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aluminium phosphide
** aluminum monophosphide ** Translations

Environmental Fate - Ecotoxicology - Human Health - A to Z Index - Home

SUMMARY

Aluminium phosphide is an insecticide and rodenticide that is approved for use in the EU. It has some potential for bio-concentration and is highly toxic to mammals. It is moderately soluble in water and non-volatile. It is not expected to persist in the environment. Aluminium phosphide is highly toxic to birds, fish and honeybees and moderately toxic to aquatic invertebrates, algae and earthworms.

GENERAL INFORMATION Click here for an explantaion of the general chemical status information
for aluminium phosphide

Description: A phosphine generating compound used against vertebrates and grain store pests

Example pests controlled: Burrowing and other rodents such as moles, rats, mice; Weevils; Beetles

Example applications: Non-cropped areas; Grain and other commodity storage

Efficacy & activity: -

Availability status: Current

Introduction & key dates: -

EC Regulation 1107/2009 (repealing 91/414):
Status Approved
Dossier rapporteur/co-rapporteur Austria/Estonia
Date inclusion expires 31/08/2022
EU Candidate for substitution (CfS) No
Listed in EU database Yes

Approved for use () or known to be used () in the following European countries: Click to access a note on the approvals information on this site

AT

BE

BG

CY

CZ

DE

DK

EE

EL

ES

FI

FR

HR

HU

IE

IT

LT

LU

LV

MT

NL

PL

PT

RO

SE

SI

SK

UK

Also used in: Australia

Chemical structure: Click here for further information on the general chemical status information used on this site
Isomerism None
Chemical formula AlP
Canonical SMILES [Al]#P
Isomeric SMILES No data
International Chemical Identifier key (InChIKey) PPNXXZIBFHTHDM-UHFFFAOYSA-N
International Chemical Identifier (InChI) InChI=1S/Al.P/rAlP/c1-2
2D structure diagram/image available? Yes

General status: Click here for further information on the general chemical status information used on this site
Pesticide type Insecticide, Rodenticide
Substance group Inorganic compound
Minimum active substance purity 830 g/kg
Known relevant impurities EU dossier - None declared
Substance origin Synthetic
Mode of action Nerve toxin with respiratory action
CAS RN 20859-73-8
EC number 244-088-0
CIPAC number 227
US EPA chemical code 066501
PubChem CID 30332
Molecular mass (g mol-1) 57.96
PIN (Preferred Identification Name) -
IUPAC name aluminium phosphide
CAS name aluminium phosphide
Other status information -
Relevant Environmental Water Quality Standards -
Herbicide Resistance Classification (HRAC) Not applicable
Herbicide Resistance Classification (WSSA) Not applicable
Insecticide Resistance Classification (IRAC) 24A
Fungicide Resistance Classification (FRAC) Not applicable
Examples of recorded resistance -
Physical state Greenish-grey-yellow odourous solid
Related substances & organisms -

Formulations:
Property Click here for information on the general product and branding information used on this site Value
Example manufacturers & suppliers of products using this active now or historically
  • Luxan
  • Rentokil
Example products using this active
  • Phostoxin
  • Phostoxin Tabletten
  • Quickphos
  • Gastoxin
  • Weevil-Cide
UK LERAP status None
Formulation and application details Often formulated as tablets and pellets that are placed near burrows and runs, activated by soil mositure.


ENVIRONMENTAL FATE

for aluminium phosphide

Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe environmental fate on this site Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with fate data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret environmental fate data
Solubility - In water at 20oC (mg l-1) 260 A4 - @ pH3 Moderate
Solubility - In organic solvents at 20oC (mg l-1) - - -
Melting point (oC) 1000 A4 -
Boiling point (oC) - - -
Degradation point (oC) 500 A4 -
Flashpoint (oC) - - -
Octanol-water partition coefficient at pH 7, 20oC P 1.12 X 1001 Calculated -
Log P 1.05 A4 - @ pH3 Low
Bulk density (g ml-1)/Specific gravity 0.76 A4 -
Dissociation constant (pKa) at 25oC Not applicable A5 -
Note:
Vapour pressure at 20oC (mPa) 1.0 X 10-05 A4 Low volatility
Henry's law constant at 25oC (Pa m3 mol-1) 3.33 X 1004 L3 Volatile
GUS leaching potential index Click here for a note on the limitations of the GUS index - - -
SCI-GROW groundwater index (μg l-1) for a 1 kg ha-1 or 1 l ha-1 application rate Click here for a note on the limitations of the SCI-GROW index Value - - -
Note -
Potential for particle bound transport index Click here for a note on the limitations of the potential for particle bound transport index - Calculated Low
Maximum UV-vis absorption L mol-1 cm-1 - - -
Surface tension (mN m-1) - - -

Degradation:
Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance degradation Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with degradation data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance degradation data
General biodegradability -
Soil degradation (days) (aerobic) DT50 (typical) 0.2 Click here to see a warning relating to modelling and this active substance Q3 Non-persistent
DT50 (lab at 20oC) 0.23 A5 Non-persistent
DT50 (field) - - -
DT90 (lab at 20oC) - - -
DT90 (field) - - -
DT50 modelling endpoint - - -
Note EU dossier lab studies DT50 range 0.22-0.24 days for phosphine
Dissipation rate RL50 on plant matrix Value - - -
Note -
Dissipation rate RL50 on and in plant matrix Value - - -
Note -
Aqueous photolysis DT50 (days) at pH 7 Value - A5 -
Note Not relevant
Aqueous hydrolysis DT50 (days) at 20oC and pH 7 Value - - -
Note Very rapid
Water-sediment DT50 (days) - A5 -
Water phase only DT50 (days) - - -

Soil adsorption and mobility:
Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance adsorption and mobility Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with adsorption and mobility data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance adsorption and mobility
Linear Kd - - -
Koc -
Notes and range -
Freundlich Kf - - -
Kfoc -
1/n -
Notes and range -
pH sensitivity -

Key metabolites:
Metabolite Formation medium Estimated maximum occurrence fraction 1107/2009 relevancy Click here for further information on 1107/2009 relevancy
phosphine This metabolite may cause environmental pollution, click here for further information Soil   1.00   Major fraction, Relevant


ECOTOXICOLOGY

for aluminium phosphide

Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance ecotoxicology Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with ecotoxicology data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance ecotoxicology
Bio-concentration factor BCF (l kg-1) Low risk Q3 Based on LogP < 3 Low potential
CT50 (days) - -
Mammals - Acute oral LD50 (mg kg-1) 8.7 A5 Rat High
Mammals - Short term dietary NOEL (mg kg-1) - - -
(ppm diet) - -
Birds - Acute LD50 (mg kg-1) 49 A5 Coturnix japonica High
Birds - Short term dietary (LC50/LD50) - - -
Fish - Acute 96 hour LC50 (mg l-1) 0.0097 A5 Oncorhynchus mykiss, as PH3 High
Fish - Chronic 21 day NOEC (mg l-1) - - -
Aquatic invertebrates - Acute 48 hour EC50 (mg l-1) 0.37 A5 Daphnia magna Moderate
Aquatic invertebrates - Chronic 21 day NOEC (mg l-1) - - -
Aquatic crustaceans - Acute 96 hour LC50 (mg l-1) - - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Acute 96 hour LC50 (mg l-1) - - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Chronic 28 day NOEC, static, water (mg l-1) - - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Chronic 28 day NOEC, sediment (mg kg-1) - - -
Aquatic plants - Acute 7 day EC50, biomass (mg l-1) - - -
Non-target plants - - -
- - -
Algae - Acute 72 hour EC50, growth (mg l-1) 0.058 A5 Pseudokirchneriella subcapitata Moderate
Algae - Chronic 96 hour NOEC, growth (mg l-1) - - -
Honeybees Contact acute 48 hour LD50 (μg bee-1) - - -
Oral acute 48 hour LD50 (μg bee-1) 0.24 A5 High
Unknown mode acute 48 hour LD50 (μg bee-1) - - -
Earthworms - Acute 14 day LC50 (mg kg-1) 663.5 A5 Eisenia foetida Moderate
Earthworms - Chronic 14 day NOEC, reproduction (mg kg-1) - - -
Other soil macro-organisms - e.g. Collembola LR50 / EC50 / NOEC / % Effect - - -
Other arthropod (1) LR50 g ha-1 - - -
% Effect - - -
Other arthropod (2) LR50 g ha-1 - - -
% Effect - - -
Soil micro-organisms Nitrogen mineralisation: No significant adverse effect
Carbon mineralisation: No significant adverse effect
A5
Dose: 56% AIP/kg soil, 28 days
-
Mesocosm study data NOEAEC mg l-1 - - -
NOEAEC mg l-1 - - -


HUMAN HEALTH AND PROTECTION

for aluminium phosphide

General:
Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe human health and protection issues Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with human health and protection data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret human health and protection data
Threshold of Toxicological Concern (Cramer Class) Click here for a note on the limitations of the Cramer class High (class III) - -
Mammals - Acute oral LD50 (mg kg-1) 8.7 A5 Rat High
Mammals - Dermal LD50 (mg kg-1 body weight) > 460 A5 Rat -
Mammals - Inhalation LC50 (mg l-1) 11.0 A4 Rat -
Other Mammal toxicity endpoints - -
ADI - Acceptable Daily Intake (mg kg-1bw day-1) 0.019 A5 Rat, SF=100 -
ARfD - Acute Reference Dose (mg kg-1bw day-1) 0.032 A5 Rat, SF=100 -
AAOEL - Acute Acceptable Operator Exposure Level (mg kg-1 bw day-1) - - -
AOEL - Acceptable Operator Exposure Level - Systemic (mg kg-1bw day-1) 0.019 A5 Rat, SF=100 -
Dermal penetration studies (%) 10 A5 -
Dangerous Substances Directive 76/464 - - -
Exposure Limits [UK LT TWA 8 hr: 0.14 mg/m3 (0.1 ppm)], [STEL 15 mins: 0.28 mg/m3 (0.2 ppm)] MEL UK HSE for AlP -
Exposure Routes Public Acceptable risk for bystanders
Occupational Acceptable risk for workers
Acceptable risk for operators regarding rodent control, PPE required for insect control in grain storage
European MRLs Click here for the EU MRL pesticide database
Drinking Water Standards - - -
Drinking Water MAC (μg l-1) - - -

Health issues:
Carcinogen Mutagen Endocrine disrupter Reproduction / development effects Cholinesterase inhibitor Neurotoxicant

-

-

-

Respiratory tract irritant Skin irritant Skin sensitiser Eye irritant Phototoxicant

-

-

General human health issues Highly toxic
May cause dermatitis
Heart and lung toxicant

: Yes, known to cause a problem
: No, known not to cause a problem
: Possibly, status not identified
- : No data found

Handling issues:
Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance handling issues Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with data on handling issues Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret data on handling issues
General Click here for a description of the International Maritime Dangerous Goods (IMDG) codes Releases extremely flammable gases when in contact with water
IMDG Transport Code is usually 4.3
CLP classification 2013 Handling: H260
Health: H300, H311, H330
Environment: H400, H410
EC Risk Classification Click here to view information omn the EU risk phrases T+ - Very toxic: R28
H - Handling risks: R15, R29, R32
N - Dangerous for the environment: R50
EC Safety Classification Click here to view information omn the EU safety phrases S1/2, S3/9/14, S28, S30, S36/37, S43, S45, S61
WHO Classification FM - Fumigant, not classified
US EPA Classification (formulation) - -
UN Number Usually 1397
Waste disposal & packaging Click here for a description of UN packaging marks Packaging Group I (great danger)


TRANSLATIONS

for aluminium phosphide

Language Name
English aluminium phosphide
French phosphure d'aluminium
German Aluminiumphosphid
Danish aluminiumphosphid
Italian -
Spanish fosfuro de aluminio
Greek -
Slovenian -
Polish fosforek glinu
Swedish -
Hungarian -
Dutch aluminiumfosfide

Record last updated: Thursday 23 August 2018
Contact: aeru@herts.ac.uk