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dibromochloropropane (Ref: OS1897)
** DBPC ** oxy DBCP ** dibromo-3-chloropropane ** BBC12 ** Translations

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GENERAL INFORMATION Click here for an explantaion of the general chemical status information
for dibromochloropropane

Description: A largely obsolete soil fumigant used to protect field crops, vegetables and fruits from nematodes

Example pests controlled: Nematodes

Example applications: Fruit including berries, grapes, citrus; Peanuts; Cotton, Soybeans; Turf; ornamentals

Efficacy & activity: -

Availability status: Obsolete

Introduction & key dates: 1955, first reported

EC Regulation 1107/2009 (repealing 91/414):
Status Not approved
Dossier rapporteur/co-rapporteur Not applicable
Date inclusion expires Not applicable
EU Candidate for substitution (CfS) Not applicable
Listed in EU database No

Approved for use () or known to be used () in the following European countries: Click to access a note on the approvals information on this site

AT

BE

BG

CY

CZ

DE

DK

EE

EL

ES

FI

FR

HR

HU

IE

IT

LT

LU

LV

MT

NL

PL

PT

RO

SE

SI

SK

UK

Chemical structure: Click here for further information on the general chemical status information used on this site
Isomerism -
Chemical formula C3H5Br2Cl
Canonical SMILES C(C(CBr)Br)Cl
Isomeric SMILES No data
International Chemical Identifier key (InChIKey) WBEJYOJJBDISQU-UHFFFAOYSA-N
International Chemical Identifier (InChI) InChI=1S/C3H5Br2Cl/c4-1-3(5)2-6/h3H,1-2H2
Structure diagram/image available? Yes

General status: Click here for further information on the general chemical status information used on this site
Pesticide type Nematicide, Insecticide, Fumigant, Fungicide
Substance group Halogenated alkane
Minimum active substance purity -
Known relevant impurities -
Substance origin Synthetic
Mode of action Respiratory action, highly toxic
CAS RN 96-12-8
EC number 202-479-3
CIPAC number -
US EPA chemical code 011301
PubChem CID 7280
Molecular mass (g mol-1) 236.36
PIN (Preferred Identification Name) -
IUPAC name (RS)-1,2-dibromo-3-chloropropane
CAS name 1,2-dibromo-3-chloropropane
Other status information Pan Dirty Dozen
Relevant Environmental Water Quality Standards -
Herbicide Resistance Classification (HRAC) Not applicable
Herbicide Resistance Classification (WSSA) Not applicable
Insecticide Resistance Classification (IRAC) Not known
Fungicide Resistance Classification (FRAC) Not known
Examples of recorded resistance -
Physical state Colourless to amber-brown liquid with pungent odour
Related substances & organisms -

Formulations:
Property Click here for information on the general product and branding information used on this site Value
Example manufacturers & suppliers of products using this active now or historically
  • Dow Chemical Co
  • DowElanco: Shell Development Company
  • Amvac
Example products using this active
  • Nemagen
  • Fumaxone
  • Nemabron
UK LERAP status No UK approval for use as a pesticide under EC Regulation 1107/2009
Formulation and application details Was available in a range of formulations including emulsifiable concentrates. .


ENVIRONMENTAL FATE

for dibromochloropropane

Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe environmental fate on this site Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with fate data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret environmental fate data
Solubility - In water at 20oC (mg l-1) 1230 F3 High
Solubility - In organic solvents at 20oC (mg l-1) Miscible F3 - Ethanol -
Miscible F3 - Isopropanol -
Miscible V3 - Dichloropropane -
Melting point (oC) 6 F3 -
Boiling point (oC) 196 L3 -
Degradation point (oC) - - -
Flashpoint (oC) - - -
Octanol-water partition coefficient at pH 7, 20oC P 2.69 X 1002 Calculated -
Log P 2.43 F3 Low
Bulk density (g ml-1)/Specific gravity 2.093 F3 -
Dissociation constant (pKa) at 25oC - - -
Note:
Vapour pressure at 20oC (mPa) 10000 R3 Highly volatile
Henry's law constant at 25oC (Pa m3 mol-1) - - -
GUS leaching potential index Click here for a note on the limitations of the GUS index 5.11 Calculated High leachability
SCI-GROW groundwater index (μg l-1) for a 1 kg ha-1 or 1 l ha-1 application rate Click here for a note on the limitations of the SCI-GROW index Value 6.13 X 10+00 Calculated -
Note -
Potential for particle bound transport index Click here for a note on the limitations of the potential for particle bound transport index - Calculated Medium
Maximum UV-vis absorption L mol-1 cm-1 - - -
Surface tension (mN m-1) - - -

Degradation:
Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance degradation Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with degradation data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance degradation data
General biodegradability -
Soil degradation (days) (aerobic) DT50 (typical) 360 F3 Persistent
DT50 (lab at 20oC) - - -
DT50 (field) - - -
DT90 (lab at 20oC) - - -
DT90 (field) - - -
DT50 modelling endpoint - - -
Note Data for DT50 varies on literature from 70 to 450 days
Dissipation rate RL50 on plant matrix Value - - -
Note -
Dissipation rate RL50 on and in plant matrix Value - - -
Note -
Aqueous photolysis DT50 (days) at pH 7 Value - - -
Note -
Aqueous hydrolysis DT50 (days) at 20oC and pH 7 Value Stable F3 -
Note Stable pH 4 to pH 9
Water-sediment DT50 (days) - - -
Water phase only DT50 (days) - - -

Soil adsorption and mobility:
Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance adsorption and mobility Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with adsorption and mobility data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance adsorption and mobility
Linear Kd - F3 Moderately mobile
Koc 100
Notes and range Other sources range 70-125 mL/g
Freundlich Kf - - -
Kfoc -
1/n -
Notes and range -
pH sensitivity -


ECOTOXICOLOGY

for dibromochloropropane

Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance ecotoxicology Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with ecotoxicology data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance ecotoxicology
Bio-concentration factor BCF (l kg-1) 11 Q3 Low potential
CT50 (days) Not available -
Mammals - Acute oral LD50 (mg kg-1) > 170 F3 Rat Moderate
Mammals - Short term dietary NOEL (mg kg-1) - - -
(ppm diet) - -
Birds - Acute LD50 (mg kg-1) - - -
Birds - Short term dietary (LC50/LD50) - - -
Fish - Acute 96 hour LC50 (mg l-1) 20 F3 Micropterus salmoides Moderate
Fish - Chronic 21 day NOEC (mg l-1) - - -
Aquatic invertebrates - Acute 48 hour EC50 (mg l-1) - - -
Aquatic invertebrates - Chronic 21 day NOEC (mg l-1) - - -
Aquatic crustaceans - Acute 96 hour LC50 (mg l-1) - - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Acute 96 hour LC50 (mg l-1) - - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Chronic 28 day NOEC, static, water (mg l-1) - - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Chronic 28 day NOEC, sediment (mg kg-1) - - -
Aquatic plants - Acute 7 day EC50, biomass (mg l-1) - - -
Non-target plants - - -
- - -
Algae - Acute 72 hour EC50, growth (mg l-1) - - -
Algae - Chronic 96 hour NOEC, growth (mg l-1) - - -
Honeybees Contact acute 48 hour LD50 (μg bee-1) - - -
Oral acute 48 hour LD50 (μg bee-1) - - -
Unknown mode acute 48 hour LD50 (μg bee-1) Non-toxic F3 Low
Earthworms - Acute 14 day LC50 (mg kg-1) - - -
Earthworms - Chronic 14 day NOEC, reproduction (mg kg-1) - - -
Other soil macro-organisms - e.g. Collembola LR50 / EC50 / NOEC / % Effect - - -
Other arthropod (1) LR50 g ha-1 - - -
% Effect - - -
Other arthropod (2) LR50 g ha-1 - - -
% Effect - - -
Soil micro-organisms - - -
Mesocosm study data NOEAEC mg l-1 - - -
NOEAEC mg l-1 - - -


HUMAN HEALTH AND PROTECTION

for dibromochloropropane

General:
Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe human health and protection issues Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with human health and protection data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret human health and protection data
Threshold of Toxicological Concern (Cramer Class) Click here for a note on the limitations of the Cramer class High (class III) - -
Mammals - Acute oral LD50 (mg kg-1) > 170 F3 Rat Moderate
Mammals - Dermal LD50 (mg kg-1 body weight) > 1420 F3 Rat -
Mammals - Inhalation LC50 (mg l-1) - - -
Other Mammal toxicity endpoints - -
ADI - Acceptable Daily Intake (mg kg-1bw day-1) - - -
ARfD - Acute Reference Dose (mg kg-1bw day-1) - - -
AAOEL - Acute Acceptable Operator Exposure Level (mg kg-1 bw day-1) - - -
AOEL - Acceptable Operator Exposure Level - Systemic (mg kg-1bw day-1) - - -
Dermal penetration studies (%) - - -
Dangerous Substances Directive 76/464 - - -
Exposure Limits - - -
Exposure Routes Public -
Occupational Exposure to DBCP most likely results from the inhalation of contaminated air, but also via skin contact and ingestion
European MRLs Click here for the EU MRL pesticide database
Drinking Water Standards Non-statutory WHO drinking water guideline 0.001 mg/L UK EA QS database, 2018 -
Drinking Water MAC (μg l-1) - - -

Health issues:
Carcinogen Mutagen Endocrine disrupter Reproduction / development effects Cholinesterase inhibitor Neurotoxicant

Respiratory tract irritant Skin irritant Skin sensitiser Eye irritant Phototoxicant

-

-

General human health issues May cause male infertility
Liver and kidney toxicant
May cause pulmonary edema

: Yes, known to cause a problem
: No, known not to cause a problem
: Possibly, status not identified
- : No data found

Handling issues:
Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance handling issues Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with data on handling issues Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret data on handling issues
General Click here for a description of the International Maritime Dangerous Goods (IMDG) codes Flammable
Corrosive to metals
CLP classification 2013 -
EC Risk Classification Click here to view information omn the EU risk phrases Carcinogen category 2: R45
Xn - Harmful: R20, R21, R22
Xi - Irritant: R36, R37, R38
H - Handling risks: R10
EC Safety Classification Click here to view information omn the EU safety phrases S45, S53, S61
WHO Classification Ia - Extremely hazardous
US EPA Classification (formulation) II - Warning - Moderately toxic
UN Number -
Waste disposal & packaging Click here for a description of UN packaging marks -


TRANSLATIONS

for dibromochloropropane

Language Name
English dibromochloropropane
French -
German Dibromchlorpropan
Danish -
Italian 1,2-dibromo-cloro-propano
Spanish -
Greek -
Slovenian -
Polish -
Swedish -
Hungarian -
Dutch 1,2-dibroom-3-chloorpropaan

Record last updated: Saturday 26 May 2018
Contact: aeru@herts.ac.uk
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