Select Option
Home
A to Z
Search
Terms & Conditions
Support Information
Purchasing & Other Services
Video User Guides
GET ADDITIONAL DATA HERE!

phoxim (Ref: OMS 1170)
** phoxime ** BAY 5621 ** Translations

Environmental Fate - Ecotoxicology - Human Health - A to Z Index - Home
Further data may be found in the VSDB

GENERAL INFORMATION Click here for an explantaion of the general chemical status information
for phoxim

Description: An insecticide and acaricide used to control stored-product pests such as ants and some soil insects. Also used as a disinfectant.

Example pests controlled: Locusts; lepidopterous larvae; Caterpillars

Example applications: Potatoes; Cotton; Maize; Sugarbeet

Efficacy & activity: -

Availability status: Unknown

Introduction & key dates: 1970

EC Regulation 1107/2009 (repealing 91/414):
Status Not approved
Dossier rapporteur/co-rapporteur Finland
Date inclusion expires Expired
EU Candidate for substitution (CfS) -
Listed in EU database Yes

Approved for use () or known to be used () in the following European countries: Click to access a note on the approvals information on this site

AT

BE

BG

CY

CZ

DE

DK

EE

EL

ES

FI

FR

HR

HU

IE

IT

LT

LU

LV

MT

NL

PL

PT

RO

SE

SI

SK

UK

Chemical structure: Click here for further information on the general chemical status information used on this site
Isomerism Isomeric
Chemical formula C12H15N2O3PS
Canonical SMILES CCOP(=S)(OCC)ON=C(C#N)C1=CC=CC=C1
Isomeric SMILES CCOP(=S)(OCC)O/N=C(\C#N)/C1=CC=CC=C1
International Chemical Identifier key (InChIKey) ATROHALUCMTWTB-WYMLVPIESA-N
International Chemical Identifier (InChI) InChI=1S/C12H15N2O3PS/c1-3-15-18(19,16-4-2)17-14-12(10-13)11-8-6-5-7-9-11/h5-9H,3-4H2,1-2H3/b14-12+
Structure diagram/image available? Yes

General status: Click here for further information on the general chemical status information used on this site
Pesticide type Insecticide, Other substance , Veterinary substance
Other constituent type Disinfectant
Substance group Organophosphate
Minimum active substance purity -
Known relevant impurities -
Substance origin Synthetic
Mode of action Non-systemic with contact and stomach action. Short activity period. Acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitor.
CAS RN 14816-18-3
EC number 238-887-3
CIPAC number 364
US EPA chemical code 598800
PubChem CID 9570290
Molecular mass (g mol-1) 298.3
PIN (Preferred Identification Name) -
IUPAC name O,O-diethyl α-cyanobenzylideneaminooxyphosphonothioate
CAS name 4-ethoxy-7-phenyl-3,5-dioxa-6-aza-4-phosphaoct-6-ene-8-nitrile 4-sulphide
Other status information OSPAR soc
Relevant Environmental Water Quality Standards -
Herbicide Resistance Classification (HRAC) Not applicable
Herbicide Resistance Classification (WSSA) Not applicable
Insecticide Resistance Classification (IRAC) 1B
Fungicide Resistance Classification (FRAC) Not applicable
Examples of recorded resistance Amblyseius nicholsii
Anopheles albimanus
Anopheles sacharovi
Culex quinquefasciatus
Heliothis assulta
many others
Physical state Yellow liquid
Related substances & organisms

Formulations:
Property Click here for information on the general product and branding information used on this site Value
Example manufacturers & suppliers of products using this active now or historically
  • FCC Ltd
  • Bayer CropScience
  • King Tech
Example products using this active
  • Superxim
  • Phoxim 50
  • Liben
  • Volaton
UK LERAP status No UK approval for use as a pesticide under EC Regulation 1107/2009
Formulation and application details Available in a variety of formulations including aerosols, baits, dustable powders, emulsifiable concentrates, seed dressings, granules and ULV liquid.


ENVIRONMENTAL FATE

for phoxim

Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe environmental fate on this site Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with fate data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret environmental fate data
Solubility - In water at 20oC (mg l-1) 1.5 L3 Low
Solubility - In organic solvents at 20oC (mg l-1) 250000 L2 - Xylene -
250000 L2 - Dichloromethane -
250000 L2 - Acetone -
136000 L3 - n-Heptane -
Melting point (oC) 5 L3 -
Boiling point (oC) Decomposes on distillation L3 -
Degradation point (oC) - - -
Flashpoint (oC) - - -
Octanol-water partition coefficient at pH 7, 20oC P 2.40 X 1003 Calculated -
Log P 3.38 L3 High
Bulk density (g ml-1)/Specific gravity 1.18 L3 -
Dissociation constant (pKa) at 25oC - - -
Note:
Vapour pressure at 20oC (mPa) 2.1 L3 Low volatility
Henry's law constant at 25oC (Pa m3 mol-1) 4.18 X 10-01 L3 Moderately volatile
GUS leaching potential index Click here for a note on the limitations of the GUS index 0.73 Calculated Low leachability
SCI-GROW groundwater index (μg l-1) for a 1 kg ha-1 or 1 l ha-1 application rate Click here for a note on the limitations of the SCI-GROW index Value 5.12 X 10-03 Calculated -
Note -
Potential for particle bound transport index Click here for a note on the limitations of the potential for particle bound transport index - Calculated Medium
Maximum UV-vis absorption L mol-1 cm-1 - - -
Surface tension (mN m-1) - - -

Degradation:
Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance degradation Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with degradation data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance degradation data
General biodegradability -
Soil degradation (days) (aerobic) DT50 (typical) 6 W4 Non-persistent
DT50 (lab at 20oC) - - -
DT50 (field) - - -
DT90 (lab at 20oC) - - -
DT90 (field) - - -
DT50 modelling endpoint - - -
Note Best available data
Dissipation rate RL50 on plant matrix Value 0.24 R3 -
Note Tea, green leaves, n=1
Dissipation rate RL50 on and in plant matrix Value 1.7 R3 -
Note Published literature RL50 range 1.5-2.1 days, 3 field crops, various matrices, n=3
Aqueous photolysis DT50 (days) at pH 7 Value - - -
Note -
Aqueous hydrolysis DT50 (days) at 20oC and pH 7 Value 7.2 L3 Non-persistent
Note pH sensitive: DT50 26.7 days at pH 4, 3.1 days at pH 9, all at 22 degC
Water-sediment DT50 (days) - - -
Water phase only DT50 (days) - - -

Soil adsorption and mobility:
Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance adsorption and mobility Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with adsorption and mobility data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance adsorption and mobility
Linear Kd - - -
Koc -
Notes and range -
Freundlich Kf 33.33 R4 Slightly mobile
Kfoc 1148
1/n 1.03
Notes and range Kf range 27.0-44.0 (802 for peat) mL/g, Kfoc range 997-1243 (1333 for peat) mL/g, 1/n - no data, Soils=4
pH sensitivity -

Key metabolites:
Metabolite Formation medium Estimated maximum occurrence fraction 1107/2009 relevancy Click here for further information on 1107/2009 relevancy
chlorphoxim (Ref: OMS 1197) Soil   -   -


ECOTOXICOLOGY

for phoxim

Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance ecotoxicology Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with ecotoxicology data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance ecotoxicology
Bio-concentration factor BCF (l kg-1) 1610 R3 (whole body) Threshold for concern
CT50 (days) Not available -
Mammals - Acute oral LD50 (mg kg-1) > 2000 L3 Rat Low
Mammals - Short term dietary NOEL (mg kg-1) - L2 Rat, 2 year -
(ppm diet) 15 -
Birds - Acute LD50 (mg kg-1) - - -
Birds - Short term dietary (LC50/LD50) - - -
Fish - Acute 96 hour LC50 (mg l-1) 0.22 L3 Lepomis macrochirus Moderate
Fish - Chronic 21 day NOEC (mg l-1) - - -
Aquatic invertebrates - Acute 48 hour EC50 (mg l-1) 0.00081 L3 Daphnia magna High
Aquatic invertebrates - Chronic 21 day NOEC (mg l-1) - - -
Aquatic crustaceans - Acute 96 hour LC50 (mg l-1) - - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Acute 96 hour LC50 (mg l-1) - - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Chronic 28 day NOEC, static, water (mg l-1) - - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Chronic 28 day NOEC, sediment (mg kg-1) - - -
Aquatic plants - Acute 7 day EC50, biomass (mg l-1) - - -
Non-target plants - - -
- - -
Algae - Acute 72 hour EC50, growth (mg l-1) - - -
Algae - Chronic 96 hour NOEC, growth (mg l-1) - - -
Honeybees Contact acute 48 hour LD50 (μg bee-1) - - -
Oral acute 48 hour LD50 (μg bee-1) - - -
Unknown mode acute 48 hour LD50 (μg bee-1) - - -
Earthworms - Acute 14 day LC50 (mg kg-1) > 40.4 R4 Eisenia foetida Moderate
Earthworms - Chronic 14 day NOEC, reproduction (mg kg-1) - - -
Other soil macro-organisms - e.g. Collembola LR50 / EC50 / NOEC / % Effect - - -
Other arthropod (1) LR50 g ha-1 - - -
% Effect - - -
Other arthropod (2) LR50 g ha-1 - - -
% Effect - - -
Soil micro-organisms - - -
Mesocosm study data NOEAEC mg l-1 - - -
NOEAEC mg l-1 - - -


HUMAN HEALTH AND PROTECTION

for phoxim

General:
Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe human health and protection issues Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with human health and protection data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret human health and protection data
Threshold of Toxicological Concern (Cramer Class) Click here for a note on the limitations of the Cramer class High (class III) - -
Mammals - Acute oral LD50 (mg kg-1) > 2000 L3 Rat Low
Mammals - Dermal LD50 (mg kg-1 body weight) > 5000 L3 Rat -
Mammals - Inhalation LC50 (mg l-1) 4.0 L3 Rat -
Other Mammal toxicity endpoints - -
ADI - Acceptable Daily Intake (mg kg-1bw day-1) 0.004 JMPR 1999 -
ARfD - Acute Reference Dose (mg kg-1bw day-1) - - -
AAOEL - Acute Acceptable Operator Exposure Level (mg kg-1 bw day-1) - - -
AOEL - Acceptable Operator Exposure Level - Systemic (mg kg-1bw day-1) - - -
Dermal penetration studies (%) - - -
Dangerous Substances Directive 76/464 List I; List II - -
Exposure Limits - - -
Exposure Routes Public -
Occupational -
European MRLs Click here for the EU MRL pesticide database
Drinking Water Standards - - -
Drinking Water MAC (μg l-1) - - -

Health issues:
Carcinogen Mutagen Endocrine disrupter Reproduction / development effects Cholinesterase inhibitor Neurotoxicant

-

-

-

Respiratory tract irritant Skin irritant Skin sensitiser Eye irritant Phototoxicant

-

General human health issues Harmful if swallowed

: Yes, known to cause a problem
: No, known not to cause a problem
: Possibly, status not identified
- : No data found

Handling issues:
Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance handling issues Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with data on handling issues Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret data on handling issues
General Click here for a description of the International Maritime Dangerous Goods (IMDG) codes Flammable
CLP classification 2013 Health: H302, H317, H361f
Environment: H400, H410
EC Risk Classification Click here to view information omn the EU risk phrases Xn - Harmful: R22
N - Dangerous for the environment: R50, R53
EC Safety Classification Click here to view information omn the EU safety phrases S2, S36, S60, S61
WHO Classification II - Moderately hazardous
US EPA Classification (formulation) III - Caution - Slightly toxic
UN Number -
Waste disposal & packaging Click here for a description of UN packaging marks -


TRANSLATIONS

for phoxim

Language Name
English phoxim
French phoxime
German Phoxim
Danish phoxim
Italian foxim
Spanish foxim
Greek phoxim
Slovenian foksim
Polish foksim
Swedish foxim
Hungarian -
Dutch foxim

Record last updated: Thursday 24 May 2018
Contact: aeru@herts.ac.uk