The following alerts are based on the data in the tables below. An absence of an alert does not imply the substance has no implications for human health, biodiversity or the environment but just that we do not have the data to form a judgement.
Ecotoxicity High alert: Bees acute contact ecotoxicity: High
Warning: Significant data are missing
Human health High alert: Mammals acute toxicity: High
Used for the control of ectoparasites on livestock and domestic pets. It is also marketed for the diagnosis and control of varroatosis in bee hives.
Introduction & key dates
Examples of species treated
Farmed livestock, Domestic animals, Bees
A complex chiral molecule with 16 different isomeric forms. The technical material consists of >90% trans-Z-1 and trans-Z-2 isomers (with <2% cis-Z and <1% trans-E isomers as by-products).
Lewis, K.A., Tzilivakis, J., Warner, D. and Green, A. (2016) An international database for pesticide risk assessments and management. Human and Ecological Risk Assessment: An International Journal, 22(4), 1050-1064. DOI: 10.1080/10807039.2015.1133242