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linalool
** linalol ** para-linalool ** linalyl alcohol ** licareol ** coriandrol ** Translations

Environmental Fate - Ecotoxicology - Human Health - A to Z Index - Home
Further data may be found in the VSDB

GENERAL INFORMATION Click here for an explantaion of the general chemical status information
for linalool

Description: A plant derived terpene oil used mainly as an insect repellent and for the control of fleas and cockroaches in a variety of situations.

Example pests controlled: -

Example applications: -

Efficacy & activity: -

Appearance and life cycle: -

Availability status: Current

Introduction & key dates: 1985, first approved for use USA

Taxonomic classification: -

EC Regulation 1107/2009 (repealing 91/414):
Status Not approved
Dossier rapporteur/co-rapporteur Not applicable
Date inclusion expires Not applicable
EU Candidate for substitution (CfS) Not applicable
Listed in EU database No

Approved for use () or known to be used () in the following European countries: Click to access a note on the approvals information on this site

AT

BE

BG

CY

CZ

DE

DK

EE

EL

ES

FI

FR

HR

HU

IE

IT

LT

LU

LV

MT

NL

PL

PT

RO

SE

SI

SK

UK

Known to used in the following countries: USA

Chemical structure: Click here for further information on the general chemical status information used on this site
Isomerism -
Chemical formula C10H18O
Canonical SMILES CC(=CCCC(C)(C=C)O)C
Isomeric SMILES No data
International Chemical Identifier key (InChIKey) CDOSHBSSFJOMGT-UHFFFAOYSA-N
International Chemical Identifier (InChI) InChI=1S/C10H18O/c1-5-10(4,11)8-6-7-9(2)3/h5,7,11H,1,6,8H2,2-4H3
2D structure diagram/image available? Yes

General status: Click here for further information on the general chemical status information used on this site
Biopesticide type Insecticide, Repellent, Veterinary substance
Substance group Plant derived
Minimum active substance purity >99%
Known relevant impurities -
Substance origin Natural
Mode of action Contact poision for insects causing a neurotoxic effect
Substance source A naturally occurring terpene alcohol chemical found in many flowers and spice plants mainly from the families Lamiaceae
Substance production Manufactered for commerical use
Uses Insect repellent
Target pests Mosquitoes, Cockroaches, Fleas
Target host Residential homes & gardens, Non-crop situations
Farming system suitability -
CAS RN 78-70-6
EC number 201-134-4
CIPAC number -
US EPA chemical code 128838
PubChem CID -
Molecular mass (g mol-1) 154.25
PIN (Preferred Identification Name) -
IUPAC name 3,7-dimethylocta-1,6-dien-3-ol
CAS name 2,6-dimethyl-2,7-octadien-6-ol
Other status information FLAVIS no. 02.013
Relevant Environmental Water Quality Standards -
Herbicide Resistance Classification (HRAC) Not applicable
Herbicide Resistance Classification (WSSA) Not applicable
Insecticide Resistance Classification (IRAC) Not applicable
Fungicide Resistance Classification (FRAC) Not applicable
Examples of recorded resistance -
Physical state Colourless, clear liquid
Related substances & organisms -

Formulations:
Property Click here for information on the general product and branding information used on this site Product Manufacturer
Example products Linalool Acros Organics N.V.
Linalool Wellmark International
Mosquito Cognito BioSensory Inc.
Formulation and application details Available as ready-to-use formulations such as sprays, powders and foggers. Activity against mosquitoes is questioned.


ENVIRONMENTAL FATE

for linalool

Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe environmental fate on this site Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with fate data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret environmental fate data
Solubility - In water at 20oC (mg l-1) 1589 F3 High
Solubility - In organic solvents at 20oC (mg l-1) - - -
Melting point (oC) <25 Q3 -
Boiling point (oC) 194 Q3 -
Degradation point (oC) - - -
Flashpoint (oC) 78.3 F3 -
Octanol-water partition coefficient at pH 7, 20oC P 1.91 X 1003 Calculated -
Log P 3.28 A5 High
Bulk density (g ml-1)/Specific gravity 1.46 Q3 -
Dissociation constant (pKa) at 25oC - - -
Note:
Vapour pressure at 20oC (mPa) - - -
Henry's law constant at 25oC (Pa m3 mol-1) - - -
Maximum UV-vis absorption L mol-1 cm-1 - - -
Surface tension (mN m-1) - - -

Degradation:
Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance degradation Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with degradation data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance degradation data
General biodegradability -
Soil degradation (days) (aerobic) DT50 (typical) - - -
DT50 (lab at 20oC) - - -
DT50 (field) - - -
DT90 (lab at 20oC) - - -
DT90 (field) - - -
DT50 modelling endpoint - - -
Note: -
Dissipation rate RL50 on plant matrix Value - - -
Note -
Dissipation rate RL50 on and in plant matrix Value - - -
Note -
Aqueous photolysis DT50 (days) at pH 7 Value - - -
Note -
Aqueous hydrolysis DT50 (days) at 20oC and pH 7 Value - - -
Note -
Water-sediment DT50 (days) - - -
Water phase only DT50 (days) - - -

Soil adsorption and mobility:
Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance adsorption and mobility Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with adsorption and mobility data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance adsorption and mobility
Linear Kd - - -
Koc -
Notes and range -
Freundlich Kf - - -
Kfoc -
1/n -
Notes and range -
pH sensitivity -


ECOTOXICOLOGY

for linalool

Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance ecotoxicology Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with ecotoxicology data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance ecotoxicology
Bio-concentration factor BCF (l kg-1) Low risk F4 Based on LogP < 3 Low potential
CT50 (days) - -
Mammals - Acute oral LD50 (mg kg-1) > 1700 E3 Rat Moderate
Mammals - Short term dietary NOEL (mg kg-1) - - -
(ppm diet) - -
Birds - Acute LD50 (mg kg-1) > 5620 F4 Colinus virginianus Low
Birds - Short term dietary (LC50/LD50) - - -
Fish - Acute 96 hour LC50 (mg l-1) > 28.8 F4 Oncorhynchus mykiss Moderate
Fish - Chronic 21 day NOEC (mg l-1) < 3.5 F4 Oncorhynchus mykiss Moderate
Aquatic invertebrates - Acute 48 hour EC50 (mg l-1) 36.7 F3 Unknown species Moderate
Aquatic invertebrates - Chronic 21 day NOEC (mg l-1) - - -
Aquatic crustaceans - Acute 96 hour LC50 (mg l-1) - - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Acute 96 hour LC50 (mg l-1) - - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Chronic 28 day NOEC, static, water (mg l-1) - - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Chronic 28 day NOEC, sediment (mg kg-1) - - -
Aquatic plants - Acute 7 day EC50, biomass (mg l-1) - - -
Non-target plants - - -
- - -
Algae - Acute 72 hour EC50, growth (mg l-1) 88.3 F4 Scenedemus subspicatus Low
Algae - Chronic 96 hour NOEC, growth (mg l-1) - - -
Honeybees (Apis spp.) Contact acute LD50 (worst case from 24 , 48 and 72 hour values - μg bee-1) > 100 F3 Low
Oral acute LD50 (worst case from 24 , 48 and 72 hour values - μg bee-1) - - -
Unknown mode acute LD50 (worst case from 24 , 48 and 72 hour values - μg bee-1) - - -
Bumblebees (Bombus spp.) Contact acute LD50 (worst case from 24 , 48 and 72 hour values - μg bee-1) - - -
-
Oral acute LD50 (worst case from 24 , 48 and 72 hour values - μg bee-1) - - -
-
Mason bees (Osmia spp.) Contact acute LD50 (worst case from 24 , 48 and 72 hour values - μg bee-1) - - -
Oral acute LD50 (worst case from 24 , 48 and 72 hour values - μg bee-1) - - -
Other pollinators (1) Acute LD50 (worst case from 24 , 48 and 72 hour values - μg insect-1) - - -
Mode of exposure -
Other pollinators (2) Acute LD50 (worst case from 24 , 48 and 72 hour values - μg insect-1) - - -
Mode of exposure -
Earthworms - Acute 14 day LC50 (mg kg-1) > 200 A3 Unknown species predicted Moderate
Earthworms - Chronic NOEC, reproduction (mg kg-1) - - -
Other soil macro-organisms Acute LC50 (mg kg-1) - - -
Chronic NOEC (mg kg-1) - - -
Other arthropod (1) LR50 g ha-1 - - -
% Effect - - -
Other arthropod (2) LR50 g ha-1 - - -
% Effect - - -
Soil micro-organisms - - -
Mesocosm study data NOEAEC mg l-1 - - -
NOEAEC mg l-1 - - -


HUMAN HEALTH AND PROTECTION

for linalool

General:
Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe human health and protection issues Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with human health and protection data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret human health and protection data
Threshold of Toxicological Concern (Cramer Class) Click here for a note on the limitations of the Cramer class High (class III) - -
Mammals - Acute oral LD50 (mg kg-1) > 1700 E3 Rat Moderate
Mammals - Dermal LD50 (mg kg-1 body weight) > 5610 Q3 Rabbit -
Mammals - Inhalation LC50 (mg l-1) 2.95 F4 Rat -
Other Mammal toxicity endpoints Intraperitoneal LD50 = 340 mg kg-1 V3 Mouse -
Subcutaneous LD50 = 1470 mg kg-1 V3 Mouse -
ADI - Acceptable Daily Intake (mg kg-1bw day-1) - - -
ARfD - Acute Reference Dose (mg kg-1bw day-1) - - -
AAOEL - Acute Acceptable Operator Exposure Level (mg kg-1 bw day-1) - - -
AOEL - Acceptable Operator Exposure Level - Systemic (mg kg-1bw day-1) - - -
Dermal penetration studies (%) - - -
Dangerous Substances Directive 76/464 - - -
Exposure Routes Public -
Occupational -

Health issues:
Carcinogen Genotoxic Endocrine disrupter Reproduction / development effects Cholinesterase inhibitor Neurotoxicant

A0; B3; C0; D0; E3

Respiratory tract irritant Skin irritant Skin sensitiser Eye irritant Phototoxicant

-

General human health issues Some texts claim it is an anti-cancer agent
May cause respiratory and digestive tract irritation
Key: Genotoxicity
A: Chromosome aberration (EFSA database)
B: DNA damage/repair (EFSA database)
C: Gene mutation (EFSA database)
D: Genome mutation (EFSA database)
E: Unspecified genotoxicity type (miscellaneous data source)
0: No data
1: Positive
2: Mixed/ambiguous results
3: Negative
Key: Other
: Yes, known to cause a problem
: No, known not to cause a problem
: Possibly, status not identified
- : No data found

Handling issues:
Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance handling issues Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with data on handling issues Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret data on handling issues
General Click here for a description of the International Maritime Dangerous Goods (IMDG) codes Combustable liquid and vapour
CLP classification 2013 -
EC Risk Classification Click here to view information omn the EU risk phrases Xn - Harmful: R43
Xi - Irritant: R36/38
EC Safety Classification Click here to view information omn the EU safety phrases S2, S24/25, S26, S36, S37
WHO Classification None - not a ppp - -
UN Number -
Waste disposal & packaging Click here for a description of UN packaging marks -


TRANSLATIONS

for linalool

Language Name
English linalool
French -
German -
Danish -
Italian -
Spanish -
Greek -
Slovenian -
Polish -
Swedish -
Hungarian -
Dutch -

Record last updated: Tuesday 25 June 2019
Contact: aeru@herts.ac.uk