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menadione (Ref: MSB)
** menadione sodium bisulphite ** menadione sodium bisulfite ** menadione sodium hydrogen sulfgite ** vikasol trihydrate ** vitamin K3 ** Translations

Environmental Fate - Ecotoxicology - Human Health - A to Z Index - Home

GENERAL INFORMATION
for menadione

Description: Used to increase the growth of many plants including tomatoes and alfalfa callus. Substance may have other, novel, applications

Introduction: -

EC Regulation 1107/2009 (repealing 91/414):
Status Not listed
Dossier rapporteur/co-rapporteur Not applicable
Date inclusion expires Not applicable

Approved for use () or known to be used () in the following European countries:

AT

BE

BG

CY

CZ

DE

DK

EE

EL

ES

FI

FR

HU

IE

IT

LT

LU

LV

MT

NL

PL

PT

RO

SE

SI

SK

UK

General status:
Pesticide type Plant growth regulator
Substance group Polycyclic aromatic ketone
Substance origin Synthetic
Mode of action Effects auxin metabolism
CAS RN 57414-02-5
EC number 204-987-0
CIPAC number -
US EPA chemical code -
Chiral molecule No
Chemical formula C11H15NaO8S
SMILES c12c(C(C[C@@](C1=O)(S(=O)(=O)[O-])C)=O)cccc2.[Na+]
International Chemical Identifier (InChI) InChI=1/C11H10O5S.Na/c1-11(17(14,15)16)6-9(12)7-4-2-3-5-8(7)10(11)13;/h2-5H,6H2,1H3,(H,14,15,16);/q;+1/p-1
Structure diagram/image available? Yes
Molecular mass (g mol-1) 330.29
PIN (Preferred Identification Name) -
IUPAC name 2-methylnaphthalene-1,4-dione sodium salt
CAS name 1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-2-methyl-1,4-dioxo-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid sodium salt
Other status information -
Herbicide Resistance Classification (HRAC) Not known
Insecticide Resistance Classification (IRAC) Not applicable
Fungicide Resistance Classification (FRAC) Not applicable
Physical state Yellowish white crystalline hygroscopic powder
Related substances & organisms -

Formulations:
Property Value
Example manufacturers of products using this active -
Example products using this active -
UK LERAP status No UK approval for use or outside scope
Formulation and application details -


ENVIRONMENTAL FATE

for menadione

Property Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Interpretation
Solubility - In water at 20oC (mg l-1) 50000 F3 High
Solubility - In organic solvents at 20oC (mg l-1) - - -
Melting point (oC) 102 Q3 -
Boiling point (oC) - - -
Degradation point (oC) - - -
Flashpoint (oC) - - -
Octanol-water partition coefficient at pH 7, 20oC P - - -
Log P - - -
Bulk density (g ml-1)/Specific gravity - - -
Dissociation constant (pKa) at 25oC - - -
Note:
Vapour pressure at 25oC (mPa) - - -
Henry's law constant at 25oC (Pa m3 mol-1) - - -
Henry's law constant at 20oC (dimensionless) - - -
GUS leaching potential index - - -
SCI-GROW groundwater index (μg l-1) for a 1 kg ha-1 or 1 l ha-1 application rate Value - - -
Note -
Potential for particle bound transport index - - -
Maximum UV-vis absorption L mol-1 cm-1 - - -
Surface tension (mN m-1) - - -

Degradation:
Property Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Interpretation
Soil degradation (days) (aerobic) DT50 (typical) - - -
DT50 (lab at 20oC) - - -
DT50 (field) - - -
DT90 (lab at 20oC) - - -
DT90 (field) - - -
Note: -
Aqueous photolysis DT50 (days) at pH 7 Value - F2 -
Note Decomposed by sunlight
Aqueous hydrolysis DT50 (days) at 20oC and pH 7 Value - - -
Note -
Water-sediment DT50 (days) - - -
Water phase only DT50 (days) - - -

Soil adsorption and mobility:
Property Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Interpretation
Linear Kd - - -
Koc -
Notes and range -
Freundlich Kf - - -
Kfoc -
1/n -
Notes and range -
pH sensitivity -


ECOTOXICOLOGY

for menadione

Property Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Interpretation
Bio-concentration factor BCF - - -
CT50 (days) - -
Bioaccumulation potential - - -
Mammals - Acute oral LD50 (mg kg-1) 1250 F3 Rat Moderate
Mammals - Short term dietary NOEL (mg kg-1) - - -
(ppm diet) - -
Birds - Acute LD50 (mg kg-1) - - -
Birds - Short term dietary (LC50/LD50) - - -
Fish - Acute 96 hour LC50 (mg l-1) - F2 Non-toxic -
Fish - Chronic 21 day NOEC (mg l-1) - - -
Aquatic invertebrates - Acute 48 hour EC50 (mg l-1) - - -
Aquatic invertebrates - Chronic 21 day NOEC (mg l-1) - - -
Aquatic crustaceans - Acute 96 hour LC50 (mg l-1) - - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Acute 96 hour LC50 (mg l-1) - - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Chronic 28 day NOEC, static, water (mg l-1) - - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Chronic 28 day NOEC, sediment (mg kg-1) - - -
Aquatic plants - Acute 7 day EC50, biomass (mg l-1) - - -
Algae - Acute 72 hour EC50, growth (mg l-1) - - -
Algae - Chronic 96 hour NOEC, growth (mg l-1) - - -
Honeybees - Acute 48 hour LD50 (μg bee-1) - - -
Earthworms - Acute 14 day LC50 (mg kg-1) - - -
Earthworms - Chronic 14 day NOEC, reproduction (mg kg-1) - - -
Other soil macro-organisms - e.g. Collembola LR50 / EC50 / NOEC / % Effect - - -
Other arthropod (1) LR50 g ha-1 - - -
% Effect - - -
Other arthropod (2) LR50 g ha-1 - - -
% Effect - - -
Soil micro-organisms - - -
Mesocosm study data NOEAEC mg l-1 - - -
NOEAEC mg l-1 - - -


HUMAN HEALTH AND PROTECTION

for menadione

General:
Property Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Interpretation
Mammals - Acute oral LD50 (mg kg-1) 1250 F3 Rat Moderate
Mammals - Dermal LD50 (mg kg-1 body weight) > 1830 F3 Mouse (as TDLo) -
Mammals - Inhalation LC50 (mg l-1) - - -
Other Mammal toxicity endpoints - -
ADI - Acceptable Daily Intake (mg kg-1bw day-1) - - -
ARfD - Acute Reference Dose (mg kg-1bw day-1) - - -
AOEL - Acceptable Operator Exposure Level - Systemic (mg kg-1bw day-1) - - -
Dermal penetration studies (%) - - -
Dangerous Substances Directive 76/464 - - -
Exposure Limits - - -
Exposure Routes Public -
Occupational -
Examples of European MRLs (mg kg-1) Value -
Note For the EU pesticides database click here
Drinking Water MAC (μg l-1) - - -

Health issues:
Carcinogen Mutagen Endocrine disrupter Reproduction / development effects Acetyl cholinesterase inhibitor Neurotoxicant Respiratory tract irritant Skin irritant Eye irritant

-

-

-

-

-

General human health issues Kidney and liver toxicant
May weaken the immune system
May cause allergic reactions and eczema
Blood Coagulant

: Yes, known to cause a problem
: No, known not to cause a problem
: Possibly, status not identified
- : No data

Handling issues:
Property Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Interpretation
General Protect from moisture
CLP classification 2013 -
EC Risk Classification T+ - Very toxic: R24/25, R26, R48
Xi - Irritant: R36
EC Safety Classification S28, S36/37
WHO Classification NL - Not listed
US EPA Classification (formulation) - -
UN Number -
Waste disposal & packaging -


TRANSLATIONS

for menadione

Language Name
English menadione
French bisulfite sodique de menadione
German -
Danish -
Italian -
Spanish bisulfito sodico de menadiona
Greek -
Slovenian -
Polish -
Swedish -
Hungarian -
Dutch -

Record last updated: Tuesday 14 April 2009
Contact: aeru@herts.ac.uk