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muscalure
** Z-9-tricosene ** (Z)-9-tricosene ** cis-tricos-9-ene ** muscamone ** house fly sex pheromone ** Translations

Environmental Fate - Ecotoxicology - Human Health - A to Z Index - Home

SUMMARY

Non-toxic to humans. Major environmental pathways include volatilisation and microbial degradation. Highly toxic to aquatic invertebrates but practically non-toxic to freshwater fish however minimal exposure would be expected. Not expected to be harmful to beneficial insects.

GENERAL INFORMATION Click here for an explantaion of the general chemical status information
for muscalure

Description: An insect sex pheromone of the housefly used to trap flies in agricultural and domestic situations

Example pests controlled: -

Example applications: -

Efficacy & activity: -

Appearance and life cycle: -

Availability status: Current

Introduction & key dates: 1971, first isolated, 1975 introduced, USA

Taxonomic classification: -

EC Regulation 1107/2009 (repealing 91/414):
Status Not approved
Dossier rapporteur/co-rapporteur Austria
Date inclusion expires Not applicable
EU Candidate for substitution (CfS) Not applicable
Listed in EU database No

Approved for use () or known to be used () in the following European countries: Click to access a note on the approvals information on this site

AT

BE

BG

CY

CZ

DE

DK

EE

EL

ES

FI

FR

HR

HU

IE

IT

LT

LU

LV

MT

NL

PL

PT

RO

SE

SI

SK

UK

Also used in: Australia

Known to used in the following countries: USA

Chemical structure: Click here for further information on the general chemical status information used on this site
Isomerism Isomeric
Chemical formula C23H46
Canonical SMILES CCCCCCCCCCCCCC=CCCCCCCCC
Isomeric SMILES CCCCCCCCCCCCC/C=C\CCCCCCCC
International Chemical Identifier key (InChIKey) IGOWHGRNPLFNDJ-ZPHPHTNESA-N
International Chemical Identifier (InChI) InChI=1S/C23H46/c1-3-5-7-9-11-13-15-17-19-21-23-22-20-18-16-14-12-10-8-6-4-2/h17,19H,3-16,18,20-23H2,1-2H3/b19-17-
2D structure diagram/image available? Yes

General status: Click here for further information on the general chemical status information used on this site
Biopesticide type Insecticide, Attractant, Pheromone
Substance group Pheromone
Minimum active substance purity -
Known relevant impurities -
Substance origin Natural
Mode of action As male populations are reduced, breeding cycle is disrupted resulting in less egg production and lower populations
Substance source Isolated from female house flies
Substance production Manufactered for commercial use
Uses Animal house insecticide
Target pests Flies
Target host -
Farming system suitability -
CAS RN 27519-02-4
EC number 248-505-7
CIPAC number None allocated
US EPA chemical code 103201
PubChem CID -
Molecular mass (g mol-1) 322.6
PIN (Preferred Identification Name) -
IUPAC name (Z)-tricos-9-ene
CAS name (9Z)-9-tricosene
Other status information -
Relevant Environmental Water Quality Standards -
Herbicide Resistance Classification (HRAC) Not applicable
Herbicide Resistance Classification (WSSA) Not applicable
Insecticide Resistance Classification (IRAC) Not applicable
Fungicide Resistance Classification (FRAC) Not applicable
Examples of recorded resistance -
Physical state Colourless to amber oil
Related substances & organisms

Formulations:
Property Click here for information on the general product and branding information used on this site Product Manufacturer
Example products Maxforce Fly Spot bait Bayer Environmental Science
Bonanza Fly bait Control Solutions
Stimukil Fly Bait Troy Biosciences Inc, USA
Formulation and application details Used in traps, sticky paper and dispensers, product may include rapid knockdown insecticide.


ENVIRONMENTAL FATE

for muscalure

Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe environmental fate on this site Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with fate data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret environmental fate data
Solubility - In water at 20oC (mg l-1) 0.000004 L3 Low
Solubility - In organic solvents at 20oC (mg l-1) - - -
Melting point (oC) - - -
Boiling point (oC) 378 L3 -
Degradation point (oC) - - -
Flashpoint (oC) 113 L3 - (closed cup) -
Octanol-water partition coefficient at pH 7, 20oC P 1.23 X 1004 Calculated -
Log P 4.09 L3 High
Bulk density (g ml-1)/Specific gravity 0.807 L3 -
Dissociation constant (pKa) at 25oC - - -
Note:
Vapour pressure at 20oC (mPa) 0.064 L3 Low volatility
Henry's law constant at 25oC (Pa m3 mol-1) 5.30 X 10-06 Q3 Non-volatile
Maximum UV-vis absorption L mol-1 cm-1 - - -
Surface tension (mN m-1) - - -

Degradation:
Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance degradation Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with degradation data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance degradation data
General biodegradability -
Soil degradation (days) (aerobic) DT50 (typical) - - -
DT50 (lab at 20oC) - - -
DT50 (field) - - -
DT90 (lab at 20oC) - - -
DT90 (field) - - -
DT50 modelling endpoint - - -
Note: -
Dissipation rate RL50 on plant matrix Value - - -
Note -
Dissipation rate RL50 on and in plant matrix Value - - -
Note -
Aqueous photolysis DT50 (days) at pH 7 Value - - -
Note -
Aqueous hydrolysis DT50 (days) at 20oC and pH 7 Value - - -
Note -
Water-sediment DT50 (days) - - -
Water phase only DT50 (days) - - -

Soil adsorption and mobility:
Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance adsorption and mobility Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with adsorption and mobility data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance adsorption and mobility
Linear Kd - Q3 Moderately mobile
Koc 180
Notes and range Best available data
Freundlich Kf - - -
Kfoc -
1/n -
Notes and range -
pH sensitivity -


ECOTOXICOLOGY

for muscalure

Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance ecotoxicology Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with ecotoxicology data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance ecotoxicology
Bio-concentration factor BCF (l kg-1) 15 Q2 Estimated Low potential
CT50 (days) Not available -
Mammals - Acute oral LD50 (mg kg-1) > 10000 L3 Rat Low
Mammals - Short term dietary NOEL (mg kg-1) - - -
(ppm diet) - -
Birds - Acute LD50 (mg kg-1) > 4640 L3 Anas platyrhynchos Low
Birds - Short term dietary (LC50/LD50) - - -
Fish - Acute 96 hour LC50 (mg l-1) > 1000 F4 Oncorhynchus mykiss Low
Fish - Chronic 21 day NOEC (mg l-1) - - -
Aquatic invertebrates - Acute 48 hour EC50 (mg l-1) 1.08 F4 Daphnia magna Moderate
Aquatic invertebrates - Chronic 21 day NOEC (mg l-1) - - -
Aquatic crustaceans - Acute 96 hour LC50 (mg l-1) - - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Acute 96 hour LC50 (mg l-1) - - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Chronic 28 day NOEC, static, water (mg l-1) - - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Chronic 28 day NOEC, sediment (mg kg-1) - - -
Aquatic plants - Acute 7 day EC50, biomass (mg l-1) - - -
Non-target plants - - -
- - -
Algae - Acute 72 hour EC50, growth (mg l-1) - - -
Algae - Chronic 96 hour NOEC, growth (mg l-1) - - -
Honeybees (Apis spp.) Contact acute LD50 (worst case from 24 , 48 and 72 hour values - μg bee-1) - - -
Oral acute LD50 (worst case from 24 , 48 and 72 hour values - μg bee-1) - - -
Unknown mode acute LD50 (worst case from 24 , 48 and 72 hour values - μg bee-1) > 100 Q2 Expert judgement Low
Bumblebees (Bombus spp.) Contact acute LD50 (worst case from 24 , 48 and 72 hour values - μg bee-1) - - -
-
Oral acute LD50 (worst case from 24 , 48 and 72 hour values - μg bee-1) - - -
-
Mason bees (Osmia spp.) Contact acute LD50 (worst case from 24 , 48 and 72 hour values - μg bee-1) - - -
Oral acute LD50 (worst case from 24 , 48 and 72 hour values - μg bee-1) - - -
Other pollinators (1) Acute LD50 (worst case from 24 , 48 and 72 hour values - μg insect-1) - - -
Mode of exposure -
Other pollinators (2) Acute LD50 (worst case from 24 , 48 and 72 hour values - μg insect-1) - - -
Mode of exposure -
Earthworms - Acute 14 day LC50 (mg kg-1) > 1000 F2 Eisenia foetida Low
Earthworms - Chronic 14 day NOEC, reproduction (mg kg-1) - - -
Other soil macro-organisms - e.g. Collembola LR50 / EC50 / NOEC / % Effect - - -
Other arthropod (1) LR50 g ha-1 - - -
% Effect - - -
Other arthropod (2) LR50 g ha-1 - - -
% Effect - - -
Soil micro-organisms - - -
Mesocosm study data NOEAEC mg l-1 - - -
NOEAEC mg l-1 - - -


HUMAN HEALTH AND PROTECTION

for muscalure

General:
Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe human health and protection issues Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with human health and protection data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret human health and protection data
Threshold of Toxicological Concern (Cramer Class) Click here for a note on the limitations of the Cramer class Low (class I) - -
Mammals - Acute oral LD50 (mg kg-1) > 10000 L3 Rat Low
Mammals - Dermal LD50 (mg kg-1 body weight) > 2000 L3 Rat -
Mammals - Inhalation LC50 (mg l-1) 5.71 L3 Rat -
Other Mammal toxicity endpoints - -
ADI - Acceptable Daily Intake (mg kg-1bw day-1) - - -
ARfD - Acute Reference Dose (mg kg-1bw day-1) - - -
AAOEL - Acute Acceptable Operator Exposure Level (mg kg-1 bw day-1) - - -
AOEL - Acceptable Operator Exposure Level - Systemic (mg kg-1bw day-1) - - -
Dermal penetration studies (%) - - -
Dangerous Substances Directive 76/464 - - -
Exposure Routes Public -
Occupational -

Health issues:
Carcinogen Genotoxic Endocrine disrupter Reproduction / development effects Cholinesterase inhibitor Neurotoxicant

A0; B0; C0; D0; E0

-

-

Respiratory tract irritant Skin irritant Skin sensitiser Eye irritant Phototoxicant

-

General human health issues No further information available
Key: Genotoxicity
A: Chromosome aberration (EFSA database)
B: DNA damage/repair (EFSA database)
C: Gene mutation (EFSA database)
D: Genome mutation (EFSA database)
E: Unspecified genotoxicity type (miscellaneous data source)
0: No data
1: Positive
2: Mixed/ambiguous results
3: Negative
Key: Other
: Yes, known to cause a problem
: No, known not to cause a problem
: Possibly, status not identified
- : No data found

Handling issues:
Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance handling issues Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with data on handling issues Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret data on handling issues
General Click here for a description of the International Maritime Dangerous Goods (IMDG) codes No information available
CLP classification 2013 Health: H317
EC Risk Classification Click here to view information omn the EU risk phrases None allocated at this time
EC Safety Classification Click here to view information omn the EU safety phrases -
WHO Classification NL - Not listed
UN Number -
Waste disposal & packaging Click here for a description of UN packaging marks -


TRANSLATIONS

for muscalure

Language Name
English muscalure
French muscalure
German Muscalur
Danish muscalur
Italian muscalure
Spanish muscalure
Greek -
Slovenian muskalur
Polish muskalur
Swedish -
Hungarian -
Dutch -

Record last updated: Tuesday 02 July 2019
Contact: aeru@herts.ac.uk