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carbon tetrachloride (Ref: ENT 4705)
** tetrachlorocarbon ** methane tetrachloride ** tetrachloromethane ** carbon chloride ** Translations

Environmental Fate - Ecotoxicology - Human Health - A to Z Index - Home

GENERAL INFORMATION Click here for an explantaion of the general chemical status information
for carbon tetrachloride

Description: Once used widely as a grain and animal feed fumigant for post-harvest storage either alone or mixed with other substances. Also added to some formulations to aid distribution and to act as a fire suppressant.

Example pests controlled: -

Example applications: -

Efficacy & activity: -

Availability status: Current

Introduction & key dates: 1908

EC Regulation 1107/2009 (repealing 91/414):
Status Not approved
Dossier rapporteur/co-rapporteur Not applicable
Date inclusion expires Not applicable
EU Candidate for substitution (CfS) Not applicable
Listed in EU database No

Approved for use () or known to be used () in the following European countries: Click to access a note on the approvals information on this site

AT

BE

BG

CY

CZ

DE

DK

EE

EL

ES

FI

FR

HR

HU

IE

IT

LT

LU

LV

MT

NL

PL

PT

RO

SE

SI

SK

UK

Also used in: Algeria

Chemical structure: Click here for further information on the general chemical status information used on this site
Isomerism None
Chemical formula CCl4
Canonical SMILES C(Cl)(Cl)(Cl)Cl
Isomeric SMILES No data
International Chemical Identifier key (InChIKey) VZGDMQKNWNREIO-UHFFFAOYSA-N
International Chemical Identifier (InChI) InChI=1S/CCl4/c2-1(3,4)5
Structure diagram/image available? Yes

General status: Click here for further information on the general chemical status information used on this site
Pesticide type Insecticide, Fumigant, Other substance
Other constituent type Dispersant, Fire suppressant
Substance group Organochlorine
Minimum active substance purity -
Known relevant impurities -
Substance origin Synthetic
Mode of action Interferes with transmissions of nerve impulses across axons disrupting primarily the central nervous system
CAS RN 56-23-5
EC number 200-262-8
CIPAC number 642
US EPA chemical code 016501
PubChem CID 5943
Molecular mass (g mol-1) 153.8
PIN (Preferred Identification Name) tetrachloromethane
IUPAC name carbon tetrachloride
CAS name tetrachloromethane
Other status information Banned; WFD priority substance; Montreal Protocol agreed phase out; VOC; Marine Pollutant
Relevant Environmental Water Quality Standards EU Directive 2008/105/EC EQS surface waters: annual average12 ug/L
UK statutory standard for protection of aquatic life in inland, coastal and territorial surface waters: annual average12 ug/L
Other standards exist
Herbicide Resistance Classification (HRAC) Not applicable
Herbicide Resistance Classification (WSSA) Not applicable
Insecticide Resistance Classification (IRAC) None
Fungicide Resistance Classification (FRAC) Not applicable
Examples of recorded resistance -
Physical state Clear, colourless, volatile liquid
Related substances & organisms -

Formulations:
Property Click here for information on the general product and branding information used on this site Value
Example manufacturers & suppliers of products using this active now or historically
  • Dow AgroSciences
  • Hoechst
  • ICI Chemicals
Example products using this active
  • Dowfume
UK LERAP status No UK approval for use as a pesticide under EC Regulation 1107/2009
Formulation and application details -


ENVIRONMENTAL FATE

for carbon tetrachloride

Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe environmental fate on this site Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with fate data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret environmental fate data
Solubility - In water at 20oC (mg l-1) 793 C4 High
Solubility - In organic solvents at 20oC (mg l-1) Miscible CA3 - Benzene -
Miscible CA3 - Ethyl ether -
Miscible CA3 - Chloroform -
Miscible CA3 - Ethanol -
Melting point (oC) -23 F3 -
Boiling point (oC) - - -
Degradation point (oC) - - -
Flashpoint (oC) - - -
Octanol-water partition coefficient at pH 7, 20oC P 4.37 X 1002 Calculated -
Log P 2.64 F4 Low
Bulk density (g ml-1)/Specific gravity 1.59 F3 -
Dissociation constant (pKa) at 25oC - - -
Note:
Vapour pressure at 20oC (mPa) 1.2 X 1007 C4 Highly volatile
Henry's law constant at 25oC (Pa m3 mol-1) 2786.4 CA3 Volatile
GUS leaching potential index Click here for a note on the limitations of the GUS index 1.37 Calculated Low leachability
SCI-GROW groundwater index (μg l-1) for a 1 kg ha-1 or 1 l ha-1 application rate Click here for a note on the limitations of the SCI-GROW index Value 4.07 X 10-03 Calculated -
Note -
Potential for particle bound transport index Click here for a note on the limitations of the potential for particle bound transport index - Calculated Low
Maximum UV-vis absorption L mol-1 cm-1 - - -
Surface tension (mN m-1) - - -

Degradation:
Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance degradation Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with degradation data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance degradation data
General biodegradability -
Soil degradation (days) (aerobic) DT50 (typical) 5 C3 Non-persistent
DT50 (lab at 20oC) - - -
DT50 (field) - - -
DT90 (lab at 20oC) - - -
DT90 (field) - - -
DT50 modelling endpoint - - -
Note Dispersion via volatilisation, DT50 3-7 days via sulfate reduction (CA3)
Dissipation rate RL50 on plant matrix Value - - -
Note -
Dissipation rate RL50 on and in plant matrix Value - - -
Note -
Aqueous photolysis DT50 (days) at pH 7 Value Stable F3 -
Note -
Aqueous hydrolysis DT50 (days) at 20oC and pH 7 Value Stable F3 -
Note -
Water-sediment DT50 (days) - - -
Water phase only DT50 (days) - - -

Soil adsorption and mobility:
Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance adsorption and mobility Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with adsorption and mobility data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance adsorption and mobility
Linear Kd - F3 Moderately mobile
Koc 110
Notes and range Log Koc 2.04
Freundlich Kf - - -
Kfoc -
1/n -
Notes and range -
pH sensitivity -


ECOTOXICOLOGY

for carbon tetrachloride

Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance ecotoxicology Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with ecotoxicology data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance ecotoxicology
Bio-concentration factor BCF (l kg-1) 11 R3 (whole body) Low potential
CT50 (days) Not available -
Mammals - Acute oral LD50 (mg kg-1) 2821 F3 Rat Low
Mammals - Short term dietary NOEL (mg kg-1) - - -
(ppm diet) - -
Birds - Acute LD50 (mg kg-1) - - -
Birds - Short term dietary (LC50/LD50) - - -
Fish - Acute 96 hour LC50 (mg l-1) > 43 C4 Pimephales promelas Moderate
Fish - Chronic 21 day NOEC (mg l-1) - - -
Aquatic invertebrates - Acute 48 hour EC50 (mg l-1) > 29 C4 Daphnia magna Moderate
Aquatic invertebrates - Chronic 21 day NOEC (mg l-1) - - -
Aquatic crustaceans - Acute 96 hour LC50 (mg l-1) - - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Acute 96 hour LC50 (mg l-1) - - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Chronic 28 day NOEC, static, water (mg l-1) - - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Chronic 28 day NOEC, sediment (mg kg-1) - - -
Aquatic plants - Acute 7 day EC50, biomass (mg l-1) - - -
Non-target plants - - -
- - -
Algae - Acute 72 hour EC50, growth (mg l-1) > 0.217 F4 Chlamydomonas reinhardtii Moderate
Algae - Chronic 96 hour NOEC, growth (mg l-1) - - -
Honeybees Contact acute 48 hour LD50 (μg bee-1) - - -
Oral acute 48 hour LD50 (μg bee-1) - - -
Unknown mode acute 48 hour LD50 (μg bee-1) - - -
Earthworms - Acute 14 day LC50 (mg kg-1) > 160 F3 Eisenia foetida Moderate
Earthworms - Chronic 14 day NOEC, reproduction (mg kg-1) - - -
Other soil macro-organisms - e.g. Collembola LR50 / EC50 / NOEC / % Effect - - -
Other arthropod (1) LR50 g ha-1 - - -
% Effect - - -
Other arthropod (2) LR50 g ha-1 - - -
% Effect - - -
Soil micro-organisms - - -
Mesocosm study data NOEAEC mg l-1 - - -
NOEAEC mg l-1 - - -


HUMAN HEALTH AND PROTECTION

for carbon tetrachloride

General:
Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe human health and protection issues Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with human health and protection data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret human health and protection data
Threshold of Toxicological Concern (Cramer Class) Click here for a note on the limitations of the Cramer class High (class III) - -
Mammals - Acute oral LD50 (mg kg-1) 2821 F3 Rat Low
Mammals - Dermal LD50 (mg kg-1 body weight) - - -
Mammals - Inhalation LC50 (mg l-1) - - -
Other Mammal toxicity endpoints - -
ADI - Acceptable Daily Intake (mg kg-1bw day-1) - - -
ARfD - Acute Reference Dose (mg kg-1bw day-1) - - -
AAOEL - Acute Acceptable Operator Exposure Level (mg kg-1 bw day-1) - - -
AOEL - Acceptable Operator Exposure Level - Systemic (mg kg-1bw day-1) - - -
Dermal penetration studies (%) - - -
Dangerous Substances Directive 76/464 List I - -
Exposure Limits - - -
Exposure Routes Public -
Occupational Main risks of exposure are via inhalation
European MRLs Click here for the EU MRL pesticide database
Drinking Water Standards UK statutory standard drinking water: 3 ug/L UK EA QS database, 2018 -
Drinking Water MAC (μg l-1) 3 UK EA QS database, 2018 -

Health issues:
Carcinogen Mutagen Endocrine disrupter Reproduction / development effects Cholinesterase inhibitor Neurotoxicant

-

-

Respiratory tract irritant Skin irritant Skin sensitiser Eye irritant Phototoxicant

-

-

-

General human health issues Liver and kidney toxicant

: Yes, known to cause a problem
: No, known not to cause a problem
: Possibly, status not identified
- : No data found

Handling issues:
Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance handling issues Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with data on handling issues Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret data on handling issues
General Click here for a description of the International Maritime Dangerous Goods (IMDG) codes IMDG Transport Code is normally 6.1
CLP classification 2013 -
EC Risk Classification Click here to view information omn the EU risk phrases Carcinogen category 3: R40
T - Toxic: R23/24/25, R48/23
N - Dangerous for the environment: R52, R53, R59
EC Safety Classification Click here to view information omn the EU safety phrases S1/2, S23, S36/37, S45, S59, S61
WHO Classification FM - Fumigant, not classified
US EPA Classification (formulation) No consensus across products or no products available - -
UN Number 2996
Waste disposal & packaging Click here for a description of UN packaging marks -


TRANSLATIONS

for carbon tetrachloride

Language Name
English carbon tetrachloride
French tetrachlorure de carbone
German Tetrachlormethan
Danish -
Italian tetraclorometano
Spanish tetracloruro de carbono
Greek -
Slovenian -
Polish czterochlorek wegla
Swedish -
Hungarian -
Dutch tetrachloorkoolstof

Record last updated: Wednesday 31 October 2018
Contact: aeru@herts.ac.uk
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