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iodosulfuron
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GENERAL INFORMATION Click here for an explantaion of the general chemical status information
for iodosulfuron

Description: A post-emergence herbicide used to control weeds in cereals and other crops that is normally used as the methyl-sodium variant.

Example pests controlled: Grass, Broad-leaved weeds

Example applications: Cereals including corn, Turf, Soybean

Efficacy & activity: -

Availability status: Current

Introduction & key dates: 2000

EC Regulation 1107/2009 (repealing 91/414):
Status Approved
Dossier rapporteur/co-rapporteur Sweden/Finland
Date inclusion expires 31/03/2032
EU Candidate for substitution (CfS) No
Listed in EU database Yes

Approved for use () or known to be used () in the following European countries: Click to access a note on the approvals information on this site

AT

BE

BG

CY

CZ

DE

DK

EE

EL

ES

FI

FR

HR

HU

IE

IT

LT

LU

LV

MT

NL

PL

PT

RO

SE

SI

SK

UK

Chemical structure: Click here for further information on the general chemical status information used on this site
Isomerism -
Chemical formula C13H12IN5O6S
Canonical SMILES CC1=NC(=NC(=N1)OC)NC(=O)NS(=O)(=O)C2=C(C=CC(=C2)I)C(=O)O
Isomeric SMILES No data
International Chemical Identifier key (InChIKey) MBFHUWCOCCICOK-UHFFFAOYSA-N
International Chemical Identifier (InChI) InChI=1S/C13H12IN5O6S/c1-6-15-11(18-13(16-6)25-2)17-12(22)19-26(23,24)9-5-7(14)3-4-8(9)10(20)21/h3-5H,1-2H3,(H,20,21)(H2,15,16,17,18,19,22)/f/h17,19-20H
2D structure diagram/image available? Yes

General status: Click here for further information on the general chemical status information used on this site
Pesticide type Herbicide
Substance group Sulfonylurea
Minimum active substance purity -
Known relevant impurities -
Substance origin Synthetic
Mode of action Selective to cereals. Inhibits plant amino acid synthesis - acetohydroxyacid synthase AHAS
CAS RN 185119-76-0
EC number -
CIPAC number 634
US EPA chemical code -
PubChem CID 11027582
Molecular mass (g mol-1) 493.23
PIN (Preferred Identification Name) 4-iodo-2-{[(4-methoxy-6-methyl-1,3,5-triazin-2-yl)carbamoyl]sulfamoyl}benzoic acid
IUPAC name 4-iodo-2-[(4-methoxy-6-methyl-1,3,5-triazin-2-yl)carbamoylsulfamoyl]benzoic acid
CAS name 4-iodo-2-[[[[(4-methoxy-6-methyl-1,3,5-triazin-2-yl)amino]carbonyl]amino]sulfonyl]benzoic acid
Other status information -
Relevant Environmental Water Quality Standards -
Herbicide Resistance Classification (HRAC) B
Herbicide Resistance Classification (WSSA) 2
Insecticide Resistance Classification (IRAC) Not applicable
Fungicide Resistance Classification (FRAC) Not applicable
Examples of recorded resistance -
Physical state -
Related substances & organisms

Formulations:
Property Click here for information on the general product and branding information used on this site Value
Example manufacturers & suppliers of products using this active now or historically -
Example products using this active -
UK LERAP status Buffer probably required in UK - see product label
Formulation and application details Formulations normally use the methyl-sodium variant.


ENVIRONMENTAL FATE

for iodosulfuron

Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe environmental fate on this site Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with fate data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret environmental fate data
Solubility - In water at 20oC (mg l-1) 25000 Q3 High
Solubility - In organic solvents at 20oC (mg l-1) - - -
Melting point (oC) - - -
Boiling point (oC) - - -
Degradation point (oC) - - -
Flashpoint (oC) - - -
Octanol-water partition coefficient at pH 7, 20oC P 3.98 X 1001 Calculated -
Log P 1.6 Q3 Low
Bulk density (g ml-1)/Specific gravity - - -
Dissociation constant (pKa) at 25oC - - -
Note:
Vapour pressure at 20oC (mPa) - - -
Henry's law constant at 25oC (Pa m3 mol-1) - - -
GUS leaching potential index Click here for a note on the limitations of the GUS index 1.79 Calculated Low leachability
SCI-GROW groundwater index (μg l-1) for a 1 kg ha-1 or 1 l ha-1 application rate Click here for a note on the limitations of the SCI-GROW index Value 5.12 X 10-03 Calculated -
Note -
Potential for particle bound transport index Click here for a note on the limitations of the potential for particle bound transport index - Calculated Low
Maximum UV-vis absorption L mol-1 cm-1 - - -
Surface tension (mN m-1) - - -

Degradation:
Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance degradation Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with degradation data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance degradation data
General biodegradability -
Soil degradation (days) (aerobic) DT50 (typical) 6 Q3 Non-persistent
DT50 (lab at 20oC) - - -
DT50 (field) - - -
DT90 (lab at 20oC) - - -
DT90 (field) - - -
DT50 modelling endpoint - - -
Note Literature values for the acid given as 1-20 days, 1-22 days for the methyl sodium variant
Dissipation rate RL50 on plant matrix Value - - -
Note -
Dissipation rate RL50 on and in plant matrix Value - - -
Note -
Aqueous photolysis DT50 (days) at pH 7 Value - - -
Note -
Aqueous hydrolysis DT50 (days) at 20oC and pH 7 Value - - -
Note -
Water-sediment DT50 (days) - - -
Water phase only DT50 (days) - - -

Soil adsorption and mobility:
Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance adsorption and mobility Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with adsorption and mobility data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance adsorption and mobility
Linear Kd - Q3 Mobile
Koc 50
Notes and range Liertaure values for the acid in the region of 50 mg/kg, up to 150 mg/kg for the methyl sodium variant
Freundlich Kf - - -
Kfoc -
1/n -
Notes and range -
pH sensitivity -

Key metabolites:
Metabolite Formation medium Estimated maximum occurrence fraction 1107/2009 relevancy Click here for further information on 1107/2009 relevancy
2-amino-4-methoxy-6-methyl-1,3,5-triazine (Ref: IN-A4098) This metabolite may cause environmental pollution, click here for further information Soil   0.409   Major fraction; Relevany unknown
methyl 2-(3- (4-hydroxy-6-methyl-1,3,5-triazin-2-yl)ureidosulfonyl) benzoate (Ref: AE-F161778) This metabolite may cause environmental pollution, click here for further information Soil   0.137   Major fraction; Relevany unknown
metsulfuron-methyl (Ref: DPX T6376) This metabolite may cause environmental pollution, click here for further information Soil   0.885   Major fraction; Relevany unknown


ECOTOXICOLOGY

for iodosulfuron

Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance ecotoxicology Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with ecotoxicology data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance ecotoxicology
Bio-concentration factor BCF (l kg-1) - - -
CT50 (days) - -
Mammals - Acute oral LD50 (mg kg-1) > 2500 Q3 Rat Low
Mammals - Short term dietary NOEL (mg kg-1) - - -
(ppm diet) - -
Birds - Acute LD50 (mg kg-1) > 2000 A3 Colinus virginianus as methyl-sodium variant Low
Birds - Short term dietary (LC50/LD50) - - -
Fish - Acute 96 hour LC50 (mg l-1) > 100 A4 Lepomis macrochirus as methyl-sodium variant Low
Fish - Chronic 21 day NOEC (mg l-1) - - -
Aquatic invertebrates - Acute 48 hour EC50 (mg l-1) > 100 A4 Daphnia magna as methyl-sodium variant Low
Aquatic invertebrates - Chronic 21 day NOEC (mg l-1) - - -
Aquatic crustaceans - Acute 96 hour LC50 (mg l-1) - - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Acute 96 hour LC50 (mg l-1) - - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Chronic 28 day NOEC, static, water (mg l-1) - - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Chronic 28 day NOEC, sediment (mg kg-1) - - -
Aquatic plants - Acute 7 day EC50, biomass (mg l-1) - - -
Non-target plants - - -
- - -
Algae - Acute 72 hour EC50, growth (mg l-1) - - -
Algae - Chronic 96 hour NOEC, growth (mg l-1) - - -
Honeybees Contact acute 48 hour LD50 (μg bee-1) > 150 A4 Apis mellifera, as methyl-sodium variant Low
Oral acute 48 hour LD50 (μg bee-1) > 80 A4 Apis mellifera, as methyl-sodium variant Moderate
Unknown mode acute 48 hour LD50 (μg bee-1) - - -
Earthworms - Acute 14 day LC50 (mg kg-1) > 1000 A3 Eisenia foetida as methyl-sodium variant Low
Earthworms - Chronic 14 day NOEC, reproduction (mg kg-1) - - -
Other soil macro-organisms - e.g. Collembola LR50 / EC50 / NOEC / % Effect - - -
Other arthropod (1) LR50 g ha-1 - - -
% Effect - - -
Other arthropod (2) LR50 g ha-1 - - -
% Effect - - -
Soil micro-organisms - - -
Mesocosm study data NOEAEC mg l-1 - - -
NOEAEC mg l-1 - - -


HUMAN HEALTH AND PROTECTION

for iodosulfuron

General:
Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe human health and protection issues Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with human health and protection data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret human health and protection data
Threshold of Toxicological Concern (Cramer Class) Click here for a note on the limitations of the Cramer class High (class III) - -
Mammals - Acute oral LD50 (mg kg-1) > 2500 Q3 Rat Low
Mammals - Dermal LD50 (mg kg-1 body weight) - - -
Mammals - Inhalation LC50 (mg l-1) - - -
Other Mammal toxicity endpoints - -
ADI - Acceptable Daily Intake (mg kg-1bw day-1) 0.03 A5 -
ARfD - Acute Reference Dose (mg kg-1bw day-1) Not allocated A5 -
AAOEL - Acute Acceptable Operator Exposure Level (mg kg-1 bw day-1) - - -
AOEL - Acceptable Operator Exposure Level - Systemic (mg kg-1bw day-1) 0.05 A5 -
Dermal penetration studies (%) - - -
Dangerous Substances Directive 76/464 - - -
Exposure Limits - - -
Exposure Routes Public -
Occupational -
European MRLs Click here for the EU MRL pesticide database
Drinking Water Standards - - -
Drinking Water MAC (μg l-1) - - -

Health issues:
Carcinogen Mutagen Endocrine disrupter Reproduction / development effects Cholinesterase inhibitor Neurotoxicant

-

-

-

-

Respiratory tract irritant Skin irritant Skin sensitiser Eye irritant Phototoxicant

-

-

General human health issues No further information available

: Yes, known to cause a problem
: No, known not to cause a problem
: Possibly, status not identified
- : No data found

Handling issues:
Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance handling issues Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with data on handling issues Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret data on handling issues
General Click here for a description of the International Maritime Dangerous Goods (IMDG) codes No information available
CLP classification 2013 Environment: H400, H410
EC Risk Classification Click here to view information omn the EU risk phrases N - Dangerous for the environment: R50, R53
EC Safety Classification Click here to view information omn the EU safety phrases S60, S61
WHO Classification NL - Not listed
US EPA Classification (formulation) - -
UN Number -
Waste disposal & packaging Click here for a description of UN packaging marks -


TRANSLATIONS

for iodosulfuron

Language Name
English iodosulfuron
French iodosulfuron
German Iodosulfuron
Danish iodosulfuron
Italian iodosulfuron
Spanish iodosulfuron
Greek -
Slovenian jodosulfuron
Polish jodosulfuron
Swedish jodsulfuron
Hungarian jodosulphuron
Dutch joodsulfuron

Record last updated: Tuesday 04 June 2019
Contact: aeru@herts.ac.uk
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