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xylene
** xylol ** methyl toluene ** Xilenos ** Translations

Environmental Fate - Ecotoxicology - Human Health - A to Z Index - Home

GENERAL INFORMATION Click here for an explantaion of the general chemical status information

Description: Substance with no pesticidal activity but sometimes used as a solvent in product formulations.

Availability status: Current

Introduction & key dates: -

EC Regulation 1107/2009 (repealing 91/414):
Status Not applicable
Dossier rapporteur/co-rapporteur Not applicable
Date inclusion expires Not applicable
EU Candidate for substitution (CfS) Not applicable
Listed in EU database No

Approved for use () or known to be used () in the following European countries: Click to access a note on the approvals information on this site

AT

BE

BG

CY

CZ

DE

DK

EE

EL

ES

FI

FR

HR

HU

IE

IT

LT

LU

LV

MT

NL

PL

PT

RO

SE

SI

SK

UK

Also used in: Asia, Australia, Canada, USA

Chemical structure: Click here for further information on the general chemical status information used on this site
Isomerism Isomeric exisiting in the o-, p- and m-forms
Chemical formula C8H10(C6H4C2H6)
Canonical SMILES -
Isomeric SMILES -
International Chemical Identifier key (InChIKey) -
International Chemical Identifier (InChI) -
2D structure diagram/image available? Yes

General status: Click here for further information on the general chemical status information used on this site
Pesticide type Other substance
Other constituent type Solvent
Substance group Petroleum derivative
Minimum active substance purity -
Known relevant impurities -
Substance origin Synthetic
Mode of action Inert
CAS RN 1330-20-7
EC number 215-535-7
CIPAC number -
US EPA chemical code 086802
PubChem CID -
Molecular mass (g mol-1) 106.17
PIN (Preferred Identification Name) -
IUPAC name -
CAS name isomers (o/m/p) of dimethylbenzene
Other status information VOC; Potential marine pollutant; Listed on USA Toxic Release Inventory
Relevant Environmental Water Quality Standards UK statutory standard for the protection of aquatic life: annual average for inland, coastal and territorial waters; 30 ug/L
UK statutory standard for the protection of surface water quality: annual average for inland, coastal and territorial waters; 30 ug/L
Herbicide Resistance Classification (HRAC) Not applicable
Herbicide Resistance Classification (WSSA) Not applicable
Insecticide Resistance Classification (IRAC) Not applicable
Fungicide Resistance Classification (FRAC) Not applicable
Examples of recorded resistance -
Physical state Clear, colorless liquid
Related substances & organisms -

Formulations:
Property Click here for information on the general product and branding information used on this site Value
Example manufacturers & suppliers of products using this active now or historically
  • Raw Chemicals
Example products using this active
  • Xylene
UK LERAP status Not applicable
Formulation and application details -


ENVIRONMENTAL FATE

Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe environmental fate on this site Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with fate data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret environmental fate data
Solubility - In water at 20oC (mg l-1) 160 F4 Moderate
Solubility - In organic solvents at 20oC (mg l-1) - - -
Melting point (oC) -47 Q3 -
Boiling point (oC) 140 P3 -
Degradation point (oC) - - -
Flashpoint (oC) - - -
Octanol-water partition coefficient at pH 7, 20oC P 1.45 X 1003 Calculated -
Log P 3.16 F4 High
Bulk density (g ml-1)/Specific gravity 0.864 F3 -
Dissociation constant (pKa) at 25oC - - -
Note:
Vapour pressure at 20oC (mPa) 900000 E3 Highly volatile
Henry's law constant at 25oC (Pa m3 mol-1) - - -
GUS leaching potential index Click here for a note on the limitations of the GUS index - - -
SCI-GROW groundwater index (μg l-1) for a 1 kg ha-1 or 1 l ha-1 application rate Click here for a note on the limitations of the SCI-GROW index Value - - -
Note -
Potential for particle bound transport index Click here for a note on the limitations of the potential for particle bound transport index - - -
Maximum UV-vis absorption L mol-1 cm-1 - - -
Surface tension (mN m-1) - - -

Degradation:
Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance degradation Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with degradation data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance degradation data
General biodegradability -
Soil degradation (days) (aerobic) DT50 (typical) - - -
DT50 (lab at 20oC) - - -
DT50 (field) - - -
DT90 (lab at 20oC) - - -
DT90 (field) - - -
DT50 modelling endpoint - - -
Note: -
Dissipation rate RL50 on plant matrix Value - - -
Note -
Dissipation rate RL50 on and in plant matrix Value - - -
Note -
Aqueous photolysis DT50 (days) at pH 7 Value Stable F4 -
Note Photolysis is not a major degradation route - although xylene dissappears rapidly in solution due to volatilsation
Aqueous hydrolysis DT50 (days) at 20oC and pH 7 Value Stable F4 -
Note Hydrolysis is not a major degradation route - although xylene dissappears rapidly in solution due to volatilsation
Water-sediment DT50 (days) - - -
Water phase only DT50 (days) - - -

Soil adsorption and mobility:
Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance adsorption and mobility Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with adsorption and mobility data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance adsorption and mobility
Linear Kd - F4 Very mobile
Koc 2.2
Notes and range -
Freundlich Kf - - -
Kfoc -
1/n -
Notes and range -
pH sensitivity -


ECOTOXICOLOGY

Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance ecotoxicology Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with ecotoxicology data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance ecotoxicology
Bio-concentration factor BCF (l kg-1) 10 Q3 Low potential
CT50 (days) Not available -
Mammals - Acute oral LD50 (mg kg-1) 3523 F4 Rat Low
Mammals - Short term dietary NOEL (mg kg-1) - - -
(ppm diet) - -
Birds - Acute LD50 (mg kg-1) - - -
Birds - Short term dietary (LC50/LD50) - - -
Fish - Acute 96 hour LC50 (mg l-1) 19.9 F4 Lepomis macrochirus Moderate
Fish - Chronic 21 day NOEC (mg l-1) - - -
Aquatic invertebrates - Acute 48 hour EC50 (mg l-1) 100 F4 Daphnia magna Moderate
Aquatic invertebrates - Chronic 21 day NOEC (mg l-1) - - -
Aquatic crustaceans - Acute 96 hour LC50 (mg l-1) - - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Acute 96 hour LC50 (mg l-1) - - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Chronic 28 day NOEC, static, water (mg l-1) - - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Chronic 28 day NOEC, sediment (mg kg-1) - - -
Aquatic plants - Acute 7 day EC50, biomass (mg l-1) - - -
Non-target plants - - -
- - -
Algae - Acute 72 hour EC50, growth (mg l-1) 10.0 P3 Skeletonema costat Moderate
Algae - Chronic 96 hour NOEC, growth (mg l-1) - - -
Honeybees Contact acute 48 hour LD50 (μg bee-1) - - -
Oral acute 48 hour LD50 (μg bee-1) - - -
Unknown mode acute 48 hour LD50 (μg bee-1) - - -
Earthworms - Acute 14 day LC50 (mg kg-1) - - -
Earthworms - Chronic 14 day NOEC, reproduction (mg kg-1) - - -
Other soil macro-organisms - e.g. Collembola LR50 / EC50 / NOEC / % Effect - - -
Other arthropod (1) LR50 g ha-1 - - -
% Effect - - -
Other arthropod (2) LR50 g ha-1 - - -
% Effect - - -
Soil micro-organisms - - -
Mesocosm study data NOEAEC mg l-1 - - -
NOEAEC mg l-1 - - -


HUMAN HEALTH AND PROTECTION

General:
Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe human health and protection issues Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with human health and protection data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret human health and protection data
Threshold of Toxicological Concern (Cramer Class) Click here for a note on the limitations of the Cramer class Low (class I) - -
Mammals - Acute oral LD50 (mg kg-1) 3523 F4 Rat Low
Mammals - Dermal LD50 (mg kg-1 body weight) > 1700 F4 Rabbit -
Mammals - Inhalation LC50 (mg l-1) 5.0 V3 Rat -
Other Mammal toxicity endpoints - -
ADI - Acceptable Daily Intake (mg kg-1bw day-1) - - -
ARfD - Acute Reference Dose (mg kg-1bw day-1) - - -
AAOEL - Acute Acceptable Operator Exposure Level (mg kg-1 bw day-1) - - -
AOEL - Acceptable Operator Exposure Level - Systemic (mg kg-1bw day-1) - - -
Dermal penetration studies (%) - - -
Dangerous Substances Directive 76/464 - - -
Exposure Limits [UK LT TWA 8 hr: 50 ppm (220 mg/m3)], [UK STEL 15 mins: 100 ppm (441 mg/m3)] UK EA QS database, 2018 -
Exposure Routes Public Risk of exposure via dietary routes is negligible
Occupational Main risk of exposure is during handling such as mixing, loading and cleaning operations
European MRLs Click here for the EU MRL pesticide database
Drinking Water Standards Non-statutory WHO drinking water guideline 0.5 mg/L UK EA QS database, 2018 -
Drinking Water MAC (μg l-1) - - -

Health issues:
Carcinogen Mutagen Endocrine disrupter Reproduction / development effects Cholinesterase inhibitor Neurotoxicant

-

Respiratory tract irritant Skin irritant Skin sensitiser Eye irritant Phototoxicant

-

-

-

General human health issues Blood, bone marrow, kidneys, liver toxicant
IARC Group 3 carcinogen

: Yes, known to cause a problem
: No, known not to cause a problem
: Possibly, status not identified
- : No data found

Handling issues:
Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance handling issues Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with data on handling issues Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret data on handling issues
General Click here for a description of the International Maritime Dangerous Goods (IMDG) codes Flammable
Vapours may form explosive mixtures with air.
IMDG Transport Code is usually 3
CLP classification 2013 -
EC Risk Classification Click here to view information omn the EU risk phrases Xn - Harmful: R21
Xi - Irritant; R36/38
H - Handling issues: R10
EC Safety Classification Click here to view information omn the EU safety phrases S2, S36/37, S46
WHO Classification None - not a ppp - -
US EPA Classification (formulation) No concensus across products or no products available - -
UN Number -
Waste disposal & packaging Click here for a description of UN packaging marks Packaging group II (medium danger)


TRANSLATIONS

Language Name
English xylene
French -
German Xylole
Danish -
Italian xiloli
Spanish -
Greek -
Slovenian -
Polish ksylen
Swedish -
Hungarian -
Dutch xylenen

Record last updated: Sunday 01 April 2018
Contact: aeru@herts.ac.uk
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