significant adverse effect
Carbon mineralisation: No significant adverse effect
A5
Dose: 13.4 mg kg-1 soil
-
Mesocosm study data NOEAEC mg l-1 - - -
NOEAEC mg l-1 - - -


LA SALUD HUMANA Y PROTECCIÓN

for dichlorvos

General:
Propiedad Click here for information on the parameters used to describe human health and protection issues Valor Fuente/Cuenta de Cualidad/Otra Información Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with human health and protection data Interpretación Click here for information on the way in which we interpret human health and protection data
Threshold of Toxicological Concern (Cramer Class) Click here for a note on the limitations of the Cramer class High (class III) - -
Mamíferos - Agudos oral LD50 (mg kg-1) 80 A5 Rata Alto
Mammals - Dermal LD50 (mg kg-1 body weight) 120 A5 Rat -
Mammals - Inhalation LC50 (mg l-1) 0.083 A5 Rat -
Other Mammal toxicity endpoints - -
Consumo cada día aceptable (mg kg-1p.c. días-1) 0.00008 A5 Dog, SF=100 -
ARfD - Acute Reference Dose (mg kg-1p.c. días-1) 0.002 A5 Rat, SF=100 -
AAOEL - Acute Acceptable Operator Exposure Level (mg kg-1 bw day-1) - - -
El nivel de exposición del operador (AOEL) sistemíco (mg kg-1p.c. días-1) 0.0005 A2 Dog, SF=100 -
Estudios den la absorción cutánea (%) - - -
Directivo 76/464 Sustancias Peligrosas List I; List II - -
Limites de exposiciones - - -
Exposure Routes Public Low risk to Europeans as no longer approved for use
Occupational Primary risk if re-entry occurs post application
European MRLs Click here for the EU MRL pesticide database
Drinking Water Standards - - -
Drinking Water MAC (μg l-1) - - -

Health issues:
Carcinogen Mutágeno Endocrine disrupter Reproduction / development effects Cholinesterase inhibitor Neurotoxicant

-

Respiratory tract irritant Skin irritant Skin sensitiser Eye irritant Phototoxicant

-

Cuestiones generales de la salud humana IARC Group 2B carcinogen
Highly toxic, may be fatal if inhaled, swallowed or absorbed through skin
Some minor concerns regarding endocrine disruption
Endocrine issues - Weak androgen-receptor antagonist

: Yes, known to cause a problem
: No, known not to cause a problem
: Possibly, status not identified
- : No data found

Handling issues:
Propiedad Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance handling issues Valor Fuente/Cuenta de Cualidad/Otra Información Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with data on handling issues Interpretación Click here for information on the way in which we interpret data on handling issues
General Click here for a description of the International Maritime Dangerous Goods (IMDG) codes Corrosive in molten state
IMDG Transport Code is usually 6.1
CLP classification 2013 Health: H301, H311, H317, H330
Environment: H400
CEE clasificación de riesgos Click here to view information omn the EU risk phrases T+ - Very toxic: R26
T - Toxic: R24/25
Xn - Harmful: R43
N - Dangerous for the environment: R50
CEE clasificación sin riesgos Click here to view information omn the EU safety phrases S1/2, S28, S36/37, S45, S61
Clasificación de OSM Ib - Peligroso alto
US EPA Classification (formulation) I - Danger - Highly toxic
Número de las NU 3018
Waste disposal & packaging Click here for a description of UN packaging marks Packaging Group II (medium danger)


TRADUCCIONES

for dichlorvos

Idioma Nombre
Inglés dichlorvos
Francés dichlorvos
Alemán Dichlorvos
Danés dichlorvos
Italiano diclorvos
Español diclorvos
Griego dichlorvos
Esloveno diklorvos
Polaco dichlorfos
Sueco -
Húngaro dichlorvos
Holandés dichloorvos

Última actualización del registro: Tuesday 23 October 2018
Contacto: aeru@herts.ac.uk