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sulphur (Ref: SAN 7116)
** sulfur ** BAS 1750F ** brimstone ** Translations

Environmental Fate - Ecotoxicology - Human Health - A to Z Index - Home

GENERAL INFORMATION Click here for an explantaion of the general chemical status information
for sulphur

Description: A general use fungicide, foliar feed and acaricide widely used on many different crops

Example pests controlled: Scab; Powdery mildew; Brown rot; Leafspot; Gall mites; Spider mites

Example applications: Top fruit including apples, pears, gooseberries, grapes, peaches, strawberries, melons; Cereals; Hops; Beans; Carrots; Lucerne; Tomatoes; Peanuts; Ornamentals including roses

Efficacy & activity: -

Availability status: Current

Introduction & key dates: -

EC Regulation 1107/2009 (repealing 91/414):
Status Approved
Dossier rapporteur/co-rapporteur France/Slovenia
Date inclusion expires 30/12/2020
EU Candidate for substitution (CfS) No
Listed in EU database Yes

Approved for use () or known to be used () in the following European countries: Click to access a note on the approvals information on this site

AT

BE

BG

CY

CZ

DE

DK

EE

EL

ES

FI

FR

HR

HU

IE

IT

LT

LU

LV

MT

NL

PL

PT

RO

SE

SI

SK

UK

Also used in: USA

Chemical structure: Click here for further information on the general chemical status information used on this site
Isomerism None
Chemical formula S
Canonical SMILES S
Isomeric SMILES No data
International Chemical Identifier key (InChIKey) NINIDFKCEFEMDL-UHFFFAOYSA-N
International Chemical Identifier (InChI) InChI=1S/S
2D structure diagram/image available? No

General status: Click here for further information on the general chemical status information used on this site
Pesticide type Fungicide, Acaricide, Other substance
Other constituent type Foliar feed
Substance group Inorganic compound
Minimum active substance purity 990 g/kg
Known relevant impurities EU dossier - None declared
Substance origin Synthetic
Mode of action Broad-spectrum with contact and vapour action with protectant properties. Multi-site activity.
CAS RN 7704-34-9
EC number 231-722-6
CIPAC number 18
US EPA chemical code 077501
PubChem CID 5362487
Molecular mass (g mol-1) 32.06
PIN (Preferred Identification Name) sulphur
IUPAC name sulphur
CAS name sulphur
Other status information -
Relevant Environmental Water Quality Standards -
Herbicide Resistance Classification (HRAC) Not applicable
Herbicide Resistance Classification (WSSA) Not applicable
Insecticide Resistance Classification (IRAC) Not known
Fungicide Resistance Classification (FRAC) M2
Examples of recorded resistance -
Physical state Yellow crystalline powder
Related substances & organisms -

Formulations:
Property Click here for information on the general product and branding information used on this site Value
Example manufacturers & suppliers of products using this active now or historically
  • BASF
  • Headland
  • Nufarm UK
  • Syngenta
Example products using this active
  • Kumulus DF
  • Thiovit Jet
  • Microthiol Disperss
UK LERAP status None
Formulation and application details Often supplied as water dispersable granules or soluble concentrates that are mixed with water and used as a spray.


ENVIRONMENTAL FATE

for sulphur

Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe environmental fate on this site Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with fate data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret environmental fate data
Solubility - In water at 20oC (mg l-1) 0.063 A5 Low
Solubility - In organic solvents at 20oC (mg l-1) 1800 A5 - n-Heptane -
15700 A5 - Toluene -
11000 A5 - Dichloromethane -
480 A5 - Acetone -
Melting point (oC) 117 A5 -
Boiling point (oC) 444.6 A5 -
Degradation point (oC) - - -
Flashpoint (oC) Not expected to self ignite; Not highly flammable A5 -
Octanol-water partition coefficient at pH 7, 20oC P 1.70 X 1000 Calculated -
Log P 0.23 V3 Low
Bulk density (g ml-1)/Specific gravity 2.36 L3 -
Dissociation constant (pKa) at 25oC Not applicable A5 -
Note: No dissociation
Vapour pressure at 20oC (mPa) 0.098 A5 Low volatility
Henry's law constant at 25oC (Pa m3 mol-1) 0.05 A5 Non-volatile
GUS leaching potential index Click here for a note on the limitations of the GUS index 1.03 Calculated Low leachability
SCI-GROW groundwater index (μg l-1) for a 1 kg ha-1 or 1 l ha-1 application rate Click here for a note on the limitations of the SCI-GROW index Value 1.99 X 10-02 Calculated -
Note -
Potential for particle bound transport index Click here for a note on the limitations of the potential for particle bound transport index - Calculated Medium
Maximum UV-vis absorption L mol-1 cm-1 220nm = 1451, 264nm = 805, 300nm = 400 A5 -
Surface tension (mN m-1) - - -

Degradation:
Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance degradation Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with degradation data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance degradation data
General biodegradability -
Soil degradation (days) (aerobic) DT50 (typical) 30 A3 Moderately persistent
DT50 (lab at 20oC) 28.1 A4 Non-persistent
DT50 (field) - - -
DT90 (lab at 20oC) - - -
DT90 (field) - - -
DT50 modelling endpoint - - -
Note EU dossier lab studies DT50 range 6-64 days
Dissipation rate RL50 on plant matrix Value - - -
Note -
Dissipation rate RL50 on and in plant matrix Value - - -
Note -
Aqueous photolysis DT50 (days) at pH 7 Value 0.2 A4 Fast
Note -
Aqueous hydrolysis DT50 (days) at 20oC and pH 7 Value Stable A4 -
Note Not a main degradation route
Water-sediment DT50 (days) Stable S2 -
Water phase only DT50 (days) Stable S2 -

Soil adsorption and mobility:
Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance adsorption and mobility Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with adsorption and mobility data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance adsorption and mobility
Linear Kd - A3 Slightly mobile
Koc 1950
Notes and range Calculated
Freundlich Kf - - -
Kfoc -
1/n -
Notes and range -
pH sensitivity -


ECOTOXICOLOGY

for sulphur

Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance ecotoxicology Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with ecotoxicology data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance ecotoxicology
Bio-concentration factor BCF (l kg-1) Low risk A5 Based on LogP < 3 Low potential
CT50 (days) - -
Mammals - Acute oral LD50 (mg kg-1) > 2000 A5 Rat Low
Mammals - Short term dietary NOEL (mg kg-1) - - -
(ppm diet) - -
Birds - Acute LD50 (mg kg-1) > 2000 A5 Colinus virginianus Low
Birds - Short term dietary (LC50/LD50) > 1335 mg kg bw-1 day-1 A5 Colinus virginianus -
Fish - Acute 96 hour LC50 (mg l-1) > 0.063 A3 Oncorhynchus mykiss, solubility limited High
Fish - Chronic 21 day NOEC (mg l-1) > 0.063 A3 Oncorhynchus mykiss Moderate
Aquatic invertebrates - Acute 48 hour EC50 (mg l-1) > 0.063 A3 Daphnia magna, solubility limited High
Aquatic invertebrates - Chronic 21 day NOEC (mg l-1) - - -
Aquatic crustaceans - Acute 96 hour LC50 (mg l-1) > 646 F3 Americamysis bahia Low
Sediment dwelling organisms - Acute 96 hour LC50 (mg l-1) - - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Chronic 28 day NOEC, static, water (mg l-1) - - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Chronic 28 day NOEC, sediment (mg kg-1) - - -
Aquatic plants - Acute 7 day EC50, biomass (mg l-1) - - -
Non-target plants > 25200 A5
Vegetative vigour, ER50
as g/ha
-
- - -
Algae - Acute 72 hour EC50, growth (mg l-1) > 0.063 A5 Selanastrum subspicatus Moderate
Algae - Chronic 96 hour NOEC, growth (mg l-1) - - -
Honeybees (Apis spp.) Contact acute LD50 (worst case from 24 , 48 and 72 hour values - μg bee-1) > 100 A5 Low
Oral acute LD50 (worst case from 24 , 48 and 72 hour values - μg bee-1) > 106.8 A5 Low
Unknown mode acute LD50 (worst case from 24 , 48 and 72 hour values - μg bee-1) - - -
Bumblebees (Bombus spp.) Contact acute LD50 (worst case from 24 , 48 and 72 hour values - μg bee-1) - - -
-
Oral acute LD50 (worst case from 24 , 48 and 72 hour values - μg bee-1) - - -
-
Mason bees (Osmia spp.) Contact acute LD50 (worst case from 24 , 48 and 72 hour values - μg bee-1) - - -
Oral acute LD50 (worst case from 24 , 48 and 72 hour values - μg bee-1) - - -
Other pollinators (1) Acute LD50 (worst case from 24 , 48 and 72 hour values - μg insect-1) - - -
Mode of exposure -
Other pollinators (2) Acute LD50 (worst case from 24 , 48 and 72 hour values - μg insect-1) - - -
Mode of exposure -
Earthworms - Acute 14 day LC50 (mg kg-1) > 2000 A5 Eisenia foetida Low
Earthworms - Chronic 14 day NOEC, reproduction (mg kg-1) > 1000 F3 Eisenia foetida Low
Other soil macro-organisms - e.g. Collembola LR50 / EC50 / NOEC / % Effect - - -
Other arthropod (1) LR50 g ha-1 486 Mortality
A5 Aphidius rhopalosiphi
-
% Effect - - -
Other arthropod (2) LR50 g ha-1 10340 Mortality
A5 Typhlodromus pyri
-
% Effect - - -
Soil micro-organisms - - -
Mesocosm study data NOEAEC mg l-1 - - -
NOEAEC mg l-1 - - -


HUMAN HEALTH AND PROTECTION

for sulphur

General:
Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe human health and protection issues Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with human health and protection data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret human health and protection data
Threshold of Toxicological Concern (Cramer Class) Click here for a note on the limitations of the Cramer class High (class III) - -
Mammals - Acute oral LD50 (mg kg-1) > 2000 A5 Rat Low
Mammals - Dermal LD50 (mg kg-1 body weight) > 2000 A5 Rat -
Mammals - Inhalation LC50 (mg l-1) > 5.43 A5 Rat, 4 hr (nose only) -
Other Mammal toxicity endpoints - -
ADI - Acceptable Daily Intake (mg kg-1bw day-1) None allocated A5 -
ARfD - Acute Reference Dose (mg kg-1bw day-1) None allocated A5 -
AAOEL - Acute Acceptable Operator Exposure Level (mg kg-1 bw day-1) - - -
AOEL - Acceptable Operator Exposure Level - Systemic (mg kg-1bw day-1) None allocated A5 -
Dermal penetration studies (%) 10 A3 default -
Dangerous Substances Directive 76/464 - - -
Exposure Routes Public Negligible risk to bystanders
Occupational No unacceptable risks to operators or other farm workers forseen
European MRLs Click here for the EU MRL pesticide database
Drinking Water Standards - - -
Drinking Water MAC (μg l-1) - - -

Health issues:
Carcinogen Genotoxic Endocrine disrupter Reproduction / development effects Cholinesterase inhibitor Neurotoxicant

A0; B0; C0; D0; E0

-

Respiratory tract irritant Skin irritant Skin sensitiser Eye irritant Phototoxicant

-

-

General human health issues No further information available
Key: Genotoxicity
A: Chromosome aberration (EFSA database)
B: DNA damage/repair (EFSA database)
C: Gene mutation (EFSA database)
D: Genome mutation (EFSA database)
E: Unspecified genotoxicity type (miscellaneous data source)
0: No data
1: Positive
2: Mixed/ambiguous results
3: Negative
Key: Other
: Yes, known to cause a problem
: No, known not to cause a problem
: Possibly, status not identified
- : No data found

Handling issues:
Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance handling issues Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with data on handling issues Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret data on handling issues
General Click here for a description of the International Maritime Dangerous Goods (IMDG) codes Flammable
Not explosive
Exhibits oxidising properties
IMDG Transport Code is usually 4.1
CLP classification 2013 Health: H315
EC Risk Classification Click here to view information omn the EU risk phrases Xi - Irritant: R38
EC Safety Classification Click here to view information omn the EU safety phrases None
WHO Classification III - Slightly hazardous
UN Number Usually 1350
Waste disposal & packaging Click here for a description of UN packaging marks Packaging Group III (minor danger)


TRANSLATIONS

for sulphur

Language Name
English sulphur
French soufre
German Schwefel
Danish svovl
Italian zolfo
Spanish azufre
Greek -
Slovenian zveplo
Polish siarka
Swedish svavel
Hungarian ken
Dutch zwavel

Record last updated: Thursday 23 August 2018
Contact: aeru@herts.ac.uk