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bifenox
** bifenox ** C11066 ** MC-4379 ** Traducciones

Destino ambiental - Ecotoxicología - La salud humana - A a Z Indice - Inicio

RESUMEN

Bifenox is a herbicide approved for use in the EU. It has a low aqueous solubility, is volatile and would not be expected to leach to groundwater. It would also not be expected to persistent in soil or water systems. It has a low mammalian toxicity and no serious health concerns have been identified. Bifenox is moderately toxic to fish, aquatic invertebrates and earthworms but is highly toxic to algae.

INFORMACIÓN GENERAL Click here for an explantaion of the general chemical status information
for bifenox

Descripción: A diphenyl ether herbicide for the control of broad-leaved weeds and some grasses

Ejemplos de plagas controladas: Brome; Barnyard grass; Nutsedge; Cleavers; Fathen; Sprangletop; Charlock; Kochia scoparia; Daucus carota

Ejemplos de aplicaciones: Cereals including wheat, barley, corn; Soybeans; Peanuts; Sugarbeet; Rice; Sorghum; OSR; Sunflowers

Eficacia y actividad: -

Availability status: Current

Introduction & key dates: 2000

CEE Regulación 1107/2009 ( 91/414):
Estado Approved
Dossier rapporteur/co-rapporteur Poland/Belgium
Date inclusion expires 31/12/2018
UE Candidatas a sustitución No
Incluido en la base de datos de la UE

Approved for use () or known to be used () in the following European countries: Click to access a note on the approvals information on this site

AT

BE

BG

CY

CZ

DE

DK

EE

EL

ES

FI

FR

HR

HU

IE

IT

LT

LU

LV

MT

NL

PL

PT

RO

SE

SI

SK

UK

Estructura química: Click here for further information on the general chemical status information used on this site
Isomerism -
Fórmula química C14H9Cl2NO5
Canonical SMILES COC(=O)C1=C(C=CC(=C1)OC2=C(C=C(C=C2)Cl)Cl)[N+](=O)[O-]
Isomeric SMILES No data
International Chemical Identifier Key (InChIKey) SUSRORUBZHMPCO-UHFFFAOYSA-N
International Chemical Identifier (InChI) InChI=1S/C17H20N2O3/c1-12(2)22-17(20)19-18-15-11-14(9-10-16(15)21-3)13-7-5-4-6-8-13/h4-12,18H,1-3H3,(H,19,20)
¿Diagrama de estructura 2D / imagen disponible?

Click to access the Cambridge Crystallographic Data Centre (CCDC) website
Cambridge Crystallographic Data Centre diagrams:
Nombre Común Relación Vínculo
Bifenox - Click here for the CCDC structure diagram

Estado general: Click here for further information on the general chemical status information used on this site
Tipo de pesticida Herbicida
Grupo químico Diphenyl ether
Minimum active substance purity 970 g/kg
Known relevant impurities EU dossier - 2,4-dichlorophenol < 3 g/kg, 2,4-dichloroanisole < 6 g/kg
Sustancias de origen Sintéticas
Modo de acción Selective, absorbed by foliage, new shoots and roots to inhibit protoporphyrinogen oxidase
CAS RN 42576-02-3
CEE número 255-894-7
Número CIPAC 413
EPA américaine chimiques de code 104301
PubChem CID 39230
Masa molecular (g mol-1) 342.1
PIN (Preferred Identification Name) methyl 5-(2,4-dichlorophenoxy)-2-nitrobenzoate
Nombre IUPAC methyl 5-(2,4-dichlorophenoxy)-2-nitrobenzoate
Nombre CAS methyl 5-(2,4-dichlorophenoxy)-2-nitrobenzoate
Otra información de estado OSPAR soc
Relevant Environmental Water Quality Standards -
Herbicide Resistance Classification (HRAC) E
Herbicide Resistance Classification (WSSA) 14
Insecticide Resistance Classification (IRAC) No aplicable
Fungicide Resistance Classification (FRAC) No aplicable
Examples of recorded resistance -
Estado físico Pale yellow crystals
Related substances & organisms

Formulaciones:
Propiedad Click here for information on the general product and branding information used on this site Valor
Example manufacturers & suppliers of products using this active now or historically
  • Makhteshim-Agan
  • Rhone-Poulenc
Example products using this active
  • Fox
  • Sabine
  • Modown
  • Alibi
Estado de UK LERAP None
Formulation and application details Often supplied as a soluble concentrate or wettable powder which were mixed with water and applied as a spray.


DESTINO AMBIENTAL

for bifenox

Propiedad Click here for information on the parameters used to describe environmental fate on this site Valor Fuente/Cuenta de Cualidad/Otra Información Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with fate data Interpretación Click here for information on the way in which we interpret environmental fate data
Solubilidad - En aqua en 20oC (mg l-1) 0.1 A5 Bajo
Solubilidad - en solventes organicos en 20oC (mg l-1) 261000 C4 - Xileno -
23000 A5 - Metanol -
1000000 A3 - Cloruro de metileno -
320000 A5 - Tolueno -
Punto de fusión (oC) 87 A5 -
Punto de ebullición (oC) Decomposes before boiling A5 -
El punto de degradación (oC) 398.6 A5 -
Punto de inflamación (oC) Not expected to self ignite; Not highly flammable A5 -
Octanol-aqua coeficiente de particiónat en pH 7, 20oC P 4.37 X 1003 Calculado -
Log P 3.64 A5 Alto
Masa densidad (g ml-1)/Peso específico 0.65 L3 -
Disociación constante (pKa) at 25oC No aplicable A5 -
Nota: Ninguna disociación
Presión de vapor en 20oC (mPa) 0.162 A5 Baja volatilidad
Constante de Henry a 25oC (Pa m3 mol-1) 1.62 X 10-04 A5 No volátil
Indice de potencial de lixiviación GUS Click here for a note on the limitations of the GUS index 0.17 Calculado Bajo posibilidad de lixiviación
SCI-GROW groundwater index (μg l-1) for a 1 kg ha-1 or 1 l ha-1 application rate Click here for a note on the limitations of the SCI-GROW index Valor 5.88 X 10-03 Calculado -
Nota -
Potencial para transportar de 'particle bound' Click here for a note on the limitations of the potential for particle bound transport index - Calculado Mediano
Maximum UV-vis absorption L mol-1 cm-1 In methanol: 284.5nm = 8980, 436nm = 174; [17.6% methanol in water: 301.5nm = 8633, 437nm = 290 A5 -
Surface tension (mN m-1) - - -

Degradación:
Propiedad Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance degradation Valor Fuente/Cuenta de Cualidad/Otra Información Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with degradation data Interpretación Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance degradation data
Biodegradabilidad general -
Degradación de suelo (días) (aerobic) DT50 (típico) 6 H4 No persistente
DT50 (laboratorio en 20oC) 8.3 A5 No persistente
DT50 (campo) 17.3 A4 No persistente
DT90 (laboratorio en 20oC) 36.6 A5 -
DT90 (campo) 57.6 A5 -
Endpoint de modelado DT50 - - -
Nota EU dossier lab studies DT50 range 4-18 days, DT90 range 13.3-59.8 days; field studies DT50 range 8.3-32.1 days, Estados Unidos, DT90 range 27.7-106.6 days
Dissipation rate RL50 on plant matrix Valor - - -
Nota -
Dissipation rate RL50 on and in plant matrix Valor - - -
Nota -
Acuoso fotólisis DT50 (días) en pH 7 Valor 2.2 A5 Moderado rápido
Nota -
Acuoso hidrólisis DT50 (días) en 20oC y pH 7 Valor 265 A5 Persistente
Nota Stable pH 4 to pH 7, DT50 4 days at pH 9
Aqua-Sedimento DT50 (días) 0.11 A5 Rápido
Fase de agua sola DT50 (días) - - -

De absorción del suelo y la movilidad:
Propiedad Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance adsorption and mobility Valor Fuente/Cuenta de Cualidad/Otra Información Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with adsorption and mobility data Interpretación Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance adsorption and mobility
Lineal Kd - - -
Koc -
Notas y rango -
Freundlich Kf 69.2 A5 No Móvil
Kfoc 6475
1/n 0.967
Notas y rango EU dossier kf range 0.93-169 mL/g, Kfoc range 500-23000 mL/g, 1/n range 0.766-1.117, Soils=8
pH senbsibilidad No

Key metabolites:
Metabolito Medio de formación Maximó Calculado de Fracción Ocurrencia 1107/2009 Importancia Click here for further information on 1107/2009 relevancy
bifenox acid This metabolite may cause environmental pollution, click here for further information Suelo   0.787   Major fraction, Relevant

Other known metabolites:
Metabolite name and reference Aliases Medio de formación / Rate Maximó Calculado de Fracción Ocurrencia Metabolising enzymes
5-(2,4-dichlorophenoxy)-2-aminobenzoic acid methyl ester aminobifenox Sediment; Animal (faeces); Soil - -
2,4-dichlorophenol
(Ref: )
Nota: Major fraction, Relevant
- Soil; Sediment - -
5-(2,4-dichloro-5-hydroxy-phenoxy)-2-nitrobenzoic acid 5-hydroxybifenox acid Plant - -
5-(2,4-dichlorophenoxy)-2-anthranilate acid aminobifenox acid Water; Soil - -
5-(2,4-dichloro-?-hydroxy-phenoxy)-2-nitrobenzoic acid
(Ref: LS-825055)
hydroxy bifenox acid Plant - -


ECOTOXICOLOGÍA

for bifenox

Propiedad Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance ecotoxicology Valor Fuente/Cuenta de Cualidad/Otra Información Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with ecotoxicology data Interpretación Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance ecotoxicology
Factor de la bio-concentración BCF (l kg-1) 1500 A5 Umbral de importancia
CT50 (días) 1.4 -
Mamíferos - Agudos oral LD50 (mg kg-1) > 5000 A5 Rata Bajo
Mamíferos - a corto plazo NOEL (mg kg-1) > 80 L2 Rata, 2 año Alto
(ppm dieta) - -
Pájaros/aves - Agudos LD50 (mg kg-1) > 2000 A5 Colinus virginianus Bajo
Birds - Short term dietary (LC50/LD50) > 677 mg kg-1 bw/día A5 Colinus virginianus -
Pez - agudo 96 hora LC50 (mg l-1) 0.67 A5 Oncorhynchus mykiss Moderado
Pez - Crónico 21 días NOEC (mg l-1) 0.009 A5 Oncorhynchus mykiss Alto
Invertebrados acuáticos - Agudos 48 hora EC50 (mg l-1) 0.66 A5 Daphnia magna Moderado
Invertebrados acuáticos - Crónicos 21 días NOEC (mg l-1) 0.00015 A5 Daphnia magna Alto
Crustáceos acuáticos - Agudos 96 hora LC50 (mg l-1) 0.033 F3 Americamysis bahia Alto
Sediment dwelling organisms - Agudos 96 hora LC50 (mg l-1) - - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Crónicos 28 día NOEC, estático, agua (mg l-1) 0.015 A5 Chironomus riparius Moderado
Sediment dwelling organisms - Crónicos 28 día NOEC, sedimento (mg kg-1) - - -
Plantas acuáticas - Agudos 7 día EC50, biomasa (mg l-1) 0.0021 A5 Lemna gibba Alto
Non-target plants - - -
- - -
Algas - Agudos 72 hora EC50, crecimiento (mg l-1) 0.00018 C4 Scenedemus subspicatus Alto
Algas - Crónicos 96 hora NOEC, crecimiento (mg l-1) 0.000175 A5 Desmodesmus subspicatus Alto
Abejas mielíferas Contacto aguda 48 hora LD50 (μg abeja-1) > 200 A5 Bajo
Oral aguda 48 hora LD50 (μg abeja-1) > 200 A5 Bajo
Modo desconocido aguda 48 hora LD50 (μg abeja-1) - - -
Lombrices - Agudos 14 día LC50 (mg kg-1) > 1000 A5 Eisenia foetida Bajo
Lombrices - Crónicos 14 día NOEC, reproducción (mg kg-1) - - -
Other soil macro-organisms - e.g. Collembola LR50 / EC50 / NOEC / % Causalidad - - -
Otro arthropoda (1) LR50 g ha-1 - - -
% Causalidad 0 Mortalidad
Dose: 0.72 kg ha-1
A5 Aphidius rhopalosiphi, adult
-
Otro arthropoda (2) LR50 g ha-1 - - -
% Causalidad 100 Mortalidad
Dose: 0.72 kg ha-1
A5 Typhlodromus pyri, protonymphs
-
Soil micro-organisms Nitrogen mineralisation: Up to -21.9%
Carbon mineralisation: No significant adverse effect
A5
Dose: 3.1 mg kg-1 soil, 28 días
-
Mesocosm study data NOEAEC mg l-1 - - -
NOEAEC mg l-1 - - -


LA SALUD HUMANA Y PROTECCIÓN

for bifenox

General:
Propiedad Click here for information on the parameters used to describe human health and protection issues Valor Fuente/Cuenta de Cualidad/Otra Información Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with human health and protection data Interpretación Click here for information on the way in which we interpret human health and protection data
Threshold of Toxicological Concern (Cramer Class) Click here for a note on the limitations of the Cramer class High (class III) - -
Mamíferos - Agudos oral LD50 (mg kg-1) > 5000 A5 Rata Bajo
Mammals - Dermal LD50 (mg kg-1 body weight) > 2000 A5 Rat -
Mammals - Inhalation LC50 (mg l-1) 0.91 A5 Rat, 4 hr -
Other Mammal toxicity endpoints - -
Consumo cada día aceptable (mg kg-1p.c. días-1) 0.3 A5 Mouse, SF=100 -
ARfD - Acute Reference Dose (mg kg-1p.c. días-1) 0.5 A5 Rabbit, SF=100 -
AAOEL - Acute Acceptable Operator Exposure Level (mg kg-1 bw day-1) - - -
El nivel de exposición del operador (AOEL) sistemíco (mg kg-1p.c. días-1) 0.125 A5 Rabbit, SF=400 -
Estudios den la absorción cutánea (%) 1-4 A5 -
Directivo 76/464 Sustancias Peligrosas - - -
Limites de exposiciones - - -
Exposure Routes Public Negligible risk to bystanders
Occupational Possible risk to operators - PPE advised
Low risk to other farm workers
European MRLs Click here for the EU MRL pesticide database
Drinking Water Standards - - -
Drinking Water MAC (μg l-1) - - -

Health issues:
Carcinogen Mutágeno Endocrine disrupter Reproduction / development effects Cholinesterase inhibitor Neurotoxicant

-

-

-

-

Respiratory tract irritant Skin irritant Skin sensitiser Eye irritant Phototoxicant

-

-

-

-

-

Cuestiones generales de la salud humana Moderately toxic

: Yes, known to cause a problem
: No, known not to cause a problem
: Possibly, status not identified
- : No data found

Handling issues:
Propiedad Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance handling issues Valor Fuente/Cuenta de Cualidad/Otra Información Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with data on handling issues Interpretación Click here for information on the way in which we interpret data on handling issues
General Click here for a description of the International Maritime Dangerous Goods (IMDG) codes Not explosive or oxidising
IMDG Transport Code is usually 9
CLP classification 2013 Environment: H410
CEE clasificación de riesgos Click here to view information omn the EU risk phrases Xn - Harmful: R22
N - Dangerous for the environment: R53
CEE clasificación sin riesgos Click here to view information omn the EU safety phrases -
Clasificación de OSM U - Es poco probable que presente un riesgo agudo
US EPA Classification (formulation) IV - Caution - Not acutely toxic
Número de las NU Usually 3082
Waste disposal & packaging Click here for a description of UN packaging marks Packaging Group III (minor danger)


TRADUCCIONES

for bifenox

Idioma Nombre
Inglés bifenox
Francés bifenox
Alemán Bifenox
Danés bifenox
Italiano bifenox
Español bifenox
Griego -
Esloveno bifenoks
Polaco bifenoks
Sueco bifenox
Húngaro bifenox
Holandés -

Última actualización del registro: Tuesday 30 October 2018
Contacto: aeru@herts.ac.uk