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ethylene dichloride
** EDS ** Translations

Environmental Fate - Ecotoxicology - Human Health - A to Z Index - Home

GENERAL INFORMATION Click here for an explantaion of the general chemical status information
for ethylene dichloride

Description: A fumigant insecticide that is primariliy used for protecting stored produce and also has industrial applications

Example pests controlled: -

Example applications: Stored grain

Efficacy & activity: -

Availability status: Banned

Introduction & key dates: 1927, first reported

EC Regulation 1107/2009 (repealing 91/414):

Status Not approved
Dossier rapporteur/co-rapporteur Not applicable
Date inclusion expires Not applicable
EU Candidate for substitution (CfS) Not applicable
Listed in EU database Yes

Approved for use () or known to be used () in the following European countries: Click to access a note on the approvals information on this site

AT

BE

BG

CY

CZ

DE

DK

EE

EL

ES

FI

FR

HR

HU

IE

IT

LT

LU

LV

MT

NL

PL

PT

RO

SE

SI

SK

UK

Chemical structure: Click here for further information on the general chemical status information used on this site

Isomerism -
Chemical formula C2H4Cl2
Canonical SMILES C(CCl)Cl
Isomeric SMILES No data
International Chemical Identifier key (InChIKey) WSLDOOZREJYCGB-UHFFFAOYSA-N
International Chemical Identifier (InChI) InChI=1S/C2H4Cl2/c3-1-2-4/h1-2H2
2D structure diagram/image available? Yes

General status: Click here for further information on the general chemical status information used on this site

Pesticide type Insecticide, Other substance
Other constituent type Solvent
Substance group Chlorinated hydrocarbon
Minimum active substance purity >99%
Known relevant impurities -
Substance origin Synthetic
Mode of action None - not a ppp
CAS RN 107-06-2
EC number 203-458-1
CIPAC number -
US EPA chemical code -
PubChem CID 11
Molecular mass (g mol-1) 98.96
PIN (Preferred Identification Name) 1,2-dichloroethane
IUPAC name 1,2-dichloroethane
CAS name 1,2-dichloroethane
Other status information Chemical subject to PIC regulations
Relevant Environmental Water Quality Standards UK Statutory standard for the protection of aquatic life in inland, coastal and territorial waters: 10 ug/L as annual average
Herbicide Resistance Classification (HRAC) Not applicable
Herbicide Resistance Classification (WSSA) Not applicable
Insecticide Resistance Classification (IRAC) 2B
Fungicide Resistance Classification (FRAC) Not applicable
Examples of recorded resistance -
Physical state Colourless liquid
Related substances & organisms -

Formulations:

Property Click here for information on the general product and branding information used on this site Value
Example manufacturers & suppliers of products using this active now or historically
  • Toyo
  • Dow Chemicals
Example products using this active
  • EDC
  • brocide
  • destruxol
  • DowFume
UK LERAP status No UK approval for use as a pesticide under EC Regulation 1107/2009
Formulation and application details Used as a fumigant.


ENVIRONMENTAL FATE

for ethylene dichloride

Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe environmental fate on this site Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with fate data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret environmental fate data
Solubility - In water at 20oC (mg l-1) 8600 F4 High
Solubility - In organic solvents at 20oC (mg l-1) Miscible F4 - Ethanol -
Miscible F4 - Methanol -
Miscible F4 - Chloroform -
Miscible F4 - Ether -
Melting point (oC) -35.7 F4 -
Boiling point (oC) 83.5 F4 -
Degradation point (oC) - - -
Flashpoint (oC) 13 F4 -
Octanol-water partition coefficient at pH 7, 20oC P 3.02 X 1001 Calculated -
Log P 1.48 F4 Low
Bulk density (g ml-1)/Specific gravity 1.257 F4 -
Dissociation constant (pKa) at 25oC - - -
Note:
Vapour pressure at 20oC (mPa) 8.1 X 1006 F4 Highly volatile
Henry's law constant at 25oC (Pa m3 mol-1) 2.39 X 1002 L3 Volatile
GUS leaching potential index Click here for a note on the limitations of the GUS index - - -
SCI-GROW groundwater index (μg l-1) for a 1 kg ha-1 or 1 l ha-1 application rate Click here for a note on the limitations of the SCI-GROW index Value - - -
Note -
Potential for particle bound transport index Click here for a note on the limitations of the potential for particle bound transport index - - -
Maximum UV-vis absorption L mol-1 cm-1 - - -
Surface tension (mN m-1) - - -

Degradation:

Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance degradation Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with degradation data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance degradation data
General biodegradability -
Soil degradation (days) (aerobic) DT50 (typical) - - -
DT50 (lab at 20oC) - - -
DT50 (field) - - -
DT90 (lab at 20oC) - - -
DT90 (field) - - -
DT50 modelling endpoint - - -
Note: -
Dissipation rate RL50 on plant matrix Value - - -
Note -
Dissipation rate RL50 on and in plant matrix Value - - -
Note -
Aqueous photolysis DT50 (days) at pH 7 Value - - -
Note -
Aqueous hydrolysis DT50 (days) at 20oC and pH 7 Value - - -
Note -
Water-sediment DT50 (days) - - -
Water phase only DT50 (days) - - -

Soil adsorption and mobility:

Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance adsorption and mobility Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with adsorption and mobility data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance adsorption and mobility
Linear Kd - F3 Mobile
Koc 44
Notes and range Estimated
Freundlich Kf - - -
Kfoc -
1/n -
Notes and range -
pH sensitivity -


ECOTOXICOLOGY

for ethylene dichloride

Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance ecotoxicology Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with ecotoxicology data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance ecotoxicology
Bio-concentration factor BCF (l kg-1) - L3 Does not bioaccumulate -
CT50 (days) - -
Mammals - Acute oral LD50 (mg kg-1) > 413 F4 Rat Moderate
Mammals - Short term dietary NOEL (mg kg-1) - - -
(ppm diet) - -
Birds - Acute LD50 (mg kg-1) - - -
Birds - Short term dietary (LC50/LD50) - - -
Fish - Acute 96 hour LC50 (mg l-1) 136 Q3 Pimephales promelas Low
Fish - Chronic 21 day NOEC (mg l-1) - - -
Aquatic invertebrates - Acute 48 hour EC50 (mg l-1) 250 F4 Daphnia magna Low
Aquatic invertebrates - Chronic 21 day NOEC (mg l-1) - - -
Aquatic crustaceans - Acute 96 hour LC50 (mg l-1) - - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Acute 96 hour LC50 (mg l-1) - - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Chronic 28 day NOEC, static, water (mg l-1) - - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Chronic 28 day NOEC, sediment (mg kg-1) - - -
Aquatic plants - Acute 7 day EC50, biomass (mg l-1) - - -
Non-target plants 3000 F4 Barley
Toxic impact, 24 hr LC50
as mg/kg
-
17.1 F4 Tobacco pollen
Seedling emergence, 2 hr EC50
as mg/L
-
Algae - Acute 72 hour EC50, growth (mg l-1) > 100 L3 Unknown species Low
Algae - Chronic 96 hour NOEC, growth (mg l-1) - - -
Honeybees (Apis spp.) Contact acute LD50 (worst case from 24 , 48 and 72 hour values - μg bee-1) - - -
Oral acute LD50 (worst case from 24 , 48 and 72 hour values - μg bee-1) - - -
Unknown mode acute LD50 (worst case from 24 , 48 and 72 hour values - μg bee-1) - - -
Bumblebees (Bombus spp.) Contact acute LD50 (worst case from 24 , 48 and 72 hour values - μg bee-1) - - -
-
Oral acute LD50 (worst case from 24 , 48 and 72 hour values - μg bee-1) - - -
-
Mason bees (Osmia spp.) Contact acute LD50 (worst case from 24 , 48 and 72 hour values - μg bee-1) - - -
Oral acute LD50 (worst case from 24 , 48 and 72 hour values - μg bee-1) - - -
Other pollinators (1) Acute LD50 (worst case from 24 , 48 and 72 hour values - μg insect-1) - - -
Mode of exposure -
Other pollinators (2) Acute LD50 (worst case from 24 , 48 and 72 hour values - μg insect-1) - - -
Mode of exposure -
Earthworms - Acute 14 day LC50 (mg kg-1) - - -
Earthworms - Chronic NOEC, reproduction (mg kg-1) - - -
Other soil macro-organisms Acute LC50 (mg kg-1) - - -
Chronic NOEC (mg kg-1) - - -
Other arthropod (1) LR50 g ha-1 - - -
% Effect - - -
Other arthropod (2) LR50 g ha-1 - - -
% Effect - - -
Soil micro-organisms - - -
Mesocosm study data NOEAEC mg l-1 - - -
NOEAEC mg l-1 - - -


HUMAN HEALTH AND PROTECTION

for ethylene dichloride

General:

Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe human health and protection issues Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with human health and protection data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret human health and protection data
Threshold of Toxicological Concern (Cramer Class) Click here for a note on the limitations of the Cramer class High (class III) - -
Mammals - Acute oral LD50 (mg kg-1) > 413 F4 Rat Moderate
Mammals - Dermal LD50 (mg kg-1 body weight) > 2800 F4 Rat -
Mammals - Inhalation LC50 (mg l-1) > 4.9 F4 Rat -
Other Mammal toxicity endpoints - -
ADI - Acceptable Daily Intake (mg kg-1bw day-1) - - -
ARfD - Acute Reference Dose (mg kg-1bw day-1) - - -
AAOEL - Acute Acceptable Operator Exposure Level (mg kg-1 bw day-1) - - -
AOEL - Acceptable Operator Exposure Level - Systemic (mg kg-1bw day-1) - - -
Dermal penetration studies (%) - - -
Dangerous Substances Directive 76/464 - - -
Exposure Routes Public -
Occupational -
European MRLs Click here for the EU MRL pesticide database
Drinking Water Standards UK statutory drinking water quality: 3 mg/L
EU statutory drinking water standards 3 mg/L
Non-statutory WHO drinking water guideline 0.03 mg/L
UK EA QS database, 2018 -
Drinking Water MAC (μg l-1) 3000 UK EA QS database, 2018 -

Health issues:

Carcinogen Genotoxic Endocrine disrupter Reproduction / development effects Cholinesterase inhibitor Neurotoxicant

A0; B0; C0; D0; E1

-

-

Respiratory tract irritant Skin irritant Skin sensitiser Eye irritant Phototoxicant

-

-

General human health issues Harmful if swallowed
Probable cardiovascular, nervous system, liver and Kidney toxicant
Key: Genotoxicity
A: Chromosome aberration (EFSA database)
B: DNA damage/repair (EFSA database)
C: Gene mutation (EFSA database)
D: Genome mutation (EFSA database)
E: Unspecified genotoxicity type (miscellaneous data source)
0: No data
1: Positive
2: Mixed/ambiguous results
3: Negative
Key: Other
: Yes, known to cause a problem
: No, known not to cause a problem
: Possibly, status not identified
- : No data found

Handling issues:

Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance handling issues Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with data on handling issues Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret data on handling issues
General Click here for a description of the International Maritime Dangerous Goods (IMDG) codes Highly flammable
Corrosive
May form flammable/explosive vapour-air mixture
Do not use water in a jet to extinguish fires - use foam or fog
Not compatible with strong alaline substances or oxidising agents, IMDG Transport code 6.1
CLP classification 2013 -
EC Risk Classification Click here to view information omn the EU risk phrases Carcinogen category 1: R45
Xn - Harmful: R22
Xi - Irritant: R36/37/38
H - Handling risks: R11
EC Safety Classification Click here to view information omn the EU safety phrases -
WHO Classification FM - Fumigant, not classified
UN Number 1184
Waste disposal & packaging Click here for a description of UN packaging marks Packaging Group II (medium danger)


TRANSLATIONS

for ethylene dichloride

Language Name
English ethylene dichloride
French dichlorure d’ethylene
German -
Danish -
Italian -
Spanish -
Greek -
Slovenian -
Polish -
Swedish -
Hungarian -
Dutch -

Record last updated: Thursday 31 May 2018
Contact: aeru@herts.ac.uk
© University of Hertfordshire