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benomil; benomyl (Ref: T 1991)
** benomyl ** benosan ** kribenomy ** D-1991 ** BBC ** BNM ** Traducciones

Destino ambiental - Ecotoxicología - La salud humana - A a Z Indice - Inicio

RESUMEN

Benomyl is a foliar fungicide that no longer has EU approval for use. It has a low aqueous solubility, is volatile, is slightly mobile and, based on its chemical properties, is not expected to leach to groundwater. It is generally not persistent in soil systems but may persist in some water systems under certain conditions. Benomyl has a low mammalian toxicity with a low potential for bioaccumulation. It is also reported to have harmful effects on human development/fertility. It is moderately toxic to birds, honeybees, earthworms and most aquatic organisms

INFORMACIÓN GENERAL Click here for an explantaion of the general chemical status information
for benomyl

Descripción: A broad-spectrum foliar fungicide used to control a wide range of Ascomycetes and Fungi Imperfecti in a wide range of crops

Ejemplos de plagas controladas: Fruit spot; Powdery mildew; Scab; Post-harvest decay; Blosson end rot; Blosson blight; Brown rot; Collar rot; Phoma leaf blotch; Black spot; Corm rot; Loose smut; Sclerotina rot

Ejemplos de aplicaciones: Field crops; Nuts; Muschrooms; Ornamentals; Turf; Apples & pears; Peaches; Curcubits; Peppers; Peas; Grapes

Eficacia y actividad: -

Availability status: Current

Introduction & key dates: 1968, Introduced

CEE Regulación 1107/2009 ( 91/414):
Estado Not approved
Dossier rapporteur/co-rapporteur Germany
Date inclusion expires No aplicable
UE Candidatas a sustitución -
Incluido en la base de datos de la UE

Approved for use () or known to be used () in the following European countries: Click to access a note on the approvals information on this site

AT

BE

BG

CY

CZ

DE

DK

EE

EL

ES

FI

FR

HR

HU

IE

IT

LT

LU

LV

MT

NL

PL

PT

RO

SE

SI

SK

UK

Also used in: Estados Unidos

Estructura química: Click here for further information on the general chemical status information used on this site
Isomerism None
Fórmula química C14H18N4O3
Canonical SMILES CCCCNC(=O)N1C2=CC=CC=C2N=C1NC(=O)OC
Isomeric SMILES No data
International Chemical Identifier Key (InChIKey) RIOXQFHNBCKOKP-UHFFFAOYSA-N
International Chemical Identifier (InChI) InChI=1S/C14H18N4O3/c1-3-4-9-15-13(19)18-11-8-6-5-7-10(11)16-12(18)17-14(20)21-2/h5-8H,3-4,9H2,1-2H3,(H,15,19)(H,16,17,20)
¿Diagrama de estructura 2D / imagen disponible?

Estado general: Click here for further information on the general chemical status information used on this site
Tipo de pesticida Fungicide, Miticide
Grupo químico Benzimidazole
Minimum active substance purity -
Known relevant impurities -
Sustancias de origen Sintéticas
Modo de acción Systemic with protectant and eradicant activity. Also has ovicidal activity against mites. Inhibition of mitosis and cell division (Beta-tubulin assembly in mitosis)
CAS RN 17804-35-2
CEE número 241-775-7
Número CIPAC 206
EPA américaine chimiques de code 099101
PubChem CID 28780
CLP index number 613-049-00-3
Masa molecular (g mol-1) 290.32
PIN (Preferred Identification Name) methyl [1-(butylcarbamoyl)-1H-1,3-benzimidazol-2-yl]carbamate
Nombre IUPAC methyl 1-(butylcarbamoyl)benzimidazol-2-ylcarbamate
Nombre CAS methyl [1-[(butylamino)carbonyl]-1H-benzimidazol-2-yl]carbamate
Otra información de estado Chemical subject to PIC regulations (some formulations); Marine Pollutant
Relevant Environmental Water Quality Standards -
Herbicide Resistance Classification (HRAC) No aplicable
Herbicide Resistance Classification (WSSA) No aplicable
Insecticide Resistance Classification (IRAC) No aplicable
Fungicide Resistance Classification (FRAC) 1
Examples of recorded resistance -
Estado físico Tan coloured crystals
Related substances & organisms

Formulaciones:
Propiedad Click here for information on the general product and branding information used on this site Valor
Example manufacturers & suppliers of products using this active now or historically
  • DuPont
  • Dongbu Fine Chemicals Co. Ltd.
  • King Tech
Example products using this active
  • Benlate
  • Tersan 1991
  • Benex
  • Benefit
  • Comply
  • Agrocut
  • Benosan
Estado de UK LERAP No UK approval for use as a pesticide under EC Regulation 1107/2009
Formulation and application details Usually supplied as an oil dispersible product or as a wettable powder.


DESTINO AMBIENTAL

for benomyl

Propiedad Click here for information on the parameters used to describe environmental fate on this site Valor Fuente/Cuenta de Cualidad/Otra Información Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with fate data Interpretación Click here for information on the way in which we interpret environmental fate data
Solubilidad - En aqua en 20oC (mg l-1) 2 B5 Bajo
Solubilidad - en solventes organicos en 20oC (mg l-1) 94000 B4 - Cloroformo -
18000 B4 - Acetona -
10000 B4 - Xileno -
4000 B4 - Etanol -
Punto de fusión (oC) Decomposes before melting L3 -
Punto de ebullición (oC) Decomposes before boiling V3 -
El punto de degradación (oC) 140 L3 -
Punto de inflamación (oC) Not expected to self ignite; Not highly flammable V3 -
Octanol-aqua coeficiente de particiónat en pH 7, 20oC P 2.51 X 1001 Calculado -
Log P 1.4 B5 Bajo
Masa densidad (g ml-1)/Peso específico - - -
Disociación constante (pKa) at 25oC 4.48 H4 -
Nota: Ácido débil
Presión de vapor en 20oC (mPa) 0.005 G4 Baja volatilidad
Constante de Henry a 25oC (Pa m3 mol-1) 4.00 X 10-04 L3 No volátil
Indice de potencial de lixiviación GUS Click here for a note on the limitations of the GUS index -0.07 Calculado Bajo posibilidad de lixiviación
SCI-GROW groundwater index (μg l-1) for a 1 kg ha-1 or 1 l ha-1 application rate Click here for a note on the limitations of the SCI-GROW index Valor 9.09 X 10-05 Calculado -
Nota -
Potencial para transportar de 'particle bound' Click here for a note on the limitations of the potential for particle bound transport index - Calculado Alto
Maximum UV-vis absorption L mol-1 cm-1 - - -
Surface tension (mN m-1) - - -

Degradación:
Propiedad Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance degradation Valor Fuente/Cuenta de Cualidad/Otra Información Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with degradation data Interpretación Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance degradation data
Biodegradabilidad general -
Degradación de suelo (días) (aerobic) DT50 (típico) 67.0 DW4 Persistente moderado
DT50 (laboratorio en 20oC) 0.8 H2 No persistente
DT50 (campo) - - -
DT90 (laboratorio en 20oC) - - -
DT90 (campo) - - -
Endpoint de modelado DT50 - - -
Nota Other sources: Very variable data DT50 0.1-100 days, more usually 3-12 months
Dissipation rate RL50 on plant matrix Valor 6.1 R3 -
Nota Apple leaves, n=1
Dissipation rate RL50 on and in plant matrix Valor 1.7 R4 -
Nota Published literature RL50 range 1.6-1.8 days, 3 undercover grown crops, various matrices, n=3
Acuoso fotólisis DT50 (días) en pH 7 Valor Estable L3 -
Nota -
Acuoso hidrólisis DT50 (días) en 20oC y pH 7 Valor 0.8 L3 No persistente
Nota -
Aqua-Sedimento DT50 (días) - - -
Fase de agua sola DT50 (días) - - -

De absorción del suelo y la movilidad:
Propiedad Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance adsorption and mobility Valor Fuente/Cuenta de Cualidad/Otra Información Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with adsorption and mobility data Interpretación Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance adsorption and mobility
Lineal Kd - L3 Móvil un poco
Koc 1900
Notas y rango Best available data
Freundlich Kf - - -
Kfoc -
1/n -
Notas y rango -
pH senbsibilidad -

Key metabolites:
Metabolito Medio de formación Maximó Calculado de Fracción Ocurrencia 1107/2009 Importancia Click here for further information on 1107/2009 relevancy
carbendazim (Ref: BAS 346F) Suelo   -   -

Other known metabolites:
Metabolite name and reference Aliases Medio de formación / Rate Maximó Calculado de Fracción Ocurrencia Metabolising enzymes
N,N-dibutylurea
Nota: Toxic
- Soil - -


ECOTOXICOLOGÍA

for benomyl

Propiedad Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance ecotoxicology Valor Fuente/Cuenta de Cualidad/Otra Información Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with ecotoxicology data Interpretación Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance ecotoxicology
Factor de la bio-concentración BCF (l kg-1) 27 Q2 Whole fish Bajo potencial
CT50 (días) No disponible -
Mamíferos - Agudos oral LD50 (mg kg-1) > 10000 B5 Rata Bajo
Mamíferos - a corto plazo NOEL (mg kg-1) 125 B5 Rata Moderado
(ppm dieta) 2500 -
Pájaros/aves - Agudos LD50 (mg kg-1) 1000 G3 Anas platyrhynchos Moderado
Birds - Short term dietary (LC50/LD50) - - -
Pez - agudo 96 hora LC50 (mg l-1) 0.17 F3 Oncorhynchus mykiss Moderado
Pez - Crónico 21 días NOEC (mg l-1) 0.011 F4 Oncorhynchus mykiss, LOEC Moderado
Invertebrados acuáticos - Agudos 48 hora EC50 (mg l-1) 0.28 F3 Daphnia magna Moderado
Invertebrados acuáticos - Crónicos 21 días NOEC (mg l-1) 0.025 F3 Daphnia magna, LOEC Moderado
Crustáceos acuáticos - Agudos 96 hora LC50 (mg l-1) 0.14 F3 Americamysis bahia Moderado
Sediment dwelling organisms - Agudos 96 hora LC50 (mg l-1) - - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Crónicos 28 día NOEC, estático, agua (mg l-1) - - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Crónicos 28 día NOEC, sedimento (mg kg-1) - - -
Plantas acuáticas - Agudos 7 día EC50, biomasa (mg l-1) 2.2 F3 Lemna gibba Moderado
Non-target plants - - -
- - -
Algas - Agudos 72 hora EC50, crecimiento (mg l-1) 2 F4 Scenedesmus acutus Moderado
Algas - Crónicos 96 hora NOEC, crecimiento (mg l-1) - - -
Abejas mielíferas Contacto aguda 48 hora LD50 (μg abeja-1) 10 F3 Moderado
Oral aguda 48 hora LD50 (μg abeja-1) - - -
Modo desconocido aguda 48 hora LD50 (μg abeja-1) - - -
Lombrices - Agudos 14 día LC50 (mg kg-1) 10.5 L3 Moderado
Lombrices - Crónicos 14 día NOEC, reproducción (mg kg-1) - - -
Other soil macro-organisms - e.g. Collembola LR50 / EC50 / NOEC / % Causalidad - - -
Otro arthropoda (1) LR50 g ha-1 - - -
% Causalidad Nocivo AB1 Typhlodromus pyri -
Otro arthropoda (2) LR50 g ha-1 - - -
% Causalidad - - -
Soil micro-organisms - - -
Mesocosm study data NOEAEC mg l-1 - - -
NOEAEC mg l-1 - - -


LA SALUD HUMANA Y PROTECCIÓN

for benomyl

General:
Propiedad Click here for information on the parameters used to describe human health and protection issues Valor Fuente/Cuenta de Cualidad/Otra Información Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with human health and protection data Interpretación Click here for information on the way in which we interpret human health and protection data
Threshold of Toxicological Concern (Cramer Class) Click here for a note on the limitations of the Cramer class High (class III) - -
Mamíferos - Agudos oral LD50 (mg kg-1) > 10000 B5 Rata Bajo
Mammals - Dermal LD50 (mg kg-1 body weight) > 5000 L3 Rabbit -
Mammals - Inhalation LC50 (mg l-1) 2.0 L3 Rat -
Other Mammal toxicity endpoints - -
Consumo cada día aceptable (mg kg-1p.c. días-1) 0.1 JMPR 1995 -
ARfD - Acute Reference Dose (mg kg-1p.c. días-1) - - -
AAOEL - Acute Acceptable Operator Exposure Level (mg kg-1 bw day-1) - - -
El nivel de exposición del operador (AOEL) sistemíco (mg kg-1p.c. días-1) - - -
Estudios den la absorción cutánea (%) - - -
Directivo 76/464 Sustancias Peligrosas - - -
Limites de exposiciones [UK LT TWA 8 hr: 10 mg/m3], [UK ST 15 mins: 15 mg/m3] Occupation Exposure -
Exposure Routes Public -
Occupational Occupational exposure may occur through inhalation and dermal contact
European MRLs Click here for the EU MRL pesticide database
Drinking Water Standards - - -
Drinking Water MAC (μg l-1) - - -

Health issues:
Carcinogen Mutágeno Endocrine disrupter Reproduction / development effects Cholinesterase inhibitor Neurotoxicant

-

Respiratory tract irritant Skin irritant Skin sensitiser Eye irritant Phototoxicant

-

Cuestiones generales de la salud humana May cause eye defects in new borns - anophthalmia
May cause contact dermatitis and may be a skin sensitiser
Endocrine issues - Increase of estrogen production and aromatase activity

: Yes, known to cause a problem
: No, known not to cause a problem
: Possibly, status not identified
- : No data found

Handling issues:
Propiedad Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance handling issues Valor Fuente/Cuenta de Cualidad/Otra Información Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with data on handling issues Interpretación Click here for information on the way in which we interpret data on handling issues
General Click here for a description of the International Maritime Dangerous Goods (IMDG) codes No information available
CLP classification 2013 Health: H315, H317, H335, H340, H360FD
Environment: H400, H410
CEE clasificación de riesgos Click here to view information omn the EU risk phrases Mutagenic category 2: R46
Reproduction risk category 2: R60, R61
Xn - Harmful: R43
Xi - Irritant: R37, R38
N - Dangerous for the environment: R50, R53
CEE clasificación sin riesgos Click here to view information omn the EU safety phrases S43, S53, S61, S60
Clasificación de OSM U - Es poco probable que presente un riesgo agudo
US EPA Classification (formulation) IV - Caution - Not acutely toxic
Número de las NU -
Waste disposal & packaging Click here for a description of UN packaging marks -


TRADUCCIONES

for benomyl

Idioma Nombre
Inglés benomyl
Francés bĂ©nomyl
Alemán Benomyl
Danés benomyl
Italiano benomil
Español benomil; benomyl
Griego benomyl
Esloveno benomil
Polaco benomyl
Sueco benomyl
Húngaro benomil
Holandés benomyl

Última actualización del registro: Wednesday 23 May 2018
Contacto: aeru@herts.ac.uk