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dicloran (Ref: RD 6584)
** dicloran ** ditranil ** dichloran ** CAN ** U 2069 ** SN 107682 ** DCNA ** Traducciones

Destino ambiental - Ecotoxicología - La salud humana - A a Z Indice - Inicio

RESUMEN

Dicloran is a fungicide that is not approved for use in the EU. It has a low aqueous solubility and is volatile. Based on its chemical properties, is may leach to groundwater. It can also be quite persistent in soils but not usually so in water. It is moderately toxic to mammals but is not expected to bioaccumulate. Exposure may damage reproduction and/or development. Dicloran is moderately toxic to most aquatic organisms, birds, honeybees and earthworms.

INFORMACIÓN GENERAL Click here for an explantaion of the general chemical status information
for dicloran

Descripción: An aromatic fungicide used for a variety of pre- and post-harvest diseases on fruit and vegetables

Ejemplos de plagas controladas: Yeasts; Moulds; Brown rot; Powdery mildew

Ejemplos de aplicaciones: Fruit including apricots, nectarines, oranges, grapes, peaches, plums, cherries, rhubarb; vegetables including beans, celery, onions, shallots; Sweet potatoes; Tomatoes; Ornamentals including Christmas trees

Eficacia y actividad: -

Availability status: Current

Introduction & key dates: 1960, first reported; 1993, first marketed

CEE Regulación 1107/2009 ( 91/414):
Estado Not approved
Dossier rapporteur/co-rapporteur Spain
Date inclusion expires No aplicable
UE Candidatas a sustitución No aplicable
Incluido en la base de datos de la UE

Approved for use () or known to be used () in the following European countries: Click to access a note on the approvals information on this site

AT

BE

BG

CY

CZ

DE

DK

EE

EL

ES

FI

FR

HR

HU

IE

IT

LT

LU

LV

MT

NL

PL

PT

RO

SE

SI

SK

UK

Also used in: Estados Unidos

Estructura química: Click here for further information on the general chemical status information used on this site
Isomerism None
Fórmula química C6H4Cl2N2O2
Canonical SMILES C1=C(C=C(C(=C1Cl)N)Cl)[N+](=O)[O-]
Isomeric SMILES Clc1cc(cc(Cl)c1N)[N+]([O-])=O
International Chemical Identifier Key (InChIKey) BIXZHMJUSMUDOQ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
International Chemical Identifier (InChI) InChI=1S/C6H4Cl2N2O2/c7-4-1-3(10(11)12)2-5(8)6(4)9/h1-2H,9H2
¿Diagrama de estructura 2D / imagen disponible?

Estado general: Click here for further information on the general chemical status information used on this site
Tipo de pesticida Fungicide
Grupo químico Chlorophenyl
Minimum active substance purity 950 g/kg
Known relevant impurities EU dossier - trace polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins, dibenzofurans & polychlorinated biphenyls; 2, 6-dichloro-p-phenylenediamine. 0.2 g/kg; 2-chloro-4-nitrobenzeneamine 10 g/kg
Sustancias de origen Sintéticas
Modo de acción Protective, contact action, thought to act by inhibiting respiration inhibiting spore germination. Lipid peroxidation inhibitor.
CAS RN 99-30-9
CEE número 202-746-4
Número CIPAC 150
EPA américaine chimiques de code 031301
PubChem CID 7430
Masa molecular (g mol-1) 207.01
PIN (Preferred Identification Name) 2,6-dichloro-4-nitroaniline
Nombre IUPAC 2,6-dichloro-4-nitroaniline
Nombre CAS 2,6-dichloro-4-nitrobenzenamine
Otra información de estado Potential groundwater contaminant; Chemical subject to PIC regulations
Relevant Environmental Water Quality Standards -
Herbicide Resistance Classification (HRAC) No aplicable
Herbicide Resistance Classification (WSSA) No aplicable
Insecticide Resistance Classification (IRAC) No aplicable
Fungicide Resistance Classification (FRAC) 14
Examples of recorded resistance -
Estado físico Yellow crystals or powder
Related substances & organisms -

Formulaciones:
Propiedad Click here for information on the general product and branding information used on this site Valor
Example manufacturers & suppliers of products using this active now or historically
  • Gowan Company
  • Upjohn
  • FBC
Example products using this active
  • Botran
  • Fumite
  • Sclerosan
  • Allisan
  • Resinan
Estado de UK LERAP None
Formulation and application details Often formulated as wettable powders, dusts or as flowable concentrates.


DESTINO AMBIENTAL

for dicloran

Propiedad Click here for information on the parameters used to describe environmental fate on this site Valor Fuente/Cuenta de Cualidad/Otra Información Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with fate data Interpretación Click here for information on the way in which we interpret environmental fate data
Solubilidad - En aqua en 20oC (mg l-1) 6.4 A5 - @ 25 DegC Bajo
Solubilidad - en solventes organicos en 20oC (mg l-1) 200 A5 - n-Heptano -
6400 A5 - p-Xileno -
6700 A5 - Metanol -
41800 A5 - Acetona -
Punto de fusión (oC) 193.2 A5 -
Punto de ebullición (oC) Decomposes before boiling A5 -
El punto de degradación (oC) 202 A5 -
Punto de inflamación (oC) Not expected to self ignite; Not highly flammable A5 -
Octanol-aqua coeficiente de particiónat en pH 7, 20oC P 6.31 X 1002 Calculado -
Log P 2.8 A5 Moderado
Masa densidad (g ml-1)/Peso específico 1.57 A5 -
Disociación constante (pKa) at 25oC No aplicable A5 -
Nota: Ninguna disociación
Presión de vapor en 20oC (mPa) 0.261 A5 Baja volatilidad
Constante de Henry a 25oC (Pa m3 mol-1) 8.44 X 10-03 A5 No volátil
Indice de potencial de lixiviación GUS Click here for a note on the limitations of the GUS index 2.63 Calculado Estado de transición
SCI-GROW groundwater index (μg l-1) for a 1 kg ha-1 or 1 l ha-1 application rate Click here for a note on the limitations of the SCI-GROW index Valor 2.01 X 10-01 Calculado -
Nota -
Potencial para transportar de 'particle bound' Click here for a note on the limitations of the potential for particle bound transport index - Calculado Mediano
Maximum UV-vis absorption L mol-1 cm-1 217nm = 15760, 325nm = 12750 A5 -
Surface tension (mN m-1) 68.7 A4 at 20.3 oC -

Degradación:
Propiedad Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance degradation Valor Fuente/Cuenta de Cualidad/Otra Información Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with degradation data Interpretación Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance degradation data
Biodegradabilidad general -
Degradación de suelo (días) (aerobic) DT50 (típico) 401 A3 Persistente muy alta
DT50 (laboratorio en 20oC) 258 A5 Persistente
DT50 (campo) 18.7 A2 No persistente
DT90 (laboratorio en 20oC) 985 A5 -
DT90 (campo) 202 A5 -
Endpoint de modelado DT50 - - -
Nota EU dossier lab studies DT50 range 144-617 days, DT90 range 481-1892 days; field studies DT50 18.4-18.9 days; Other sources: DT50 10.0 days (DW4)
Dissipation rate RL50 on plant matrix Valor - - -
Nota -
Dissipation rate RL50 on and in plant matrix Valor 23.4 R3 -
Nota Lettuce leaves, n=1
Acuoso fotólisis DT50 (días) en pH 7 Valor 1.3 A5 Moderado rápido
Nota -
Acuoso hidrólisis DT50 (días) en 20oC y pH 7 Valor Estable A5 -
Nota Stable at all relevant pH's
Aqua-Sedimento DT50 (días) 3.84 A5 Rápido
Fase de agua sola DT50 (días) 2.94 A5 Moderado rápido

De absorción del suelo y la movilidad:
Propiedad Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance adsorption and mobility Valor Fuente/Cuenta de Cualidad/Otra Información Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with adsorption and mobility data Interpretación Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance adsorption and mobility
Lineal Kd - - -
Koc -
Notas y rango -
Freundlich Kf 12.33 A5 Móvil un poco
Kfoc 812
1/n 0.739
Notas y rango EU dossier Kf range 3.65-26.25 mL/g, Kfoc range 441-1188 mL/g, 1/n range 0.645-0.803, Soils=6
pH senbsibilidad No

Key metabolites:
Metabolito Medio de formación Maximó Calculado de Fracción Ocurrencia 1107/2009 Importancia Click here for further information on 1107/2009 relevancy
2,6-dichloro-1,4-phenylenediamine (Ref: CI 37020 ) This metabolite may cause environmental pollution, click here for further information Suelo   0.118   Major fraction, Not relevant

Other known metabolites:
Metabolite name and reference Aliases Medio de formación / Rate Maximó Calculado de Fracción Ocurrencia Metabolising enzymes
- DCHA-sulfate Rat (Urinary) - -
- DCHA-glucuronide Rat (Urinary) - -
4-amino-3,5-dichlorophenol DCHA Rat (Urinary); Water/sediment - -
- DCAP Rat (Urinary) - -
- DCNAP Rat (Urinary) - -
2,6-dichlorobenzoic acid
(Ref: )
Nota: Major fraction, Not relevant
2,6-DCBA Water/sediment 0.089 -
4-amino-3,5-dichloracetanilide - Water/sediment 0.075 -
2,6-dichloro-4-nitrophenol - Water/sediment - -
3,5-dichloro-4-hydroxyacetanilide
Nota: Minor metabolite
HA Water/sediment - -
3,5-dichloro-4-aminoacetanilide
Nota: Minor metabolite
DCAA Water/sediment - -
2,6-dichloro-1,4-phenylenediamine
Nota: Minor metabolite
DCPD Water/sediment - -


ECOTOXICOLOGÍA

for dicloran

Propiedad Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance ecotoxicology Valor Fuente/Cuenta de Cualidad/Otra Información Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with ecotoxicology data Interpretación Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance ecotoxicology
Factor de la bio-concentración BCF (l kg-1) 75 A5 Whole fish Bajo potencial
CT50 (días) No disponible -
Mamíferos - Agudos oral LD50 (mg kg-1) > 2000 A5 Rata Bajo
Mamíferos - a corto plazo NOEL (mg kg-1) 1.5 A5 Rata Alto
(ppm dieta) - -
Pájaros/aves - Agudos LD50 (mg kg-1) 286 A5 Colinus virginianus Moderado
Birds - Short term dietary (LC50/LD50) 164.3 mg kg-1 bw/día A5 Colinus virginianus -
Pez - agudo 96 hora LC50 (mg l-1) 0.48 A5 Oncorhynchus mykiss Moderado
Pez - Crónico 21 días NOEC (mg l-1) 0.05 A5 Oncorhynchus mykiss Moderado
Invertebrados acuáticos - Agudos 48 hora EC50 (mg l-1) 2.07 A5 Daphnia magna Moderado
Invertebrados acuáticos - Crónicos 21 días NOEC (mg l-1) 0.032 A5 Daphnia magna Moderado
Crustáceos acuáticos - Agudos 96 hora LC50 (mg l-1) - - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Agudos 96 hora LC50 (mg l-1) - - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Crónicos 28 día NOEC, estático, agua (mg l-1) 0.6 A5 Chironomus riparius Moderado
Sediment dwelling organisms - Crónicos 28 día NOEC, sedimento (mg kg-1) - - -
Plantas acuáticas - Agudos 7 día EC50, biomasa (mg l-1) - - -
Non-target plants > 1000 A5 worst case for ten species
Seedling emergence, ER50
as g/ha
-
> 1000 A5 worst case for ten species
Vegetative vigour, ER50
as g/ha
-
Algas - Agudos 72 hora EC50, crecimiento (mg l-1) 1.2 A5 Scenedemus subspicatus Moderado
Algas - Crónicos 96 hora NOEC, crecimiento (mg l-1) - - -
Abejas mielíferas Contacto aguda 48 hora LD50 (μg abeja-1) > 100 A5 Bajo
Oral aguda 48 hora LD50 (μg abeja-1) > 113 A5 Bajo
Modo desconocido aguda 48 hora LD50 (μg abeja-1) - - -
Lombrices - Agudos 14 día LC50 (mg kg-1) > 885 L3 Eisenia foetida Moderado
Lombrices - Crónicos 14 día NOEC, reproducción (mg kg-1) 77.8 A5 Eisenia foetida Moderado
Other soil macro-organisms - e.g. Collembola LR50 / EC50 / NOEC / % Causalidad - - -
Otro arthropoda (1) LR50 g ha-1 3000 >, 48 hora
A5 Aphidius rhopalosiphi
-
% Causalidad - - -
Otro arthropoda (2) LR50 g ha-1 374 7 día
A5 Typhlodromus pyri
-
% Causalidad - - -
Soil micro-organisms Nitrogen mineralisation: No significant adverse effect
Carbon mineralisation: No significant adverse effect
A5
Dose: 3.4 kg ha-1
-
Mesocosm study data NOEAEC mg l-1 - - -
NOEAEC mg l-1 - - -


LA SALUD HUMANA Y PROTECCIÓN

for dicloran

General:
Propiedad Click here for information on the parameters used to describe human health and protection issues Valor Fuente/Cuenta de Cualidad/Otra Información Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with human health and protection data Interpretación Click here for information on the way in which we interpret human health and protection data
Threshold of Toxicological Concern (Cramer Class) Click here for a note on the limitations of the Cramer class High (class III) - -
Mamíferos - Agudos oral LD50 (mg kg-1) > 2000 A5 Rata Bajo
Mammals - Dermal LD50 (mg kg-1 body weight) > 2000 A5 Rat -
Mammals - Inhalation LC50 (mg l-1) > 21.6 L3 Rat -
Other Mammal toxicity endpoints - -
Consumo cada día aceptable (mg kg-1p.c. días-1) 0.005 A4, Dog, SF=500 -
ARfD - Acute Reference Dose (mg kg-1p.c. días-1) 0.025 A4 Dog, SF=100 -
AAOEL - Acute Acceptable Operator Exposure Level (mg kg-1 bw day-1) - - -
El nivel de exposición del operador (AOEL) sistemíco (mg kg-1p.c. días-1) 0.005 A4 Dog, SF=500 -
Estudios den la absorción cutánea (%) 1-9 A5 -
Directivo 76/464 Sustancias Peligrosas - - -
Limites de exposiciones - - -
Exposure Routes Public Risk acceptable and below the AOEL
Occupational Risk of exposure acceptable under label recommendations for use for personal protection clothing and equipment
European MRLs Click here for the EU MRL pesticide database
Drinking Water Standards - - -
Drinking Water MAC (μg l-1) 0.1 EU Dir 89/778/EC limit; A5 -

Health issues:
Carcinogen Mutágeno Endocrine disrupter Reproduction / development effects Cholinesterase inhibitor Neurotoxicant

-

-

Respiratory tract irritant Skin irritant Skin sensitiser Eye irritant Phototoxicant

-

-

Cuestiones generales de la salud humana Possible liver & spleen toxicant
USEPA - some evidence to suggest possible human carcinogen

: Yes, known to cause a problem
: No, known not to cause a problem
: Possibly, status not identified
- : No data found

Handling issues:
Propiedad Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance handling issues Valor Fuente/Cuenta de Cualidad/Otra Información Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with data on handling issues Interpretación Click here for information on the way in which we interpret data on handling issues
General Click here for a description of the International Maritime Dangerous Goods (IMDG) codes Emits irritating or toxic fumes in a fire
Not explosive or oxidising
IMDG Transport Code is usually 6.1
CLP classification 2013 None allocated at this time
CEE clasificación de riesgos Click here to view information omn the EU risk phrases N - Dangerous for the environment: R53
CEE clasificación sin riesgos Click here to view information omn the EU safety phrases -
Clasificación de OSM III - Peligroso un poco
US EPA Classification (formulation) III - Caution - Slightly toxic
Número de las NU Usually 2811
Waste disposal & packaging Click here for a description of UN packaging marks Packaging Group III (minor danger)


TRADUCCIONES

for dicloran

Idioma Nombre
Inglés dicloran
Francés dicloran
Alemán Dicloran
Danés dicloran
Italiano dicloran
Español dicloran
Griego -
Esloveno dikloran
Polaco dichloran
Sueco -
Húngaro -
Holandés dichloran

Última actualización del registro: Tuesday 22 May 2018
Contacto: aeru@herts.ac.uk