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nabam
** nabame ** DSE ** parzate ** Translations

Environmental Fate - Ecotoxicology - Human Health - A to Z Index - Home

SUMMARY

Nabam is a toxic fungicide, considered to be a carcinogen and there are some concerns that it may be an endocrine disrupter. It is very soluble in water, hydrolyzes rapidly, rapidly degrades in soil and so leaching to groundwater is unlikely. Its ETU metabolite is an environmental concern. Highly toxic to aquatic organisms. It is not toxic to honeybees. Toxicity data for other species has not been found.

GENERAL INFORMATION Click here for an explantaion of the general chemical status information
for nabam

Description: A fungicide, algicide and bactericide used in a variety of situations including control of fungal pathogens on crops, to protect harvest produce in storage and as an industrial microbiocide

Example pests controlled: Broad spectrum of fungal pathogens

Example applications: Crops including cotton, capsicums, onions, tomatoes, potatoes and rice; Non-food applications including aquatic stiuations, water cooling systems, industrial sites

Efficacy & activity: -

Availability status: Obsolete

Introduction & key dates: circa 1945

EC Regulation 1107/2009 (repealing 91/414):
Status Not approved
Dossier rapporteur/co-rapporteur -
Date inclusion expires Expired
EU Candidate for substitution (CfS) -
Listed in EU database Yes

Approved for use () or known to be used () in the following European countries: Click to access a note on the approvals information on this site

AT

BE

BG

CY

CZ

DE

DK

EE

EL

ES

FI

FR

HR

HU

IE

IT

LT

LU

LV

MT

NL

PL

PT

RO

SE

SI

SK

UK

Chemical structure: Click here for further information on the general chemical status information used on this site
Isomerism -
Chemical formula C4H6N2Na2S4
Canonical SMILES C(CNC(=S)[S-])NC(=S)[S-].[Na+].[Na+]
Isomeric SMILES No data
International Chemical Identifier key (InChIKey) UQJQVUOTMVCFHX-UHFFFAOYSA-L
International Chemical Identifier (InChI) InChI=1S/C4H8N2S4.2Na/c7-3(8)5-1-2-6-4(9)10;;/h1-2H2,(H2,5,7,8)(H2,6,9,10);;/q;2*+1/p-2
2D structure diagram/image available? Yes

General status: Click here for further information on the general chemical status information used on this site
Pesticide type Fungicide, Algicide, Bactericide, Biocide
Substance group Carbamate
Minimum active substance purity -
Known relevant impurities -
Substance origin Synthetic
Mode of action Non-specific, exact mode of action is unclear but thought to inhibit protein development.
CAS RN 142-59-6
EC number 205-547-0
CIPAC number 21
US EPA chemical code 014503
PubChem CID 3032297
Molecular mass (g mol-1) 256.34
PIN (Preferred Identification Name) -
IUPAC name disodium ethylenebis(dithiocarbamate)
CAS name disodium 1,2-ethanediylbis(carbamodithioate)
Other status information Marine Pollutant
Relevant Environmental Water Quality Standards -
Herbicide Resistance Classification (HRAC) Not applicable
Herbicide Resistance Classification (WSSA) Not applicable
Insecticide Resistance Classification (IRAC) Not applicable
Fungicide Resistance Classification (FRAC) Not known
Examples of recorded resistance -
Physical state Colourless crystals
Related substances & organisms -

Formulations:
Property Click here for information on the general product and branding information used on this site Value
Example manufacturers & suppliers of products using this active now or historically
  • DuPont
  • Rohm & Haas
  • hone Poulenc
Example products using this active
  • Nabasan
  • Dithane D14
  • Parzate
  • Chem Bam
UK LERAP status No UK approval for use as a pesticide under EC Regulation 1107/2009
Formulation and application details Usually supplied as an aqueous solution.


ENVIRONMENTAL FATE

for nabam

Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe environmental fate on this site Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with fate data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret environmental fate data
Solubility - In water at 20oC (mg l-1) 200000 L3 High
Solubility - In organic solvents at 20oC (mg l-1) Insoluble L2 - Acetone -
Insoluble L2 - Methanol -
Insoluble L2 - Xylene -
Insoluble L2 - Ethyl acetate -
Melting point (oC) Decomposes before melting L3 -
Boiling point (oC) Decomposes before boiling L3 -
Degradation point (oC) - - -
Flashpoint (oC) - - -
Octanol-water partition coefficient at pH 7, 20oC P 5.75 X 10-05 Calculated -
Log P -4.24 V3 Low
Bulk density (g ml-1)/Specific gravity - - -
Dissociation constant (pKa) at 25oC - - -
Note:
Vapour pressure at 20oC (mPa) 1.26 X 10-07 V3 - @ 25 degC Low volatility
Henry's law constant at 25oC (Pa m3 mol-1) 1.62 X 10-13 V3 - @ 25 degC Non-volatile
GUS leaching potential index Click here for a note on the limitations of the GUS index - - -
SCI-GROW groundwater index (μg l-1) for a 1 kg ha-1 or 1 l ha-1 application rate Click here for a note on the limitations of the SCI-GROW index Value - - -
Note -
Potential for particle bound transport index Click here for a note on the limitations of the potential for particle bound transport index - - -
Maximum UV-vis absorption L mol-1 cm-1 - - -
Surface tension (mN m-1) - - -

Degradation:
Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance degradation Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with degradation data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance degradation data
General biodegradability -
Soil degradation (days) (aerobic) DT50 (typical) 3.5 R3 Non-persistent
DT50 (lab at 20oC) - - -
DT50 (field) - - -
DT90 (lab at 20oC) - - -
DT90 (field) - - -
DT50 modelling endpoint - - -
Note Best available data suggests degradation is quite rapid ranging for 30hrs to 4 or more days depending on pH
Dissipation rate RL50 on plant matrix Value - - -
Note -
Dissipation rate RL50 on and in plant matrix Value - - -
Note -
Aqueous photolysis DT50 (days) at pH 7 Value - - -
Note -
Aqueous hydrolysis DT50 (days) at 20oC and pH 7 Value - - -
Note -
Water-sediment DT50 (days) - - -
Water phase only DT50 (days) - - -

Soil adsorption and mobility:
Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance adsorption and mobility Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with adsorption and mobility data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance adsorption and mobility
Linear Kd - - -
Koc -
Notes and range -
Freundlich Kf - - -
Kfoc -
1/n -
Notes and range -
pH sensitivity -

Other known metabolites:
Metabolite name and reference Aliases Formation medium / Rate Estimated maximum occurrence fraction Metabolising enzymes
ethylene thiuram monosulfide ETM Air - -
ethylenethiourea
(Ref: )
Note: Best available data suggests degradation is quite rapid ranging for 30hrs to 4 or more days depending on pH
- Air; Soil - -


ECOTOXICOLOGY

for nabam

Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance ecotoxicology Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with ecotoxicology data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance ecotoxicology
Bio-concentration factor BCF (l kg-1) Low risk Q3 Based on LogP < 3 Low potential
CT50 (days) - -
Mammals - Acute oral LD50 (mg kg-1) 395 L3 Rat Moderate
Mammals - Short term dietary NOEL (mg kg-1) - - -
(ppm diet) - -
Birds - Acute LD50 (mg kg-1) > 5000 F4 Anas platyrhynchos Low
Birds - Short term dietary (LC50/LD50) - - -
Fish - Acute 96 hour LC50 (mg l-1) > 0.24 F2 Oncorhynchus mykiss Moderate
Fish - Chronic 21 day NOEC (mg l-1) - - -
Aquatic invertebrates - Acute 48 hour EC50 (mg l-1) 0.0056 F4 Daphnia magna High
Aquatic invertebrates - Chronic 21 day NOEC (mg l-1) - - -
Aquatic crustaceans - Acute 96 hour LC50 (mg l-1) 0.17 F4 Americamysis bahia Moderate
Sediment dwelling organisms - Acute 96 hour LC50 (mg l-1) - - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Chronic 28 day NOEC, static, water (mg l-1) - - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Chronic 28 day NOEC, sediment (mg kg-1) - - -
Aquatic plants - Acute 7 day EC50, biomass (mg l-1) - - -
Non-target plants - - -
- - -
Algae - Acute 72 hour EC50, growth (mg l-1) 2.4 F4 Chlorella pyrenoidosa Moderate
Algae - Chronic 96 hour NOEC, growth (mg l-1) - - -
Honeybees Contact acute 48 hour LD50 (μg bee-1) > 12.1 F4 Moderate
Oral acute 48 hour LD50 (μg bee-1) - - -
Unknown mode acute 48 hour LD50 (μg bee-1) - - -
Earthworms - Acute 14 day LC50 (mg kg-1) - - -
Earthworms - Chronic 14 day NOEC, reproduction (mg kg-1) - - -
Other soil macro-organisms - e.g. Collembola LR50 / EC50 / NOEC / % Effect - - -
Other arthropod (1) LR50 g ha-1 - - -
% Effect - - -
Other arthropod (2) LR50 g ha-1 - - -
% Effect - - -
Soil micro-organisms - - -
Mesocosm study data NOEAEC mg l-1 - - -
NOEAEC mg l-1 - - -


HUMAN HEALTH AND PROTECTION

for nabam

General:
Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe human health and protection issues Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with human health and protection data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret human health and protection data
Threshold of Toxicological Concern (Cramer Class) Click here for a note on the limitations of the Cramer class High (class III) - -
Mammals - Acute oral LD50 (mg kg-1) 395 L3 Rat Moderate
Mammals - Dermal LD50 (mg kg-1 body weight) - - -
Mammals - Inhalation LC50 (mg l-1) - - -
Other Mammal toxicity endpoints - -
ADI - Acceptable Daily Intake (mg kg-1bw day-1) - - -
ARfD - Acute Reference Dose (mg kg-1bw day-1) - - -
AAOEL - Acute Acceptable Operator Exposure Level (mg kg-1 bw day-1) - - -
AOEL - Acceptable Operator Exposure Level - Systemic (mg kg-1bw day-1) - - -
Dermal penetration studies (%) - - -
Dangerous Substances Directive 76/464 - - -
Exposure Limits - - -
Exposure Routes Public -
Occupational -
European MRLs Click here for the EU MRL pesticide database
Drinking Water Standards - - -
Drinking Water MAC (μg l-1) - - -

Health issues:
Carcinogen Mutagen Endocrine disrupter Reproduction / development effects Cholinesterase inhibitor Neurotoxicant

-

-

Respiratory tract irritant Skin irritant Skin sensitiser Eye irritant Phototoxicant

-

General human health issues Harmful if swallowed

: Yes, known to cause a problem
: No, known not to cause a problem
: Possibly, status not identified
- : No data found

Handling issues:
Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance handling issues Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with data on handling issues Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret data on handling issues
General Click here for a description of the International Maritime Dangerous Goods (IMDG) codes No information available
CLP classification 2013 -
EC Risk Classification Click here to view information omn the EU risk phrases Xn - Harmful: R22, R43
Xi - Irritant: R37
N - Dangerous for the environment: R50, R53
EC Safety Classification Click here to view information omn the EU safety phrases S2, S8, S24/25, S46, S60, S61
WHO Classification II - Moderately hazardous
US EPA Classification (formulation) II - Warning - Moderately toxic
UN Number 2771
Waste disposal & packaging Click here for a description of UN packaging marks -


TRANSLATIONS

for nabam

Language Name
English nabam
French nabame
German Nabam
Danish nabam
Italian nabam
Spanish nabam
Greek -
Slovenian nabam
Polish nabam
Swedish -
Hungarian -
Dutch -

Record last updated: Thursday 24 May 2018
Contact: aeru@herts.ac.uk