Top Environmental Fate Ecotoxicology Human Health Translations
Home
A to Z
Search
Support information
Edit history
Purchasing and licensing
Flavomycin
Last updated: 15/04/2021
(Also known as: flavomicin; bambermycin; flavophospholipol; moenomycin A; BAM)

Data alerts

The following alerts are based on the data in the tables below. An absence of an alert does not imply the substance has no implications for human health, biodiversity or the environment but just that we do not have the data to form a judgement.

Environmental fate Ecotoxicity Human health
Environmental fate
Low alert:
Non-persistent
Warning:
Significant data are missing
Ecotoxicity
Low alert:
Fish acute ecotoxicity: Low; Fish chronic ecotoxicity: Low; Daphnia acute ecotoxicity: Low; Daphnia chronic ecotoxicity: Low; Earthworms acute ecotoxicity: Low
Human health
Low alert
Warning:
Significant data are missing
GENERAL INFORMATION
Description
An antibiotic drug effective against Gram-positive bacteria, that is used to promote increased weight gain and improved feed efficiency in a range of farmed animals
Availability status
-
Introduction & key dates
circa 1968
Examples of species treated
Pigs, Poultry, Cattle, Rabbits, Aquatic species
Chemical structure
Isomerism
Isomeric
Chemical formula
C₆₉H₁₀₇N₄O₃₅P
Canonical SMILES
CC1C(C(C(C(O1)OC2C(OC(C(C2O)NC(=O)C)OC3C(C(C(OC3OP(=O)(O)OCC(C(=O)OCCC=C(C)CCC=CC(C)(C)CCC(=C)CC=C(C)CCC=C(C)C)O)C(=O)O)(C)O)OC(=O)N)COC4C(C(C(C(O4)CO)O)O)O)NC(=O)C)O)OC5C(C(C(C(O5)C(=O)NC6=C(CCC6=O)O)O)O)O
Isomeric SMILES
C[C@@H]1[C@H]([C@@H]([C@H]([C@@H](O1)O[C@@H]2[C@H](O[C@H]([C@@H]([C@H]2O)NC(=O)C)O[C@@H]3[C@H]([C@]([C@H](O[C@@H]3OP(=O)(O)OC[C@H](C(=O)OCC/C=C(\C)/CC/C=C/C(C)(C)CCC(=C)C/C=C(\C)/CCC=C(C)C)O)C(=O)O)(C)O)OC(=O)N)CO[C@H]4[C@@H]([C@H]([C@@H]([C@H](O4)CO)O)O)O)NC(=O)C)O)O[C@H]5[C@@H]([C@H]([C@H]([C@H](O5)C(=O)NC6=C(CCC6=O)O)O)O)O
International Chemical Identifier key (InChIKey)
FUIOWSNNCWZETH-NAMXWVJMSA-N
International Chemical Identifier (InChI)
InChI=1S/C70H109N4O35P/c1-31(2)16-14-18-33(4)20-21-34(5)24-26-69(9,10)25-13-12-17-32(3)19-15-27-97-62(92)40(80)29-99-110(95,96)109-67-57(58(108-68(71)93)70(11,94)59(107-67)61(90)91)106-64-45(73-37(8)77)48(83)55(42(102-64)30-98-65-52(87)49(84)46(81)41(28-75)101-65)104-63-44(72-36(7)76)47(82)54(35(6)100-63)103-66-53(88)50(85)51(86)56(105-66)60(89)74-43-38(78)22-23-39(43)79/h13,16,19-20,25,35,40-42,44-59,63-67,75,78,80-88,94H,5,12,14-15,17-18,21-24,26-30H2,1-4,6-11H3,(H2,71,93)(H,72,76)(H,73,77)(H,74,89)(H,90,91)(H,95,96)/b25-13+,32-19+,33-20+/t35-,40-,41-,42-,44-,45-,46-,47-,48-,49+,50+,51-,52-,53-,54-,55-,56+,57-,58-,59-,63+,64+,65-,66-,67-,70+/m1/s1
2D structure diagram/image available?
Yes
General status
Veterinary substance type
Antibiotic, Antibacterial, Antimicrobial, Performance enhancer, Feed additive
Substance groups
Phosphoglycolipid
Minimum active substance purity
-
Known relevant impurities
-
Substance origin
Natural
Mode of action
Broad spectrum, inhibits microorganism reproduction by intervening in the biosynthesis of murein, the structural substance of their cell walls.
Molecular targets
[Peptidoglycan synthetase ftsI, antagonist]
CAS RN
11015-37-5
EC number
234-246-7
CIPAC number
-
US EPA chemical code
-
PubChem CID
-
ATCvet Code
Not listed
Therapeutic Class
None
Controlled Drug?
No
Regulation 37/2010 MRL Classification
No data
Molecular mass
1583.57
PIN (Preferred Identification Name)
-
IUPAC name
(2S,3S,4R,5R,6R)-5-[(2S,3R,4R,5S,6R)-3-acetamido-5-[(2S,3R,4R,5S,6R)-3-acetamido-4-hydroxy-6-methyl-5-[(2R,3R,4S,5R,6S)-3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-[(2-hydroxy-5-oxocyclopenten-1-yl)carbamoyl]oxan-2-yl]oxyoxan-2-yl]oxy-4-hydroxy-6-[[(2R,3R,4S,5S,6R)-3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxan-2-yl]oxymethyl]oxan-2-yl]oxy-4-carbamoyloxy-3-hydroxy-6-[hydroxy-[(2R)-2-hydroxy-3-oxo-3-[(3E,7E,14E)-4,9,9,15,19-pentamethyl-12-methylideneicosa-3,7,14,18-tetraenoxy]propoxy]phosphoryl]oxy-3-methyloxane-2-carboxylic acid
CAS name
-
Other status information
Evidence of use in third world countries
Relevant Environmental Water Quality Standards
-
Physical state
White to light brown coloured powder
Formulations
Property
Product
Manufacturer
Authorisation Route
UK Legal Class
Example products using this active
Flavomycin 40 Huvepharma No UK authorisation for use Not applicable
Formulation and application details
Usually adnimistered orally, following good homogenization with feed.
ENVIRONMENTAL FATE
Property
Value
Source; quality score; and other information
Interpretation
Solubility - In water at 20 °C (mg l⁻¹)
250000
E4 E = Manufacturers safety data sheets
4 = Verified data
at 25 °C
High
Solubility - In organic solvents at 20 °C (mg l⁻¹)
64000
E4 E = Manufacturers safety data sheets
4 = Verified data
Methanol
-
500
E4 E = Manufacturers safety data sheets
4 = Verified data
Ethanol
-
100
E4 E = Manufacturers safety data sheets
4 = Verified data
Acetone
-
100
E4 E = Manufacturers safety data sheets
4 = Verified data
Benzene
-
Melting point (°C)
- - -
Boiling point (°C)
- - -
Degradation point (°C)
- - -
Flashpoint (°C)
- - -
Octanol-water partition coefficient at pH 7, 20 °C
P
1.91 X 10-12 Calculated -
Log P
-11.72
V3 V = ChemID online databases / IPCS INCHEM (ChemID; IPCS INCHEM )
3 = Unverified data of known source
Low
Fat solubility of residues
Solubility
- - -
Data type
- - -
Density (g ml⁻¹)
- - -
Dissociation constant pKa) at 25 °C
- - -
-
Vapour pressure at 20 °C (mPa)
- - -
Henry's law constant at 25 °C (Pa m³ mol⁻¹)
- - -
Maximum UV-vis absorption L mol⁻¹ cm⁻¹
- - -
Surface tension (mN m⁻¹)
- - -
Refractive Index
- - -
Degradation
Property
Value
Source; quality score; and other information
Interpretation
Soil degradation (days) (aerobic)
DT₅₀ (typical)
21
E4 E = Manufacturers safety data sheets
4 = Verified data
Non-persistent
DT₅₀ (lab at 20 °C)
21
E4 E = Manufacturers safety data sheets
4 = Verified data
Non-persistent
DT₅₀ (field)
- - -
DT₉₀ (lab at 20 °C)
- - -
DT₉₀ (field)
- - -
Note
DT₅₀ range 13.3 to 28.0 days, n=4; Other data DT₅₀ <30 days (R4)
Manure DT₅₀ (days)
<30
F3 F = U.S. EPA ECOTOX database / U.S. EPA pesticide fate database / Miscellaneous WHO documents (US EPA Databases Related to Pesticide Risk Assessment )
3 = Unverified data of known source
Manure data for aminoglycosides generally; Other data <25 days soil & chicken manure (R3)
-
Aqueous photolysis DT₅₀ (days) at pH 7
Value
- - -
Note
-
Aqueous hydrolysis DT₅₀ (days) at 20 °C and pH 7
Value
- - -
Note
-
Water-sediment DT₅₀ (days)
- - -
Water phase only DT₅₀ (days)
- - -
Soil adsorption and mobility
Property
Value
Source; quality score; and other information
Interpretation
Linear
Kd
- - -
Koc
-
Notes and range
-
Freundlich
Kf
- - -
Kfoc
-
1/n
-
Notes and range
-
pH sensitivity
-
Fate indices
Property
Value
Source; quality score; and other information
Interpretation
GUS leaching potential index
- - -
Bio-concentration factor
BCF (l kg⁻¹)
- - -
CT₅₀ (days)
- -
Known metabolites

None

ECOTOXICOLOGY
Terrestrial ecotoxicology
Property
Value
Source; quality score; and other information
Interpretation
Mammals - Acute oral LD₅₀ (mg kg⁻¹)
> 2000
Q3 Q = Miscellaneous internet resources
3 = Unverified data of known source
Rat
Low
Mammals - Short term dietary NOEL
(mg kg⁻¹)
- - -
(ppm diet)
- -
Mammals - Chronic 21d NOAEL (mg kg⁻¹ bw d⁻¹)
- - -
Birds - Acute LD₅₀ (mg kg⁻¹)
- - -
Birds - Short term dietary (LC₅₀/LD₅₀)
- - -
Birds - Chronic 21d NOEL (mg kg⁻¹ bw d⁻¹)
- - -
Earthworms - Acute 14 day LC₅₀ (mg kg⁻¹)
> 25000
E3 E = Manufacturers safety data sheets
3 = Unverified data of known source
Eisenia foetida for product (8%)
Low
Earthworms - Chronic NOEC, reproduction (mg kg⁻¹)
- - -
Soil micro-organisms
- - -
Collembola
Acute LC₅₀ (mg kg⁻¹)
- - -
Chronic NOEC (mg kg⁻¹)
- - -
Non-target plants
- - -
- - -
Honeybees (Apis spp.)
Contact acute LD₅₀ (worst case from 24, 48 and 72 hour values - μg bee⁻¹)
- - -
Oral acute LD₅₀ (worst case from 24, 48 and 72 hour values - μg bee⁻¹)
- - -
Unknown mode acute LD₅₀ (worst case from 24, 48 and 72 hour values - μg bee⁻¹)
- - -
Chronic
- - -
Bumblebees (Bombus spp.)
Contact acute LD₅₀ (worst case from 24, 48 and 72 hour values - μg bee⁻¹)
- - -
-
Oral acute LD₅₀ (worst case from 24, 48 and 72 hour values - μg bee⁻¹)
- - -
-
Mason bees (Osmia spp.)
Contact acute LD₅₀ (worst case from 24, 48 and 72 hour values - μg bee⁻¹)
- - -
Oral acute LD₅₀ (worst case from 24, 48 and 72 hour values - μg bee⁻¹)
- - -
Other pollinators (1)
Acute LD₅₀ (worst case from 24, 48 and 72 hour values - μg insect⁻¹)
- - -
Mode of exposure
-
Other pollinators (2)
Acute LD₅₀ (worst case from 24, 48 and 72 hour values - μg insect⁻¹)
- - -
Mode of exposure
-
Beneficial insects (Ladybirds)
- - -
Beneficial insects (Lacewings)
- - -
Beneficial insects (Parasitic wasps)
- - -
Beneficial insects (Predatory mites)
- - -
Beneficial insects (Ground beetles)
- - -
Aquatic ecotoxicology
Property
Value
Source; quality score; and other information
Interpretation
Fish - Acute 96 hour LC₅₀ (mg l⁻¹)
598
E3 E = Manufacturers safety data sheets
3 = Unverified data of known source
Leuciscus idus for product (8%)
Low
Fish - Chronic 21 day NOEC (mg l⁻¹)
250
E3 E = Manufacturers safety data sheets
3 = Unverified data of known source
Leuciscus idus for product (8%)
Low
Aquatic invertebrates - Acute 48 hour EC₅₀ (mg l⁻¹)
908
E3 E = Manufacturers safety data sheets
3 = Unverified data of known source
Daphnia magna for product (8%)
Low
Aquatic invertebrates - Chronic 21 day NOEC (mg l⁻¹)
433
E2 E = Manufacturers safety data sheets
2 = Unverified data of unknown source
Daphnia magna. 48 hour product (8%)
Low
Aquatic crustaceans - Acute 96 hour LC₅₀ (mg l⁻¹)
- - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Acute 96 hour LC₅₀ (mg l⁻¹)
- - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Chronic 28 day NOEC, static, water (mg l⁻¹)
- - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Chronic 28 day NOEC, sediment (mg kg⁻¹)
- - -
Aquatic plants - Acute 7 day EC₅₀, biomass (mg l⁻¹)
- - -
Algae - Acute 72 hour EC₅₀, growth (mg l⁻¹)
- - -
Algae - Chronic 96 hour NOEC, growth (mg l⁻¹)
- - -
Mesocosm study data
NOEAEC mg l⁻¹
- - -
NOEAEC mg l⁻¹
- - -
HUMAN HEALTH AND PROTECTION
General
Property
Value
Source; quality score; and other information
Interpretation
Threshold of Toxicological Concern (Cramer Class)
High (class III) - -
Mammals - Acute oral LD₅₀ (mg kg⁻¹)
> 2000
Q3 Q = Miscellaneous internet resources
3 = Unverified data of known source
Rat
Low
Mammals - Dermal LD₅₀ (mg kg⁻¹ body weight)
- - -
Mammals - Inhalation LC₅₀ (mg l⁻¹)
- - -
Other Mammal toxicity endpoints
Subcutaneous LD₅₀ = 500 mg kg⁻¹
V3 V = ChemID online databases / IPCS INCHEM (ChemID; IPCS INCHEM )
3 = Unverified data of known source
Mouse
-
Intravenous LD₅₀ = 200 mg kg⁻¹
V3 V = ChemID online databases / IPCS INCHEM (ChemID; IPCS INCHEM )
3 = Unverified data of known source
Mouse
-
ADI - Acceptable Daily Intake (mg kg⁻¹ bw day⁻¹)
- - -
ARfD - Acute Reference Dose (mg kg⁻¹ bw day⁻¹)
- - -
AAOEL - Acute Acceptable Operator Exposure Level (mg kg⁻¹ bw day⁻¹)
- - -
AOEL - Acceptable Operator Exposure Level - Systemic (mg kg⁻¹ bw day⁻¹)
- - -
Dermal penetration studies (%)
- - -
Dangerous Substances Directive 76/464
- - -
Exposure Routes
Public
-
Occupational
-
Mammalian dose elimination route and rate
Mostly unmetabolised and excreted unchanged in the faeces
E4 E = Manufacturers safety data sheets
4 = Verified data
-
Health issues
Specific human health issues
Carcinogen
Genotoxic
Endocrine disruptor
XNo, known not to cause a problem
A0 A = Chromosome aberration (EFSA database)
0 = No data
;
B0 B = DNA damage/repair (EFSA database)
0 = No data
;
C0 C = Gene mutation (EFSA database)
0 = No data
;
D0 D = Genome mutation (EFSA database)
0 = No data
;
E0 E = Unspecified genotoxicity type (miscellaneous data source)
0 = No data
No data found
Reproduction / development effects Acetyl cholinesterase inhibitor Neurotoxicant
No data found No data found No data found
Respiratory tract irritant Skin irritant Skin sensitiser
No data found
Yes, known to cause a problem
Yes, known to cause a problem
Eye irritant Phototoxicant  
XNo, known not to cause a problem
No data found  
General human health issues
No further information available
Handling issues
Property
Value and interpretation
General
Risk of dust explosions
CLP classification 2013
-
WHO Classification
None - not a ppp
UN Number
-
Waste disposal & packaging
-
TRANSLATIONS
Language
Name
English
flavomycin
French
bambermycine
German
-
Danish
-
Italian
-
Spanish
bambermicina
Greek
-
Polish
-
Swedish
-
Hungarian
-
Dutch
-

Record last updated: 15/04/2021
Contact: aeru@herts.ac.uk
Please cite as: Lewis, K.A., Tzilivakis, J., Warner, D. and Green, A. (2016) An international database for pesticide risk assessments and management. Human and Ecological Risk Assessment: An International Journal, 22(4), 1050-1064. DOI: 10.1080/10807039.2015.1133242