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prosulfocarb (Ref: SC 0574)
** ICI A0574 ** Translations

Environmental Fate - Ecotoxicology - Human Health - A to Z Index - Home

GENERAL INFORMATION Click here for an explantaion of the general chemical status information
for prosulfocarb

Description: A herbicide used for post-emergence control of grass and broad-leaved weeds in a wide range of crops

Example pests controlled: Annual meadow grass; Loose silky bent; Ryegrass; Chickweed; Cleavers; Dead-nettle; Speedwell; Nightshade; Field pansey

Example applications: Cereals including winter wheat and winter barley; Potatoes

Efficacy & activity: -

Availability status: Current

Introduction & key dates: 1988, Belgium

EC Regulation 1107/2009 (repealing 91/414):
Status Approved
Dossier rapporteur/co-rapporteur Portugal/Sweden
Date inclusion expires 31/10/2019
EU Candidate for substitution (CfS) No
Listed in EU database Yes

Approved for use () or known to be used () in the following European countries: Click to access a note on the approvals information on this site

AT

BE

BG

CY

CZ

DE

DK

EE

EL

ES

FI

FR

HR

HU

IE

IT

LT

LU

LV

MT

NL

PL

PT

RO

SE

SI

SK

UK

Also used in: Australia

Chemical structure: Click here for further information on the general chemical status information used on this site
Isomerism -
Chemical formula C14H21NOS
Canonical SMILES CCCN(CCC)C(=O)SCC1=CC=CC=C1
Isomeric SMILES No data
International Chemical Identifier key (InChIKey) NQLVQOSNDJXLKG-UHFFFAOYSA-N
International Chemical Identifier (InChI) InChI=1S/C14H21NOS/c1-3-10-15(11-4-2)14(16)17-12-13-8-6-5-7-9-13/h5-9H,3-4,10-12H2,1-2H3
2D structure diagram/image available? Yes

General status: Click here for further information on the general chemical status information used on this site
Pesticide type Herbicide
Substance group Thiocarbamate
Minimum active substance purity 970 g/kg
Known relevant impurities EU dossier - None declared
Substance origin Synthetic
Mode of action Selective, absorbed by leaves and roots. Lipid synthesis inhibitor.
CAS RN 52888-80-9
EC number 401-730-6
CIPAC number 539
US EPA chemical code -
PubChem CID 62020
Molecular mass (g mol-1) 251.39
PIN (Preferred Identification Name) -
IUPAC name S-benzyl dipropyl(thiocarbamate)
CAS name S-(phenylmethyl) dipropylcarbamothioate
Other status information -
Relevant Environmental Water Quality Standards -
Herbicide Resistance Classification (HRAC) N
Herbicide Resistance Classification (WSSA) 8
Insecticide Resistance Classification (IRAC) Not applicable
Fungicide Resistance Classification (FRAC) Not applicable
Examples of recorded resistance -
Physical state Pale straw coloured liquid
Related substances & organisms -

Formulations:
Property Click here for information on the general product and branding information used on this site Value
Example manufacturers & suppliers of products using this active now or historically
  • AgChemAccess Ltd
  • Syngenta
Example products using this active
  • Defy
  • Boxer
  • Dian
UK LERAP status Buffer probably required in UK - see product label
Formulation and application details Usually supplied as an emulsifiable concentrate that is mixed with water and applied as a spray.


ENVIRONMENTAL FATE

for prosulfocarb

Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe environmental fate on this site Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with fate data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret environmental fate data
Solubility - In water at 20oC (mg l-1) 13.2 A5 Low
Solubility - In organic solvents at 20oC (mg l-1) 250000 A5 - Acetone -
250000 A5 - Xylene -
250000 A5 - n-Heptane -
250000 A5 - Ethyl acetate -
Melting point (oC) -20 A5 -
Boiling point (oC) 341 A5 -
Degradation point (oC) - - -
Flashpoint (oC) Not expected to self ignite; Not highly flammable A5 -
Octanol-water partition coefficient at pH 7, 20oC P 3.02 X 1004 Calculated -
Log P 4.48 A5 High
Bulk density (g ml-1)/Specific gravity 1.04 L3 -
Dissociation constant (pKa) at 25oC Not applicable A5 -
Note: No disocciation
Vapour pressure at 20oC (mPa) 0.79 A5 Low volatility
Henry's law constant at 25oC (Pa m3 mol-1) 0.0152 A5 Non-volatile
GUS leaching potential index Click here for a note on the limitations of the GUS index 0.84 Calculated Low leachability
SCI-GROW groundwater index (μg l-1) for a 1 kg ha-1 or 1 l ha-1 application rate Click here for a note on the limitations of the SCI-GROW index Value 1.31 X 10-02 Calculated -
Note -
Potential for particle bound transport index Click here for a note on the limitations of the potential for particle bound transport index - Calculated Medium
Maximum UV-vis absorption L mol-1 cm-1 >=295nm < 10, no absorbance maxima >210nm A5 -
Surface tension (mN m-1) 60.9 A5 at 20oC -

Degradation:
Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance degradation Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with degradation data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance degradation data
General biodegradability -
Soil degradation (days) (aerobic) DT50 (typical) 11.9 E4 Non-persistent
DT50 (lab at 20oC) 12.4 A5 Non-persistent
DT50 (field) 9.8 A5 Non-persistent
DT90 (lab at 20oC) 52 A5 -
DT90 (field) 33 A5 -
DT50 modelling endpoint - - -
Note EU dossier lab studies DT50 range 6.3-38.4 days, DT90 range 21-128 days; field studies DT50 range 6.5-13 days, DT90 range 22-48 days
Dissipation rate RL50 on plant matrix Value - - -
Note -
Dissipation rate RL50 on and in plant matrix Value - - -
Note -
Aqueous photolysis DT50 (days) at pH 7 Value Stable A5 -
Note -
Aqueous hydrolysis DT50 (days) at 20oC and pH 7 Value Stable A5 -
Note Stable pH 5 to pH 9 at 25 and 40 degC
Water-sediment DT50 (days) 214 A5 Slow
Water phase only DT50 (days) 0.94 A5 Fast

Soil adsorption and mobility:
Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance adsorption and mobility Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with adsorption and mobility data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance adsorption and mobility
Linear Kd - - -
Koc -
Notes and range -
Freundlich Kf 23.1 A5 Slightly mobile
Kfoc 1693
1/n 0.96
Notes and range EU dossier kf range 11.7-32.8, Kfoc range 1367-2339 mL/g, 1/n range 0.896-1.023, Soils=3
pH sensitivity No

Key metabolites:
Metabolite Formation medium Estimated maximum occurrence fraction 1107/2009 relevancy Click here for further information on 1107/2009 relevancy
prosulfocarb sulfoxide Soil   0.072   Major fraction, Relevant

Other known metabolites:
Metabolite name and reference Aliases Formation medium / Rate Estimated maximum occurrence fraction Metabolising enzymes
hippuric acid - Rat (Urinary) - -
benzylsulphonic acid - Rat (Urinary) - -


ECOTOXICOLOGY

for prosulfocarb

Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance ecotoxicology Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with ecotoxicology data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance ecotoxicology
Bio-concentration factor BCF (l kg-1) 700 A5 Whole fish Threshold for concern
CT50 (days) 1.7 -
Mammals - Acute oral LD50 (mg kg-1) 1820 A5 Rat Moderate
Mammals - Short term dietary NOEL (mg kg-1) - L2 Rat, 2 year -
(ppm diet) > 200 -
Birds - Acute LD50 (mg kg-1) > 2250 A5 Colinus virginianus Low
Birds - Short term dietary (LC50/LD50) > 1506 mg kg bw-1 day-1 A5 Anas platyrhynchos -
Fish - Acute 96 hour LC50 (mg l-1) 0.84 A5 Oncorhynchus mykiss Moderate
Fish - Chronic 21 day NOEC (mg l-1) 0.31 A5 Oncorhynchus mykiss Moderate
Aquatic invertebrates - Acute 48 hour EC50 (mg l-1) 0.51 A5 Daphnia magna Moderate
Aquatic invertebrates - Chronic 21 day NOEC (mg l-1) 0.045 A5 Daphnia magna Moderate
Aquatic crustaceans - Acute 96 hour LC50 (mg l-1) - - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Acute 96 hour LC50 (mg l-1) - - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Chronic 28 day NOEC, static, water (mg l-1) - - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Chronic 28 day NOEC, sediment (mg kg-1) - - -
Aquatic plants - Acute 7 day EC50, biomass (mg l-1) 0.69 A5 Lemna gibba Moderate
Non-target plants 335 A5 Tomato
Seedling emergence, ER50
as g/ha
-
3140 A5 Oat
Vegetative vigour, ER50
as g/ha
-
Algae - Acute 72 hour EC50, growth (mg l-1) 0.049 A5 Pseudokirchneriella subcapitata Moderate
Algae - Chronic 96 hour NOEC, growth (mg l-1) - - -
Honeybees Contact acute 48 hour LD50 (μg bee-1) > 80 A5 Moderate
Oral acute 48 hour LD50 (μg bee-1) 103.4 A4 Low
Unknown mode acute 48 hour LD50 (μg bee-1) - - -
Earthworms - Acute 14 day LC50 (mg kg-1) 71.8 A5 Eisenia foetida, corr Moderate
Earthworms - Chronic 14 day NOEC, reproduction (mg kg-1) - - -
Other soil macro-organisms - e.g. Collembola LR50 / EC50 / NOEC / % Effect - - -
Other arthropod (1) LR50 g ha-1 524 A5 Typhlodromus pyri -
% Effect - - -
Other arthropod (2) LR50 g ha-1 41.8 A5 Aphidius rhopalosiphi -
% Effect - - -
Soil micro-organisms Nitrogen mineralisation: No significant adverse effect
Carbon mineralisation: No significant adverse effect
A5
Dose: 53.3 mg kg-1 soil, 42 days
-
Mesocosm study data NOEAEC mg l-1 0.015 A5 Aquatic invertebrates and algae -
NOEAEC mg l-1 - - -


HUMAN HEALTH AND PROTECTION

for prosulfocarb

General:
Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe human health and protection issues Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with human health and protection data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret human health and protection data
Threshold of Toxicological Concern (Cramer Class) Click here for a note on the limitations of the Cramer class High (class III) - -
Mammals - Acute oral LD50 (mg kg-1) 1820 A5 Rat Moderate
Mammals - Dermal LD50 (mg kg-1 body weight) > 2000 A5 Rat -
Mammals - Inhalation LC50 (mg l-1) > 4.72 A5 Rat -
Other Mammal toxicity endpoints - -
ADI - Acceptable Daily Intake (mg kg-1bw day-1) 0.005 A5 Rat, SF=100 -
ARfD - Acute Reference Dose (mg kg-1bw day-1) 0.1 A5 Rat, SF=100 -
AAOEL - Acute Acceptable Operator Exposure Level (mg kg-1 bw day-1) - - -
AOEL - Acceptable Operator Exposure Level - Systemic (mg kg-1bw day-1) 0.007 A5 Rat, SF=100 -
Dermal penetration studies (%) 0.2-3.2 A5 concentration dependent -
Dangerous Substances Directive 76/464 - - -
Exposure Limits - - -
Exposure Routes Public No unacceptable risks to bystanders identified
Occupational Some potenial risk to operators
European MRLs Click here for the EU MRL pesticide database
Drinking Water Standards - - -
Drinking Water MAC (μg l-1) - - -

Health issues:
Carcinogen Mutagen Endocrine disrupter Reproduction / development effects Cholinesterase inhibitor Neurotoxicant

-

-

-

-

-

Respiratory tract irritant Skin irritant Skin sensitiser Eye irritant Phototoxicant

-

General human health issues Moderately toxic

: Yes, known to cause a problem
: No, known not to cause a problem
: Possibly, status not identified
- : No data found

Handling issues:
Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance handling issues Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with data on handling issues Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret data on handling issues
General Click here for a description of the International Maritime Dangerous Goods (IMDG) codes Not explosive or oxidising
IMDG Transport Code is usually 9
CLP classification 2013 Health: H302, H317
Environment: H411
EC Risk Classification Click here to view information omn the EU risk phrases Xn - Harmful: R22, R43
N - Dangerous for the environment: R51, R53
EC Safety Classification Click here to view information omn the EU safety phrases S2, S24, S37, S61
WHO Classification II - Moderately hazardous
US EPA Classification (formulation) No consensus across products or no products available - -
UN Number 3077
Waste disposal & packaging Click here for a description of UN packaging marks Packaging Group III (minor danger)


TRANSLATIONS

for prosulfocarb

Language Name
English prosulfocarb
French prosulfocarbe
German Prosulfocarb
Danish prosulfocarb
Italian prosulfocarb
Spanish prosulfocarb
Greek -
Slovenian prosulfokarb
Polish prosulfokarb
Swedish prosulfokarb
Hungarian -
Dutch prosulfocarb

Record last updated: Monday 05 November 2018
Contact: aeru@herts.ac.uk