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pendimetalina (Ref: AC 92553)
** pendimethalin ** pendimethaline ** penoxalin ** phenoxalin ** Traducciones

Destino ambiental - Ecotoxicología - La salud humana - A a Z Indice - Inicio

INFORMACIÓN GENERAL Click here for an explantaion of the general chemical status information
for pendimethalin

Descripción: A herbicide used to control most annual grasses and common weeds in cereals, fruit and vegetables

Ejemplos de plagas controladas: Annual grasses including Barnyardgrass, goosegrass, crab grass, signal grass and common buffalo grass; Annual broad-leaved weeds including pigweed, goosefoot and purslane

Ejemplos de aplicaciones: Wheat & other small grain cereals; Corn; Soybeans; Maize; Fruit; Vegetables including beans & peas, carrots; Turf & lawns; Potatoes; Vineyards; Peanuts

Eficacia y actividad: -

Availability status: Current

Introduction & key dates: 1974, first reported

CEE Regulación 1107/2009 ( 91/414):
Estado Approved
Dossier rapporteur/co-rapporteur Netherlands/Spain
Date inclusion expires 31/08/2024
UE Candidatas a sustitución Yes - two 'Persistent-Bioaccumulative-Toxic' criteria
Incluido en la base de datos de la UE

Approved for use () or known to be used () in the following European countries: Click to access a note on the approvals information on this site

AT

BE

BG

CY

CZ

DE

DK

EE

EL

ES

FI

FR

HR

HU

IE

IT

LT

LU

LV

MT

NL

PL

PT

RO

SE

SI

SK

UK

Also used in: Australia, Estados Unidos

Estructura química: Click here for further information on the general chemical status information used on this site
Isomerism -
Fórmula química C13H19N3O4
Canonical SMILES CCC(CC)NC1=C(C=C(C(=C1[N+](=O)[O-])C)C)[N+](=O)[O-]
Isomeric SMILES No data
International Chemical Identifier Key (InChIKey) CHIFOSRWCNZCFN-UHFFFAOYSA-N
International Chemical Identifier (InChI) InChI=1S/C13H19N3O4/c1-5-10(6-2)14-12-11(15(17)18)7-8(3)9(4)13(12)16(19)20/h7,10,14H,5-6H2,1-4H3
¿Diagrama de estructura 2D / imagen disponible?

Click to access the Cambridge Crystallographic Data Centre (CCDC) website
Cambridge Crystallographic Data Centre diagrams:
Nombre Común Relación Vínculo
Pendimethalin - Click here for the CCDC structure diagram

Estado general: Click here for further information on the general chemical status information used on this site
Tipo de pesticida Herbicida
Grupo químico Dinitroaniline
Minimum active substance purity 900 g/kg
Known relevant impurities EU dossier - 1.2-dichloroethane <= 1 g/kg; Nitroso-pendimethaline < 0.045 g/kg
Sustancias de origen Sintéticas
Modo de acción Selective, absorbed by roots and leaves. Inhibition of mitosis and cell division. Microtubule assembly inhibition.
CAS RN 40487-42-1
CEE número 254-938-2
Número CIPAC 357
EPA américaine chimiques de code 108501
PubChem CID 38479
Masa molecular (g mol-1) 281.31
PIN (Preferred Identification Name) -
Nombre IUPAC N-(1-ethylpropyl)-2,6-dinitro-3,4-xylidine
Nombre CAS N-(1-ethylpropyl)-3,4-dimethyl-2,6-dinitrobenzenamine
Otra información de estado -
Relevant Environmental Water Quality Standards UK Environment Agency non-statutory standard for the protection of aquatic life in fresh surface water and salt water: 1.5 ug/L as annual average, 6 ug/L as max acceptable conc.
Herbicide Resistance Classification (HRAC) K1
Herbicide Resistance Classification (WSSA) 3
Insecticide Resistance Classification (IRAC) No aplicable
Fungicide Resistance Classification (FRAC) No aplicable
Examples of recorded resistance Alopecurus myosuroides
Estado físico Orange yellow crystalline solid
Related substances & organisms

Formulaciones:
Propiedad Click here for information on the general product and branding information used on this site Valor
Example manufacturers & suppliers of products using this active now or historically
  • AgriGuard
  • BASF
  • Greencrop
  • Headland
  • Standon
  • Makhteshim-Agan
Example products using this active
  • Blazer
  • Bunker
  • Claymore
  • PDM 330 EC
  • PicoMax
  • Picona
  • PicoPro, Stomp
  • PicoStomp
  • Pendimethalin 330 EC
  • Trump
Estado de UK LERAP Buffer probably required in UK - see product label
Formulation and application details Often supplied as an emulsifiable or emulsion concentrate that is mixed with water and used as a spray.


DESTINO AMBIENTAL

for pendimethalin

Propiedad Click here for information on the parameters used to describe environmental fate on this site Valor Fuente/Cuenta de Cualidad/Otra Información Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with fate data Interpretación Click here for information on the way in which we interpret environmental fate data
Solubilidad - En aqua en 20oC (mg l-1) 0.33 A5 Bajo
Solubilidad - en solventes organicos en 20oC (mg l-1) 49000 A5 - n-Hexano -
800000 A5 - Xileno -
800000 A5 - Acetona -
66100 A5 - n-Octanol -
Punto de fusión (oC) 56 A5 -
Punto de ebullición (oC) 246 A5 -
El punto de degradación (oC) 246 A5 - Decomposition begins on boiling -
Punto de inflamación (oC) Not expected to self ignite; Not highly flammable A5 -
Octanol-aqua coeficiente de particiónat en pH 7, 20oC P 2.51 X 1005 Calculado -
Log P 5.4 A5 Alto
Masa densidad (g ml-1)/Peso específico 1.17 L3 -
Disociación constante (pKa) at 25oC 2.8 A5 -
Nota: Ácido fuerte
Presión de vapor en 20oC (mPa) 3.34 A5 Baja volatilidad
Constante de Henry a 25oC (Pa m3 mol-1) 1.27 A5 - @ 25 degC Volátil moderado
Indice de potencial de lixiviación GUS Click here for a note on the limitations of the GUS index -0.32 Calculado Bajo posibilidad de lixiviación
SCI-GROW groundwater index (μg l-1) for a 1 kg ha-1 or 1 l ha-1 application rate Click here for a note on the limitations of the SCI-GROW index Valor 5.35 X 10-03 Calculado -
Nota Estimated concentrations of chemicals with Koc values greater than 9995 ml g-1 are beyond the scope of the regression data used in SCI-GROW development. If there are concerns for such chemicals, a higher tier groundwater exposure assessment should be considered, regardless of the concentration returned by SCI-GROW
Potencial para transportar de 'particle bound' Click here for a note on the limitations of the potential for particle bound transport index - Calculado Alto
Maximum UV-vis absorption L mol-1 cm-1 238nm = 28775, 425nm = 5490 A5 -
Surface tension (mN m-1) - - -

Degradación:
Propiedad Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance degradation Valor Fuente/Cuenta de Cualidad/Otra Información Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with degradation data Interpretación Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance degradation data
Biodegradabilidad general -
Degradación de suelo (días) (aerobic) DT50 (típico) 182.3 A5 Persistente
DT50 (laboratorio en 20oC) 182.3 A5 Persistente
DT50 (campo) 100.6 A5 Persistente
DT90 (laboratorio en 20oC) 658.6 A5 -
DT90 (campo) 423.2 A3 -
Endpoint de modelado DT50 - - -
Nota EU dossier (2016) lab studies DT50 range 97-270 days, DT90 range 331.5-1002 days, Soils=5; Field studies DT50 range 39.8-187 days, Dt90 range 144-582 days, Soils=18
Dissipation rate RL50 on plant matrix Valor 12.0 R3 -
Nota Kentucky bluegrass thatch, n=1
Dissipation rate RL50 on and in plant matrix Valor 8.0 R4 -
Nota Published literature RL50 range 5.4-16.0 days, 5 field crops, various matrices, n=7
Acuoso fotólisis DT50 (días) en pH 7 Valor 21 A5 Lento
Nota DT50 7 days in June, 94 days Dec. under environmentally relevant conditions. DT50 21 days for continuous irradiation.
Acuoso hidrólisis DT50 (días) en 20oC y pH 7 Valor Estable A5 -
Nota Stable pH 4 to pH 9
Aqua-Sedimento DT50 (días) 16 A5 Rápido
Fase de agua sola DT50 (días) 4 A2 Moderado rápido

De absorción del suelo y la movilidad:
Propiedad Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance adsorption and mobility Valor Fuente/Cuenta de Cualidad/Otra Información Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with adsorption and mobility data Interpretación Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance adsorption and mobility
Lineal Kd 228 A5 No Móvil
Koc 17491
Notas y rango EU dossier (2016) Kd range 120-677 mL/g; Koc range 10241-36604 mL/g; Soils=9; Other sources Log Koc 4.13 @ 25 degC (R3)
Freundlich Kf 220.1 A5 No Móvil
Kfoc 13792
1/n 0.954
Notas y rango EU dossier (2016) Kf range 110.5-510.2 mL/g; Kfoc range 8942-27578 mL/g; 1/n range 0.919-0.980; Soils = 9
pH senbsibilidad No

Key metabolites:
Metabolito Medio de formación Maximó Calculado de Fracción Ocurrencia 1107/2009 Importancia Click here for further information on 1107/2009 relevancy
2-methyl-3,5-dinitro-4-(pentan-3ylamino)benzoic acid (Ref: M455H001) Suelo   0.069   Minor fraction; Relevant

Other known metabolites:
Metabolite name and reference Aliases Medio de formación / Rate Maximó Calculado de Fracción Ocurrencia Metabolising enzymes
4,5-dimethyl-3-nitro-N-(pentan-3-yl)benzene1,2-diamine M455H033 Soil (anaerobic); Water 0.259 -
1-(1-ethylpropyl)-5,6-dimethyl-7-nitro-1H-benzimidazole M455H029 Water - -
7-amino-5-methyl-1-(pentan-3-yl)-1H-benzimidazole-6-carboxylic acid M455H017-1 Animal - -
7-amino-4-methyl-1-(pentan-3-yl)-1H-benzimidazole-5-carboxylic acid M455H017-2 Animal - -
3-((3,4-dimethyl-2,6-dinitrophenyl)amino)pentan-1-ol M455H019-1 Rat - -
3-((3,4-dimethyl-2,6-dinitrophenyl)amino)pentan-2-ol M455H019-2 Rat - -
(2-methyl-3,5-dinitro-4-(pentan-3-ylamino)phenyl)methanol M455H025 Rat; Plant - -
3-hydroxy-6-methyl-2,4-dinitrobenzylhexopyranoside M455H030 Plant - -
4-(hydroxymethyl)-3-methyl-2,6-dinitrophenolate - Animal - -
4-((1-hydroxypentan-3-yl)amino)-2-methyl-3,5-dintrobenzoic acid M455H047 Animal - -
4-((1-carboxybutan-2-yl)amino)-2-methyl-3,5-dintrobenzoic acid M455H050 Animal - -
2-methyl-3,50dinitro-4-(((2-(sulfooxy)pentan-3-yl)amino)benzoic acid M455H056 Animal - -
3-((4-hydroxymethyl)-3-methyl-2,6-dinitrophenyl)amino)pentan-2-ol M455H066 Animal - -


ECOTOXICOLOGÍA

for pendimethalin

Propiedad Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance ecotoxicology Valor Fuente/Cuenta de Cualidad/Otra Información Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with ecotoxicology data Interpretación Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance ecotoxicology
Factor de la bio-concentración BCF (l kg-1) 5100 A5 Whole fish Alto potencial
CT50 (días) 5.1 -
Mamíferos - Agudos oral LD50 (mg kg-1) 4665 A5 Ratón Bajo
Mamíferos - a corto plazo NOEL (mg kg-1) - A5 Rata -
(ppm dieta) > 500 -
Pájaros/aves - Agudos LD50 (mg kg-1) 1421 A5 Anas platyrhynchos Moderado
Birds - Short term dietary (LC50/LD50) 4187 mg kg feed-1 A5 Colinus virginianus -
Pez - agudo 96 hora LC50 (mg l-1) 0.196 A5 Oncorhynchus mykiss Moderado
Pez - Crónico 21 días NOEC (mg l-1) 0.006 A5 Pimephales promelas Alto
Invertebrados acuáticos - Agudos 48 hora EC50 (mg l-1) 0.147 A5 Daphnia magna Moderado
Invertebrados acuáticos - Crónicos 21 días NOEC (mg l-1) 0.0145 A5 Daphnia magna Moderado
Crustáceos acuáticos - Agudos 96 hora LC50 (mg l-1) - - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Agudos 96 hora LC50 (mg l-1) - - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Crónicos 28 día NOEC, estático, agua (mg l-1) 0.082 A4 Chironomus riparius, 30 día Moderado
Sediment dwelling organisms - Crónicos 28 día NOEC, sedimento (mg kg-1) - - -
Plantas acuáticas - Agudos 7 día EC50, biomasa (mg l-1) 0.022 A5 Lemna gibba Moderado
Non-target plants 543 A5 Ryegrass
Seedling emergence, ER50
as g/ha
-
402 A5 Tomato
Seedling emergence, ER50
as g/ha
-
Algas - Agudos 72 hora EC50, crecimiento (mg l-1) 0.004 A5 Selenastrum capricornutum Alto
Algas - Crónicos 96 hora NOEC, crecimiento (mg l-1) 0.003 A5 Pseudokirchneriella subcapitata Moderado
Abejas mielíferas (Apis spp.) Contacto aguda LD50 (peor caso de 24 , 48 y 72 hora valores - μg abeja-1) 100 A5 Moderado
Oral aguda LD50 (peor caso de 24 , 48 y 72 hora valores - μg abeja-1) > 101.2 A5 Bajo
Modo desconocido aguda LD50 (peor caso de 24 , 48 y 72 hora valores - μg abeja-1) - - -
Abejorros (Bombus spp.) Contacto aguda LD50 (peor caso de 24 , 48 y 72 hora valores - μg abeja-1) - - -
-
Oral aguda LD50 (peor caso de 24 , 48 y 72 hora valores - μg abeja-1) - - -
-
Abejas albañiles (Osmia spp.) Contacto aguda LD50 (peor caso de 24 , 48 y 72 hora valores - μg abeja-1) - - -
Oral aguda LD50 (peor caso de 24 , 48 y 72 hora valores - μg abeja-1) - - -
Otros polinizadores (1) Agudos LD50 (peor caso de 24 , 48 y 72 hora valores - μg insect-1) - - -
Modo de exposición -
Otros polinizadores (2) Agudos LD50 (peor caso de 24 , 48 y 72 hora valores - μg insect-1) - - -
Modo de exposición -
Lombrices - Agudos 14 día LC50 (mg kg-1) > 1000 A5 Eisenia foetida Bajo
Lombrices - Crónicos 14 día NOEC, reproducción (mg kg-1) 33.45 A5 Eisenia foetida Moderado
Other soil macro-organisms - e.g. Collembola LR50 / EC50 / NOEC / % Causalidad - - -
Otro arthropoda (1) LR50 g ha-1 1200 =
A5 Typhlodromus pyri
-
% Causalidad 100 Mortalidad
Dose: 3.2 kg ha-1
A5 Aphidius rhopalosiphi, adult
-
Otro arthropoda (2) LR50 g ha-1 4000 >
A5 Aphidius rhopalosiphi
-
% Causalidad 38 Mortalidad
Dose: 3.2 kg ha-1
A5 Typhlodromus pyri, protonymph
-
Soil micro-organisms Nitrogen mineralisation: No significant adverse effect
Carbon mineralisation: No significant adverse effect
A5
Dose: 11.2 kg ha-1
-
Mesocosm study data NOEAEC mg l-1 0.0011 A5 Aquatic community -
NOEAEC mg l-1 - - -


LA SALUD HUMANA Y PROTECCIÓN

for pendimethalin

General:
Propiedad Click here for information on the parameters used to describe human health and protection issues Valor Fuente/Cuenta de Cualidad/Otra Información Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with human health and protection data Interpretación Click here for information on the way in which we interpret human health and protection data
Threshold of Toxicological Concern (Cramer Class) Click here for a note on the limitations of the Cramer class High (class III) - -
Mamíferos - Agudos oral LD50 (mg kg-1) 4665 A5 Ratón Bajo
Mammals - Dermal LD50 (mg kg-1 body weight) > 5000 A5 Rat -
Mammals - Inhalation LC50 (mg l-1) > 6.73 A5 Rat 4 hr (nose only, liquid aerosol) -
Other Mammal toxicity endpoints - -
Consumo cada día aceptable (mg kg-1p.c. días-1) 0.125 A5 Dog, SF=100 -
ARfD - Acute Reference Dose (mg kg-1p.c. días-1) 0.3 A5 Rabbit, SF=100 -
AAOEL - Acute Acceptable Operator Exposure Level (mg kg-1 bw day-1) - - -
El nivel de exposición del operador (AOEL) sistemíco (mg kg-1p.c. días-1) 0.17 A5 Rabbit, SF=175 -
Estudios den la absorción cutánea (%) 0.4-33% A5 concentration & forumalation dependent -
Directivo 76/464 Sustancias Peligrosas - - -
Exposure Routes Public No unacceptable risks to bystanders identified
Occupational PPE/PPC recommended
European MRLs Click here for the EU MRL pesticide database
Drinking Water Standards Non-statutory WHO drinking water guideline 0.02 mg/L UK EA QS database, 2018 -
Drinking Water MAC (μg l-1) - - -

Health issues:
Carcinogen Genotóxico Endocrine disrupter Reproduction / development effects Cholinesterase inhibitor Neurotoxicant

A0; B0; C0; D0; E3

Respiratory tract irritant Skin irritant Skin sensitiser Eye irritant Phototoxicant

Cuestiones generales de la salud humana Harmful if swallowed
Thyroid & liver toxicant
Bioaccumulates
USEPA - possible human carcinogen
Clave: Genotoxicidad
A: Aberración cromosómica (base de datos EFSA)
B: Daño/reparación del ADN (base de datos EFSA)
C: Mutación genética (base de datos EFSA)
D: Mutación del genoma (base de datos EFSA)
E: Tipo de genotoxicidad no especificada (fuente de datos diversos)
0: Sin datos
1: Positivo
2: Resultados mixtos/ambiguos
3: Negativo
Clave: Otro
: Sí, se sabe que causa un problema
: No, sabe no causar un problema
: Posiblemente, estado no identificado
- : Datos no encontrados

Handling issues:
Propiedad Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance handling issues Valor Fuente/Cuenta de Cualidad/Otra Información Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with data on handling issues Interpretación Click here for information on the way in which we interpret data on handling issues
General Click here for a description of the International Maritime Dangerous Goods (IMDG) codes Not explosive or oxidising
IMDG Transport Code is variable depending upon product, often either 3 or 9
CLP classification 2013 Health: H317
Environment: H400, H410
CEE clasificación de riesgos Click here to view information omn the EU risk phrases Xn - Harmful: R43
N - Dangerous for the environment: R50, R53
CEE clasificación sin riesgos Click here to view information omn the EU safety phrases S2, S22, S29, S37, S60, S61
Clasificación de OSM II - Peligroso mediano
Número de las NU Variable with product, usually 1993 or 3082
Waste disposal & packaging Click here for a description of UN packaging marks Packaging Group III (minor danger)


TRADUCCIONES

for pendimethalin

Idioma Nombre
Inglés pendimethalin
Francés pendimethaline
Alemán Pendimethalin
Danés pendimethalin
Italiano pendimetalin
Español pendimetalina
Griego -
Esloveno pendimetalin
Polaco pendimetalina
Sueco pendimetalin
Húngaro pendimetalin
Holandés pendimethalin

Última actualización del registro: Wednesday 31 October 2018
Contacto: aeru@herts.ac.uk