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imazaquin (Ref: BAS 725H)
** imazaquin ** AC 252214 ** CL 252214 ** Traducciones

Destino ambiental - Ecotoxicología - La salud humana - A a Z Indice - Inicio

INFORMACIÓN GENERAL Click here for an explantaion of the general chemical status information
for imazaquin

Descripción: Used as pre- and post-emergence particularly for the control of grasses and broad-leaved weeds

Ejemplos de plagas controladas: Annual grasses and broad-leaved weeds

Ejemplos de aplicaciones: Soybeans; Ornamentals; Turf

Eficacia y actividad: -

Availability status: Current

Introduction & key dates: 1986, Estados Unidos

CEE Regulación 1107/2009 ( 91/414):
Estado Not approved
Dossier rapporteur/co-rapporteur Belgium/Ireland
Date inclusion expires Expired
UE Candidatas a sustitución No
Incluido en la base de datos de la UE

Approved for use () or known to be used () in the following European countries: Click to access a note on the approvals information on this site

AT

BE

BG

CY

CZ

DE

DK

EE

EL

ES

FI

FR

HR

HU

IE

IT

LT

LU

LV

MT

NL

PL

PT

RO

SE

SI

SK

UK

Estructura química: Click here for further information on the general chemical status information used on this site
Isomerism A chiral molecule, imazaquin is an isomeric mixture of the R- and S-forms
Fórmula química C17H17N3O3
Canonical SMILES CC(C)C1(C(=O)NC(=N1)C2=NC3=CC=CC=C3C=C2C(=O)O)C
Isomeric SMILES No data
International Chemical Identifier Key (InChIKey) CABMTIJINOIHOD-UHFFFAOYSA-N
International Chemical Identifier (InChI) InChI=1S/C17H17N3O3/c1-9(2)17(3)16(23)19-14(20-17)13-11(15(21)22)8-10-6-4-5-7-12(10)18-13/h4-9H,1-3H3,(H,21,22)(H,19,20,23)
¿Diagrama de estructura 2D / imagen disponible?

Estado general: Click here for further information on the general chemical status information used on this site
Tipo de pesticida Herbicida, Plant growth regulator
Grupo químico Imidazolinone
Minimum active substance purity 960 g/kg racemic mixture
Known relevant impurities EU dossier - Hydrogen cyanide, Toluene
Sustancias de origen Sintéticas
Modo de acción Selective, systemic absorbed by roots and foliage. Inhibits plant amino acid synthesis - acetohydroxyacid synthase AHAS.
CAS RN 81335-37-7
CEE número -
Número CIPAC 699
EPA américaine chimiques de code 128840
PubChem CID 54739
Masa molecular (g mol-1) 311.33
PIN (Preferred Identification Name) -
Nombre IUPAC 2-[(RS)-4-isopropyl-4-methyl-5-oxo-2-imidazolin-2-yl]quinoline-3-carboxylic acid
Nombre CAS 2-(4,5-dihydro-4-methyl-4-(1-methylethyl)-5-oxo-1H-imidazol-2-yl)-3-quinolinecarboxylic acid
Otra información de estado -
Relevant Environmental Water Quality Standards -
Herbicide Resistance Classification (HRAC) B
Herbicide Resistance Classification (WSSA) 2
Insecticide Resistance Classification (IRAC) No aplicable
Fungicide Resistance Classification (FRAC) No aplicable
Examples of recorded resistance Many recorded cases
Amaranthus hybridus
Amaranthus palmeri
Amaranthus powellii
Estado físico Grey fine crystalline solid
Related substances & organisms

Formulaciones:
Propiedad Click here for information on the general product and branding information used on this site Valor
Example manufacturers & suppliers of products using this active now or historically
  • BASF
  • Standon
  • AgroCare
Example products using this active
  • Meteor
  • Upright
  • Scepter
Estado de UK LERAP None
Formulation and application details Usually supplied as a soluble concentrate that is mixed with water and applied as a spray but also available as dispersible granules.


DESTINO AMBIENTAL

for imazaquin

Propiedad Click here for information on the parameters used to describe environmental fate on this site Valor Fuente/Cuenta de Cualidad/Otra Información Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with fate data Interpretación Click here for information on the way in which we interpret environmental fate data
Solubilidad - En aqua en 20oC (mg l-1) 102000 A5 Alto
Solubilidad - en solventes organicos en 20oC (mg l-1) 240 A5 - Tolueno -
14500 A5 - Cloruro de metileno -
3690 A5 - Acetona -
1490 A5 - Acetato de etilo -
Punto de fusión (oC) 224 A5 -
Punto de ebullición (oC) Decomposes before boiling A5 -
El punto de degradación (oC) 250 A5 -
Punto de inflamación (oC) Not expected to self ignite; Not highly flammable A5 -
Octanol-aqua coeficiente de particiónat en pH 7, 20oC P 8.13 X 10-02 Calculado -
Log P -1.09 A5 Bajo
Masa densidad (g ml-1)/Peso específico 0.41 B5 -
Disociación constante (pKa) at 25oC 3.45 A5 -
Nota: Ácido débil, Pka(2) 11.03
Presión de vapor en 20oC (mPa) 7.0 X 10-10 A5 Baja volatilidad
Constante de Henry a 25oC (Pa m3 mol-1) 3.74 X 10-12 A5 No volátil
Indice de potencial de lixiviación GUS Click here for a note on the limitations of the GUS index 5.42 Calculado Alta posibilidad de la lixiviación
SCI-GROW groundwater index (μg l-1) for a 1 kg ha-1 or 1 l ha-1 application rate Click here for a note on the limitations of the SCI-GROW index Valor 7.08 X 10+00 Calculado -
Nota -
Potencial para transportar de 'particle bound' Click here for a note on the limitations of the potential for particle bound transport index - Calculado Mediano
Maximum UV-vis absorption L mol-1 cm-1 - - -
Surface tension (mN m-1) 49.9 A5 at 20oC -

Degradación:
Propiedad Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance degradation Valor Fuente/Cuenta de Cualidad/Otra Información Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with degradation data Interpretación Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance degradation data
Biodegradabilidad general -
Degradación de suelo (días) (aerobic) DT50 (típico) 60 B5 Persistente moderado
DT50 (laboratorio en 20oC) 94.3 A5 Persistente moderado
DT50 (campo) 11.0 A5 No persistente
DT90 (laboratorio en 20oC) 313.2 A5 -
DT90 (campo) 45.3 A5 -
Endpoint de modelado DT50 - - -
Nota EU dossier aerobic lab studies DT50 range 43-223 days, DT90 range 142.7-741.9 days; field studies DT50 range 1.7-31.1 days, DT90 range 5-103 days; Other sources: Lab studies showed slow degradation (B5)
Dissipation rate RL50 on plant matrix Valor - - -
Nota -
Dissipation rate RL50 on and in plant matrix Valor 13.1 R4 -
Nota Published literature RL50 range 4.4-39.8 days, 6 field crops, various matrices, n=8
Acuoso fotólisis DT50 (días) en pH 7 Valor 0.75 A5 Rápido
Nota -
Acuoso hidrólisis DT50 (días) en 20oC y pH 7 Valor Estable A5 -
Nota Stable pH 4 to pH 7, DT50 169 days at pH 9 and 25 degC, 20.6 days at pH 9 and 50 degC
Aqua-Sedimento DT50 (días) 475 A5 Estable
Fase de agua sola DT50 (días) 194 A5 Estable

De absorción del suelo y la movilidad:
Propiedad Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance adsorption and mobility Valor Fuente/Cuenta de Cualidad/Otra Información Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with adsorption and mobility data Interpretación Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance adsorption and mobility
Lineal Kd - - -
Koc -
Notas y rango -
Freundlich Kf 0.31 A5 Móvil
Kfoc 17.96
1/n 1.03
Notas y rango EU dossier kf range 0.114-0.316, Kfoc range 8.9-37 mL/g, 1/n range 0.993-1.11, Soils=5
pH senbsibilidad No

Key metabolites:
Metabolito Medio de formación Maximó Calculado de Fracción Ocurrencia 1107/2009 Importancia Click here for further information on 1107/2009 relevancy
2-(1-carbamoyl-1,2-dimethyl-propylcarbamoyl)-quinoline-3-carboxylic acid (Ref: CL-266066) Suelo   0.054   Minor fraction, Relevant

Other known metabolites:
Metabolite name and reference Aliases Medio de formación / Rate Maximó Calculado de Fracción Ocurrencia Metabolising enzymes
2,3-quinoline di-carboxylic acid-2-methylester - Plant - -
2,3-quinoline di-carboxylic acid-3-methylester - Plant - -
2,3-quinoline di-carboxylic acid
(Ref: CL 263875)
- Plant; Soil; Groundwater - -
3-quinoline carboxylic acid
(Ref: CL 75947)
- Soil - -


ECOTOXICOLOGÍA

for imazaquin

Propiedad Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance ecotoxicology Valor Fuente/Cuenta de Cualidad/Otra Información Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with ecotoxicology data Interpretación Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance ecotoxicology
Factor de la bio-concentración BCF (l kg-1) 0.39 Q2 Estimado Bajo potencial
CT50 (días) No disponible -
Mamíferos - Agudos oral LD50 (mg kg-1) > 5000 A5 Rata Bajo
Mamíferos - a corto plazo NOEL (mg kg-1) > 474 B5 Rata Moderado
(ppm dieta) > 10000 -
Pájaros/aves - Agudos LD50 (mg kg-1) > 2150 A5 Anas platyrhynchos Bajo
Birds - Short term dietary (LC50/LD50) > 1166 mg kg-1 bw/día A5 Colinus virginianus -
Pez - agudo 96 hora LC50 (mg l-1) > 100 A5 Oncorhynchus mykiss Bajo
Pez - Crónico 21 días NOEC (mg l-1) 51.2 A5 Oncorhynchus mykiss Bajo
Invertebrados acuáticos - Agudos 48 hora EC50 (mg l-1) > 100 A5 Daphnia magna Bajo
Invertebrados acuáticos - Crónicos 21 días NOEC (mg l-1) 100 A5 Daphnia magna Bajo
Crustáceos acuáticos - Agudos 96 hora LC50 (mg l-1) - - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Agudos 96 hora LC50 (mg l-1) - - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Crónicos 28 día NOEC, estático, agua (mg l-1) - - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Crónicos 28 día NOEC, sedimento (mg kg-1) 228 A5 Chironomus riparius, emergence Bajo
Plantas acuáticas - Agudos 7 día EC50, biomasa (mg l-1) 0.031 A5 Lemna gibba Moderado
Non-target plants > 1.7 A5 Allium cepa
Seedling emergence, ER50
as L product/ha (Meteor)
-
> 1.8 A5 Beta vulgaris
Vegetative vigour, ER50
as L product/ha (Meteor)
-
Algas - Agudos 72 hora EC50, crecimiento (mg l-1) 21.5 A5 Pseudokirchneriella subcaptitata Bajo
Algas - Crónicos 96 hora NOEC, crecimiento (mg l-1) - - -
Abejas mielíferas Contacto aguda 48 hora LD50 (μg abeja-1) > 100 A5 Bajo
Oral aguda 48 hora LD50 (μg abeja-1) > 6.5 A5 Moderado
Modo desconocido aguda 48 hora LD50 (μg abeja-1) - - -
Lombrices - Agudos 14 día LC50 (mg kg-1) > 23.5 A5 Eisenia foetida Moderado
Lombrices - Crónicos 14 día NOEC, reproducción (mg kg-1) > 0.028 A5 Eisenia foetida Alto
Other soil macro-organisms - e.g. Collembola LR50 / EC50 / NOEC / % Causalidad - - -
Otro arthropoda (1) LR50 g ha-1 4.0 >
A5 Aphidius rhopalosiphi
-
% Causalidad - - -
Otro arthropoda (2) LR50 g ha-1 4.0 >
A5 Typhlodromus pyri
-
% Causalidad - - -
Soil micro-organisms Nitrogen mineralisation: No significant adverse effect
Carbon mineralisation: No significant adverse effect
A5
Dose: 0.0133 mg kg-1 soil, 28 días
-
Mesocosm study data NOEAEC mg l-1 - - -
NOEAEC mg l-1 - - -


LA SALUD HUMANA Y PROTECCIÓN

for imazaquin

General:
Propiedad Click here for information on the parameters used to describe human health and protection issues Valor Fuente/Cuenta de Cualidad/Otra Información Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with human health and protection data Interpretación Click here for information on the way in which we interpret human health and protection data
Threshold of Toxicological Concern (Cramer Class) Click here for a note on the limitations of the Cramer class High (class III) - -
Mamíferos - Agudos oral LD50 (mg kg-1) > 5000 A5 Rata Bajo
Mammals - Dermal LD50 (mg kg-1 body weight) > 5000 A5 Rabbit -
Mammals - Inhalation LC50 (mg l-1) > 5.7 A5 Rat, 4 hr (whole body) -
Other Mammal toxicity endpoints - -
Consumo cada día aceptable (mg kg-1p.c. días-1) 0.25 A5 Dog, SF=100 -
ARfD - Acute Reference Dose (mg kg-1p.c. días-1) No asignado A5 -
AAOEL - Acute Acceptable Operator Exposure Level (mg kg-1 bw day-1) - - -
El nivel de exposición del operador (AOEL) sistemíco (mg kg-1p.c. días-1) 0.25 A5 Dog, SF=100 -
Estudios den la absorción cutánea (%) 100 A3 default -
Directivo 76/464 Sustancias Peligrosas - - -
Limites de exposiciones - - -
Exposure Routes Public Negligible risks to bystanders
Occupational No unacceptable risks identified for operators or other farm workers
European MRLs Click here for the EU MRL pesticide database
Drinking Water Standards - - -
Drinking Water MAC (μg l-1) - - -

Health issues:
Carcinogen Mutágeno Endocrine disrupter Reproduction / development effects Cholinesterase inhibitor Neurotoxicant

-

Respiratory tract irritant Skin irritant Skin sensitiser Eye irritant Phototoxicant

-

-

Cuestiones generales de la salud humana Harmful if ingested

: Yes, known to cause a problem
: No, known not to cause a problem
: Possibly, status not identified
- : No data found

Handling issues:
Propiedad Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance handling issues Valor Fuente/Cuenta de Cualidad/Otra Información Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with data on handling issues Interpretación Click here for information on the way in which we interpret data on handling issues
General Click here for a description of the International Maritime Dangerous Goods (IMDG) codes Not explosive or oxidising
CLP classification 2013 Health: H302, H317, H319
Environment: H401
CEE clasificación de riesgos Click here to view information omn the EU risk phrases Xn - Harmful: R22
N - Dangerous for the environment: R53
CEE clasificación sin riesgos Click here to view information omn the EU safety phrases -
Clasificación de OSM U - Es poco probable que presente un riesgo agudo
US EPA Classification (formulation) III - Caution - Slightly toxic
Número de las NU -
Waste disposal & packaging Click here for a description of UN packaging marks -


TRADUCCIONES

for imazaquin

Idioma Nombre
Inglés imazaquin
Francés imazaquine
Alemán Imazaquin
Danés imazaquin
Italiano imazaquin
Español imazaquin
Griego -
Esloveno imazakvin
Polaco imazachin
Sueco -
Húngaro imazaquin
Holandés -

Última actualización del registro: Wednesday 03 April 2019
Contacto: aeru@herts.ac.uk