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benalaxil (Ref: M 9834)
** benalaxyl ** benalaxil ** Traducciones

Destino ambiental - Ecotoxicología - La salud humana - A a Z Indice - Inicio

RESUMEN

Benalaxyl is a fungicide that has EU approval for use and is widely used. It has a low aqueous solubility, is quite volatile and a low potential for bioaccumulation. It is non-mobile, moderately persistent in soil systems but may be persistent in water systems. It is moderately toxic to mammals but would not be expected to bioaccumulate. It is moderately toxic to most aquatic organisms, honey bees and earthworms but less so to birds.

INFORMACIÓN GENERAL Click here for an explantaion of the general chemical status information
for benalaxyl

Descripción: A phenylamide (acylalanine) fungicide used to control Oomycetes

Ejemplos de plagas controladas: Blue mould; Late blight; Downey mildew

Ejemplos de aplicaciones: Tomatoes; Hops; Grapes; Lettuce; Peppers; Potatoes; Tobacco; Onions; Strawberries; Sunflowers; Soybeans; Turf; Ornamentals and flowers;

Eficacia y actividad: Data supports good efficiacy. No adverse effects noted on treated crops.

Availability status: Current

Introduction & key dates: 1981

CEE Regulación 1107/2009 ( 91/414):
Estado Approved
Dossier rapporteur/co-rapporteur Romania/Portugal
Date inclusion expires 31/07/2019
UE Candidatas a sustitución No
Incluido en la base de datos de la UE

Approved for use () or known to be used () in the following European countries: Click to access a note on the approvals information on this site

AT

BE

BG

CY

CZ

DE

DK

EE

EL

ES

FI

FR

HR

HU

IE

IT

LT

LU

LV

MT

NL

PL

PT

RO

SE

SI

SK

UK

Also used in: Australia

Estructura química: Click here for further information on the general chemical status information used on this site
Isomerism A chiral molecule existing in both the R- and S-forms
Fórmula química C20H23NO3
Canonical SMILES CC1=C(C(=CC=C1)C)N(C(C)C(=O)OC)C(=O)CC2=CC=CC=C2
Isomeric SMILES No data
International Chemical Identifier Key (InChIKey) CJPQIRJHIZUAQP-UHFFFAOYSA-N
International Chemical Identifier (InChI) InChI=1S/C9H6ClNO3S/c10-5-2-1-3-6-8(5)11(4-7(12)13)9(14)15-6/h1-3H,4H2,(H,12,13)
¿Diagrama de estructura 2D / imagen disponible?

Click to access the Cambridge Crystallographic Data Centre (CCDC) website
Cambridge Crystallographic Data Centre diagrams:
Nombre Común Relación Vínculo
Benalaxyl Unstated isomer Click here for the CCDC structure diagram

Estado general: Click here for further information on the general chemical status information used on this site
Tipo de pesticida Fungicide
Grupo químico Acylamino acid
Minimum active substance purity 960 g/kg
Known relevant impurities EU dossier - None declared
Sustancias de origen Sintéticas
Modo de acción Systemic with protective, curative and eradicant action. Disrupts fungal nucleic acid synthesis - RNA ploymerase 1
CAS RN 71626-11-4
CEE número 275-728-7
Número CIPAC 416
EPA américaine chimiques de code 127001
PubChem CID 51369
Masa molecular (g mol-1) 325.40
PIN (Preferred Identification Name) methyl N-(phenylacetyl)-N-(2,6-xylyl)-DL-alaninate
Nombre IUPAC methyl N-(phenylacetyl)-N-(2,6-xylyl)-DL-alaninate
Nombre CAS methyl N-(2,6-dimethylphenyl)-N-(phenylacetyl)-DL-alaninate
Otra información de estado -
Relevant Environmental Water Quality Standards -
Herbicide Resistance Classification (HRAC) No aplicable
Herbicide Resistance Classification (WSSA) No aplicable
Insecticide Resistance Classification (IRAC) No aplicable
Fungicide Resistance Classification (FRAC) 4
Examples of recorded resistance -
Estado físico Colourless solid
Related substances & organisms

Formulaciones:
Propiedad Click here for information on the general product and branding information used on this site Valor
Example manufacturers & suppliers of products using this active now or historically
  • Interfarm
  • Sipcam
  • FCC Ltd
  • King Tech
  • ISAGRO S.p.A.
  • Farmoplant
Example products using this active
  • Galben M
  • Tairel
Estado de UK LERAP None
Formulation and application details Available in a variety of formulations including suspension concentrates, granules, wettable powders and as a slurry for seed treatment.


DESTINO AMBIENTAL

for benalaxyl

Propiedad Click here for information on the parameters used to describe environmental fate on this site Valor Fuente/Cuenta de Cualidad/Otra Información Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with fate data Interpretación Click here for information on the way in which we interpret environmental fate data
Solubilidad - En aqua en 20oC (mg l-1) 28.6 A5 Bajo
Solubilidad - en solventes organicos en 20oC (mg l-1) 19400 A5 - n-Heptano -
250000 A5 - Metanol -
250000 A5 - Acetona -
250000 A5 - Acetato de etilo -
Punto de fusión (oC) 76.8 A5 -
Punto de ebullición (oC) Decomposes before boiling A5 -
El punto de degradación (oC) 250 A5 -
Punto de inflamación (oC) Not expected to self ignite; Not highly flammable A5 -
Octanol-aqua coeficiente de particiónat en pH 7, 20oC P 3.47 X 1003 Calculado -
Log P 3.54 A5 Alto
Masa densidad (g ml-1)/Peso específico 1.18 A5 -
Disociación constante (pKa) at 25oC No aplicable A5 -
Nota: Ninguna disociación
Presión de vapor en 20oC (mPa) 0.572 A5 Baja volatilidad
Constante de Henry a 25oC (Pa m3 mol-1) 6.50 X 10-03 A5 No volátil
Indice de potencial de lixiviación GUS Click here for a note on the limitations of the GUS index 1.91 Calculado Estado de transición
SCI-GROW groundwater index (μg l-1) for a 1 kg ha-1 or 1 l ha-1 application rate Click here for a note on the limitations of the SCI-GROW index Valor 6.56 X 10-02 Calculado -
Nota -
Potencial para transportar de 'particle bound' Click here for a note on the limitations of the potential for particle bound transport index - Calculado Bajo
Maximum UV-vis absorption L mol-1 cm-1 203nm, No absorption at 290nm A5 -
Surface tension (mN m-1) 47.0 A5 -

Degradación:
Propiedad Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance degradation Valor Fuente/Cuenta de Cualidad/Otra Información Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with degradation data Interpretación Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance degradation data
Biodegradabilidad general -
Degradación de suelo (días) (aerobic) DT50 (típico) 33.2 A5 Persistente moderado
DT50 (laboratorio en 20oC) 33.2 A5 Persistente moderado
DT50 (campo) 66.8 A5 Persistente moderado
DT90 (laboratorio en 20oC) - - -
DT90 (campo) 222 A5 -
Endpoint de modelado DT50 - - -
Nota EU RAR 2017: Lab studies DT50 range 18.9-114 days, DT90 range 60.2 days - >1 year, Soils=14; Field studies DT50 range 26.6-127.6 days, DT90 range 88.2-424 days, Soils=5
Dissipation rate RL50 on plant matrix Valor - - -
Nota -
Dissipation rate RL50 on and in plant matrix Valor 3.2 R4 -
Nota Published literature RL50 range 0.5-8.3 days, 5 field & undercover grown crops, various matrices, n=6
Acuoso fotólisis DT50 (días) en pH 7 Valor Estable A5 -
Nota -
Acuoso hidrólisis DT50 (días) en 20oC y pH 7 Valor 365 A5 Persistente muy alta
Nota Stable at pH 4 to pH 7, at pH 9 DT50 = 157 days at 20 degC, 86 days at 25 degC, 55 days at 50 degC and < 1 day at 70 degC
Aqua-Sedimento DT50 (días) 168.2 A5 Lento
Fase de agua sola DT50 (días) 38 A5 Estable

De absorción del suelo y la movilidad:
Propiedad Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance adsorption and mobility Valor Fuente/Cuenta de Cualidad/Otra Información Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with adsorption and mobility data Interpretación Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance adsorption and mobility
Lineal Kd 71.0 A5 No Móvil
Koc 4998
Notas y rango EU dossier Kd range 49.1-108 mL/g, Koc range 2728-7173 mL/g, Soils=3
Freundlich Kf 8.05 A5 Móvil un poco
Kfoc 555
1/n 0.630
Notas y rango EU RAR 2016: Kf range 7.77-8.33 mL/g, Kfoc range 555-707 mL/g, 1/n range 0.630-0.714, Soils=2
pH senbsibilidad No

Key metabolites:
Metabolito Medio de formación Maximó Calculado de Fracción Ocurrencia 1107/2009 Importancia Click here for further information on 1107/2009 relevancy
methyl-N-malonyl-N-2,6-xylyl-DL-alaninate This metabolite may cause environmental pollution, click here for further information Suelo   0.234   Major fraction, Relevant
N-malonyl-N-2,6-xylyl-DL-alanine Suelo   0.034   Minor fraction, Relevant
benalaxyl acid This metabolite may cause environmental pollution, click here for further information Suelo   0.101   Major fraction; Relevant


ECOTOXICOLOGÍA

for benalaxyl

Propiedad Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance ecotoxicology Valor Fuente/Cuenta de Cualidad/Otra Información Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with ecotoxicology data Interpretación Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance ecotoxicology
Factor de la bio-concentración BCF (l kg-1) 57 A5 Bajo potencial
CT50 (días) No disponible -
Mamíferos - Agudos oral LD50 (mg kg-1) 680 A5 Ratón Moderado
Mamíferos - a corto plazo NOEL (mg kg-1) - A5 Rata -
(ppm dieta) 100 -
Pájaros/aves - Agudos LD50 (mg kg-1) 3700 A5 Coturnix coturnix Bajo
Birds - Short term dietary (LC50/LD50) > 5000 ppm A4 Unknown species -
Pez - agudo 96 hora LC50 (mg l-1) 3.75 A5 Oncorhynchus mykiss Moderado
Pez - Crónico 21 días NOEC (mg l-1) 0.49 A5 Oncorhynchus mykiss Moderado
Invertebrados acuáticos - Agudos 48 hora EC50 (mg l-1) 0.59 A5 Daphnia magna Moderado
Invertebrados acuáticos - Crónicos 21 días NOEC (mg l-1) 0.03 A5 Daphnia magna Moderado
Crustáceos acuáticos - Agudos 96 hora LC50 (mg l-1) - - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Agudos 96 hora LC50 (mg l-1) - - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Crónicos 28 día NOEC, estático, agua (mg l-1) 3.13 A5 Chironomus riparius Moderado
Sediment dwelling organisms - Crónicos 28 día NOEC, sedimento (mg kg-1) - - -
Plantas acuáticas - Agudos 7 día EC50, biomasa (mg l-1) - - -
Non-target plants - - -
- - -
Algas - Agudos 72 hora EC50, crecimiento (mg l-1) 2.4 A5 Selenastrum capricornutum Moderado
Algas - Crónicos 96 hora NOEC, crecimiento (mg l-1) - - -
Abejas mielíferas Contacto aguda 48 hora LD50 (μg abeja-1) > 100 A5 Apis mellifera Bajo
Oral aguda 48 hora LD50 (μg abeja-1) > 22.6 A5 Apis mellifera Moderado
Modo desconocido aguda 48 hora LD50 (μg abeja-1) - - -
Lombrices - Agudos 14 día LC50 (mg kg-1) 180 A5 Eisenia foetida Moderado
Lombrices - Crónicos 14 día NOEC, reproducción (mg kg-1) 36.4 A5 Eisenia foetida Moderado
Other soil macro-organisms - e.g. Collembola LR50 / EC50 / NOEC / % Causalidad - - -
Otro arthropoda (1) LR50 g ha-1 - - -
% Causalidad 3.0 Mortalidad
Dose: 0.48 kg ha-1
A5 Phytoseiulus persimilis
-
Otro arthropoda (2) LR50 g ha-1 - - -
% Causalidad 75.3 Mortality at 1DA4T
A5 Typhlodromus pyri, adult
-
Soil micro-organisms Nitrogen mineralisation: No significant adverse effect
Carbon mineralisation: No significant adverse effect
A5
Dose: 1.65 mg kg-1 soil
-
Mesocosm study data NOEAEC mg l-1 - - -
NOEAEC mg l-1 - - -


LA SALUD HUMANA Y PROTECCIÓN

for benalaxyl

General:
Propiedad Click here for information on the parameters used to describe human health and protection issues Valor Fuente/Cuenta de Cualidad/Otra Información Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with human health and protection data Interpretación Click here for information on the way in which we interpret human health and protection data
Threshold of Toxicological Concern (Cramer Class) Click here for a note on the limitations of the Cramer class High (class III) - -
Mamíferos - Agudos oral LD50 (mg kg-1) 680 A5 Ratón Moderado
Mammals - Dermal LD50 (mg kg-1 body weight) > 2000 A5 Rabbit -
Mammals - Inhalation LC50 (mg l-1) > 4.2 A4 Rat (nose only) -
Other Mammal toxicity endpoints - -
Consumo cada día aceptable (mg kg-1p.c. días-1) 0.04 A5 -
ARfD - Acute Reference Dose (mg kg-1p.c. días-1) 0.5 A5 Rat, SF=100 -
AAOEL - Acute Acceptable Operator Exposure Level (mg kg-1 bw day-1) Ningunos asignaron A5 -
El nivel de exposición del operador (AOEL) sistemíco (mg kg-1p.c. días-1) 0.06 A5 Rat, 90 day, SF=100 -
Estudios den la absorción cutánea (%) 0.7-18 A5 concentration dependent -
Directivo 76/464 Sustancias Peligrosas - - -
Limites de exposiciones - - -
Exposure Routes Public Minimal risk of dietary exposure
Occupational Risk of exposure acceptable under label recommendations for use for personal protection clothing and equipment
European MRLs Click here for the EU MRL pesticide database
Drinking Water Standards - - -
Drinking Water MAC (μg l-1) - - -

Health issues:
Carcinogen Mutágeno Endocrine disrupter Reproduction / development effects Cholinesterase inhibitor Neurotoxicant

Respiratory tract irritant Skin irritant Skin sensitiser Eye irritant Phototoxicant

-

Cuestiones generales de la salud humana Possible liver toxicant

: Yes, known to cause a problem
: No, known not to cause a problem
: Possibly, status not identified
- : No data found

Handling issues:
Propiedad Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance handling issues Valor Fuente/Cuenta de Cualidad/Otra Información Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with data on handling issues Interpretación Click here for information on the way in which we interpret data on handling issues
General Click here for a description of the International Maritime Dangerous Goods (IMDG) codes Not explosive
A weak oxidising agent
CLP classification 2013 health: H371
Environment: H400, H410
Health: H302
CEE clasificación de riesgos Click here to view information omn the EU risk phrases N - Dangerous for the environment: R50, R53
CEE clasificación sin riesgos Click here to view information omn the EU safety phrases S61, S60
Clasificación de OSM III - Peligroso un poco
US EPA Classification (formulation) III - Caution - Slightly toxic
Número de las NU Usually 3077
Waste disposal & packaging Click here for a description of UN packaging marks -


TRADUCCIONES

for benalaxyl

Idioma Nombre
Inglés benalaxyl
Francés benalaxil
Alemán Benalaxyl
Danés benalaxyl
Italiano benalaxil
Español benalaxil
Griego benalaxyl
Esloveno benalaksil
Polaco benalaksyl
Sueco -
Húngaro benalaxyl
Holandés benalaxyl

Última actualización del registro: Monday 13 May 2019
Contacto: aeru@herts.ac.uk