Select Option
Home
A to Z
Search
Terms & Conditions
Support Information
Purchasing & Other Services
Video User Guides
GET ADDITIONAL DATA HERE!

fenarimol (Ref: EL 222)
** Translations

Environmental Fate - Ecotoxicology - Human Health - A to Z Index - Home

GENERAL INFORMATION Click here for an explantaion of the general chemical status information
for fenarimol

Description: A foliar fungicide used to control a range of diseases including powdery mildew, dollar spot and snow mould

Example pests controlled: Powdery mildew, Dollar spot, Snow mould, Scab, leaf spot, Rusts

Example applications: Fruit including bananas, chrry, filberts, grapes, pears; Ornamental plants and trees; Turf

Efficacy & activity: -

Availability status: Current

Introduction & key dates: 1975, first reported; 1977, first introduced Lebanon

EC Regulation 1107/2009 (repealing 91/414):
Status Not approved
Dossier rapporteur/co-rapporteur UK
Date inclusion expires Expired
EU Candidate for substitution (CfS) -
Listed in EU database Yes

Approved for use () or known to be used () in the following European countries: Click to access a note on the approvals information on this site

AT

BE

BG

CY

CZ

DE

DK

EE

EL

ES

FI

FR

HR

HU

IE

IT

LT

LU

LV

MT

NL

PL

PT

RO

SE

SI

SK

UK

Also used in: Australia, USA

Chemical structure: Click here for further information on the general chemical status information used on this site
Isomerism A chiral molecule existing in the R- and S-forms
Chemical formula C17H12Cl2N2O
Canonical SMILES C1=CC=C(C(=C1)C(C2=CC=C(C=C2)Cl)(C3=CN=CN=C3)O)Cl
Isomeric SMILES No data
International Chemical Identifier key (InChIKey) NHOWDZOIZKMVAI-UHFFFAOYSA-N
International Chemical Identifier (InChI) InChI=1S/C17H12Cl2N2O/c18-14-7-5-12(6-8-14)17(22,13-9-20-11-21-10-13)15-3-1-2-4-16(15)19/h1-11,22H
Structure diagram/image available? Yes

General status: Click here for further information on the general chemical status information used on this site
Pesticide type Fungicide
Substance group Pyrimidine
Minimum active substance purity 98%
Known relevant impurities EU dossier - None declared
Substance origin Synthetic
Mode of action Systemic, curative and protective action. Disrupts membrane function.
CAS RN 60168-88-9
EC number 262-095-7
CIPAC number 380
US EPA chemical code 206600
PubChem CID 43226
Molecular mass (g mol-1) 331.20
PIN (Preferred Identification Name) rac-(R)-(2-chlorophenyl)(4-chlorophenyl)(pyrimidin-5-yl)methanol
IUPAC name (RS)-2,4'-dichloro-a-(pyrimidin-5-yl)benzhydryl alcohol
CAS name α-(2-chlorophenyl)-α-(4-chlorophenyl)-5-pyrimidinemethanol
Other status information Chemical subject to PIC regulations
Relevant Environmental Water Quality Standards -
Herbicide Resistance Classification (HRAC) Not applicable
Herbicide Resistance Classification (WSSA) Not applicable
Insecticide Resistance Classification (IRAC) Not applicable
Fungicide Resistance Classification (FRAC) 3
Examples of recorded resistance -
Physical state Off-white crystals
Related substances & organisms -

Formulations:
Property Click here for information on the general product and branding information used on this site Value
Example manufacturers & suppliers of products using this active now or historically
  • AgriGuard
  • Rigby Taylor
  • Gowan
  • Elanco
Example products using this active
  • Rimidin
  • Rubigan
  • Bloc
UK LERAP status None
Formulation and application details Often supplied as a wettable powder or emulsifiable concentrate.


ENVIRONMENTAL FATE

for fenarimol

Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe environmental fate on this site Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with fate data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret environmental fate data
Solubility - In water at 20oC (mg l-1) 13.7 A5 Low
Solubility - In organic solvents at 20oC (mg l-1) 73300 A5 - Ethyl acetate -
98000 A5 - Methanol -
920 C4 - n-Heptane -
33300 A5 - Xylene -
Melting point (oC) 118 A5 -
Boiling point (oC) - - -
Degradation point (oC) 240 A5 -
Flashpoint (oC) - - -
Octanol-water partition coefficient at pH 7, 20oC P 4.90 X 1003 Calculated -
Log P 3.69 A5 High
Bulk density (g ml-1)/Specific gravity 1.4 A5 -
Dissociation constant (pKa) at 25oC - - -
Note:
Vapour pressure at 20oC (mPa) 0.065 A5 Low volatility
Henry's law constant at 25oC (Pa m3 mol-1) 7.0 X 10-04 A5 Non-volatile
GUS leaching potential index Click here for a note on the limitations of the GUS index 3.23 Calculated High leachability
SCI-GROW groundwater index (μg l-1) for a 1 kg ha-1 or 1 l ha-1 application rate Click here for a note on the limitations of the SCI-GROW index Value 4.70 X 10-01 Calculated -
Note -
Potential for particle bound transport index Click here for a note on the limitations of the potential for particle bound transport index - Calculated Medium
Maximum UV-vis absorption L mol-1 cm-1 Neutral solution: 205.8nm = 33700; [Acidic solution: 204.8nm = 35900; [Basic solution: 221nm = 19000 A5 -
Surface tension (mN m-1) - - -

Degradation:
Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance degradation Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with degradation data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance degradation data
General biodegradability -
Soil degradation (days) (aerobic) DT50 (typical) 250 H4 Persistent
DT50 (lab at 20oC) 703 A5 Very persistent
DT50 (field) 74 A5 Moderately persistent
DT90 (lab at 20oC) - - -
DT90 (field) - - -
DT50 modelling endpoint - - -
Note EU dossier lab studies DT50 range 436-1360 days, field studies DT50 range 14-130 days; Other sources: range 60-130 days
Dissipation rate RL50 on plant matrix Value - - -
Note -
Dissipation rate RL50 on and in plant matrix Value 7.8 R3 -
Note Grape berries, n=1
Aqueous photolysis DT50 (days) at pH 7 Value 0.5 A5 Fast
Note -
Aqueous hydrolysis DT50 (days) at 20oC and pH 7 Value Stable A5 -
Note Not sensitive to pH
Water-sediment DT50 (days) Stable A5 -
Water phase only DT50 (days) 4 A5 Moderately fast

Soil adsorption and mobility:
Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance adsorption and mobility Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with adsorption and mobility data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance adsorption and mobility
Linear Kd - - -
Koc -
Notes and range -
Freundlich Kf 6.7 A5 Slightly mobile
Kfoc 734
1/n 0.87
Notes and range EU dossier kf range 1.5-11.9 mL/g, Kfoc range 500-942 mL/g, 1/n range 0.86-0.90
pH sensitivity No

Other known metabolites:
Metabolite name and reference Aliases Formation medium / Rate Estimated maximum occurrence fraction Metabolising enzymes
- fenarimol-N-oxide Animal - -
2-chloro-2-(5-pyrimidyl)-4-chloro-benzophenone - Water (Photolysis) - -


ECOTOXICOLOGY

for fenarimol

Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance ecotoxicology Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with ecotoxicology data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance ecotoxicology
Bio-concentration factor BCF (l kg-1) 113 F4 Whole fish Threshold for concern
CT50 (days) Not available -
Mammals - Acute oral LD50 (mg kg-1) ~ 2500 A5 Rat Low
Mammals - Short term dietary NOEL (mg kg-1) > 1.1 L2 Rat, 2 year High
(ppm diet) > 25 -
Birds - Acute LD50 (mg kg-1) > 2000 A5 Colinus virginianus Low
Birds - Short term dietary (LC50/LD50) > 6250 mg kg feed-1 A5 Colinus virginianus -
Fish - Acute 96 hour LC50 (mg l-1) 4.1 A5 Oncorhynchus mykiss Moderate
Fish - Chronic 21 day NOEC (mg l-1) 0.43 A4 Oncorhynchus mykiss, 69 day Moderate
Aquatic invertebrates - Acute 48 hour EC50 (mg l-1) 6.8 A5 Daphnia magna Moderate
Aquatic invertebrates - Chronic 21 day NOEC (mg l-1) 0.113 A5 Daphnia magna Moderate
Aquatic crustaceans - Acute 96 hour LC50 (mg l-1) - - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Acute 96 hour LC50 (mg l-1) 1.45 A5 Chironomus riparius Moderate
Sediment dwelling organisms - Chronic 28 day NOEC, static, water (mg l-1) 0.625 A5 Chironomus riparius Moderate
Sediment dwelling organisms - Chronic 28 day NOEC, sediment (mg kg-1) - - -
Aquatic plants - Acute 7 day EC50, biomass (mg l-1) - - -
Non-target plants - - -
- - -
Algae - Acute 72 hour EC50, growth (mg l-1) 1.48 A4 Unknown species Moderate
Algae - Chronic 96 hour NOEC, growth (mg l-1) 0.1 Q2 Unknown species Moderate
Honeybees Contact acute 48 hour LD50 (μg bee-1) > 100 A5 Low
Oral acute 48 hour LD50 (μg bee-1) > 10 A5 Moderate
Unknown mode acute 48 hour LD50 (μg bee-1) - - -
Earthworms - Acute 14 day LC50 (mg kg-1) > 250 C4 Eisenia foetida Moderate
Earthworms - Chronic 14 day NOEC, reproduction (mg kg-1) - - -
Other soil macro-organisms - e.g. Collembola LR50 / EC50 / NOEC / % Effect - - -
Other arthropod (1) LR50 g ha-1 - - -
% Effect 100 Mortality
Dose: 32 g ha-1
A5 Aphidius rhopalosiphi
-
Other arthropod (2) LR50 g ha-1 - - -
% Effect 30 Mortality
Dose: 32 g ha-1
A5 Typhlodromus pyri, protonymph
-
Soil micro-organisms Nitrogen mineralisation: No significant adverse effect
Carbon mineralisation: No significant adverse effect
A5
Dose: 7 kg ha-1
-
Mesocosm study data NOEAEC mg l-1 - - -
NOEAEC mg l-1 - - -


HUMAN HEALTH AND PROTECTION

for fenarimol

General:
Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe human health and protection issues Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with human health and protection data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret human health and protection data
Threshold of Toxicological Concern (Cramer Class) Click here for a note on the limitations of the Cramer class High (class III) - -
Mammals - Acute oral LD50 (mg kg-1) ~ 2500 A5 Rat Low
Mammals - Dermal LD50 (mg kg-1 body weight) > 2000 A5 Rabbit -
Mammals - Inhalation LC50 (mg l-1) > 2.04 L3 Rat -
Other Mammal toxicity endpoints - -
ADI - Acceptable Daily Intake (mg kg-1bw day-1) 0.01 A5 Rat, SF=100 -
ARfD - Acute Reference Dose (mg kg-1bw day-1) 0.02 A5 Rat, SF=100 -
AAOEL - Acute Acceptable Operator Exposure Level (mg kg-1 bw day-1) - - -
AOEL - Acceptable Operator Exposure Level - Systemic (mg kg-1bw day-1) 0.02 A2 Rat, SF=100 -
Dermal penetration studies (%) - - -
Dangerous Substances Directive 76/464 - - -
Exposure Limits - - -
Exposure Routes Public Acceptable level of risk for bystanders
Occupational Acceptable level of risk for operators and other workers
European MRLs Click here for the EU MRL pesticide database
Drinking Water Standards - - -
Drinking Water MAC (μg l-1) - - -

Health issues:
Carcinogen Mutagen Endocrine disrupter Reproduction / development effects Cholinesterase inhibitor Neurotoxicant

-

Respiratory tract irritant Skin irritant Skin sensitiser Eye irritant Phototoxicant

-

-

-

-

-

General human health issues May be fatal
May cause irritation or burns
Vapour may cause dizziness or suffocation
Endocrine issues - Antagonist of androgenic action

: Yes, known to cause a problem
: No, known not to cause a problem
: Possibly, status not identified
- : No data found

Handling issues:
Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance handling issues Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with data on handling issues Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret data on handling issues
General Click here for a description of the International Maritime Dangerous Goods (IMDG) codes Vapour may form explosive mixture with air
Highly flammable
IMDG Transport Code is usually 6.1
CLP classification 2013 Health: H361fd, H362
Environment: H411
EC Risk Classification Click here to view information omn the EU risk phrases Reproduction risk category 3: R62, R63, R64
N - Dangerous for the environment: R51, R53
EC Safety Classification Click here to view information omn the EU safety phrases S2, S36/37, S61
WHO Classification III - Slightly hazardous
US EPA Classification (formulation) III - Caution - Slightly toxic
UN Number Usually 3017 or 3077
Waste disposal & packaging Click here for a description of UN packaging marks -


TRANSLATIONS

for fenarimol

Language Name
English fenarimol
French fenarimol
German Fenarimol
Danish fenarimol
Italian fenarimol
Spanish fenarimol
Greek fenarimol
Slovenian fenarimol
Polish fenarimol
Swedish -
Hungarian fenarimol
Dutch fenarimol

Record last updated: Wednesday 31 October 2018
Contact: aeru@herts.ac.uk