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acrolein
** acrylaldehyde ** ethylene aldehyde ** acrylic aldehyde ** magnacide ** aqualin ** Translations

Environmental Fate - Ecotoxicology - Human Health - A to Z Index - Home

SUMMARY

Acrolein is a herbicide without EU regulatory approval for use. It is highly soluble in water, highly volatile and, based on its chemical properties, it is mobile and has a high potential to leach to groundwater. It is not considered to be persistent in soil or aquatic systems. It is highly toxic to mammals and there is some concern that it may bioaccumulate. It is classified as an irritant. It shows a high level of toxicity to birds and moderate to high toxicity for most aquatic species. There is little information on its toxicity to biodiversity.

GENERAL INFORMATION Click here for an explantaion of the general chemical status information
for acrolein

Description: An algicide, slimicide and aquatic herbicide used for clearing ditches and drainage canals

Example pests controlled: Submersed weeds such as potamogeton, spirogyra, zannichella; Floating weeds such as watercress, water hyacincth, water primrose; Algae; Snails

Example applications: Irrigation canals; Ditches; Drainage channels

Efficacy & activity: -

Availability status: Current

Introduction & key dates: 1962

EC Regulation 1107/2009 (repealing 91/414):
Status Not approved
Dossier rapporteur/co-rapporteur Not applicable
Date inclusion expires Not applicable
EU Candidate for substitution (CfS) Not applicable
Listed in EU database No

Approved for use () or known to be used () in the following European countries: Click to access a note on the approvals information on this site

AT

BE

BG

CY

CZ

DE

DK

EE

EL

ES

FI

FR

HR

HU

IE

IT

LT

LU

LV

MT

NL

PL

PT

RO

SE

SI

SK

UK

Also used in: Australia, USA

Chemical structure: Click here for further information on the general chemical status information used on this site
Isomerism None
Chemical formula C3H4O
Canonical SMILES C=CC=O
Isomeric SMILES No data
International Chemical Identifier key (InChIKey) HGINCPLSRVDWNT-UHFFFAOYSA-N
International Chemical Identifier (InChI) InChI=1S/C3H4O/c1-2-3-4/h2-3H,1H2
2D structure diagram/image available? Yes

General status: Click here for further information on the general chemical status information used on this site
Pesticide type Herbicide; Molluscicide (aquatic)
Substance group Aldehyde
Minimum active substance purity -
Known relevant impurities -
Substance origin Synthetic
Mode of action Contact action which degrades cell structure
CAS RN 107-02-8
EC number 203-453-4
CIPAC number None allocated
US EPA chemical code 000701
PubChem CID 7847
Molecular mass (g mol-1) 56.06
PIN (Preferred Identification Name) prop-2-enal
IUPAC name prop-2-enal
CAS name 2-propenal
Other status information Marine Pollutant; Water pollutant
Relevant Environmental Water Quality Standards -
Herbicide Resistance Classification (HRAC) Not known
Herbicide Resistance Classification (WSSA) -
Insecticide Resistance Classification (IRAC) Not applicable
Fungicide Resistance Classification (FRAC) Not applicable
Examples of recorded resistance -
Physical state Colourless to yellow liquid with strong acrid smell
Related substances & organisms -

Formulations:
Property Click here for information on the general product and branding information used on this site Value
Example manufacturers & suppliers of products using this active now or historically
  • Baker Petrolite Co.
Example products using this active
  • Magnacide H
  • Crolean
  • Aqualin
  • Aquinite
UK LERAP status No UK approval for use as a pesticide under EC Regulation 1107/2009
Formulation and application details -


ENVIRONMENTAL FATE

for acrolein

Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe environmental fate on this site Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with fate data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret environmental fate data
Solubility - In water at 20oC (mg l-1) 208000 L3 High
Solubility - In organic solvents at 20oC (mg l-1) Miscible L3 - Benzene -
Miscible L3 - Diethyl ether -
Melting point (oC) -87 L3 -
Boiling point (oC) 52.5 L3 -
Degradation point (oC) - - -
Flashpoint (oC) -17.8 L3 - (closed cup) -
Octanol-water partition coefficient at pH 7, 20oC P 9.77 X 10-01 Calculated -
Log P -0.01 F4 Low
Bulk density (g ml-1)/Specific gravity 0.84 F4 -
Dissociation constant (pKa) at 25oC - - -
Note:
Vapour pressure at 20oC (mPa) 29000000 L3 Highly volatile
Henry's law constant at 25oC (Pa m3 mol-1) 19.5 L3 Moderately volatile
GUS leaching potential index Click here for a note on the limitations of the GUS index -1.40 Calculated Low leachability
SCI-GROW groundwater index (μg l-1) for a 1 kg ha-1 or 1 l ha-1 application rate Click here for a note on the limitations of the SCI-GROW index Value 1.15 X 10-03 Calculated -
Note -
Potential for particle bound transport index Click here for a note on the limitations of the potential for particle bound transport index - Calculated Low
Maximum UV-vis absorption L mol-1 cm-1 - - -
Surface tension (mN m-1) - - -

Degradation:
Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance degradation Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with degradation data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance degradation data
General biodegradability -
Soil degradation (days) (aerobic) DT50 (typical) 17 Q3 Non-persistent
DT50 (lab at 20oC) 0.4 L3 Non-persistent
DT50 (field) 17 Q3 Non-persistent
DT90 (lab at 20oC) - - -
DT90 (field) - - -
DT50 modelling endpoint - - -
Note General literature values DT50 range laboratory 7.5-10.2 hrs, field studies DT50 range 7-28 days
Dissipation rate RL50 on plant matrix Value - - -
Note -
Dissipation rate RL50 on and in plant matrix Value - - -
Note -
Aqueous photolysis DT50 (days) at pH 7 Value 4 Q2 Moderately fast
Note -
Aqueous hydrolysis DT50 (days) at 20oC and pH 7 Value 1.5 L3 Non-persistent
Note pH sensitive: 3.5 days at pH 5, 0.2 days at pH 10
Water-sediment DT50 (days) - - -
Water phase only DT50 (days) - - -

Soil adsorption and mobility:
Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance adsorption and mobility Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with adsorption and mobility data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance adsorption and mobility
Linear Kd - F4 Very mobile
Koc 3.0
Notes and range Other sources: 1 mL/g (US3; DW3)
Freundlich Kf - - -
Kfoc -
1/n -
Notes and range -
pH sensitivity -


ECOTOXICOLOGY

for acrolein

Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance ecotoxicology Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with ecotoxicology data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance ecotoxicology
Bio-concentration factor BCF (l kg-1) 344 F3 Lepomis macrochirus Threshold for concern
CT50 (days) Not available -
Mammals - Acute oral LD50 (mg kg-1) 29 F4 Rat High
Mammals - Short term dietary NOEL (mg kg-1) 5 L3 Rat High
(ppm diet) - -
Birds - Acute LD50 (mg kg-1) > 19 L3 Colinus virginianus High
Birds - Short term dietary (LC50/LD50) - - -
Fish - Acute 96 hour LC50 (mg l-1) > 0.15 L3 Oncorhynchus mykiss Moderate
Fish - Chronic 21 day NOEC (mg l-1) - - -
Aquatic invertebrates - Acute 48 hour EC50 (mg l-1) 0.022 L3 Daphnia magna High
Aquatic invertebrates - Chronic 21 day NOEC (mg l-1) - - -
Aquatic crustaceans - Acute 96 hour LC50 (mg l-1) - - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Acute 96 hour LC50 (mg l-1) - - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Chronic 28 day NOEC, static, water (mg l-1) - - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Chronic 28 day NOEC, sediment (mg kg-1) - - -
Aquatic plants - Acute 7 day EC50, biomass (mg l-1) 0.07 L3 Lemna gibba Moderate
Non-target plants - - -
- - -
Algae - Acute 72 hour EC50, growth (mg l-1) 0.05 L3 Raphidocelis subcapitata Moderate
Algae - Chronic 96 hour NOEC, growth (mg l-1) - - -
Honeybees (Apis spp.) Contact acute LD50 (worst case from 24 , 48 and 72 hour values - μg bee-1) - - -
Oral acute LD50 (worst case from 24 , 48 and 72 hour values - μg bee-1) - - -
Unknown mode acute LD50 (worst case from 24 , 48 and 72 hour values - μg bee-1) - - -
Bumblebees (Bombus spp.) Contact acute LD50 (worst case from 24 , 48 and 72 hour values - μg bee-1) - - -
-
Oral acute LD50 (worst case from 24 , 48 and 72 hour values - μg bee-1) - - -
-
Mason bees (Osmia spp.) Contact acute LD50 (worst case from 24 , 48 and 72 hour values - μg bee-1) - - -
Oral acute LD50 (worst case from 24 , 48 and 72 hour values - μg bee-1) - - -
Other pollinators (1) Acute LD50 (worst case from 24 , 48 and 72 hour values - μg insect-1) - - -
Mode of exposure -
Other pollinators (2) Acute LD50 (worst case from 24 , 48 and 72 hour values - μg insect-1) - - -
Mode of exposure -
Earthworms - Acute 14 day LC50 (mg kg-1) - - -
Earthworms - Chronic 14 day NOEC, reproduction (mg kg-1) - - -
Other soil macro-organisms - e.g. Collembola LR50 / EC50 / NOEC / % Effect - - -
Other arthropod (1) LR50 g ha-1 - - -
% Effect - - -
Other arthropod (2) LR50 g ha-1 - - -
% Effect - - -
Soil micro-organisms - - -
Mesocosm study data NOEAEC mg l-1 - - -
NOEAEC mg l-1 - - -


HUMAN HEALTH AND PROTECTION

for acrolein

General:
Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe human health and protection issues Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with human health and protection data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret human health and protection data
Threshold of Toxicological Concern (Cramer Class) Click here for a note on the limitations of the Cramer class Intermediate (class II) - -
Mammals - Acute oral LD50 (mg kg-1) 29 F4 Rat High
Mammals - Dermal LD50 (mg kg-1 body weight) 231 L3 Rabbit -
Mammals - Inhalation LC50 (mg l-1) 8.3 L3 Rat -
Other Mammal toxicity endpoints - -
ADI - Acceptable Daily Intake (mg kg-1bw day-1) - - -
ARfD - Acute Reference Dose (mg kg-1bw day-1) - - -
AAOEL - Acute Acceptable Operator Exposure Level (mg kg-1 bw day-1) - - -
AOEL - Acceptable Operator Exposure Level - Systemic (mg kg-1bw day-1) - - -
Dermal penetration studies (%) - - -
Dangerous Substances Directive 76/464 - - -
Exposure Routes Public -
Occupational -
European MRLs Click here for the EU MRL pesticide database
Drinking Water Standards - - -
Drinking Water MAC (μg l-1) - - -

Health issues:
Carcinogen Genotoxic Endocrine disrupter Reproduction / development effects Cholinesterase inhibitor Neurotoxicant

A0; B0; C0; D0; E0

-

-

Respiratory tract irritant Skin irritant Skin sensitiser Eye irritant Phototoxicant

-

-

General human health issues Highly toxic, causes respiratory congestion and heart failure
IARC group 3 carcinogen
Key: Genotoxicity
A: Chromosome aberration (EFSA database)
B: DNA damage/repair (EFSA database)
C: Gene mutation (EFSA database)
D: Genome mutation (EFSA database)
E: Unspecified genotoxicity type (miscellaneous data source)
0: No data
1: Positive
2: Mixed/ambiguous results
3: Negative
Key: Other
: Yes, known to cause a problem
: No, known not to cause a problem
: Possibly, status not identified
- : No data found

Handling issues:
Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance handling issues Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with data on handling issues Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret data on handling issues
General Click here for a description of the International Maritime Dangerous Goods (IMDG) codes No information available
CLP classification 2013 -
EC Risk Classification Click here to view information omn the EU risk phrases T+ - Very toxic: R26
T - Toxic: R24/25
H - Handling risks: R11, R34
N - Dangerous for the environment: R50
EC Safety Classification Click here to view information omn the EU safety phrases S23, S26, S28, S45, S61, S36/27/39
WHO Classification Ib - Highly hazardous
UN Number 1092
Waste disposal & packaging Click here for a description of UN packaging marks -


TRANSLATIONS

for acrolein

Language Name
English acrolein
French acroléine
German Acrolein
Danish acrolein
Italian acrilaldeide
Spanish acroleina
Greek -
Slovenian akrolein
Polish akroleina
Swedish -
Hungarian -
Dutch acroleine

Record last updated: Wednesday 30 May 2018
Contact: aeru@herts.ac.uk