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PhD Oportunity with Syngenta & the University of Hertfordshire

Bordeaux mixture
** burgundy mixture ** Translations

Environmental Fate - Ecotoxicology - Human Health - A to Z Index - Home

GENERAL INFORMATION Click here for an explantaion of the general chemical status information
for Bordeaux mixture

Description: A copper sulfate/lime complex fungicide which also has some bactericide properties

Example pests controlled: Downy mildew; Damping-off; Powdery mildew: Fire blight; Leaf curl; Blackspot

Example applications: Vines; Fruit including apples, pears, olives, peaches, nectarines; Walnuts; ornamentals including rosesNon-agricultural situations including domestic gardons and allotments

Efficacy & activity: -

Availability status: Current

Introduction & key dates: 1885

EC Regulation 1107/2009 (repealing 91/414):
Status Approved
Dossier rapporteur/co-rapporteur France
Date inclusion expires 31/01/2018

Approved for use () or known to be used () in the following European countries: Click to access a note on the approvals information on this site

AT

BE

BG

CY

CZ

DE

DK

EE

EL

ES

FI

FR

HR

HU

IE

IT

LT

LU

LV

MT

NL

PL

PT

RO

SE

SI

SK

UK

General status: Click here for further information on the general chemical status information used on this site
Pesticide type Fungicide, Bactericide
Substance group Inorganic compound
Minimum active substance purity -
Known relevant impurities -
Substance origin Synthetic
Mode of action Contact and protectant
CAS RN 8011-63-0
EC number -
CIPAC number 44
US EPA chemical code -
Chiral molecule No
Chemical formula Ca3Cu4H6O22S4 H2O
SMILES -
International Chemical Identifier key (InChIKey) -
International Chemical Identifier (InChI) -
Structure diagram/image available? No
Molecular mass (g mol-1) 860.5
PIN (Preferred Identification Name) -
IUPAC name mix, with or without stabilising agents, of calcium hydroxide and copper(II) sulphate
CAS name bordeaux mixture
Other status information -
Herbicide Resistance Classification (HRAC) Not applicable
Herbicide Resistance Classification (WSSA) Not applicable
Insecticide Resistance Classification (IRAC) Not applicable
Fungicide Resistance Classification (FRAC) M1
Examples of recorded resistance -
Physical state Blue powder
Related substances & organisms

Formulations:
Property Click here for information on the general product and branding information used on this site Value
Example manufacturers & suppliers of products using this active now or historically
  • Law Fertilisers
  • AgriChem
Example products using this active
  • Wetcol 3 Copper Fungicide
  • Bordocop
  • Bordoflow
  • Comac Macuprax
UK LERAP status None
Formulation and application details Often supplied as a soluble concentrate which is mixed with water and applied as a spray to dry foliage.


ENVIRONMENTAL FATE

for Bordeaux mixture

Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe environmental fate on this site Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with fate data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret environmental fate data
Solubility - In water at 20oC (mg l-1) 2.2 A4 Low
Solubility - In organic solvents at 20oC (mg l-1) 9.6 A5 - Toluene -
9.8 A5 - Dichloromethane -
9.8 A5 - n-Hexane -
8.8 A5 - Acetone -
Melting point (oC) Decomposes before melting A5 -
Boiling point (oC) Decomposes before boiling A5 -
Degradation point (oC) 110 A5 -
Flashpoint (oC) Not expected to self ignite; Not highly flammable A5 -
Octanol-water partition coefficient at pH 7, 20oC P 2.75 X 1000 Calculated -
Log P 0.44 A3 Low
Bulk density (g ml-1)/Specific gravity - - -
Dissociation constant (pKa) at 25oC Not applicable A5 -
Note: No dissociation
Vapour pressure at 25oC (mPa) 3.40 X 10-10 V2 - @ 25 degC Low volatility
Henry's law constant at 25oC (Pa m3 mol-1) - - -
GUS leaching potential index Click here for a note on the limitations of the GUS index - - -
SCI-GROW groundwater index (μg l-1) for a 1 kg ha-1 or 1 l ha-1 application rate Click here for a note on the limitations of the SCI-GROW index Value - - -
Note -
Potential for particle bound transport index Click here for a note on the limitations of the potential for particle bound transport index - - -
Maximum UV-vis absorption L mol-1 cm-1 - - -
Surface tension (mN m-1) - - -

Degradation:
Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance degradation Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with degradation data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance degradation data
General biodegradability -
Soil degradation (days) (aerobic) DT50 (typical) 10000 A2 Very persistent
DT50 (lab at 20oC) - - -
DT50 (field) - - -
DT90 (lab at 20oC) - - -
DT90 (field) - - -
DT50 modelling endpoint - - -
Note EU dossier: Cu does not degrade
Dissipation rate RL50 on plant matrix Value - - -
Note -
Dissipation rate RL50 on and in plant matrix Value - - -
Note -
Aqueous photolysis DT50 (days) at pH 7 Value Stable A5 -
Note -
Aqueous hydrolysis DT50 (days) at 20oC and pH 7 Value Stable A5 -
Note -
Water-sediment DT50 (days) - - -
Water phase only DT50 (days) - - -

Soil adsorption and mobility:
Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance adsorption and mobility Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with adsorption and mobility data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance adsorption and mobility
Linear Kd - - -
Koc -
Notes and range -
Freundlich Kf - - -
Kfoc -
1/n -
Notes and range -
pH sensitivity -


ECOTOXICOLOGY

for Bordeaux mixture

Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance ecotoxicology Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with ecotoxicology data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance ecotoxicology
Bio-concentration factor BCF (l kg-1) Low risk A5 Based on LogP < 3 Low potential
CT50 (days) - -
Mammals - Acute oral LD50 (mg kg-1) > 2000 A5 Rat Low
Mammals - Short term dietary NOEL (mg kg-1) - - -
(ppm diet) - -
Birds - Acute LD50 (mg kg-1) > 616 A5 Colinus virginianus Moderate
Birds - Short term dietary (LC50/LD50) > 334.1 mg CU kg bw-1 day-1 A5 Colinus virginianus -
Fish - Acute 96 hour LC50 (mg l-1) 0.086 A5 Oncorhynchus mykiss High
Fish - Chronic 21 day NOEC (mg l-1) 22.5 A5 Oncorhynchus mykiss Low
Aquatic invertebrates - Acute 48 hour EC50 (mg l-1) 1.87 A5 Daphnia magna Moderate
Aquatic invertebrates - Chronic 21 day NOEC (mg l-1) 0.02 A5 Daphnia magna Moderate
Aquatic crustaceans - Acute 96 hour LC50 (mg l-1) - - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Acute 96 hour LC50 (mg l-1) - - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Chronic 28 day NOEC, static, water (mg l-1) - - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Chronic 28 day NOEC, sediment (mg kg-1) - - -
Aquatic plants - Acute 7 day EC50, biomass (mg l-1) 0.145 F1 Lemna minor, 7 day Moderate
Non-target plants - - -
- - -
Algae - Acute 72 hour EC50, growth (mg l-1) 0.041 A5 Pseudokirchneriella subcapitata Moderate
Algae - Chronic 96 hour NOEC, growth (mg l-1) - - -
Honeybees Contact acute 48 hour LD50 (μg bee-1) > 25.2 A5 Moderate
Oral acute 48 hour LD50 (μg bee-1) > 23.3 A5 Moderate
Unknown mode acute 48 hour LD50 (μg bee-1) - - -
Earthworms - Acute 14 day LC50 (mg kg-1) > 195.5 A5 Moderate
Earthworms - Chronic 14 day NOEC, reproduction (mg kg-1) - - -
Other soil macro-organisms - e.g. Collembola LR50 / EC50 / NOEC / % Effect - - -
Other arthropod (1) LR50 g ha-1 13200 As Cu, Mortality
A5 Typhlodromus pyri
-
% Effect - - -
Other arthropod (2) LR50 g ha-1 14700 As Cu, Mortality
A5 Aphidius rhopalosiphi
-
% Effect - - -
Soil micro-organisms Nitrogen mineralisation: No significant adverse effect
Carbon mineralisation: No significant adverse effect
A5
Dose: 20 kg Cu/ha; 28 days
-
Mesocosm study data NOEAEC mg l-1 - - -
NOEAEC mg l-1 - - -


HUMAN HEALTH AND PROTECTION

for Bordeaux mixture

General:
Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe human health and protection issues Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with human health and protection data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret human health and protection data
Threshold of Toxicological Concern (Cramer Class) Click here for a note on the limitations of the Cramer class Not applicable - -
Mammals - Acute oral LD50 (mg kg-1) > 2000 A5 Rat Low
Mammals - Dermal LD50 (mg kg-1 body weight) > 2000 A5 Rat -
Mammals - Inhalation LC50 (mg l-1) 1.97 A5 Rat, 4 hr -
Other Mammal toxicity endpoints - -
ADI - Acceptable Daily Intake (mg kg-1bw day-1) 0.15 A5 Dog, SF=100 -
ARfD - Acute Reference Dose (mg kg-1bw day-1) None allocated A5 -
AOEL - Acceptable Operator Exposure Level - Systemic (mg kg-1bw day-1) 0.25 A5 Rat, SF=30 -
Dermal penetration studies (%) - - -
Dangerous Substances Directive 76/464 List II - -
Exposure Limits - - -
Exposure Routes Public Negligible risk to bystanders for proposed uses
Occupational Acceptable risk to operators and workers for proposed uses with PPE/PPC
European MRLs Click here for the EU MRL pesticide database
Drinking Water MAC (μg l-1) 2000 EU Dir 89/778/EC limit as Cu; A5 -

Health issues:
Carcinogen Mutagen Endocrine disrupter Reproduction / development effects Cholinesterase inhibitor Neurotoxicant

-

-

-

-

-

-

Respiratory tract irritant Skin irritant Skin sensitiser Eye irritant Phototoxicant

-

-

-

General human health issues No further information available

: Yes, known to cause a problem
: No, known not to cause a problem
: Possibly, status not identified
- : No data found

Handling issues:
Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance handling issues Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with data on handling issues Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret data on handling issues
General Click here for a description of the International Maritime Dangerous Goods (IMDG) codes No information available
CLP classification 2013 -
EC Risk Classification Click here to view information omn the EU risk phrases Xn - Harmful: R20, R41
N - Dangerous for the environment: R50, R53
EC Safety Classification Click here to view information omn the EU safety phrases -
WHO Classification II - Moderately hazardous
US EPA Classification (formulation) - -
UN Number -
Waste disposal & packaging Click here for a description of UN packaging marks -


TRANSLATIONS

for Bordeaux mixture

Language Name
English Bordeaux mixture
French Bouillie bordelaise
German Bordeauxbrühe
Danish bordeauxvæske
Italian poltiglia bordolese
Spanish cobre de sulfato tribeisico
Greek -
Slovenian Bordojska mesanica
Polish mieszanina Bordeaux
Swedish -
Hungarian Bordeau
Dutch -

Record last updated: Thursday 10 December 2015
Contact: aeru@herts.ac.uk