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GET ADDITIONAL DATA HERE!

fenvalerate (Ref: OMS 2000)
** Translations

Environmental Fate - Ecotoxicology - Human Health - A to Z Index - Home
Further data may be found in the VSDB

GENERAL INFORMATION Click here for an explantaion of the general chemical status information
for fenvalerate

Description: An insecticide and acaricide used to control a range of pests especially those with resistance to organochlorine, organophosphate and carbamate insecticides

Example pests controlled: Various insects belongs to the Lepidoptera, Diptera, Orthoptera, Hemiptera, and Coleoptera families, Blackfly, Mosquitoes, Termites

Example applications: Cotton; Soybeans; Various vegetables; Fruit including apples, pears, peaches, grapes; Nuts

Efficacy & activity: -

Availability status: Current

Introduction & key dates: 1976

EC Regulation 1107/2009 (repealing 91/414):
Status Not approved
Dossier rapporteur/co-rapporteur Portugal
Date inclusion expires Expired
EU Candidate for substitution (CfS) -
Listed in EU database Yes

Approved for use () or known to be used () in the following European countries: Click to access a note on the approvals information on this site

AT

BE

BG

CY

CZ

DE

DK

EE

EL

ES

FI

FR

HR

HU

IE

IT

LT

LU

LV

MT

NL

PL

PT

RO

SE

SI

SK

UK

Also used in: Australia, USA

Chemical structure: Click here for further information on the general chemical status information used on this site
Isomerism A molecule with 2 chiral centres, fenvalerate is a mixture of four optical isomers which have different insecticidal activities. The 2-S alpha (or SS) configuration is the most insecticidally active isomer.
Chemical formula C25H22ClNO3
Canonical SMILES CC(C)C(C1=CC=C(C=C1)Cl)C(=O)OC(C#N)C2=CC(=CC=C2)OC3=CC=CC=C3
Isomeric SMILES No data
International Chemical Identifier key (InChIKey) NYPJDWWKZLNGGM-UHFFFAOYSA-N
International Chemical Identifier (InChI) InChI=1S/C25H22ClNO3/c1-17(2)24(18-11-13-20(26)14-12-18)25(28)30-23(16-27)19-7-6-10-22(15-19)29-21-8-4-3-5-9-21/h3-15,17,23-24H,1-2H3
Structure diagram/image available? Yes

General status: Click here for further information on the general chemical status information used on this site
Pesticide type Insecticide, Acaricide, Termiticide, Veterinary substance
Substance group Pyrethroid
Minimum active substance purity 92%
Known relevant impurities -
Substance origin Synthetic
Mode of action Non-systemic with contact and stomach action. Sodium channel modulator.
CAS RN 51630-58-1
EC number 257-326-3
CIPAC number 334
US EPA chemical code 109301
PubChem CID 3347
Molecular mass (g mol-1) 419.90
PIN (Preferred Identification Name) (E)-cyano(3-phenoxyphenyl)methyl (2E)-2-(4-chlorophenyl)-3-methylbutanoate
IUPAC name (RS)-α-cyano-3-phenoxybenzyl (RS)-2-(4-chlorophenyl)-3-methylbutyrate
CAS name cyano(3-phenoxyphenyl)methyl 4-chloro-α-(1-methylethyl)benzeneacetate
Other status information Chemical subject to PIC regulations
Relevant Environmental Water Quality Standards -
Herbicide Resistance Classification (HRAC) Not applicable
Herbicide Resistance Classification (WSSA) Not applicable
Insecticide Resistance Classification (IRAC) 3
Fungicide Resistance Classification (FRAC) Not applicable
Examples of recorded resistance Aphis gossypii
Bemisia tabaci
Blattella germanica, Myzus persicae
Psylla pyricola
Spodoptera litura
many others
Physical state Viscous yellow-brown liquid
Related substances & organisms -

Formulations:
Property Click here for information on the general product and branding information used on this site Value
Example manufacturers & suppliers of products using this active now or historically
  • Sumitomo
  • Shell
  • SDS Biotech
Example products using this active
  • Sumicidin
  • Pydrin
  • Belmark
  • Ectrin
UK LERAP status No UK approval for use as a pesticide under EC Regulation 1107/2009
Formulation and application details Supplied in a variety of formulations including emulsifiable concentrates, ULV, wettable powders & granules.


ENVIRONMENTAL FATE

for fenvalerate

Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe environmental fate on this site Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with fate data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret environmental fate data
Solubility - In water at 20oC (mg l-1) 0.001 K4 Low
Solubility - In organic solvents at 20oC (mg l-1) 53000 L3 - n-Hexane -
200000 L3 - Xylene -
84000 L3 - Methanol -
Melting point (oC) 39.5 L3 -
Boiling point (oC) Decomposes on distillation E3 -
Degradation point (oC) - - -
Flashpoint (oC) 230 L3 -
Octanol-water partition coefficient at pH 7, 20oC P 1.02 X 1005 Calculated -
Log P 5.01 L3 High
Bulk density (g ml-1)/Specific gravity 1.175 E3 -
Dissociation constant (pKa) at 25oC - - -
Note:
Vapour pressure at 20oC (mPa) 0.0192 E3 Low volatility
Henry's law constant at 25oC (Pa m3 mol-1) 4.20 X 10-02 H4 Non-volatile
GUS leaching potential index Click here for a note on the limitations of the GUS index 0.52 Calculated Low leachability
SCI-GROW groundwater index (μg l-1) for a 1 kg ha-1 or 1 l ha-1 application rate Click here for a note on the limitations of the SCI-GROW index Value 1.06 X 10-02 Calculated -
Note -
Potential for particle bound transport index Click here for a note on the limitations of the potential for particle bound transport index - Calculated High
Maximum UV-vis absorption L mol-1 cm-1 - - -
Surface tension (mN m-1) - - -

Degradation:
Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance degradation Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with degradation data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance degradation data
General biodegradability -
Soil degradation (days) (aerobic) DT50 (typical) 40 M4 Moderately persistent
DT50 (lab at 20oC) 77 E3 Moderately persistent
DT50 (field) - - -
DT90 (lab at 20oC) - - -
DT90 (field) - - -
DT50 modelling endpoint - - -
Note Other sources: DT50 35 days (DW4)
Dissipation rate RL50 on plant matrix Value 5.7 R4 -
Note Published literature RL50 range 2.8-9.5 days, 7 field crops, various matrices, n=8
Dissipation rate RL50 on and in plant matrix Value 5.2 R4 -
Note Published literature RL50 range 0.7-15.0 days, 16 field & undercover grown crops, various matrices, n=25
Aqueous photolysis DT50 (days) at pH 7 Value 9.2 K4 Moderately fast
Note -
Aqueous hydrolysis DT50 (days) at 20oC and pH 7 Value 115 K4 Persistent
Note -
Water-sediment DT50 (days) - - -
Water phase only DT50 (days) - - -

Soil adsorption and mobility:
Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance adsorption and mobility Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with adsorption and mobility data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance adsorption and mobility
Linear Kd - H3 Non-mobile
Koc 5273
Notes and range -
Freundlich Kf 13.11 R4 -
Kfoc -
1/n 0.96
Notes and range Soil with 68% loam, 24% silt, 8% clay, pH 6.5, OC=2.1%
pH sensitivity -


ECOTOXICOLOGY

for fenvalerate

Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance ecotoxicology Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with ecotoxicology data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance ecotoxicology
Bio-concentration factor BCF (l kg-1) 1664 P4 (Other literature log BCF range 2.6-3.6 (R3)) Threshold for concern
CT50 (days) Not available -
Mammals - Acute oral LD50 (mg kg-1) 451 L3 Rat Moderate
Mammals - Short term dietary NOEL (mg kg-1) - L2 Rat, 2 year -
(ppm diet) 250 -
Birds - Acute LD50 (mg kg-1) 9932 L3 Anas platyrhynchos Low
Birds - Short term dietary (LC50/LD50) - - -
Fish - Acute 96 hour LC50 (mg l-1) 0.0036 L3 Oncorhynchus mykiss High
Fish - Chronic 21 day NOEC (mg l-1) - - -
Aquatic invertebrates - Acute 48 hour EC50 (mg l-1) 0.00003 K3 Unknown species High
Aquatic invertebrates - Chronic 21 day NOEC (mg l-1) 0.00008 Q1 Unknown species High
Aquatic crustaceans - Acute 96 hour LC50 (mg l-1) 0.000005 F3 Americamysis bahia High
Sediment dwelling organisms - Acute 96 hour LC50 (mg l-1) - - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Chronic 28 day NOEC, static, water (mg l-1) - - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Chronic 28 day NOEC, sediment (mg kg-1) - - -
Aquatic plants - Acute 7 day EC50, biomass (mg l-1) - - -
Non-target plants - - -
- - -
Algae - Acute 72 hour EC50, growth (mg l-1) 50 W2 Unknown species Low
Algae - Chronic 96 hour NOEC, growth (mg l-1) 10 Q2 Unknown species Low
Honeybees Contact acute 48 hour LD50 (μg bee-1) 0.23 E3 High
Oral acute 48 hour LD50 (μg bee-1) - - -
Unknown mode acute 48 hour LD50 (μg bee-1) - - -
Earthworms - Acute 14 day LC50 (mg kg-1) 40 Q3 Moderate
Earthworms - Chronic 14 day NOEC, reproduction (mg kg-1) - - -
Other soil macro-organisms - e.g. Collembola LR50 / EC50 / NOEC / % Effect - - -
Other arthropod (1) LR50 g ha-1 - - -
% Effect Harmful AA2 Typhlodromus pyri -
Other arthropod (2) LR50 g ha-1 - - -
% Effect - - -
Soil micro-organisms - - -
Mesocosm study data NOEAEC mg l-1 - - -
NOEAEC mg l-1 - - -


HUMAN HEALTH AND PROTECTION

for fenvalerate

General:
Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe human health and protection issues Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with human health and protection data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret human health and protection data
Threshold of Toxicological Concern (Cramer Class) Click here for a note on the limitations of the Cramer class High (class III) - -
Mammals - Acute oral LD50 (mg kg-1) 451 L3 Rat Moderate
Mammals - Dermal LD50 (mg kg-1 body weight) > 1000 L3 Rabbit -
Mammals - Inhalation LC50 (mg l-1) > 0.101 L3 Rat -
Other Mammal toxicity endpoints - -
ADI - Acceptable Daily Intake (mg kg-1bw day-1) 0.02 JMPR 1986 -
ARfD - Acute Reference Dose (mg kg-1bw day-1) - - -
AAOEL - Acute Acceptable Operator Exposure Level (mg kg-1 bw day-1) - - -
AOEL - Acceptable Operator Exposure Level - Systemic (mg kg-1bw day-1) - - -
Dermal penetration studies (%) - - -
Dangerous Substances Directive 76/464 - - -
Exposure Limits - - -
Exposure Routes Public -
Occupational -
European MRLs Click here for the EU MRL pesticide database
Drinking Water Standards - - -
Drinking Water MAC (μg l-1) - - -

Health issues:
Carcinogen Mutagen Endocrine disrupter Reproduction / development effects Cholinesterase inhibitor Neurotoxicant

-

-

Respiratory tract irritant Skin irritant Skin sensitiser Eye irritant Phototoxicant

-

-

General human health issues May cause abdominal pain, convulsions and vomiting if ingested
Cardiovascular and blood toxicant
IARC Group 3 carcinogen
Endocrine issues - Inhibition of estrogen-sensitive cells proliferation

: Yes, known to cause a problem
: No, known not to cause a problem
: Possibly, status not identified
- : No data found

Handling issues:
Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance handling issues Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with data on handling issues Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret data on handling issues
General Click here for a description of the International Maritime Dangerous Goods (IMDG) codes No information available
CLP classification 2013 None allocated at this time
EC Risk Classification Click here to view information omn the EU risk phrases T - Toxic: R25
Xi - Irritant: R36/37/38
N - Dangerous for the environment: R50/53, R57
EC Safety Classification Click here to view information omn the EU safety phrases S26, S45, S60, S61
WHO Classification II - Moderately hazardous
US EPA Classification (formulation) II - Warning - Moderately toxic
UN Number 3352
Waste disposal & packaging Click here for a description of UN packaging marks -


TRANSLATIONS

for fenvalerate

Language Name
English fenvalerate
French fenvalérate
German Fenvalerat
Danish fenvalerat
Italian fenvalerate
Spanish fenvalerato
Greek -
Slovenian fenvalerat
Polish fenwalerat
Swedish -
Hungarian -
Dutch fenvaleraat

Record last updated: Wednesday 23 May 2018
Contact: aeru@herts.ac.uk