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GET ADDITIONAL DATA HERE!

potassium iodide
** iodide of potash ** KI ** PIMA ** FLPS ** Translations

Environmental Fate - Ecotoxicology - Human Health - A to Z Index - Home

GENERAL INFORMATION Click here for an explantaion of the general chemical status information
for potassium iodide

Description: Used as part of a biological system with enzymes for control of powdery mildew

Example pests controlled: Powdery mildew

Example applications: Tomatoes; Sweet peppers; Cucumbers; Egg plant; Strawberries; Ornamentals

Efficacy & activity: -

Availability status: Current

Introduction & key dates: -

EC Regulation 1107/2009 (repealing 91/414):
Status Not approved
Dossier rapporteur/co-rapporteur Netherlands
Date inclusion expires Expired
EU Candidate for substitution (CfS) Not applicable
Listed in EU database Yes

Approved for use () or known to be used () in the following European countries: Click to access a note on the approvals information on this site

AT

BE

BG

CY

CZ

DE

DK

EE

EL

ES

FI

FR

HR

HU

IE

IT

LT

LU

LV

MT

NL

PL

PT

RO

SE

SI

SK

UK

Chemical structure: Click here for further information on the general chemical status information used on this site
Isomerism None
Chemical formula KI
Canonical SMILES [K+].[I-]
Isomeric SMILES No data
International Chemical Identifier key (InChIKey) NLKNQRATVPKPDG-UHFFFAOYSA-M
International Chemical Identifier (InChI) InChI=1S/HI.K/h1H;/q;+1/p-1
2D structure diagram/image available? Yes

General status: Click here for further information on the general chemical status information used on this site
Pesticide type Fungicide
Substance group Inorganic compound
Minimum active substance purity 99.9%
Known relevant impurities EU dossier - None declared
Substance origin Synthetic
Mode of action Contact, curative action, kills spores and mycelium within 24hrs by inhibiting growth, respiration and other metabolic functions
CAS RN 7681-11-0
EC number 231-659-4
CIPAC number 773
US EPA chemical code 075701
PubChem CID 4875
Molecular mass (g mol-1) 166.0
PIN (Preferred Identification Name) -
IUPAC name potassium iodide
CAS name potassium iodide
Other status information -
Relevant Environmental Water Quality Standards -
Herbicide Resistance Classification (HRAC) Not applicable
Herbicide Resistance Classification (WSSA) Not applicable
Insecticide Resistance Classification (IRAC) Not applicable
Fungicide Resistance Classification (FRAC) None
Examples of recorded resistance -
Physical state Colourless-white crystals
Related substances & organisms

Formulations:
Property Click here for information on the general product and branding information used on this site Value
Example manufacturers & suppliers of products using this active now or historically
  • Koppert Beheer B.V.
Example products using this active
  • KBV 99-01
UK LERAP status No UK approval for use as a pesticide under EC Regulation 1107/2009
Formulation and application details Usually supplied as water soluble powders and granules that must be mixed before application.


ENVIRONMENTAL FATE

for potassium iodide

Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe environmental fate on this site Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with fate data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret environmental fate data
Solubility - In water at 20oC (mg l-1) 1429000 A5 High
Solubility - In organic solvents at 20oC (mg l-1) 13300 A5 - Acetone -
125000 A5 - Methanol -
Melting point (oC) 686 A5 -
Boiling point (oC) 1330 A5 -
Degradation point (oC) Decomposition not observed A5 -
Flashpoint (oC) Not expected to self ignite; Not highly flammable A5 -
Octanol-water partition coefficient at pH 7, 20oC P 1.10 X 1000 Calculated -
Log P 0.04 A5 Low
Bulk density (g ml-1)/Specific gravity 3.13 Q3 -
Dissociation constant (pKa) at 25oC - - -
Note:
Vapour pressure at 20oC (mPa) - - -
Henry's law constant at 25oC (Pa m3 mol-1) - - -
GUS leaching potential index Click here for a note on the limitations of the GUS index - - -
SCI-GROW groundwater index (μg l-1) for a 1 kg ha-1 or 1 l ha-1 application rate Click here for a note on the limitations of the SCI-GROW index Value - - -
Note -
Potential for particle bound transport index Click here for a note on the limitations of the potential for particle bound transport index - - -
Maximum UV-vis absorption L mol-1 cm-1 No significant absorption above 290nm A5 -
Surface tension (mN m-1) - - -

Degradation:
Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance degradation Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with degradation data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance degradation data
General biodegradability -
Soil degradation (days) (aerobic) DT50 (typical) - - -
DT50 (lab at 20oC) - - -
DT50 (field) - - -
DT90 (lab at 20oC) - - -
DT90 (field) - - -
DT50 modelling endpoint - - -
Note: -
Dissipation rate RL50 on plant matrix Value - - -
Note -
Dissipation rate RL50 on and in plant matrix Value - - -
Note -
Aqueous photolysis DT50 (days) at pH 7 Value - - -
Note -
Aqueous hydrolysis DT50 (days) at 20oC and pH 7 Value - - -
Note -
Water-sediment DT50 (days) - - -
Water phase only DT50 (days) - - -

Soil adsorption and mobility:
Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance adsorption and mobility Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with adsorption and mobility data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance adsorption and mobility
Linear Kd - A2 -
Koc -
Notes and range Mobile
Freundlich Kf - - -
Kfoc -
1/n -
Notes and range -
pH sensitivity -


ECOTOXICOLOGY

for potassium iodide

Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance ecotoxicology Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with ecotoxicology data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance ecotoxicology
Bio-concentration factor BCF (l kg-1) Low risk A5 based on LogP <3.0 Low potential
CT50 (days) - -
Mammals - Acute oral LD50 (mg kg-1) 1862 A4 Mouse Moderate
Mammals - Short term dietary NOEL (mg kg-1) - - -
(ppm diet) - -
Birds - Acute LD50 (mg kg-1) > 1177 A4 Unknown species Moderate
Birds - Short term dietary (LC50/LD50) > 258 mg kg bw-1 day-1 A4 Unknown species -
Fish - Acute 96 hour LC50 (mg l-1) 2190 A5 Oncorhynchus mykiss Low
Fish - Chronic 21 day NOEC (mg l-1) - - -
Aquatic invertebrates - Acute 48 hour EC50 (mg l-1) 9.8 A5 Daphnia magna Moderate
Aquatic invertebrates - Chronic 21 day NOEC (mg l-1) - - -
Aquatic crustaceans - Acute 96 hour LC50 (mg l-1) - - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Acute 96 hour LC50 (mg l-1) - - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Chronic 28 day NOEC, static, water (mg l-1) - - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Chronic 28 day NOEC, sediment (mg kg-1) - - -
Aquatic plants - Acute 7 day EC50, biomass (mg l-1) - - -
Non-target plants - - -
- - -
Algae - Acute 72 hour EC50, growth (mg l-1) - - -
Algae - Chronic 96 hour NOEC, growth (mg l-1) 1308 A5 Scenedesmus quadricauda Low
Honeybees Contact acute 48 hour LD50 (μg bee-1) > 0.78 A5 High
Oral acute 48 hour LD50 (μg bee-1) > 2.4 A5 Moderate
Unknown mode acute 48 hour LD50 (μg bee-1) - - -
Earthworms - Acute 14 day LC50 (mg kg-1) > 12.5 A5 Eisenia foetida Moderate
Earthworms - Chronic 14 day NOEC, reproduction (mg kg-1) - - -
Other soil macro-organisms - e.g. Collembola LR50 / EC50 / NOEC / % Effect - - -
Other arthropod (1) LR50 g ha-1 - - -
% Effect 28
32
Mortality
Fecundity
Dose: 0.16 kg ha-1
A5 Aphidius rhopalosiphi, adult
-
Other arthropod (2) LR50 g ha-1 - - -
% Effect -6.6
14
Mortality
Reproduction
Dose: 0.16 kg ha-1
A5 Typhlodromus pyri, protonymph
-
Soil micro-organisms Nitrogen mineralisation: No significant adverse effect
Carbon mineralisation: No significant adverse effect
A5
Dose: 0.24 mg kg-1, 28 days
-
Mesocosm study data NOEAEC mg l-1 - - -
NOEAEC mg l-1 - - -


HUMAN HEALTH AND PROTECTION

for potassium iodide

General:
Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe human health and protection issues Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with human health and protection data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret human health and protection data
Threshold of Toxicological Concern (Cramer Class) Click here for a note on the limitations of the Cramer class High (class III) - -
Mammals - Acute oral LD50 (mg kg-1) 1862 A4 Mouse Moderate
Mammals - Dermal LD50 (mg kg-1 body weight) > 2000 A5 Rat -
Mammals - Inhalation LC50 (mg l-1) - - -
Other Mammal toxicity endpoints - -
ADI - Acceptable Daily Intake (mg kg-1bw day-1) None allocated A5 -
ARfD - Acute Reference Dose (mg kg-1bw day-1) None allocated A5 -
AAOEL - Acute Acceptable Operator Exposure Level (mg kg-1 bw day-1) - - -
AOEL - Acceptable Operator Exposure Level - Systemic (mg kg-1bw day-1) 0.0084 A5 as AASE -
Dermal penetration studies (%) 10 A3 default -
Dangerous Substances Directive 76/464 - - -
Exposure Limits - - -
Exposure Routes Public Acceptable risks to bystanders considering proposed uses
Occupational Risks identified - PPE/PPC essential
European MRLs Click here for the EU MRL pesticide database
Drinking Water Standards - - -
Drinking Water MAC (μg l-1) - - -

Health issues:
Carcinogen Mutagen Endocrine disrupter Reproduction / development effects Cholinesterase inhibitor Neurotoxicant

-

-

-

Respiratory tract irritant Skin irritant Skin sensitiser Eye irritant Phototoxicant

-

-

General human health issues Thyroid toxicant, may cause hypothyroidism
Large oral doses may cause irritation to the gastrointestinal tract

: Yes, known to cause a problem
: No, known not to cause a problem
: Possibly, status not identified
- : No data found

Handling issues:
Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance handling issues Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with data on handling issues Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret data on handling issues
General Click here for a description of the International Maritime Dangerous Goods (IMDG) codes Not explosive or oxidising
Hygroscopic
IMDG Transport Code is usually 3
CLP classification 2013 None allocated at this time
EC Risk Classification Click here to view information omn the EU risk phrases Reproduction risk category 2: R61
Xn - Harmful: R42, R43
Xi - Irritant: R36, R38
EC Safety Classification Click here to view information omn the EU safety phrases S26, S36, S37, S39, S45
WHO Classification NL - Not listed
US EPA Classification (formulation) [Xn - Harmful: R22] - -
UN Number Usually 2056
Waste disposal & packaging Click here for a description of UN packaging marks Packaging Group II (medium danger)


TRANSLATIONS

for potassium iodide

Language Name
English potassium iodide
French -
German -
Danish -
Italian -
Spanish -
Greek -
Slovenian -
Polish -
Swedish -
Hungarian -
Dutch -

Record last updated: Thursday 31 May 2018
Contact: aeru@herts.ac.uk