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formothion (Ref: SAN 6913I)
** ENT 27257 ** OMS 968 ** J-38 ** Translations

Environmental Fate - Ecotoxicology - Human Health - A to Z Index - Home

GENERAL INFORMATION Click here for an explantaion of the general chemical status information
for formothion

Description: An obsolete systemic, broad spectrum insecticide and acaricide

Example pests controlled: Spider mites; Aphids; Psyllids; Mealy bugs; Whiteflies

Example applications: Tree fruit; Vines; Olives; Hops; Cereals; Sugarcane; Rice

Efficacy & activity: -

Availability status: Obsolete

Introduction & key dates: 1961, first reported

EC Regulation 1107/2009 (repealing 91/414):
Status Not approved
Dossier rapporteur/co-rapporteur -
Date inclusion expires Expired
EU Candidate for substitution (CfS) -
Listed in EU database Yes

Approved for use () or known to be used () in the following European countries: Click to access a note on the approvals information on this site

AT

BE

BG

CY

CZ

DE

DK

EE

EL

ES

FI

FR

HR

HU

IE

IT

LT

LU

LV

MT

NL

PL

PT

RO

SE

SI

SK

UK

Chemical structure: Click here for further information on the general chemical status information used on this site
Isomerism -
Chemical formula C6H12NO4PS2
Canonical SMILES CN(C=O)C(=O)CSP(=S)(OC)OC
Isomeric SMILES No data
International Chemical Identifier key (InChIKey) AIKKULXCBHRFOS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
International Chemical Identifier (InChI) InChI=1S/C6H12NO4PS2/c1-7(5-8)6(9)4-14-12(13,10-2)11-3/h5H,4H2,1-3H3
2D structure diagram/image available? Yes

General status: Click here for further information on the general chemical status information used on this site
Pesticide type Insecticide, Acaricide
Substance group Organophosphate
Minimum active substance purity -
Known relevant impurities -
Substance origin Synthetic
Mode of action Systemic with contact action. Cholinesterase inhibitor.
CAS RN 2540-82-1
EC number 219-818-6
CIPAC number 160
US EPA chemical code 366400
PubChem CID 17345
Molecular mass (g mol-1) 257.27
PIN (Preferred Identification Name) -
IUPAC name 2-dimethoxyphosphinothioylthio-N-formyl-N-methylacetamide
CAS name S-(2-(formylmethylamino)-2-oxoethyl) O,O-dimethyl phosphorodithioate
Other status information Phytotoxic to some varieties of peach, apricot and cherry
Relevant Environmental Water Quality Standards -
Herbicide Resistance Classification (HRAC) Not applicable
Herbicide Resistance Classification (WSSA) Not applicable
Insecticide Resistance Classification (IRAC) 1B
Fungicide Resistance Classification (FRAC) Not applicable
Examples of recorded resistance Bactrocera dorsalis
Myzus persicae
Rhizoglyphus robini
Tetranychus urticae
Bemisia tabaci
Boophilus microplus
many others
Physical state Yellow viscous liquidy crystals
Related substances & organisms -

Formulations:
Property Click here for information on the general product and branding information used on this site Value
Example manufacturers & suppliers of products using this active now or historically
  • Sandoz AG
  • Novartis
Example products using this active
  • Sandothion
  • Anthiomix
  • Aflix
  • Anthio
UK LERAP status No UK approval for use as a pesticide under EC Regulation 1107/2009
Formulation and application details Usually formulated as an emulsifiable concentrate or ULV.


ENVIRONMENTAL FATE

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Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe environmental fate on this site Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with fate data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret environmental fate data
Solubility - In water at 20oC (mg l-1) 2600 K4 High
Solubility - In organic solvents at 20oC (mg l-1) Miscible L3 - Benzene -
Miscible L3 - Xylene -
Miscible L3 - Toluene -
Miscible L3 - Chloroform -
Melting point (oC) 25 L3 -
Boiling point (oC) - - -
Degradation point (oC) - - -
Flashpoint (oC) - - -
Octanol-water partition coefficient at pH 7, 20oC P 3.02 X 1001 Calculated -
Log P 1.48 G4 Low
Bulk density (g ml-1)/Specific gravity 1.36 L3 -
Dissociation constant (pKa) at 25oC - - -
Note:
Vapour pressure at 20oC (mPa) 0.113 K4 Low volatility
Henry's law constant at 25oC (Pa m3 mol-1) 1.11 X 10-05 V3 Non-volatile
GUS leaching potential index Click here for a note on the limitations of the GUS index 3.07 Calculated High leachability
SCI-GROW groundwater index (μg l-1) for a 1 kg ha-1 or 1 l ha-1 application rate Click here for a note on the limitations of the SCI-GROW index Value 1.64 X 10-01 Calculated -
Note -
Potential for particle bound transport index Click here for a note on the limitations of the potential for particle bound transport index - Calculated Low
Maximum UV-vis absorption L mol-1 cm-1 - - -
Surface tension (mN m-1) - - -

Degradation:
Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance degradation Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with degradation data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance degradation data
General biodegradability -
Soil degradation (days) (aerobic) DT50 (typical) 14 G4 Non-persistent
DT50 (lab at 20oC) - - -
DT50 (field) - - -
DT90 (lab at 20oC) - - -
DT90 (field) - - -
DT50 modelling endpoint - - -
Note Literature states that DT50 is between 0.5 - 15 days. Loamy soil <1 day.
Dissipation rate RL50 on plant matrix Value 1.2 R3 -
Note Green bean leaves, n=1
Dissipation rate RL50 on and in plant matrix Value - - -
Note -
Aqueous photolysis DT50 (days) at pH 7 Value - - -
Note -
Aqueous hydrolysis DT50 (days) at 20oC and pH 7 Value 0.17 K3 Non-persistent
Note -
Water-sediment DT50 (days) - - -
Water phase only DT50 (days) - - -

Soil adsorption and mobility:
Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance adsorption and mobility Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with adsorption and mobility data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance adsorption and mobility
Linear Kd - P3 Mobile
Koc 21
Notes and range Best available data
Freundlich Kf - - -
Kfoc -
1/n -
Notes and range -
pH sensitivity -

Key metabolites:
Metabolite Formation medium Estimated maximum occurrence fraction 1107/2009 relevancy Click here for further information on 1107/2009 relevancy
dimethoate (Ref: OMS 94) This metabolite may cause environmental pollution, click here for further information Soil   0.700   Major fraction, Relevant


ECOTOXICOLOGY

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Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance ecotoxicology Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with ecotoxicology data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance ecotoxicology
Bio-concentration factor BCF (l kg-1) 0.07 Q2 Estimated Low potential
CT50 (days) Not available -
Mammals - Acute oral LD50 (mg kg-1) > 365 G4 Rat Moderate
Mammals - Short term dietary NOEL (mg kg-1) - - -
(ppm diet) - -
Birds - Acute LD50 (mg kg-1) 630 G3 Columbidae Moderate
Birds - Short term dietary (LC50/LD50) - - -
Fish - Acute 96 hour LC50 (mg l-1) 38.3 L3 Oncorhynchus mykiss Moderate
Fish - Chronic 21 day NOEC (mg l-1) - - -
Aquatic invertebrates - Acute 48 hour EC50 (mg l-1) 16.1 W3 Daphnia magna Moderate
Aquatic invertebrates - Chronic 21 day NOEC (mg l-1) - - -
Aquatic crustaceans - Acute 96 hour LC50 (mg l-1) - - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Acute 96 hour LC50 (mg l-1) - - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Chronic 28 day NOEC, static, water (mg l-1) - - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Chronic 28 day NOEC, sediment (mg kg-1) - - -
Aquatic plants - Acute 7 day EC50, biomass (mg l-1) - - -
Non-target plants - - -
- - -
Algae - Acute 72 hour EC50, growth (mg l-1) 42.3 L3 Scenedesmus subspicatus Low
Algae - Chronic 96 hour NOEC, growth (mg l-1) - - -
Honeybees (Apis spp.) Contact acute LD50 (worst case from 24 , 48 and 72 hour values - μg bee-1) 0.15 K4 High
Oral acute LD50 (worst case from 24 , 48 and 72 hour values - μg bee-1) - - -
Unknown mode acute LD50 (worst case from 24 , 48 and 72 hour values - μg bee-1) - - -
Bumblebees (Bombus spp.) Contact acute LD50 (worst case from 24 , 48 and 72 hour values - μg bee-1) - - -
-
Oral acute LD50 (worst case from 24 , 48 and 72 hour values - μg bee-1) - - -
-
Mason bees (Osmia spp.) Contact acute LD50 (worst case from 24 , 48 and 72 hour values - μg bee-1) - - -
Oral acute LD50 (worst case from 24 , 48 and 72 hour values - μg bee-1) - - -
Other pollinators (1) Acute LD50 (worst case from 24 , 48 and 72 hour values - μg insect-1) - - -
Mode of exposure -
Other pollinators (2) Acute LD50 (worst case from 24 , 48 and 72 hour values - μg insect-1) - - -
Mode of exposure -
Earthworms - Acute 14 day LC50 (mg kg-1) 157.7 L3 Moderate
Earthworms - Chronic NOEC, reproduction (mg kg-1) - - -
Other soil macro-organisms Acute LC50 (mg kg-1) - - -
Chronic NOEC (mg kg-1) - - -
Other arthropod (1) LR50 g ha-1 - - -
% Effect - - -
Other arthropod (2) LR50 g ha-1 - - -
% Effect - - -
Soil micro-organisms - - -
Mesocosm study data NOEAEC mg l-1 - - -
NOEAEC mg l-1 - - -


HUMAN HEALTH AND PROTECTION

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General:
Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe human health and protection issues Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with human health and protection data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret human health and protection data
Threshold of Toxicological Concern (Cramer Class) Click here for a note on the limitations of the Cramer class High (class III) - -
Mammals - Acute oral LD50 (mg kg-1) > 365 G4 Rat Moderate
Mammals - Dermal LD50 (mg kg-1 body weight) - - -
Mammals - Inhalation LC50 (mg l-1) - - -
Other Mammal toxicity endpoints - -
ADI - Acceptable Daily Intake (mg kg-1bw day-1) - - -
ARfD - Acute Reference Dose (mg kg-1bw day-1) - - -
AAOEL - Acute Acceptable Operator Exposure Level (mg kg-1 bw day-1) - - -
AOEL - Acceptable Operator Exposure Level - Systemic (mg kg-1bw day-1) - - -
Dermal penetration studies (%) - - -
Dangerous Substances Directive 76/464 - - -
Exposure Routes Public -
Occupational -
European MRLs Click here for the EU MRL pesticide database
Drinking Water Standards - - -
Drinking Water MAC (μg l-1) - - -

Health issues:
Carcinogen Genotoxic Endocrine disrupter Reproduction / development effects Cholinesterase inhibitor Neurotoxicant

A0; B0; C0; D0; E3

-

-

Respiratory tract irritant Skin irritant Skin sensitiser Eye irritant Phototoxicant

-

-

General human health issues May cause blurred vision, muscle spasms or loss of coordination
Key: Genotoxicity
A: Chromosome aberration (EFSA database)
B: DNA damage/repair (EFSA database)
C: Gene mutation (EFSA database)
D: Genome mutation (EFSA database)
E: Unspecified genotoxicity type (miscellaneous data source)
0: No data
1: Positive
2: Mixed/ambiguous results
3: Negative
Key: Other
: Yes, known to cause a problem
: No, known not to cause a problem
: Possibly, status not identified
- : No data found

Handling issues:
Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance handling issues Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with data on handling issues Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret data on handling issues
General Click here for a description of the International Maritime Dangerous Goods (IMDG) codes Incompatible with alkaline substances
CLP classification 2013 Health: H302, H312
EC Risk Classification Click here to view information omn the EU risk phrases Xn - Harmful: R21/22
EC Safety Classification Click here to view information omn the EU safety phrases S2, S36/37
WHO Classification II - Moderately hazardous
UN Number -
Waste disposal & packaging Click here for a description of UN packaging marks -


TRANSLATIONS

for formothion

Language Name
English formothion
French formothion
German Formothion
Danish formothion
Italian formothion
Spanish formotion
Greek formothion
Slovenian formotion
Polish formotion
Swedish -
Hungarian -
Dutch formothion

Record last updated: Wednesday 23 May 2018
Contact: aeru@herts.ac.uk