Seleccione la Opción
Inicio
A a Z Indice
Búsqueda
Términos y Condiciones
Información de Asistencia
Compras y Servicios
GET ADDITIONAL DATA HERE!

alfacipermetrina (Ref: OMS 3004)
** alpha-cypermethrin ** alphacypermethrin ** alphamethrin ** FMC 63318 ** FMC 39391 ** alfamethrin ** Traducciones

Destino ambiental - Ecotoxicología - La salud humana - A a Z Indice - Inicio
Otros datos se pueden encontrar en el VSDB

RESUMEN

Alpha-cypermethrin is a widely used pyrethroid insecticide that is approved for use in the EU. It has a low aqueous solubility, in relatively volatile and, based on its chemical properties, is not expected to leach to groundwater. However, it is considered to be a serious water pollutant. It is moderately persistent in soil and has been known to persist in water. It is highly toxic to mammals and a recognised irritant. It is relatively non-toxic to birds but is highly toxic to most aquatic organisms and honeybees. Alpha-cypermethrin is moderately toxic to earthworms.

INFORMACIÓN GENERAL Click here for an explantaion of the general chemical status information
for alpha-cypermethrin

Descripción: An insecticide for control of chewing and sucking insects in a wide range of crops and non-crop situations. Also has veterinary treatment applications.

Ejemplos de plagas controladas: Weevils; Moths; Caterpillars; Mites; Bollworm; Budworm; Green mirid; Cutworms; Aphids; Wireworms

Ejemplos de aplicaciones: Asparagus; Brassicas; Cucumber; Leafy crops; Curcubits; OSR; Cereals including barley, wheat, rye, oats, triticale; Ornamentals; Forestry; Public health; Veterinary medicine

Eficacia y actividad: Has been shown, via research and field trials, to have a high level of effectiveness for the control of a wide range of insect pests on agricultural crops.

Availability status: Current

Introduction & key dates: 1983, first reported; circa 1985, first introduced

CEE Regulación 1107/2009 ( 91/414):
Estado Approved
Dossier rapporteur/co-rapporteur Belgium/Greece
Date inclusion expires 31/07/2019
UE Candidatas a sustitución No
Incluido en la base de datos de la UE

Approved for use () or known to be used () in the following European countries: Click to access a note on the approvals information on this site

AT

BE

BG

CY

CZ

DE

DK

EE

EL

ES

FI

FR

HR

HU

IE

IT

LT

LU

LV

MT

NL

PL

PT

RO

SE

SI

SK

UK

Also used in: Australia

Estructura química: Click here for further information on the general chemical status information used on this site
Isomerism Cypermethrin itself is a chiral molecule and consists of eight isomers, four cis and four trans. Alpha-Cypermethrin contains more than 90% of the insecticidally most active enantiomer pair of the four cis isomers of cypermethrin as
Fórmula química C22H19Cl2NO3
Canonical SMILES CC1(C(C1C(=O)OC(C#N)C2=CC(=CC=C2)OC3=CC=CC=C3)C=C(Cl)Cl)C
Isomeric SMILES CC1([C@@H]([C@@H]1C(=O)O[C@@H](C#N)C2=CC(=CC=C2)OC3=CC=CC=C3)C=C(Cl)Cl)C
International Chemical Identifier Key (InChIKey) GUQZCTLEJXHSIH-RZAVTOELSA-N
International Chemical Identifier (InChI) InChI=1S/C22H19Cl2NO3/c1-22(2)17(12-19(23)24)20(22)21(26)28-18(13-25)14-7-6-10-16(11-14)27-15-8-4-3-5-9-15/h3-12,17-18,20H,1-2H3/t17-,18?,20-/m0/s1
¿Diagrama de estructura 2D / imagen disponible?

Estado general: Click here for further information on the general chemical status information used on this site
Tipo de pesticida Insecticide, Veterinary substance
Grupo químico Pyrethroid
Minimum active substance purity 980 g/kg
Known relevant impurities EU dossier - None declared
Sustancias de origen Sintéticas
Modo de acción Non-systemic with contact and stomach action. Sodium channel modulator.
CAS RN 67375-30-8
CEE número 257-842-9
Número CIPAC 454
EPA américaine chimiques de code -
PubChem CID 3086172
Masa molecular (g mol-1) 416.30
PIN (Preferred Identification Name) rac-(R)-cyano(3-phenoxyphenyl)methyl (1S,3S)-3-(2,2-dichloroethenyl)-2,2-dimethylcyclopropane-1-carboxylate
Nombre IUPAC racemate comprising (R)-α-cyano-3-phenoxybenzyl (1S)-cis-3-(2,2-dichlorovinyl)-2,2-dimethylcyclopropanecarboxylate and (S)-α-cyano-3-phenoxybenzyl (1R)-cis-3-(2,2-dichlorovinyl)-2,2-dimethylcyclopropanecarboxylate
Nombre CAS (R)-cyano(3-phenoxyphenyl)methyl (1S,3S)-rel-3-(2,2-dichloroethenyl)-2,2-dimethylcyclopropanecarboxylate
Otra información de estado -
Relevant Environmental Water Quality Standards UK Environment Agency non-statutory standard for the protection of aquatic life in freshwater and saltwater annual average 0.0002 ug/L, max acceptable conc 0.002 ug/L
UK statutory standard for water quality: ‘Good’ for fresh, transitional & saltwater: 0.1 ng/L as annual mean conc, 0.4 ng/L 95th percentile
Herbicide Resistance Classification (HRAC) No aplicable
Herbicide Resistance Classification (WSSA) No aplicable
Insecticide Resistance Classification (IRAC) 3
Fungicide Resistance Classification (FRAC) No aplicable
Examples of recorded resistance Aphis gossypii
Bemisia tabaci
Helicoverpa armigera
Meligethes aeneus
Bactrocera oleae
Chrysoperla carnea
Halotydeus destructor
Thrips tabaci
Estado físico Colourless crystals
Related substances & organisms

Formulaciones:
Propiedad Click here for information on the general product and branding information used on this site Valor
Example manufacturers & suppliers of products using this active now or historically
  • BASF
  • Certis
Example products using this active
  • Antec
  • Contest
  • Fedona
  • Littac
  • Tenopa
Estado de UK LERAP Buffer probably required in UK - see product label
Formulation and application details Available in various formulations including crops sprays and livestock pour-ons .


DESTINO AMBIENTAL

for alpha-cypermethrin

Propiedad Click here for information on the parameters used to describe environmental fate on this site Valor Fuente/Cuenta de Cualidad/Otra Información Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with fate data Interpretación Click here for information on the way in which we interpret environmental fate data
Solubilidad - En aqua en 20oC (mg l-1) 0.004 A5 Bajo
Solubilidad - en solventes organicos en 20oC (mg l-1) 596000 A5 - Tolueno -
21300 A5 - Metanol -
584000 A5 - Acetato de etilo -
Punto de fusión (oC) 82.1 A5 -
Punto de ebullición (oC) Decomposes before boiling A5 -
El punto de degradación (oC) 248 A5 -
Punto de inflamación (oC) Not expected to self ignite; Not highly flammable A5 -
Octanol-aqua coeficiente de particiónat en pH 7, 20oC P 6.31 X 1005 Calculado -
Log P 5.8 A4 Alto
Masa densidad (g ml-1)/Peso específico - A5 -
Disociación constante (pKa) at 25oC No aplicable A5 -
Nota: Ninguna disociación
Presión de vapor en 20oC (mPa) 0.00038 A5 Baja volatilidad
Constante de Henry a 25oC (Pa m3 mol-1) 5.30 X 10-02 A5 No volátil
Indice de potencial de lixiviación GUS Click here for a note on the limitations of the GUS index -2.00 Calculado Bajo posibilidad de lixiviación
SCI-GROW groundwater index (μg l-1) for a 1 kg ha-1 or 1 l ha-1 application rate Click here for a note on the limitations of the SCI-GROW index Valor 5.35 X 10-03 Calculado -
Nota Estimated concentrations of chemicals with Koc values greater than 9995 ml g-1 are beyond the scope of the regression data used in SCI-GROW development. If there are concerns for such chemicals, a higher tier groundwater exposure assessment should be considered, regardless of the concentration returned by SCI-GROW
Potencial para transportar de 'particle bound' Click here for a note on the limitations of the potential for particle bound transport index - Calculado Mediano
Maximum UV-vis absorption L mol-1 cm-1 276nm = 2073, 300nm = 38.64 A4 -
Surface tension (mN m-1) No aplicable A4 -

Degradación:
Propiedad Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance degradation Valor Fuente/Cuenta de Cualidad/Otra Información Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with degradation data Interpretación Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance degradation data
Biodegradabilidad general Not readily biodegradable
Degradación de suelo (días) (aerobic) DT50 (típico) 23.0 A4 No persistente
DT50 (laboratorio en 20oC) 23.4 A4 No persistente
DT50 (campo) 42.6 A5 Persistente moderado
DT90 (laboratorio en 20oC) 166 A5 -
DT90 (campo) 120.2 A5 -
Endpoint de modelado DT50 36.2 A5 normalised, geometric mean -
Nota EU 2017 dossier Lab studies DT50 range 3.1-48.1 days - not normalised, DT90 range 4.5-329.4 days, Soils=7, Field studies DT50 range 11.7-114.1 days, DT90 range 38.7-250.5 days, Soils = 6; EU 2004 dossier Lab studies DT50 range 25-125 days, DT90 range 102-792 days, Field studies DT50 range 14-112 day (UK conditions), DT90 range 35-385 days; Other sources:DT50 77 days (DW4)
Dissipation rate RL50 on plant matrix Valor - - -
Nota -
Dissipation rate RL50 on and in plant matrix Valor 4.8 R4 -
Nota Published literature RL50 range 3.7-7.3 days, 3 field & undercover grown crops, various matrices, n=5
Acuoso fotólisis DT50 (días) en pH 7 Valor 6.3 A5 Moderado rápido
Nota -
Acuoso hidrólisis DT50 (días) en 20oC y pH 7 Valor 70 A - @ 25deg C Persistente moderado
Nota DT50 sensitive to pH: stable at pH 4, 3.3 days at pH 9 & 25 degC
Aqua-Sedimento DT50 (días) 21 A5 Rápido
Fase de agua sola DT50 (días) 1.3 A5 Moderado rápido

De absorción del suelo y la movilidad:
Propiedad Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance adsorption and mobility Valor Fuente/Cuenta de Cualidad/Otra Información Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with adsorption and mobility data Interpretación Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance adsorption and mobility
Lineal Kd 3308 A5 No Móvil
Koc 288735
Notas y rango EU 2017 dossier Kd range 2366-4362 mL/g, Koc range 228622-353100 mL/g, Soils =5
Freundlich Kf - - -
Kfoc -
1/n -
Notas y rango -
pH senbsibilidad No

Key metabolites:
Metabolito Medio de formación Maximó Calculado de Fracción Ocurrencia 1107/2009 Importancia Click here for further information on 1107/2009 relevancy
3-phenoxybenzoic acid Suelo   0.054   Major fraction, Relevant
3-(2,2-dichlorovinyl)-2,2-dimethylcyclopropanecarboxylic acid This metabolite may cause environmental pollution, click here for further information Suelo   0.136   Major fraction, Relevant
4-hydroxy-alpha-cypermethrin (Ref: CL 194198) Suelo   0.08   Major fraction, Relevant


ECOTOXICOLOGÍA

for alpha-cypermethrin

Propiedad Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance ecotoxicology Valor Fuente/Cuenta de Cualidad/Otra Información Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with ecotoxicology data Interpretación Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance ecotoxicology
Factor de la bio-concentración BCF (l kg-1) 910 A5 Umbral de importancia
CT50 (días) 7.8 -
Mamíferos - Agudos oral LD50 (mg kg-1) 40 A5 Rata Alto
Mamíferos - a corto plazo NOEL (mg kg-1) 5 A5 Rata Alto
(ppm dieta) 200 -
Pájaros/aves - Agudos LD50 (mg kg-1) > 2025 A5 Colinus virginianus Bajo
Birds - Short term dietary (LC50/LD50) - - -
Pez - agudo 96 hora LC50 (mg l-1) 0.0018 A5 Oncorhynchus mykiss Alto
Pez - Crónico 21 días NOEC (mg l-1) 0.00003 A5 Pimephales promelas Alto
Invertebrados acuáticos - Agudos 48 hora EC50 (mg l-1) 0.00022 A5 Daphnia magna Alto
Invertebrados acuáticos - Crónicos 21 días NOEC (mg l-1) 0.00003 A5 Daphnia magna Alto
Crustáceos acuáticos - Agudos 96 hora LC50 (mg l-1) - - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Agudos 96 hora LC50 (mg l-1) 0.000013 A5 Chironomus riparius Alto
Sediment dwelling organisms - Crónicos 28 día NOEC, estático, agua (mg l-1) - - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Crónicos 28 día NOEC, sedimento (mg kg-1) - - -
Plantas acuáticas - Agudos 7 día EC50, biomasa (mg l-1) > 0.00139 A5 Lemna gibba Alto
Non-target plants > 100.0 A5 Onion, Oats, Pea, Rapseed
Vegetative vigour, ER50
as g/ha
-
> 100 A5 Onion, Oats, Pea, Rapseed
Seedling emergence, ER50
as g/ha
-
Algas - Agudos 72 hora EC50, crecimiento (mg l-1) 0.084 A5 Pseudokirchneriella subcapitata Moderado
Algas - Crónicos 96 hora NOEC, crecimiento (mg l-1) - - -
Abejas mielíferas (Apis spp.) Contacto aguda LD50 (peor caso de 24 , 48 y 72 hora valores - μg abeja-1) 0.033 A5 Apis mellifera Alto
Oral aguda LD50 (peor caso de 24 , 48 y 72 hora valores - μg abeja-1) 0.059 A5 Apis mellifera Alto
Modo desconocido aguda LD50 (peor caso de 24 , 48 y 72 hora valores - μg abeja-1) - - -
Abejorros (Bombus spp.) Contacto aguda LD50 (peor caso de 24 , 48 y 72 hora valores - μg abeja-1) > 0.29 A5 Bombus terrestris Alto
Literature values DT50 24hr = 0.17 ug/bee; 72hr = 0.15 ug/bee
Oral aguda LD50 (peor caso de 24 , 48 y 72 hora valores - μg abeja-1) > 0.54 A5 Bombus terrestris Alto
Literature values DT50 24hr = 0.52 ug/bee; 72hr = 0.36 ug/bee
Abejas albañiles (Osmia spp.) Contacto aguda LD50 (peor caso de 24 , 48 y 72 hora valores - μg abeja-1) 0.25 R4 Osmia bicornis Alto
Oral aguda LD50 (peor caso de 24 , 48 y 72 hora valores - μg abeja-1) - - -
Otros polinizadores (1) Agudos LD50 (peor caso de 24 , 48 y 72 hora valores - μg insect-1) - - -
Modo de exposición -
Otros polinizadores (2) Agudos LD50 (peor caso de 24 , 48 y 72 hora valores - μg insect-1) - - -
Modo de exposición -
Lombrices - Agudos 14 día LC50 (mg kg-1) > 100 A5 Eisenia foetida Moderado
Lombrices - Crónicos 14 día NOEC, reproducción (mg kg-1) > 2.00 A5 Eisenia foetida, corr Moderado
Other soil macro-organisms - e.g. Collembola LR50 / EC50 / NOEC / % Causalidad - - -
Otro arthropoda (1) LR50 g ha-1 0.031 Mortalidad
A5 Aphidius rhopalosiphi
-
% Causalidad - - -
Otro arthropoda (2) LR50 g ha-1 0.0019 Mortalidad
A5 Typhlodromus pyri
-
% Causalidad 85 Mortalidad
Dose: 15 g ha-1
L3 Typhlodromus pyri
-
Soil micro-organisms Nitrogen mineralisation: No significant adverse effect
Carbon mineralisation: No significant adverse effect
A5
Dose: 0.3 kg ha-1, 28 días
-
Mesocosm study data NOEAEC mg l-1 0.000015 A5 Aquatic invertebrates and algae -
NOEAEC mg l-1 - - -


LA SALUD HUMANA Y PROTECCIÓN

for alpha-cypermethrin

General:
Propiedad Click here for information on the parameters used to describe human health and protection issues Valor Fuente/Cuenta de Cualidad/Otra Información Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with human health and protection data Interpretación Click here for information on the way in which we interpret human health and protection data
Threshold of Toxicological Concern (Cramer Class) Click here for a note on the limitations of the Cramer class High (class III) - -
Mamíferos - Agudos oral LD50 (mg kg-1) 40 A5 Rata Alto
Mammals - Dermal LD50 (mg kg-1 body weight) > 2000 A5 Rat -
Mammals - Inhalation LC50 (mg l-1) 1.33 A5 Rat, 4 hr (nose only) -
Other Mammal toxicity endpoints - -
Consumo cada día aceptable (mg kg-1p.c. días-1) 0.015 A5 -
ARfD - Acute Reference Dose (mg kg-1p.c. días-1) 0.04 A5 Rat, SF=100 -
AAOEL - Acute Acceptable Operator Exposure Level (mg kg-1 bw day-1) - - -
El nivel de exposición del operador (AOEL) sistemíco (mg kg-1p.c. días-1) 0.01 A5 Dog, 90 day, SF=100 -
Estudios den la absorción cutánea (%) 0.7-3.0 A5 Concentration dependent -
Directivo 76/464 Sustancias Peligrosas - - -
Exposure Routes Public No unacceptable risks identified for the general public, bystanders and residents
Occupational No unacceptable risks identified for operators or other farm workers
European MRLs Click here for the EU MRL pesticide database
Drinking Water Standards - - -
Drinking Water MAC (μg l-1) - - -

Health issues:
Carcinogen Genotóxico Endocrine disrupter Reproduction / development effects Cholinesterase inhibitor Neurotoxicant

A3; B0; C3; D0; E3

Respiratory tract irritant Skin irritant Skin sensitiser Eye irritant Phototoxicant

Cuestiones generales de la salud humana Highly toxic by ingestion
USEPA - possible human carcinogen
dy
Clave: Genotoxicidad
A: Aberración cromosómica (base de datos EFSA)
B: Daño/reparación del ADN (base de datos EFSA)
C: Mutación genética (base de datos EFSA)
D: Mutación del genoma (base de datos EFSA)
E: Tipo de genotoxicidad no especificada (fuente de datos diversos)
0: Sin datos
1: Positivo
2: Resultados mixtos/ambiguos
3: Negativo
Clave: Otro
: Sí, se sabe que causa un problema
: No, sabe no causar un problema
: Posiblemente, estado no identificado
- : Datos no encontrados

Handling issues:
Propiedad Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance handling issues Valor Fuente/Cuenta de Cualidad/Otra Información Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with data on handling issues Interpretación Click here for information on the way in which we interpret data on handling issues
General Click here for a description of the International Maritime Dangerous Goods (IMDG) codes IMDG Transport Code is product specific and usually a 6.1 or 3
Not explosive or oxidising
CLP classification 2013 Health: H301, H335, H373
Environment: H400, H410
CEE clasificación de riesgos Click here to view information omn the EU risk phrases T - Toxic: R25
Xn - Harmful: R48/22
Xi - Irritant: R37
N - Dangerous for the environment: R50, R53
CEE clasificación sin riesgos Click here to view information omn the EU safety phrases S2, S36/37/39, S45, S61, S60
Clasificación de OSM II - Peligroso mediano
Número de las NU 3349 for active, variable with product, usually 1993, 3077 or 3082
Waste disposal & packaging Click here for a description of UN packaging marks Packaging Group III (minor danger)


TRADUCCIONES

for alpha-cypermethrin

Idioma Nombre
Inglés alpha-cypermethrin
Francés alphacypermethrine
Alemán alpha-Cypermethrin
Danés alpha-cypermethrin
Italiano alfametrina
Español alfacipermetrina
Griego -
Esloveno alfa-cipermetrin
Polaco alfa-cypermetryna
Sueco alfacypermetrin
Húngaro alphamethrin / alpha cypremethrin
Holandés alfa-cypermethrin

Última actualización del registro: Tuesday 25 June 2019
Contacto: aeru@herts.ac.uk