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cihalotrin lambda (Ref: OMS 3021)
** lambda-cyhalothrin ** PP 321 ** gamma-cyhalothrin ** Traducciones

Destino ambiental - Ecotoxicología - La salud humana - A a Z Indice - Inicio

RESUMEN

A synthetic pyrethroid insecticide which is approved for use in the EU. It has a low aqueous solubility, is relatively volatile, is non mobile and, based on chemical properties, there is a low risk of it leaching to ground water. Lambda cyhalothrin is highly toxic to mammals and is a known irritant. It is also highly toxic to fish, aquatic invertebrates and honey bees. It is moderately toxic to earthworms

INFORMACIÓN GENERAL Click here for an explantaion of the general chemical status information
for lambda-cyhalothrin

Descripción: A quick-acting insecticide used to control a wide spectrum of agricultural crop and public health pests

Ejemplos de plagas controladas: Aphids; Thrips; Colorado beetles; Caterpillars; Mosquitoes; Ticks; Flies

Ejemplos de aplicaciones: Cotton; Cereals; Potatoes; Hops; Vegetables

Eficacia y actividad: -

Availability status: Current

Introduction & key dates: 1984, first reported; 1985, introduced Central America and Far East

CEE Regulación 1107/2009 ( 91/414):
Estado Approved
Dossier rapporteur/co-rapporteur Sweden/Spain
Date inclusion expires 31/03/2023
UE Candidatas a sustitución Yes - low ADI / ARfD / AOEL; two 'Persistent-Bioaccumulative-Toxic' criteria
Incluido en la base de datos de la UE

Approved for use () or known to be used () in the following European countries: Click to access a note on the approvals information on this site

AT

BE

BG

CY

CZ

DE

DK

EE

EL

ES

FI

FR

HR

HU

IE

IT

LT

LU

LV

MT

NL

PL

PT

RO

SE

SI

SK

UK

Also used in: Australia; Russia

Estructura química: Click here for further information on the general chemical status information used on this site
Isomerism Lambda-cyhalothrin consists of one enantiomeric pair of isomers and is the more biologically active form of cyhalothrin
Fórmula química C23H19ClF3NO3
Canonical SMILES CC1(C(C1C(=O)OC(C#N)C2=CC(=CC=C2)OC3=CC=CC=C3)C=C(C(F)(F)F)Cl)C
Isomeric SMILES CC1([C@H]([C@H]1C(=O)O[C@H](C#N)C2=CC(=CC=C2)OC3=CC=CC=C3)/C=C(/C(F)(F)F)\Cl)C
International Chemical Identifier Key (InChIKey) BFPGVJIMBRLFIR-GUCBCRIZSA-N
International Chemical Identifier (InChI) InChI=1S/C23H19ClF3NO3/c1-22(2)17(12-19(24)23(25,26)27)20(22)21(29)31-18(13-28)14-7-6-10-16(11-14)30-15-8-4-3-5-9-15/h3-12,17-18,20H,1-2H3/b19-12-/t17-,18?,20-/m0/s1
¿Diagrama de estructura 2D / imagen disponible?

Estado general: Click here for further information on the general chemical status information used on this site
Tipo de pesticida Insecticide
Grupo químico Pyrethroid
Minimum active substance purity 810 g/kg
Known relevant impurities EU dossier - None declared
Sustancias de origen Sintéticas
Modo de acción Non-systemic, contact and stomach action. Some repellant properties. Sodium channel modulator.
CAS RN 91465-08-6
CEE número 415-130-7
Número CIPAC 463
EPA américaine chimiques de code 128897
PubChem CID 71464055
Masa molecular (g mol-1) 449.85
PIN (Preferred Identification Name) -
Nombre IUPAC (R)-a-cyano-3-phenoxybenzyl (1S)-cis-3-[(Z)-2-chloro-3,3,3-trifluoropropenyl]-2,2-dimethylcyclopropanecarboxylate and (S)-a-cyano-3-phenoxybenzyl (1R)-cis-3-[(Z)-2-chloro-3,3,3-trifluoropropenyl]-2,2-dimethylcyclopropanecarboxylate
Nombre CAS (R)-cyano(3-phenoxyphenyl)methyl (1S,3S)-rel-3-((1Z)-2-chloro-3,3,3-trifluoro-1-propenyl)-2,2-dimethylcyclopropanecarboxylate
Otra información de estado -
Relevant Environmental Water Quality Standards -
Herbicide Resistance Classification (HRAC) No aplicable
Herbicide Resistance Classification (WSSA) No aplicable
Insecticide Resistance Classification (IRAC) 3
Fungicide Resistance Classification (FRAC) No aplicable
Examples of recorded resistance Aedes aegypti
Aphis gossypii
Cydia pomonella
Meligethes aeneus
Thrips tabaci
many others
Estado físico Colourless solid
Related substances & organisms

Formulaciones:
Propiedad Click here for information on the general product and branding information used on this site Valor
Example manufacturers & suppliers of products using this active now or historically
  • AgriGuard
  • Clayton
  • Syngenta
  • Bayer
Example products using this active
  • Dovetail
  • Hallmark
  • Seal Z
  • Warrior
  • Jackpot 2
  • Karate 10CS
  • Molnia
Estado de UK LERAP Buffer probably required in UK - see product label
Formulation and application details Often supplied as a suspension that is mixed with water and used as a spray.


DESTINO AMBIENTAL

for lambda-cyhalothrin

Propiedad Click here for information on the parameters used to describe environmental fate on this site Valor Fuente/Cuenta de Cualidad/Otra Información Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with fate data Interpretación Click here for information on the way in which we interpret environmental fate data
Solubilidad - En aqua en 20oC (mg l-1) 0.005 A5 Bajo
Solubilidad - en solventes organicos en 20oC (mg l-1) 500000 A5 - Hexano -
500000 A5 - Tolueno -
250000 A5 - Metanol -
250000 A5 - Acetona -
Punto de fusión (oC) 49.2 A5 -
Punto de ebullición (oC) Decomposes before boiling A5 -
El punto de degradación (oC) 275 A5 -
Punto de inflamación (oC) 225 A5 -
Octanol-aqua coeficiente de particiónat en pH 7, 20oC P 3.16 X 1005 Calculado -
Log P 5.5 A5 Alto
Masa densidad (g ml-1)/Peso específico 1.33 A5 -
Disociación constante (pKa) at 25oC No aplicable A5 -
Nota: Ninguna disociación
Presión de vapor en 20oC (mPa) 0.0002 A5 Baja volatilidad
Constante de Henry a 25oC (Pa m3 mol-1) 2.00 X 10-02 A5 No volátil
Indice de potencial de lixiviación GUS Click here for a note on the limitations of the GUS index -2.09 Calculado Bajo posibilidad de lixiviación
SCI-GROW groundwater index (μg l-1) for a 1 kg ha-1 or 1 l ha-1 application rate Click here for a note on the limitations of the SCI-GROW index Valor 5.35 X 10-03 Calculado -
Nota Estimated concentrations of chemicals with Koc values greater than 9995 ml g-1 are beyond the scope of the regression data used in SCI-GROW development. If there are concerns for such chemicals, a higher tier groundwater exposure assessment should be considered, regardless of the concentration returned by SCI-GROW
Potencial para transportar de 'particle bound' Click here for a note on the limitations of the potential for particle bound transport index - Calculado Alto
Maximum UV-vis absorption L mol-1 cm-1 Neutral pH (methanol; 99.0 % w/w): 254nm=1090; 277nm: 2070 A5 -
Surface tension (mN m-1) - - -

Degradación:
Propiedad Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance degradation Valor Fuente/Cuenta de Cualidad/Otra Información Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with degradation data Interpretación Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance degradation data
Biodegradabilidad general -
Degradación de suelo (días) (aerobic) DT50 (típico) 175 A5 Persistente
DT50 (laboratorio en 20oC) 175 A5 Persistente
DT50 (campo) 26.9 A5 No persistente
DT90 (laboratorio en 20oC) 1193 A5 -
DT90 (campo) 33.4 A5 -
Endpoint de modelado DT50 - - -
Nota EU dossier Lab studies DT50 range 43-1000 days, DT90 range 82 - >5000 days; Field study DT50 range 10.1-47.5 days (Germany), DT90 range 33.6-158 days
Dissipation rate RL50 on plant matrix Valor 2.6 R4 -
Nota Published literature RL50 range 3.1-93.0 days, 3 field & undercover crops, various matrices, n=4
Dissipation rate RL50 on and in plant matrix Valor 4.9 R4 -
Nota Published literature RL50 range 0.5-15.3 days, 18 field crops, various matrices, n=28
Acuoso fotólisis DT50 (días) en pH 7 Valor 40 A3 Estable
Nota Expected to be negligible in field conditions
Acuoso hidrólisis DT50 (días) en 20oC y pH 7 Valor Estable A5 -
Nota Stable pH 5.2 and pH 6.9, DT50 ~7 days at pH 9
Aqua-Sedimento DT50 (días) 15.1 A5 Rápido
Fase de agua sola DT50 (días) 0.24 A5 Rápido

De absorción del suelo y la movilidad:
Propiedad Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance adsorption and mobility Valor Fuente/Cuenta de Cualidad/Otra Información Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with adsorption and mobility data Interpretación Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance adsorption and mobility
Lineal Kd 3709 A5 No Móvil
Koc 283707
Notas y rango EU dossier Kd range 1245-6890 mL/g, Kfoc range 70100-200000, Soils=14
Freundlich Kf 4167 A4 No Móvil
Kfoc 290311
1/n 0.966
Notas y rango EU dossier Kf range 464-33000 mL/g, Kfoc range 47800-1325000, 1/n range 0.85-1.21 mL/g, Soils=14
pH senbsibilidad No

Key metabolites:
Metabolito Medio de formación Maximó Calculado de Fracción Ocurrencia 1107/2009 Importancia Click here for further information on 1107/2009 relevancy
(RS)-alpha-cyano-3-(4-hydroxyphenoxy)benzyl-(Z)-(1RS)-cis-3-(2-chloro-3, 3, 3-trifluoropropenyl)-2, 2-dimethylcyclopropanecarboxylate This metabolite may cause environmental pollution, click here for further information Suelo   0.121   Major fraction, Relevancy unknown
3-phenoxybenzoic acid This metabolite may cause environmental pollution, click here for further information Suelo   0.314   Major fraction, Relevant
(Z)-3-(2-chloro-3,3,3-trifluoro-propenyl)-2,2-dimethylcyclo-propane carboxylic acid This metabolite may cause environmental pollution, click here for further information Suelo   0.359   Major fraction, Relevant

Other known metabolites:
Metabolite name and reference Aliases Medio de formación / Rate Maximó Calculado de Fracción Ocurrencia Metabolising enzymes
(RS)-á -cyano-3-phenoxy-benzyl alcohol Cyhalothrin compound III - - -
3-phenoxybenzaldehyde Cyhalothrin compound IV - - -
(RS)-3-phenoxymandelamide Cyhalothrin compound IX - - -
3-(2-chloro-3,3,3-trifluoro-prop-1-enyl)-2-hydroxy-methyl-2-methyl-cyclolambda-propane carboxylic acid Cyhalothrin compound XI Animal - -
3-(4'-hydroxy)-phenoxy-benzoic acid Cyhalothrin compound XXIII Rat (Urinary; Animal - -
(1RS)-trans-3-(2-chloro-3,3,3-trifluoropropenyl)-2,2-dimethyl-cyclopropane carboxylic acid Cyhalothrin compound 1b - - -


ECOTOXICOLOGÍA

for lambda-cyhalothrin

Propiedad Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance ecotoxicology Valor Fuente/Cuenta de Cualidad/Otra Información Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with ecotoxicology data Interpretación Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance ecotoxicology
Factor de la bio-concentración BCF (l kg-1) 4982 A5 (Other literature log BCF range 3.2-3.3 (R3)) Umbral de importancia
CT50 (días) No disponible -
Mamíferos - Agudos oral LD50 (mg kg-1) 56 A5 Rata Alto
Mamíferos - a corto plazo NOEL (mg kg-1) 0.7 A5 Rata Alto
(ppm dieta) 10 -
Pájaros/aves - Agudos LD50 (mg kg-1) > 3950 A5 Anas platyrhynchos Bajo
Birds - Short term dietary (LC50/LD50) > 5300 mg kg feed-1 A5 Colinus virginianus -
Pez - agudo 96 hora LC50 (mg l-1) 0.00021 A5 Lepomis macrochirus Alto
Pez - Crónico 21 días NOEC (mg l-1) 0.000031 A5 Pimephales promelas Alto
Invertebrados acuáticos - Agudos 48 hora EC50 (mg l-1) 0.00023 A5 Daphnia magna Alto
Invertebrados acuáticos - Crónicos 21 días NOEC (mg l-1) 0.0000022 A5 Daphnia magna Alto
Crustáceos acuáticos - Agudos 96 hora LC50 (mg l-1) 0.000003 A5 Americamysis bahia Alto
Sediment dwelling organisms - Agudos 96 hora LC50 (mg l-1) 0.0015 A5 Chironomus riparius Alto
Sediment dwelling organisms - Crónicos 28 día NOEC, estático, agua (mg l-1) 0.00013 A5 Chironomus riparius Alto
Sediment dwelling organisms - Crónicos 28 día NOEC, sedimento (mg kg-1) 0.105 A5 Chironomus riparius Moderado
Plantas acuáticas - Agudos 7 día EC50, biomasa (mg l-1) - - -
Non-target plants - - -
- - -
Algas - Agudos 72 hora EC50, crecimiento (mg l-1) > 0.005 A5 Pseudokirchneriella subcapitata Alto
Algas - Crónicos 96 hora NOEC, crecimiento (mg l-1) > 0.31 Q2 Unknown species Moderado
Abejas mielíferas (Apis spp.) Contacto aguda LD50 (peor caso de 24 , 48 y 72 hora valores - μg abeja-1) 0.038 A5 Apis mellifera Alto
Oral aguda LD50 (peor caso de 24 , 48 y 72 hora valores - μg abeja-1) 0.91 A5 Apis mellifera Alto
Modo desconocido aguda LD50 (peor caso de 24 , 48 y 72 hora valores - μg abeja-1) - - -
Abejorros (Bombus spp.) Contacto aguda LD50 (peor caso de 24 , 48 y 72 hora valores - μg abeja-1) > 0.11 R4 Bombus terrestris Alto
-
Oral aguda LD50 (peor caso de 24 , 48 y 72 hora valores - μg abeja-1) => 0.16 R4 Bombus terrestris Alto
-
Abejas albañiles (Osmia spp.) Contacto aguda LD50 (peor caso de 24 , 48 y 72 hora valores - μg abeja-1) 0.136 R4 Osmia bicornis Alto
Oral aguda LD50 (peor caso de 24 , 48 y 72 hora valores - μg abeja-1) - - -
Otros polinizadores (1) Agudos LD50 (peor caso de 24 , 48 y 72 hora valores - μg insect-1) - - -
Modo de exposición -
Otros polinizadores (2) Agudos LD50 (peor caso de 24 , 48 y 72 hora valores - μg insect-1) - - -
Modo de exposición -
Lombrices - Agudos 14 día LC50 (mg kg-1) > 500 A5 Eisenia foetida corr Moderado
Lombrices - Crónicos NOEC, reproducción (mg kg-1) 3.125 A5 Eisenia foetida corr Moderado
Other soil macro-organisms Agudos LC50 (mg kg-1) - - -
Crónicos NOEC (mg kg-1) 2.73 A5 Folsomia candida, 28d -
Otro arthropoda (1) LR50 g ha-1 0.2 7 día
A5 Typhlodromus pyri
-
% Causalidad - - -
Otro arthropoda (2) LR50 g ha-1 - - -
% Causalidad 23 Mortalidad
Dose: 7.5 g ha-1, 28 día
A5 Pterostichus melanarius
-
Soil micro-organisms Nitrogen mineralisation: <-21% effect on ammonification/nitrification
Carbon mineralisation: No significant adverse effect
A5
Dose: 1.25 kg ha-1
-
Mesocosm study data NOEAEC mg l-1 - - -
NOEAEC mg l-1 - - -


LA SALUD HUMANA Y PROTECCIÓN

for lambda-cyhalothrin

General:
Propiedad Click here for information on the parameters used to describe human health and protection issues Valor Fuente/Cuenta de Cualidad/Otra Información Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with human health and protection data Interpretación Click here for information on the way in which we interpret human health and protection data
Threshold of Toxicological Concern (Cramer Class) Click here for a note on the limitations of the Cramer class High (class III) - -
Mamíferos - Agudos oral LD50 (mg kg-1) 56 A5 Rata Alto
Mammals - Dermal LD50 (mg kg-1 body weight) > 632 A5 Rat -
Mammals - Inhalation LC50 (mg l-1) 0.066 A5 Rat, 4 hr (nose only) -
Other Mammal toxicity endpoints - -
Consumo cada día aceptable (mg kg-1p.c. días-1) 0.0025 A5 Rat, SF=300 -
ARfD - Acute Reference Dose (mg kg-1p.c. días-1) 0.005 A5 Dog, SF=300 -
AAOEL - Acute Acceptable Operator Exposure Level (mg kg-1 bw day-1) - - -
El nivel de exposición del operador (AOEL) sistemíco (mg kg-1p.c. días-1) 0.00063 A4 Rat, 1 year, SF=300 -
Estudios den la absorción cutánea (%) 25 A5 default -
Directivo 76/464 Sustancias Peligrosas Lista II - -
Exposure Routes Public Slight risk of dietary exposure
Risk assessment indicates that ARfD may be exceeded in a few commodities
Occupational PPE/PPC advised
European MRLs Click here for the EU MRL pesticide database
Drinking Water Standards - - -
Drinking Water MAC (μg l-1) - - -

Health issues:
Carcinogen Genotóxico Endocrine disrupter Reproduction / development effects Cholinesterase inhibitor Neurotoxicant

A3; B2; C3; D0; E3

Respiratory tract irritant Skin irritant Skin sensitiser Eye irritant Phototoxicant

-

Cuestiones generales de la salud humana Harmful if swallowed, inhaled or in contact with skin
Possible immune system and thyroid toxicant in susceptable individuals
Clave: Genotoxicidad
A: Aberración cromosómica (base de datos EFSA)
B: Daño/reparación del ADN (base de datos EFSA)
C: Mutación genética (base de datos EFSA)
D: Mutación del genoma (base de datos EFSA)
E: Tipo de genotoxicidad no especificada (fuente de datos diversos)
0: Sin datos
1: Positivo
2: Resultados mixtos/ambiguos
3: Negativo
Clave: Otro
: Sí, se sabe que causa un problema
: No, sabe no causar un problema
: Posiblemente, estado no identificado
- : Datos no encontrados

Handling issues:
Propiedad Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance handling issues Valor Fuente/Cuenta de Cualidad/Otra Información Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with data on handling issues Interpretación Click here for information on the way in which we interpret data on handling issues
General Click here for a description of the International Maritime Dangerous Goods (IMDG) codes IMDG Transport Code is variable depending upon product, often either 3 or 9
Not explosive or oxidising
CLP classification 2013 Health: H301, H312, H330
Environment: H400, H410
CEE clasificación de riesgos Click here to view information omn the EU risk phrases T+ - Very toxic: R26
T - Toxic: R25; R43
Xn - Harmful: R21
N - Dangerous for the environment: R50, R53
CEE clasificación sin riesgos Click here to view information omn the EU safety phrases S1/2, S28, S36/37/39, S38, S45, S60, S61
Clasificación de OSM II - Peligroso mediano
Número de las NU 3349 for active, variable with product, usually 1993 or 3082
Waste disposal & packaging Click here for a description of UN packaging marks Packaging Group III (minor danger)


TRADUCCIONES

for lambda-cyhalothrin

Idioma Nombre
Inglés lambda-cyhalothrin
Francés lambda-cyhalothrine
Alemán lambda-Cyhalothrin
Danés lambda-cyhalothrin
Italiano lambda-cialotrina
Español cihalotrin lambda
Griego -
Esloveno lambda-cihalotrin
Polaco lambda-cyhalotryna
Sueco lambda-cyhalotrin
Húngaro lambda-cyhalothrine
Holandés lambda-cyhalothrin

Última actualización del registro: Tuesday 10 December 2019
Contacto: aeru@herts.ac.uk