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linuron (Ref: HOE 02810)
** linuron ** DPX Z0326 ** AE F002810 ** Traducciones

Destino ambiental - Ecotoxicología - La salud humana - A a Z Indice - Inicio

INFORMACIÓN GENERAL Click here for an explantaion of the general chemical status information
for linuron

Descripción: A herbicide for the pre- and post-emergence control of annual grass and broad-leaved weeds

Ejemplos de plagas controladas: Chickweed; Prickly lettuce; Lambsquarter; Crabgrass; Goosegrass

Ejemplos de aplicaciones: Wide variety of crops including asparagus, carrots, parsnips, beans, cereals; Cotton; Coffee; Tea; Rice; Ornamentals

Eficacia y actividad: -

Availability status: Current

Introduction & key dates: circa 1965

CEE Regulación 1107/2009 ( 91/414):
Estado Not approved
Dossier rapporteur/co-rapporteur Italy/Germany
Date inclusion expires No aplicable
UE Candidatas a sustitución -
Incluido en la base de datos de la UE

Approved for use () or known to be used () in the following European countries: Click to access a note on the approvals information on this site

AT

BE

BG

CY

CZ

DE

DK

EE

EL

ES

FI

FR

HR

HU

IE

IT

LT

LU

LV

MT

NL

PL

PT

RO

SE

SI

SK

UK

Also used in: Australia, Estados Unidos

Estructura química: Click here for further information on the general chemical status information used on this site
Isomerism -
Fórmula química C9H10Cl2N2O2
Canonical SMILES CN(C(=O)NC1=CC(=C(C=C1)Cl)Cl)OC
Isomeric SMILES No data
International Chemical Identifier Key (InChIKey) XKJMBINCVNINCA-UHFFFAOYSA-N
International Chemical Identifier (InChI) InChI=1S/C9H10Cl2N2O2/c1-13(15-2)9(14)12-6-3-4-7(10)8(11)5-6/h3-5H,1-2H3,(H,12,14)
¿Diagrama de estructura 2D / imagen disponible?

Click to access the Cambridge Crystallographic Data Centre (CCDC) website
Cambridge Crystallographic Data Centre diagrams:
Nombre Común Relación Vínculo
Linuron - Click here for the CCDC structure diagram

Estado general: Click here for further information on the general chemical status information used on this site
Tipo de pesticida Herbicida
Grupo químico Urea
Minimum active substance purity 950 g/kg
Known relevant impurities EU dossier - TCB 1 mg/kg max; TCAB 1 mg/kg max; TCAOB 1 mg/kg max
Sustancias de origen Sintéticas
Modo de acción Selective, systemic with contact and residual action. Inhibits photosynthesis (photosystem II)
CAS RN 330-55-2
CEE número 206-356-5
Número CIPAC 76
EPA américaine chimiques de code 035506
PubChem CID 9502
Masa molecular (g mol-1) 249.09
PIN (Preferred Identification Name) -
Nombre IUPAC 3-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)-1-methoxy-1-methylurea
Nombre CAS N'-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)-N-methoxy-N-methylurea
Otra información de estado OSPAR candidate; Potential groundwater contaminant; Marine Pollutant
Relevant Environmental Water Quality Standards UK statutory standard for the protection of aquatic life in inland, coastal and territorial waters: 2 ug/L
Herbicide Resistance Classification (HRAC) C2
Herbicide Resistance Classification (WSSA) 7
Insecticide Resistance Classification (IRAC) No aplicable
Fungicide Resistance Classification (FRAC) No aplicable
Examples of recorded resistance -
Estado físico White crystalline solid
Related substances & organisms

Formulaciones:
Propiedad Click here for information on the general product and branding information used on this site Valor
Example manufacturers & suppliers of products using this active now or historically
  • AgriGuard
  • DAPT
  • Nufarm UK
  • Makhteshim-Agan
  • United Phosphorus
Example products using this active
  • Afalon 450 SC
  • Linuron 50SC
  • Blios
  • Uranus
  • Lorox
Estado de UK LERAP Buffer probably required in UK - see product label
Formulation and application details Available in a variety of formulations including wettable powders, emulsifiable concentrates and suspension concentrates.


DESTINO AMBIENTAL

for linuron

Propiedad Click here for information on the parameters used to describe environmental fate on this site Valor Fuente/Cuenta de Cualidad/Otra Información Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with fate data Interpretación Click here for information on the way in which we interpret environmental fate data
Solubilidad - En aqua en 20oC (mg l-1) 63.8 A5 Moderado
Solubilidad - en solventes organicos en 20oC (mg l-1) 395000 A5 - Acetona -
292000 A5 - Acetato de etilo -
170000 A5 - Metanol -
75000 A5 - Tolueno -
Punto de fusión (oC) 93 A5 -
Punto de ebullición (oC) Decomposes before boiling A5 -
El punto de degradación (oC) 220 A5 -
Punto de inflamación (oC) Not expected to self ignite; Not highly flammable A5 -
Octanol-aqua coeficiente de particiónat en pH 7, 20oC P 1.00 X 1003 Calculado -
Log P 3.0 A5 Moderado
Masa densidad (g ml-1)/Peso específico 1.49 A5 -
Disociación constante (pKa) at 25oC No aplicable A5 -
Nota: Ninguna disociación
Presión de vapor en 20oC (mPa) 0.051 A5 Baja volatilidad
Constante de Henry a 25oC (Pa m3 mol-1) 2.00 X 10-04 A5 No volátil
Indice de potencial de lixiviación GUS Click here for a note on the limitations of the GUS index 2.21 Calculado Estado de transición
SCI-GROW groundwater index (μg l-1) for a 1 kg ha-1 or 1 l ha-1 application rate Click here for a note on the limitations of the SCI-GROW index Valor 1.05 X 10-01 Calculado -
Nota -
Potencial para transportar de 'particle bound' Click here for a note on the limitations of the potential for particle bound transport index - Calculado Mediano
Maximum UV-vis absorption L mol-1 cm-1 211nm A3 -
Surface tension (mN m-1) 70.2 A5 at 20 degC, 97.4% -

Degradación:
Propiedad Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance degradation Valor Fuente/Cuenta de Cualidad/Otra Información Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with degradation data Interpretación Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance degradation data
Biodegradabilidad general -
Degradación de suelo (días) (aerobic) DT50 (típico) 57.6 A5 Persistente moderado
DT50 (laboratorio en 20oC) 57.6 A5 Persistente moderado
DT50 (campo) 48 A5 Persistente moderado
DT90 (laboratorio en 20oC) 210 A5 -
DT90 (campo) 218 A5 -
Endpoint de modelado DT50 - - -
Nota EU 2016 dossier lab studies DT50 (actual0 range 10.1-168.4 days, DT90 range 70.3-559 days; EU 2012 dossier Lab studies DT50 range 38-135 days, field studies DT50 range 13-82 days, DT90 range 70-365 days
Dissipation rate RL50 on plant matrix Valor - - -
Nota -
Dissipation rate RL50 on and in plant matrix Valor - - -
Nota -
Acuoso fotólisis DT50 (días) en pH 7 Valor Estable A5 -
Nota -
Acuoso hidrólisis DT50 (días) en 20oC y pH 7 Valor 1460 A5 Persistente muy alta
Nota Stable pH 5 to pH 9 at 22 degC
Aqua-Sedimento DT50 (días) 24.1 A5 Rápido
Fase de agua sola DT50 (días) 13 A5 Moderado rápido

De absorción del suelo y la movilidad:
Propiedad Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance adsorption and mobility Valor Fuente/Cuenta de Cualidad/Otra Información Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with adsorption and mobility data Interpretación Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance adsorption and mobility
Lineal Kd 15.7 A5 Móvil un poco
Koc 842.8
Notas y rango EU 2016 dossier: Kd range 11.48-21.89 mL/g, Koc range 547-1159 mL/g, Soils=4; Literature data: Kd range 0.50-41.2 mL/g, Koc range 92.0-2839 mL/g, soils=39, mostly irrigated soils (R4)
Freundlich Kf 10.43 A5 Móvil un poco
Kfoc 559
1/n 0.87
Notas y rango EU 2016 dossier: Kf range 6.28-19.37 mL/g, Kfoc range 484-654 mL/g, 1/n range 0.80-0.91, Soils =4; EU 2002 dossier kf range 3-12 mL/g, Kfoc range 410-463 mL/g, Soils=3; Literature data: Kf range 0.01-51.3 mL/g, Kfoc range 2.0-2156 mL/g, 1/n range 0.70-3.03, soils=39, mostly irrigarted soils (R4)
pH senbsibilidad No

Key metabolites:
Metabolito Medio de formación Maximó Calculado de Fracción Ocurrencia 1107/2009 Importancia Click here for further information on 1107/2009 relevancy
3,4-dichloroaniline Suelo   -   -

Other known metabolites:
Metabolite name and reference Aliases Medio de formación / Rate Maximó Calculado de Fracción Ocurrencia Metabolising enzymes
desmethoxy linuron - Soil (Aerobic); Water (Anaerobic) - -
demethoxymonolinuron - Water (Anaerobic) - -
3,4-dichlorobenzeneamine DCA - - -
N-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)-N'-methylurea DCPMV Soil (Anaerobic) 0.55 -
desmethoxy monlinuron - Water (Anaerobic) - -
(3,4-dichlorophenyl)urea DCPU - - -
desmethyl linuron - Soil (Photolysis) - -
norlinuron - Water (Anaerobic) - -


ECOTOXICOLOGÍA

for linuron

Propiedad Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance ecotoxicology Valor Fuente/Cuenta de Cualidad/Otra Información Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with ecotoxicology data Interpretación Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance ecotoxicology
Factor de la bio-concentración BCF (l kg-1) 49 A5 Bajo potencial
CT50 (días) 8 -
Mamíferos - Agudos oral LD50 (mg kg-1) 1146 A5 Rata Moderado
Mamíferos - a corto plazo NOEL (mg kg-1) 2 B5 Rata Alto
(ppm dieta) 25 -
Pájaros/aves - Agudos LD50 (mg kg-1) 314 A5 Colinus virginianus Moderado
Birds - Short term dietary (LC50/LD50) 1250 mg kg feed-1 A5 Colinus virginianus -
Pez - agudo 96 hora LC50 (mg l-1) 3.15 A5 Oncorhynchus mykiss Moderado
Pez - Crónico 21 días NOEC (mg l-1) 0.1 A5 Oncorhynchus mykiss Moderado
Invertebrados acuáticos - Agudos 48 hora EC50 (mg l-1) 0.31 A4 Daphnia magna, 24 hora Moderado
Invertebrados acuáticos - Crónicos 21 días NOEC (mg l-1) 0.18 A5 Daphnia magna Moderado
Crustáceos acuáticos - Agudos 96 hora LC50 (mg l-1) 2.9 F3 Americamysis bahia Moderado
Sediment dwelling organisms - Agudos 96 hora LC50 (mg l-1) 10.0 F3 Chironomus riparius, 1 día Moderado
Sediment dwelling organisms - Crónicos 28 día NOEC, estático, agua (mg l-1) - - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Crónicos 28 día NOEC, sedimento (mg kg-1) - - -
Plantas acuáticas - Agudos 7 día EC50, biomasa (mg l-1) 0.017 F3 Lemna gibba Moderado
Non-target plants - - -
- - -
Algas - Agudos 72 hora EC50, crecimiento (mg l-1) 0.016 A4 Raphidocelis subcapitata, 72 hora Moderado
Algas - Crónicos 96 hora NOEC, crecimiento (mg l-1) 0.01 Q2 Unknown species Moderado
Abejas mielíferas Contacto aguda 48 hora LD50 (μg abeja-1) > 120.9 F4 Apis mellifera Bajo
Oral aguda 48 hora LD50 (μg abeja-1) > 160 A5 Bajo
Modo desconocido aguda 48 hora LD50 (μg abeja-1) - - -
Lombrices - Agudos 14 día LC50 (mg kg-1) > 1000 A5 Bajo
Lombrices - Crónicos 14 día NOEC, reproducción (mg kg-1) - - -
Other soil macro-organisms - e.g. Collembola LR50 / EC50 / NOEC / % Causalidad - - -
Otro arthropoda (1) LR50 g ha-1 - - -
% Causalidad 70 Mortalidad
Dose: 2.43 kg ha-1
A5 Aphidius rhopalosiphi, adult
-
Otro arthropoda (2) LR50 g ha-1 - - -
% Causalidad 100 Mortalidad
Dose: 0.95 kg ha-1
A5 Typhlodromus pyri, adult
-
Soil micro-organisms Nitrogen mineralisation: No significant adverse effect
Carbon mineralisation: No significant adverse effectt
A5
Dose: 1.9 kg ha-1, 100 días
-
Mesocosm study data NOEAEC mg l-1 - - -
NOEAEC mg l-1 - - -


LA SALUD HUMANA Y PROTECCIÓN

for linuron

General:
Propiedad Click here for information on the parameters used to describe human health and protection issues Valor Fuente/Cuenta de Cualidad/Otra Información Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with human health and protection data Interpretación Click here for information on the way in which we interpret human health and protection data
Threshold of Toxicological Concern (Cramer Class) Click here for a note on the limitations of the Cramer class High (class III) - -
Mamíferos - Agudos oral LD50 (mg kg-1) 1146 A5 Rata Moderado
Mammals - Dermal LD50 (mg kg-1 body weight) > 2000 A5 Rat -
Mammals - Inhalation LC50 (mg l-1) > 0.85 A5 Rat, 4 hr (nose only, aerosol) -
Other Mammal toxicity endpoints - -
Consumo cada día aceptable (mg kg-1p.c. días-1) 0.003 A5 Rat, SF=500 -
ARfD - Acute Reference Dose (mg kg-1p.c. días-1) 0.03 A5 Rabbit, SF=300 -
AAOEL - Acute Acceptable Operator Exposure Level (mg kg-1 bw day-1) - - -
El nivel de exposición del operador (AOEL) sistemíco (mg kg-1p.c. días-1) 0.009 A5 Dog, SF=100 -
Estudios den la absorción cutánea (%) 0.5-3.0 A5 concentration dependent -
Directivo 76/464 Sustancias Peligrosas - - -
Limites de exposiciones - - -
Exposure Routes Public Minimal risk from dietary exposure
Risk assessment indicates ARfD would not normally be execeeded
Occupational Occupational exposure may occur through inhalation and dermal contact
European MRLs Click here for the EU MRL pesticide database
Drinking Water Standards - - -
Drinking Water MAC (μg l-1) - - -

Health issues:
Carcinogen Mutágeno Endocrine disrupter Reproduction / development effects Cholinesterase inhibitor Neurotoxicant

Respiratory tract irritant Skin irritant Skin sensitiser Eye irritant Phototoxicant

-

-

Cuestiones generales de la salud humana May cause nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea if ingested
USEPA - possible human carcinogen
Endocrine issues - Competitive binding to androgen receptor, thyroid receptor agonist

: Yes, known to cause a problem
: No, known not to cause a problem
: Possibly, status not identified
- : No data found

Handling issues:
Propiedad Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance handling issues Valor Fuente/Cuenta de Cualidad/Otra Información Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with data on handling issues Interpretación Click here for information on the way in which we interpret data on handling issues
General Click here for a description of the International Maritime Dangerous Goods (IMDG) codes IMDG Transport Code is usually 9
Not explosive or oxidising
CLP classification 2013 Health: H302, H351, H360Df, H373
Environment: H400, H410
CEE clasificación de riesgos Click here to view information omn the EU risk phrases Carcinogen category 3: R40
Reproduction risk category 2 and 3: R61, R62
Xn - Harmful: R22, R48/22
N - Dangerous for the environment: R50, R53
CEE clasificación sin riesgos Click here to view information omn the EU safety phrases S45, S53, S60, S61
Clasificación de OSM III - Peligroso un poco
US EPA Classification (formulation) - -
Número de las NU Usually 3082
Waste disposal & packaging Click here for a description of UN packaging marks Packaging Group III (minor danger)


TRADUCCIONES

for linuron

Idioma Nombre
Inglés linuron
Francés linuron
Alemán Linuron
Danés linuron
Italiano linuron
Español linuron
Griego linuron
Esloveno linuron
Polaco linuron
Sueco -
Húngaro linuron
Holandés linuron

Última actualización del registro: Wednesday 31 October 2018
Contacto: aeru@herts.ac.uk