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acefato
** acephate ** orthene ** Traducciones

Destino ambiental - Ecotoxicología - La salud humana - A a Z Indice - Inicio

RESUMEN

Acephate is an organophosphate insecticide that does not have approval for use in the EU. It is highly soluble in water and most organic solvents, and is volatile. It is not expected to leach to groundwater. Whilst it is mobile, it tends not to be persistence in soil or aquatic systems. It is moderately toxic to mammals and has a low potential for bioaccumulation. Acephate is also a recognised irritant. It is has a moderate to low toxicity to birds, honeybees, earthworms and most aquatic organisms.

INFORMACIÓN GENERAL Click here for an explantaion of the general chemical status information
for acephate

Descripción: An organophosphate insecticide used normally as a foliar spray to control chewing and sucking insects

Ejemplos de plagas controladas: Aphids; Leaf miners; Lepidopterous larvae; Sawflies; Thrips

Ejemplos de aplicaciones: Fruit; Vegetables; Potatoes; Sugarbeet; Vines; Rice; Hops; Ornamentals; Greenhouse crops including peppers, cucumbers

Eficacia y actividad: -

Availability status: Current

Introduction & key dates: circa 1970

CEE Regulación 1107/2009 ( 91/414):
Estado Not approved
Dossier rapporteur/co-rapporteur Italy
Date inclusion expires Expired
UE Candidatas a sustitución No aplicable
Incluido en la base de datos de la UE

Approved for use () or known to be used () in the following European countries: Click to access a note on the approvals information on this site

AT

BE

BG

CY

CZ

DE

DK

EE

EL

ES

FI

FR

HR

HU

IE

IT

LT

LU

LV

MT

NL

PL

PT

RO

SE

SI

SK

UK

Also used in: Australia, Estados Unidos

Estructura química: Click here for further information on the general chemical status information used on this site
Isomerism Chiral, existing in the S- and R-forms
Fórmula química C4H10NO3PS
Canonical SMILES CC(=O)NP(=O)(OC)SC
Isomeric SMILES No data
International Chemical Identifier Key (InChIKey) YASYVMFAVPKPKE-UHFFFAOYSA-N
International Chemical Identifier (InChI) InChI=1S/C4H10NO3PS/c1-4(6)5-9(7,8-2)10-3/h1-3H3,(H,5,6,7)
¿Diagrama de estructura 2D / imagen disponible?

Estado general: Click here for further information on the general chemical status information used on this site
Tipo de pesticida Insecticide
Grupo químico Organophosphate
Minimum active substance purity -
Known relevant impurities -
Sustancias de origen Sintéticas
Modo de acción Broad-spectrum, contact and ingestion systemic action. Weak acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitor.
CAS RN 30560-19-1
CEE número 250-241-2
Número CIPAC 338
EPA américaine chimiques de code 103301
PubChem CID 1982
Masa molecular (g mol-1) 183.17
PIN (Preferred Identification Name) (E)-(O,S-dimethyl acetylphosphoramidothioate)
Nombre IUPAC (RS)-N-[methoxy(methylthio)phosphinoyl]acetamide
Nombre CAS O,S-dimethyl acetylphosphoramidothioate
Otra información de estado Potential groundwater contaminant; Chemical subject to PIC regulations
Relevant Environmental Water Quality Standards -
Herbicide Resistance Classification (HRAC) No aplicable
Herbicide Resistance Classification (WSSA) No aplicable
Insecticide Resistance Classification (IRAC) 1B
Fungicide Resistance Classification (FRAC) No aplicable
Examples of recorded resistance Adoxophyes orana
Aphis gossypii
Myzus persicae
Phorodon humuli
Trialeurodes vaporariorum
Lygus lineolaris
plus others
Estado físico Colourless/white solid
Related substances & organisms

Formulaciones:
Propiedad Click here for information on the general product and branding information used on this site Valor
Example manufacturers & suppliers of products using this active now or historically
  • Cheminova
  • King Tech Corp
  • United Phorsporus
  • Valent
  • Chevron
Example products using this active
  • Tornado
  • Ortril
  • Cekucefate
  • Sunphate
  • Orthene
  • Ortran
Estado de UK LERAP No UK approval for use as a pesticide under EC Regulation 1107/2009
Formulation and application details Usually supplied as a soluble powder or granules.


DESTINO AMBIENTAL

for acephate

Propiedad Click here for information on the parameters used to describe environmental fate on this site Valor Fuente/Cuenta de Cualidad/Otra Información Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with fate data Interpretación Click here for information on the way in which we interpret environmental fate data
Solubilidad - En aqua en 20oC (mg l-1) 790000 W4 Alto
Solubilidad - en solventes organicos en 20oC (mg l-1) 151000 L3 - Acetona -
100000 L3 - Etanol -
35000 L3 - Acetato de etilo -
100 L3 - Hexano -
Punto de fusión (oC) 89 L3 -
Punto de ebullición (oC) Decomposes before boiling L3 -
El punto de degradación (oC) - - -
Punto de inflamación (oC) - - -
Octanol-aqua coeficiente de particiónat en pH 7, 20oC P 1.41 X 10-01 Calculado -
Log P -0.85 R3 Bajo
Masa densidad (g ml-1)/Peso específico 1.35 L3 -
Disociación constante (pKa) at 25oC 8.35 F4 -
Nota: Ácido débil
Presión de vapor en 20oC (mPa) 0.226 L3 Baja volatilidad
Constante de Henry a 25oC (Pa m3 mol-1) 5.15 X 10-08 H4 No volátil
Indice de potencial de lixiviación GUS Click here for a note on the limitations of the GUS index 1.14 Calculado Bajo posibilidad de lixiviación
SCI-GROW groundwater index (μg l-1) for a 1 kg ha-1 or 1 l ha-1 application rate Click here for a note on the limitations of the SCI-GROW index Valor 2.54 X 10-03 Calculado -
Nota -
Potencial para transportar de 'particle bound' Click here for a note on the limitations of the potential for particle bound transport index - Calculado Bajo
Maximum UV-vis absorption L mol-1 cm-1 - - -
Surface tension (mN m-1) - - -

Degradación:
Propiedad Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance degradation Valor Fuente/Cuenta de Cualidad/Otra Información Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with degradation data Interpretación Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance degradation data
Biodegradabilidad general -
Degradación de suelo (días) (aerobic) DT50 (típico) 3 H4 No persistente
DT50 (laboratorio en 20oC) - - -
DT50 (campo) 3 H4 No persistente
DT90 (laboratorio en 20oC) - - -
DT90 (campo) - - -
Endpoint de modelado DT50 - - -
Nota Best available data
Dissipation rate RL50 on plant matrix Valor 4.8 R4 -
Nota Published literature RL50 range 0.7-8.5 days, 8 field & undercover grown crops, various matrices, n=11
Dissipation rate RL50 on and in plant matrix Valor 5.8 R4 -
Nota Published literature RL50 range 1.0-12.4 days, 12 field & undercover grown crops, various matrices, n=18
Acuoso fotólisis DT50 (días) en pH 7 Valor 2 L3 Moderado rápido
Nota -
Acuoso hidrólisis DT50 (días) en 20oC y pH 7 Valor 50 CA3 Persistente moderado
Nota Hydrolysis data applies for pH range 5-7
Aqua-Sedimento DT50 (días) - - -
Fase de agua sola DT50 (días) - - -

De absorción del suelo y la movilidad:
Propiedad Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance adsorption and mobility Valor Fuente/Cuenta de Cualidad/Otra Información Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with adsorption and mobility data Interpretación Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance adsorption and mobility
Lineal Kd 1.6 R4 Móvil moderado
Koc 302
Notas y rango Literature data: Kd range 0.54-4.98 mL/g, Koc range 24.4-545 mL/g, Soils = 19
Freundlich Kf 0.21 R4 Móvil
Kfoc 40.3
1/n 1.81
Notas y rango Literature data: Kf range 0.01-0.90 mL/g, Kfoc range 1.9-188 mL/g, 1.n range 1.43-2.08, Soils = 19
pH senbsibilidad -

Key metabolites:
Metabolito Medio de formación Maximó Calculado de Fracción Ocurrencia 1107/2009 Importancia Click here for further information on 1107/2009 relevancy
methamidophos (Ref: ENT 27396) Suelo   -   -


ECOTOXICOLOGÍA

for acephate

Propiedad Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance ecotoxicology Valor Fuente/Cuenta de Cualidad/Otra Información Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with ecotoxicology data Interpretación Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance ecotoxicology
Factor de la bio-concentración BCF (l kg-1) 0.03 J4 Bajo potencial
CT50 (días) No disponible -
Mamíferos - Agudos oral LD50 (mg kg-1) 945 F4 Rata Moderado
Mamíferos - a corto plazo NOEL (mg kg-1) 0.25 L2 Rata Alto
(ppm dieta) - -
Pájaros/aves - Agudos LD50 (mg kg-1) 350 F3 Anas platyrhynchos Moderado
Birds - Short term dietary (LC50/LD50) - - -
Pez - agudo 96 hora LC50 (mg l-1) 110 F3 Oncorhynchus mykiss Bajo
Pez - Crónico 21 días NOEC (mg l-1) 4.7 F2 Galaxias maculatus, 20 día Moderado
Invertebrados acuáticos - Agudos 48 hora EC50 (mg l-1) 67.2 L3 Daphnia magna Moderado
Invertebrados acuáticos - Crónicos 21 días NOEC (mg l-1) 43 L3 Daphnia magna Bajo
Crustáceos acuáticos - Agudos 96 hora LC50 (mg l-1) 7.3 F3 Americamysis bahia Moderado
Sediment dwelling organisms - Agudos 96 hora LC50 (mg l-1) - - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Crónicos 28 día NOEC, estático, agua (mg l-1) - - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Crónicos 28 día NOEC, sedimento (mg kg-1) - - -
Plantas acuáticas - Agudos 7 día EC50, biomasa (mg l-1) - - -
Non-target plants - - -
- - -
Algas - Agudos 72 hora EC50, crecimiento (mg l-1) 980 L2 Unknown species Bajo
Algas - Crónicos 96 hora NOEC, crecimiento (mg l-1) - - -
Abejas mielíferas Contacto aguda 48 hora LD50 (μg abeja-1) 1.78 R3 Moderado
Oral aguda 48 hora LD50 (μg abeja-1) > 0.23 R3 Alto
Modo desconocido aguda 48 hora LD50 (μg abeja-1) - - -
Lombrices - Agudos 14 día LC50 (mg kg-1) > 22974 L3 Bajo
Lombrices - Crónicos 14 día NOEC, reproducción (mg kg-1) - - -
Other soil macro-organisms - e.g. Collembola LR50 / EC50 / NOEC / % Causalidad - - -
Otro arthropoda (1) LR50 g ha-1 - - -
% Causalidad Nocivo Q2 Parasitoids -
Otro arthropoda (2) LR50 g ha-1 - - -
% Causalidad - - -
Soil micro-organisms - - -
Mesocosm study data NOEAEC mg l-1 - - -
NOEAEC mg l-1 - - -


LA SALUD HUMANA Y PROTECCIÓN

for acephate

General:
Propiedad Click here for information on the parameters used to describe human health and protection issues Valor Fuente/Cuenta de Cualidad/Otra Información Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with human health and protection data Interpretación Click here for information on the way in which we interpret human health and protection data
Threshold of Toxicological Concern (Cramer Class) Click here for a note on the limitations of the Cramer class High (class III) - -
Mamíferos - Agudos oral LD50 (mg kg-1) 945 F4 Rata Moderado
Mammals - Dermal LD50 (mg kg-1 body weight) > 10000 L3 Rat -
Mammals - Inhalation LC50 (mg l-1) 15.0 L3 Rat -
Other Mammal toxicity endpoints - -
Consumo cada día aceptable (mg kg-1p.c. días-1) 0.03 JMPR 2005 -
ARfD - Acute Reference Dose (mg kg-1p.c. días-1) 0.1 JMPR 2005 -
AAOEL - Acute Acceptable Operator Exposure Level (mg kg-1 bw day-1) - - -
El nivel de exposición del operador (AOEL) sistemíco (mg kg-1p.c. días-1) - - -
Estudios den la absorción cutánea (%) - - -
Directivo 76/464 Sustancias Peligrosas List I; List II - -
Limites de exposiciones - - -
Exposure Routes Public Dermal route highest risk
Minimal risk of dietary exposure
Small risk of exposure in food and water from metabolite methamidophos
Source: US EPA
Occupational Possible exposure via inhalation and dermal contact
Source: US EPA
European MRLs Click here for the EU MRL pesticide database
Drinking Water Standards - - -
Drinking Water MAC (μg l-1) - - -

Health issues:
Carcinogen Mutágeno Endocrine disrupter Reproduction / development effects Cholinesterase inhibitor Neurotoxicant

-

Respiratory tract irritant Skin irritant Skin sensitiser Eye irritant Phototoxicant

-

-

-

-

Cuestiones generales de la salud humana USEPA - possible human carcinogen
Endocrine issues - Disruption of hormone expression in the hypothalamus

: Yes, known to cause a problem
: No, known not to cause a problem
: Possibly, status not identified
- : No data found

Handling issues:
Propiedad Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance handling issues Valor Fuente/Cuenta de Cualidad/Otra Información Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with data on handling issues Interpretación Click here for information on the way in which we interpret data on handling issues
General Click here for a description of the International Maritime Dangerous Goods (IMDG) codes IMDG Transport Code is 6.1
CLP classification 2013 Health: H302
CEE clasificación de riesgos Click here to view information omn the EU risk phrases Xn - Harmful: R22
CEE clasificación sin riesgos Click here to view information omn the EU safety phrases S2, S36
Clasificación de OSM II - Peligroso mediano
US EPA Classification (formulation) III - Caution - Slightly toxic
Número de las NU Active 2783, liquid products usually 3018
Waste disposal & packaging Click here for a description of UN packaging marks -


TRADUCCIONES

for acephate

Idioma Nombre
Inglés acephate
Francés acĂ©phate
Alemán Acephat
Danés acephat
Italiano acefate
Español acefato
Griego -
Esloveno acefat
Polaco acefat
Sueco -
Húngaro acefat
Holandés -

Última actualización del registro: Tuesday 04 June 2019
Contacto: aeru@herts.ac.uk