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calcium phosphide
** polytanol ** tricalcium diphosphide ** Translations

Environmental Fate - Ecotoxicology - Human Health - A to Z Index - Home

GENERAL INFORMATION Click here for an explantaion of the general chemical status information
for calcium phosphide

Description: A gas generating product for use mainly to control rodents

Example pests controlled: Rats; Mice; Other small Rodents

Example applications: Agricultural and non-agricultural situations

Efficacy & activity: -

Availability status: Current

Introduction & key dates: -

EC Regulation 1107/2009 (repealing 91/414):
Status Approved
Dossier rapporteur/co-rapporteur Austria/Germany
Date inclusion expires 31/08/2022
EU Candidate for substitution (CfS) No
Listed in EU database Yes

Approved for use () or known to be used () in the following European countries: Click to access a note on the approvals information on this site

AT

BE

BG

CY

CZ

DE

DK

EE

EL

ES

FI

FR

HR

HU

IE

IT

LT

LU

LV

MT

NL

PL

PT

RO

SE

SI

SK

UK

Chemical structure: Click here for further information on the general chemical status information used on this site
Isomerism None
Chemical formula Ca3P2
Canonical SMILES [P-3].[P-3].[Ca+2].[Ca+2].[Ca+2]
Isomeric SMILES No data
International Chemical Identifier key (InChIKey) HMJZRBDFJAQGEY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
International Chemical Identifier (InChI) InChI=1S/3Ca.2P/q3*+2;2*-3
2D structure diagram/image available? Yes

General status: Click here for further information on the general chemical status information used on this site
Pesticide type Rodenticide
Substance group Inorganic compound
Minimum active substance purity -
Known relevant impurities EU dossier - None declared
Substance origin Synthetic
Mode of action Lethal stomach acid
CAS RN 1305-99-3
EC number 215-142-0
CIPAC number 505
US EPA chemical code -
PubChem CID 14780
Molecular mass (g mol-1) 182.19
PIN (Preferred Identification Name) calcium phosphide
IUPAC name calcium phosphide
CAS name calcium phosphide
Other status information -
Relevant Environmental Water Quality Standards -
Herbicide Resistance Classification (HRAC) Not applicable
Herbicide Resistance Classification (WSSA) Not applicable
Insecticide Resistance Classification (IRAC) Not applicable
Fungicide Resistance Classification (FRAC) Not applicable
Examples of recorded resistance -
Physical state White to dark grey granules sometimes reddish brown
Related substances & organisms

Formulations:
Property Click here for information on the general product and branding information used on this site Value
Example manufacturers & suppliers of products using this active now or historically -
Example products using this active
  • Polytanol
UK LERAP status No UK approval for use as a pesticide under EC Regulation 1107/2009
Formulation and application details Usually supplied as a phosphine gas generating product.


ENVIRONMENTAL FATE

for calcium phosphide

Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe environmental fate on this site Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with fate data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret environmental fate data
Solubility - In water at 20oC (mg l-1) - - -
Solubility - In organic solvents at 20oC (mg l-1) - - -
Melting point (oC) 1600 A5 -
Boiling point (oC) - - -
Degradation point (oC) 360 A5 -
Flashpoint (oC) - - -
Octanol-water partition coefficient at pH 7, 20oC P - - -
Log P - - -
Bulk density (g ml-1)/Specific gravity 1.274 A5 -
Dissociation constant (pKa) at 25oC Not applicable A5 -
Note: No dissociation
Vapour pressure at 20oC (mPa) 1.0 A5 Low volatility
Henry's law constant at 25oC (Pa m3 mol-1) - - -
GUS leaching potential index Click here for a note on the limitations of the GUS index - - -
SCI-GROW groundwater index (μg l-1) for a 1 kg ha-1 or 1 l ha-1 application rate Click here for a note on the limitations of the SCI-GROW index Value - - -
Note -
Potential for particle bound transport index Click here for a note on the limitations of the potential for particle bound transport index - Calculated Low
Maximum UV-vis absorption L mol-1 cm-1 - - -
Surface tension (mN m-1) - - -

Degradation:
Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance degradation Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with degradation data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance degradation data
General biodegradability -
Soil degradation (days) (aerobic) DT50 (typical) 0.01 Click here to see a warning relating to modelling and this active substance A3 Non-persistent
DT50 (lab at 20oC) 0.01 A3 Non-persistent
DT50 (field) 0.01 A3 Non-persistent
DT90 (lab at 20oC) - - -
DT90 (field) - - -
DT50 modelling endpoint - - -
Note Substance is rapidly converted to gas which is volatilised
Dissipation rate RL50 on plant matrix Value - - -
Note -
Dissipation rate RL50 on and in plant matrix Value - - -
Note -
Aqueous photolysis DT50 (days) at pH 7 Value - - -
Note -
Aqueous hydrolysis DT50 (days) at 20oC and pH 7 Value - - -
Note -
Water-sediment DT50 (days) - - -
Water phase only DT50 (days) - - -

Soil adsorption and mobility:
Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance adsorption and mobility Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with adsorption and mobility data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance adsorption and mobility
Linear Kd - - -
Koc -
Notes and range -
Freundlich Kf - - -
Kfoc -
1/n -
Notes and range -
pH sensitivity -

Key metabolites:
Metabolite Formation medium Estimated maximum occurrence fraction 1107/2009 relevancy Click here for further information on 1107/2009 relevancy
phosphine This metabolite may cause environmental pollution, click here for further information Soil   1.000   Major, Relevant


ECOTOXICOLOGY

for calcium phosphide

Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance ecotoxicology Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with ecotoxicology data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance ecotoxicology
Bio-concentration factor BCF (l kg-1) - - -
CT50 (days) - -
Mammals - Acute oral LD50 (mg kg-1) 8.7 A4 Rat, as aluminium phosphide High
Mammals - Short term dietary NOEL (mg kg-1) - - -
(ppm diet) - -
Birds - Acute LD50 (mg kg-1) 21.2 A5 Colinus virginianus High
Birds - Short term dietary (LC50/LD50) - - -
Fish - Acute 96 hour LC50 (mg l-1) 0.000105 A3 Lepomis macrochirus, as phosphine High
Fish - Chronic 21 day NOEC (mg l-1) - - -
Aquatic invertebrates - Acute 48 hour EC50 (mg l-1) 0.000117 A3 Daphnia magna, as phosphine High
Aquatic invertebrates - Chronic 21 day NOEC (mg l-1) - - -
Aquatic crustaceans - Acute 96 hour LC50 (mg l-1) - - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Acute 96 hour LC50 (mg l-1) - - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Chronic 28 day NOEC, static, water (mg l-1) - - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Chronic 28 day NOEC, sediment (mg kg-1) - - -
Aquatic plants - Acute 7 day EC50, biomass (mg l-1) - - -
Non-target plants - - -
- - -
Algae - Acute 72 hour EC50, growth (mg l-1) - - -
Algae - Chronic 96 hour NOEC, growth (mg l-1) - - -
Honeybees Contact acute 48 hour LD50 (μg bee-1) - - -
Oral acute 48 hour LD50 (μg bee-1) - - -
Unknown mode acute 48 hour LD50 (μg bee-1) - - -
Earthworms - Acute 14 day LC50 (mg kg-1) > 400 A5 Eisenia foetida, as product Moderate
Earthworms - Chronic 14 day NOEC, reproduction (mg kg-1) - - -
Other soil macro-organisms - e.g. Collembola LR50 / EC50 / NOEC / % Effect - - -
Other arthropod (1) LR50 g ha-1 - - -
% Effect - - -
Other arthropod (2) LR50 g ha-1 - - -
% Effect - - -
Soil micro-organisms Nitrogen mineralisation: No significant adverse effect
Dihydrogenase activity: No significant adverse effect
A5
Dose: product 28% calcium phosphide, 28 days
-
Mesocosm study data NOEAEC mg l-1 - - -
NOEAEC mg l-1 - - -


HUMAN HEALTH AND PROTECTION

for calcium phosphide

General:
Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe human health and protection issues Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with human health and protection data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret human health and protection data
Threshold of Toxicological Concern (Cramer Class) Click here for a note on the limitations of the Cramer class High (class III) - -
Mammals - Acute oral LD50 (mg kg-1) 8.7 A4 Rat, as aluminium phosphide High
Mammals - Dermal LD50 (mg kg-1 body weight) 680 A4 Rat (aluminium phosphide) -
Mammals - Inhalation LC50 (mg l-1) 11.0 A5 Rat -
Other Mammal toxicity endpoints - -
ADI - Acceptable Daily Intake (mg kg-1bw day-1) 0.03 A5 Rat, SF=100 -
ARfD - Acute Reference Dose (mg kg-1bw day-1) 0.051 A5 Rat, SF=100 -
AAOEL - Acute Acceptable Operator Exposure Level (mg kg-1 bw day-1) - - -
AOEL - Acceptable Operator Exposure Level - Systemic (mg kg-1bw day-1) 0.03 A5 Rat, SF=100 -
Dermal penetration studies (%) 10 A5 -
Dangerous Substances Directive 76/464 - - -
Exposure Limits - - -
Exposure Routes Public Negligible risk via dietary exposure
Unknown risk to bystanders
Occupational No unacceptable risks to operators or other workers identified
European MRLs Click here for the EU MRL pesticide database
Drinking Water Standards - - -
Drinking Water MAC (μg l-1) 0.1 EU Dir 89/778/EC limit, A5 -

Health issues:
Carcinogen Mutagen Endocrine disrupter Reproduction / development effects Cholinesterase inhibitor Neurotoxicant

-

-

-

Respiratory tract irritant Skin irritant Skin sensitiser Eye irritant Phototoxicant

-

-

General human health issues Inhalation of phosphine may cause lung oedema
Inhalation or ingestion causes faintness, weakness, nausea, vomiting

: Yes, known to cause a problem
: No, known not to cause a problem
: Possibly, status not identified
- : No data found

Handling issues:
Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance handling issues Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with data on handling issues Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret data on handling issues
General Click here for a description of the International Maritime Dangerous Goods (IMDG) codes Contact with water releases the flammable, toxic gas phosphine
Dangerous when wet
IMDG Transport Code is usually 4.3
CLP classification 2013 Handling: H260
Health: H300
Environment: H400
EC Risk Classification Click here to view information omn the EU risk phrases T+ - Very toxic: R28
H - Handling risks: R15/29
N - Dangerous for the environment: R50
EC Safety Classification Click here to view information omn the EU safety phrases S1/2, S22, S28, S36/37, S43, S45, S61
WHO Classification NL - Not listed
US EPA Classification (formulation) - -
UN Number Usually 1360
Waste disposal & packaging Click here for a description of UN packaging marks Packaging Group I (great danger)


TRANSLATIONS

for calcium phosphide

Language Name
English calcium phosphide
French -
German Calciumphosphid
Danish -
Italian -
Spanish -
Greek -
Slovenian kalcijev fosfid
Polish fosforek (III) wapnia
Swedish -
Hungarian -
Dutch -

Record last updated: Monday 06 August 2018
Contact: aeru@herts.ac.uk