Endothal is a selective, contact herbicide. It is highly soluble in water and semi-volatile. Based on its chemical properties it is not expected to leach to groundwater. It is generally non-persistent in soils. Endothal is highly toxic to mammals but is not expected to bioaccumulate. It is a recognised irritant. It is moderately toxic to fish and aquatic organisms but is less toxic to birds.
The following alerts are based on the data in the tables below. An absence of an alert does not imply the substance has no implications for human health, biodiversity or the environment but just that we do not have the data to form a judgement.
Environmental fate Moderate alert: Drainflow: Moderately mobile
Ecotoxicity Moderate alert: Fish acute ecotoxicity: Moderate; Fish chronic ecotoxicity: Moderate; Daphnia acute ecotoxicity: Moderate; Daphnia chronic ecotoxicity: Moderate
Human health High alert: Mammals acute toxicity: High
An unclassified herbicide, defoliant plant growth regulator and algicide used to control annual grasses, broad-leaved and aquatic weeds
Lewis, K.A., Tzilivakis, J., Warner, D. and Green, A. (2016) An international database for pesticide risk assessments and management. Human and Ecological Risk Assessment: An International Journal, 22(4), 1050-1064. DOI: 10.1080/10807039.2015.1133242