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zineb (Ref: ENT 14874)
** zinebe ** metiram-zinc ** Translations

Environmental Fate - Ecotoxicology - Human Health - A to Z Index - Home

SUMMARY

Zineb is a fungicide that does not have approval for use within the EU. It has a low aqueous solubility, is relatively volatile and is not expected, based on its physico-chemical propoerties, to leach to groundwater. It is not usually persistent in soil or water systems. Zineb has a low mammalian toxicity however, it may cause adverse reproduction/developement effects if ingested. It is moderately toxic to most fauna and flora.

GENERAL INFORMATION Click here for an explantaion of the general chemical status information
for zineb

Description: A carbamate fungicide used on edible crops and ornamentals

Example pests controlled: Downy mildew; Foliar diseases; Damping off; Rust; Scab; Anthracnose; Leaf spot & speckle; Early & late blight; Purple blotch

Example applications: Turf; Fruit trees; Ornamentals including carnations, roses, gladioli, snapdragon; Vegetables including beans, carrots, brassicas, eggplant, onions, celery, peppers; Tobacco; Potatoes

Efficacy & activity: -

Availability status: Current

Introduction & key dates: circa 1950

EC Regulation 1107/2009 (repealing 91/414):
Status Not approved
Dossier rapporteur/co-rapporteur Ireland
Date inclusion expires Expired
EU Candidate for substitution (CfS) Not applicable
Listed in EU database Yes

Approved for use () or known to be used () in the following European countries: Click to access a note on the approvals information on this site

AT

BE

BG

CY

CZ

DE

DK

EE

EL

ES

FI

FR

HR

HU

IE

IT

LT

LU

LV

MT

NL

PL

PT

RO

SE

SI

SK

UK

Also used in: Australia

Chemical structure: Click here for further information on the general chemical status information used on this site
Isomerism None
Chemical formula C4H6N2S4Zn
Canonical SMILES C(CNC(=S)[S-])NC(=S)[S-].[Zn+2]
Isomeric SMILES No data
International Chemical Identifier key (InChIKey) AMHNZOICSMBGDH-UHFFFAOYSA-L
International Chemical Identifier (InChI) InChI=1S/C4H8N2S4.Zn/c7-3(8)5-1-2-6-4(9)10;/h1-2H2,(H2,5,7,8)(H2,6,9,10);/q;+2/p-2
Structure diagram/image available? Yes

General status: Click here for further information on the general chemical status information used on this site
Pesticide type Fungicide
Substance group Carbamate
Minimum active substance purity -
Known relevant impurities -
Substance origin Synthetic
Mode of action Non-specific with protective action. Multi-site activity.
CAS RN 12122-67-7
EC number 235-180-1
CIPAC number 25
US EPA chemical code 014506
PubChem CID 5284484
Molecular mass (g mol-1) 275.78
PIN (Preferred Identification Name) zinc ethylenebis(dithiocarbamate) (polymeric)
IUPAC name zinc ethylenebis(dithiocarbamate) (polymeric)
CAS name ((2-((dithiocarboxy)amino)ethyl)carbamodithioato))(2-)-kS,kS')zinc
Other status information Chemical subject to PIC regulations
Relevant Environmental Water Quality Standards -
Herbicide Resistance Classification (HRAC) Not applicable
Herbicide Resistance Classification (WSSA) Not applicable
Insecticide Resistance Classification (IRAC) Not applicable
Fungicide Resistance Classification (FRAC) M3
Examples of recorded resistance -
Physical state Greyish white powder
Related substances & organisms

Formulations:
Property Click here for information on the general product and branding information used on this site Value
Example manufacturers & suppliers of products using this active now or historically
  • Bayer CropScience
  • AgroCare
  • King Tech Corp
  • Du Pont
  • FMC
  • Rohm & Haas
Example products using this active
  • Azzurro
  • Bianco
  • Zinforce
  • Cuprothex
  • Super Mixy
  • Dithane Z 78
  • Phytox
UK LERAP status No UK approval for use as a pesticide under EC Regulation 1107/2009
Formulation and application details Usually supplied as a wettable powder or dust.


ENVIRONMENTAL FATE

for zineb

Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe environmental fate on this site Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with fate data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret environmental fate data
Solubility - In water at 20oC (mg l-1) 10 K4 Low
Solubility - In organic solvents at 20oC (mg l-1) - - -
Melting point (oC) Decomposes before melting L3 - -
Boiling point (oC) Decomposes before boiling L3 -
Degradation point (oC) 157 L3 -
Flashpoint (oC) 90 L3 -
Octanol-water partition coefficient at pH 7, 20oC P 2.00 X 1001 Calculated -
Log P 1.3 G4 Low
Bulk density (g ml-1)/Specific gravity - - -
Dissociation constant (pKa) at 25oC Not applicable R3 -
Note: No dissociation
Vapour pressure at 20oC (mPa) 0.008 G4 Low volatility
Henry's law constant at 25oC (Pa m3 mol-1) 2.76 X 10-04 L3 Non-volatile
GUS leaching potential index Click here for a note on the limitations of the GUS index 1.48 Calculated Low leachability
SCI-GROW groundwater index (μg l-1) for a 1 kg ha-1 or 1 l ha-1 application rate Click here for a note on the limitations of the SCI-GROW index Value 3.63 X 10-02 Calculated -
Note -
Potential for particle bound transport index Click here for a note on the limitations of the potential for particle bound transport index - Calculated Medium
Maximum UV-vis absorption L mol-1 cm-1 - - -
Surface tension (mN m-1) - - -

Degradation:
Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance degradation Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with degradation data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance degradation data
General biodegradability -
Soil degradation (days) (aerobic) DT50 (typical) 30 M4 Moderately persistent
DT50 (lab at 20oC) - - -
DT50 (field) 19.5 AC3 Non-persistent
DT90 (lab at 20oC) - - -
DT90 (field) - - -
DT50 modelling endpoint - - -
Note IUCLID datasheet field studies DT50 16-23 days
Dissipation rate RL50 on plant matrix Value 7.7 R4 -
Note Published literature RL50 range 2.42-25.7 days, various field-grown crops/matrices, n=11
Dissipation rate RL50 on and in plant matrix Value 3.4 R3 -
Note Asparagus, whole plant, n=1
Aqueous photolysis DT50 (days) at pH 7 Value Stable Q2 -
Note -
Aqueous hydrolysis DT50 (days) at 20oC and pH 7 Value 8.6 K4 Non-persistent
Note -
Water-sediment DT50 (days) 37 K4 Moderately fast
Water phase only DT50 (days) - - -

Soil adsorption and mobility:
Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance adsorption and mobility Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with adsorption and mobility data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance adsorption and mobility
Linear Kd - G4 Slightly mobile
Koc 1000
Notes and range -
Freundlich Kf - - -
Kfoc -
1/n -
Notes and range -
pH sensitivity -


ECOTOXICOLOGY

for zineb

Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance ecotoxicology Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with ecotoxicology data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance ecotoxicology
Bio-concentration factor BCF (l kg-1) 20 P4 Low potential
CT50 (days) Not available -
Mammals - Acute oral LD50 (mg kg-1) > 5200 L3 Rat Low
Mammals - Short term dietary NOEL (mg kg-1) - - -
(ppm diet) - -
Birds - Acute LD50 (mg kg-1) 2000 G4 Anas platyrhynchos Moderate
Birds - Short term dietary (LC50/LD50) - - -
Fish - Acute 96 hour LC50 (mg l-1) 20.8 F3 Oncorhynchus mykiss Moderate
Fish - Chronic 21 day NOEC (mg l-1) - - -
Aquatic invertebrates - Acute 48 hour EC50 (mg l-1) 40 J4 Daphnia magna Moderate
Aquatic invertebrates - Chronic 21 day NOEC (mg l-1) - - -
Aquatic crustaceans - Acute 96 hour LC50 (mg l-1) - - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Acute 96 hour LC50 (mg l-1) - - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Chronic 28 day NOEC, static, water (mg l-1) - - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Chronic 28 day NOEC, sediment (mg kg-1) - - -
Aquatic plants - Acute 7 day EC50, biomass (mg l-1) - - -
Non-target plants - - -
- - -
Algae - Acute 72 hour EC50, growth (mg l-1) 0.51 F4 Scenedesmus acutus Moderate
Algae - Chronic 96 hour NOEC, growth (mg l-1) - - -
Honeybees Contact acute 48 hour LD50 (μg bee-1) 13.1 K4 Moderate
Oral acute 48 hour LD50 (μg bee-1) - - -
Unknown mode acute 48 hour LD50 (μg bee-1) - - -
Earthworms - Acute 14 day LC50 (mg kg-1) 960 Q3 Moderate
Earthworms - Chronic 14 day NOEC, reproduction (mg kg-1) - - -
Other soil macro-organisms - e.g. Collembola LR50 / EC50 / NOEC / % Effect - - -
Other arthropod (1) LR50 g ha-1 Harmful AB1 Typhlodromus pyri -
% Effect - - -
Other arthropod (2) LR50 g ha-1 - - -
% Effect - - -
Soil micro-organisms - - -
Mesocosm study data NOEAEC mg l-1 - - -
NOEAEC mg l-1 - - -


HUMAN HEALTH AND PROTECTION

for zineb

General:
Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe human health and protection issues Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with human health and protection data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret human health and protection data
Threshold of Toxicological Concern (Cramer Class) Click here for a note on the limitations of the Cramer class High (class III) - -
Mammals - Acute oral LD50 (mg kg-1) > 5200 L3 Rat Low
Mammals - Dermal LD50 (mg kg-1 body weight) > 6000 L3 Rat -
Mammals - Inhalation LC50 (mg l-1) 0.8 AC4 Rat, 4 hr -
Other Mammal toxicity endpoints - -
ADI - Acceptable Daily Intake (mg kg-1bw day-1) 0.03 JMPR 1993 -
ARfD - Acute Reference Dose (mg kg-1bw day-1) - - -
AAOEL - Acute Acceptable Operator Exposure Level (mg kg-1 bw day-1) - - -
AOEL - Acceptable Operator Exposure Level - Systemic (mg kg-1bw day-1) - - -
Dermal penetration studies (%) - - -
Dangerous Substances Directive 76/464 List II - -
Exposure Limits - - -
Exposure Routes Public -
Occupational -
European MRLs Click here for the EU MRL pesticide database
Drinking Water Standards - - -
Drinking Water MAC (μg l-1) - - -

Health issues:
Carcinogen Mutagen Endocrine disrupter Reproduction / development effects Cholinesterase inhibitor Neurotoxicant

-

-

Respiratory tract irritant Skin irritant Skin sensitiser Eye irritant Phototoxicant

-

General human health issues Thyroid, liver & kidney toxicant
IARC Group 3 carcinogen

: Yes, known to cause a problem
: No, known not to cause a problem
: Possibly, status not identified
- : No data found

Handling issues:
Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance handling issues Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with data on handling issues Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret data on handling issues
General Click here for a description of the International Maritime Dangerous Goods (IMDG) codes No information available
CLP classification 2013 Health: H317, H335
EC Risk Classification Click here to view information omn the EU risk phrases Xn - Harmful: R43
Xi - Irritant: R37
EC Safety Classification Click here to view information omn the EU safety phrases S2, S8, S24/25, S46
WHO Classification U - Unlikely to present an acute hazard
US EPA Classification (formulation) IV - Caution - Not acutely toxic
UN Number -
Waste disposal & packaging Click here for a description of UN packaging marks -


TRANSLATIONS

for zineb

Language Name
English zineb
French zinêbe
German Zineb
Danish zineb
Italian zineb
Spanish zineb
Greek zineb
Slovenian cineb
Polish zineb
Swedish -
Hungarian -
Dutch zineb

Record last updated: Wednesday 30 May 2018
Contact: aeru@herts.ac.uk