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GET ADDITIONAL DATA HERE!
tri-allate (Ref: CP 23426)
** triallate ** Translations

Environmental Fate - Ecotoxicology - Human Health - A to Z Index - Home

GENERAL INFORMATION Click here for an explantaion of the general chemical status information
for tri-allate

Description: A soil-acting, post-sowing, pre-emergence herbicide for control of wild oat and some annual grass weeds in cereal crops

Example pests controlled: Wild oats; Bromus species (suppression); Annual ryegrass; Annual meadowgrass; Blackgrass

Example applications: Cereals including barley, wheat, triticale; Chickpeas; Peas; Lentils; Linseed; Lupins; OSR; Safflower

Efficacy & activity: -

Availability status: Current

Introduction & key dates: 1970

EC Regulation 1107/2009 (repealing 91/414):
Status Approved
Dossier rapporteur/co-rapporteur UK/Czech Republic
Date inclusion expires 31/12/2021
EU Candidate for substitution (CfS) Yes - two 'Persistent-Bioaccumulative-Toxic' criteria
Listed in EU database Yes

Approved for use () or known to be used () in the following European countries: Click to access a note on the approvals information on this site

AT

BE

BG

CY

CZ

DE

DK

EE

EL

ES

FI

FR

HR

HU

IE

IT

LT

LU

LV

MT

NL

PL

PT

RO

SE

SI

SK

UK

Also used in: Australia

Chemical structure: Click here for further information on the general chemical status information used on this site
Isomerism -
Chemical formula C10H16Cl3NOS
Canonical SMILES CC(C)N(C(C)C)C(=O)SCC(=C(Cl)Cl)Cl
Isomeric SMILES No data
International Chemical Identifier key (InChIKey) MWBPRDONLNQCFV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
International Chemical Identifier (InChI) InChI=1S/C10H16Cl3NOS/c1-6(2)14(7(3)4)10(15)16-5-8(11)9(12)13/h6-7H,5H2,1-4H3
2D structure diagram/image available? Yes

General status: Click here for further information on the general chemical status information used on this site
Pesticide type Herbicide
Substance group Thiocarbamate
Minimum active substance purity 940 g/kg
Known relevant impurities EU dossier - Nitroso-diisopropylamine 0.02mg/kg
Substance origin Synthetic
Mode of action Selective. Lipid synthesis inhibitor.
CAS RN 2303-17-5
EC number 218-962-7
CIPAC number 97
US EPA chemical code 078802
PubChem CID 5543
Molecular mass (g mol-1) 304.7
PIN (Preferred Identification Name) S-(2,3,3-trichloroprop-2-en-1-yl) di(propan-2-yl)carbamothioate
IUPAC name S-2,3,3-tricloroallyl di-isopropylthiocarbamate
CAS name S-(2,3,3-trichloro-2-propenyl) bis(1-methylethyl)carbamothioate
Other status information OSPAR soc; Potential groundwater contaminant
Relevant Environmental Water Quality Standards UK non-statutory standard for the protection of aquatic life: freshwater and saltwater annual average: 0.25 ug/L, max acceptable conc: 5 ug/L
Herbicide Resistance Classification (HRAC) N
Herbicide Resistance Classification (WSSA) 8
Insecticide Resistance Classification (IRAC) Not applicable
Fungicide Resistance Classification (FRAC) Not applicable
Examples of recorded resistance Avena fatua
Lolium rigidum
Physical state White crystalline solid
Related substances & organisms -

Formulations:
Property Click here for information on the general product and branding information used on this site Value
Example manufacturers & suppliers of products using this active now or historically
  • Gowan
  • Monsanto
  • FMC
  • BASF
Example products using this active
  • Avadex Excel
  • Avadex 15G
  • Far-Go
UK LERAP status None (may vary with mixtures)
Formulation and application details Often supplied as and emulsifiable concentrate, granules for incorporation into the soil or direct surface broadcast application.


ENVIRONMENTAL FATE

for tri-allate

Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe environmental fate on this site Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with fate data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret environmental fate data
Solubility - In water at 20oC (mg l-1) 4.1 A5 Low
Solubility - In organic solvents at 20oC (mg l-1) 500000 A5 - Acetone -
500000 A5 - Ethanol -
500000 A5 - Methanol -
500000 A5 - Xylene -
Melting point (oC) 33.5 A5 -
Boiling point (oC) 279 A4 -
Degradation point (oC) 260 A4 -
Flashpoint (oC) Not expected to self ignite; Not highly flammable A5 -
Octanol-water partition coefficient at pH 7, 20oC P 1.15 X 1004 Calculated -
Log P 4.06 A5 High
Bulk density (g ml-1)/Specific gravity 1.27 L3 -
Dissociation constant (pKa) at 25oC Not applicable A5 -
Note: No dissociation
Vapour pressure at 20oC (mPa) 12 A5 Highly volatile
Henry's law constant at 25oC (Pa m3 mol-1) 0.89 A5 Moderately volatile
GUS leaching potential index Click here for a note on the limitations of the GUS index 0.61 Calculated Low leachability
SCI-GROW groundwater index (μg l-1) for a 1 kg ha-1 or 1 l ha-1 application rate Click here for a note on the limitations of the SCI-GROW index Value 1.17 X 10-02 Calculated -
Note -
Potential for particle bound transport index Click here for a note on the limitations of the potential for particle bound transport index - Calculated High
Maximum UV-vis absorption L mol-1 cm-1 No absorption between 210 and 900nm recorded under basic, neutral or acidic conditions A5 -
Surface tension (mN m-1) 49.0 A5 at 20oC, 90% solution -

Degradation:
Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance degradation Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with degradation data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance degradation data
General biodegradability -
Soil degradation (days) (aerobic) DT50 (typical) 82 G4 Moderately persistent
DT50 (lab at 20oC) 58.3 A5 Moderately persistent
DT50 (field) 46 A5 Moderately persistent
DT90 (lab at 20oC) 231 A5 -
DT90 (field) 153 A5 -
DT50 modelling endpoint - - -
Note EU dossier lab studies DT50 range 35.1-75.2 days, DT90 range 127-373 days; field studies DT50 range 8-205 days, DT90 range 27-682 days; Other sources: DT50 82 days (DW4)
Dissipation rate RL50 on plant matrix Value - - -
Note -
Dissipation rate RL50 on and in plant matrix Value - - -
Note -
Aqueous photolysis DT50 (days) at pH 7 Value - - -
Note -
Aqueous hydrolysis DT50 (days) at 20oC and pH 7 Value Stable A5 -
Note Stable at pH 4 and pH 7, DT50 52 days at pH 9, all at 25 degC
Water-sediment DT50 (days) 57.4 A5 Moderately fast
Water phase only DT50 (days) 104 A5 Stable

Soil adsorption and mobility:
Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance adsorption and mobility Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with adsorption and mobility data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance adsorption and mobility
Linear Kd 11.7 R3 Slightly mobile
Koc 3034
Notes and range Litrature data: Kd range 8.9-14.5 mL/g, Koc range 2697-3370 mL/g, soils=2
Freundlich Kf 55.0 A5 Non-mobile
Kfoc 4301
1/n 0.94
Notes and range EU dossier kf range 15.5-92.4 mL/g, Kfoc range 2416-7399 mL/g, 1/n range 0.93-0.95
pH sensitivity No

Key metabolites:
Metabolite Formation medium Estimated maximum occurrence fraction 1107/2009 relevancy Click here for further information on 1107/2009 relevancy
2,3,3-trichloro-2-propene sulfonic acid Soil   0.037   Minor fraction, Relevant

Other known metabolites:
Metabolite name and reference Aliases Formation medium / Rate Estimated maximum occurrence fraction Metabolising enzymes
6-O-(carboxycarbonyl)-1-deoxy-1-((2,3,3-trichloro-2-propenyl)-sulfinyl)-D-glupyranoside tri-allate metabolite M14 Plants - -
6-O-(carboxycarbonyl)-1-deoxy-1-((2,3,3-trichloro-2-propenyl)-sulfonyl)-D-glupyranoside tri-allate metabolite M15 Plants - -
2,3,3-trichloroprop-2-ene-sulfinic acid tri-allate metabolite M01 Animal - -
S-((2E)-2,3-dichloro-1-methoxyprop-2-en-1-yl)dipropan-2-ylcarbomothioate tri-allate metabolite M16 Animal (Milk) - -


ECOTOXICOLOGY

for tri-allate

Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance ecotoxicology Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with ecotoxicology data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance ecotoxicology
Bio-concentration factor BCF (l kg-1) 1400 A5 Threshold for concern
CT50 (days) Not available -
Mammals - Acute oral LD50 (mg kg-1) 1100 A5 Rat Moderate
Mammals - Short term dietary NOEL (mg kg-1) 3.9 L3 Rat High
(ppm diet) 20 -
Birds - Acute LD50 (mg kg-1) 1560 A5 Colinus virginianus Moderate
Birds - Short term dietary (LC50/LD50) > 1208 mg kg bw-1 day-1 A5 Anas platyrhynchos -
Fish - Acute 96 hour LC50 (mg l-1) 0.95 A5 Oncorhynchus mykiss Moderate
Fish - Chronic 21 day NOEC (mg l-1) 0.038 A5 Oncorhynchus mykiss Moderate
Aquatic invertebrates - Acute 48 hour EC50 (mg l-1) 0.091 A5 Daphnia magna High
Aquatic invertebrates - Chronic 21 day NOEC (mg l-1) 0.013 A5 Daphnia magna, Reproduction Moderate
Aquatic crustaceans - Acute 96 hour LC50 (mg l-1) - - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Acute 96 hour LC50 (mg l-1) 1.0 F3 Chironomus riparius, 2 day Moderate
Sediment dwelling organisms - Chronic 28 day NOEC, static, water (mg l-1) 0.583 A5 Chironomus riparius, emergence Moderate
Sediment dwelling organisms - Chronic 28 day NOEC, sediment (mg kg-1) - - -
Aquatic plants - Acute 7 day EC50, biomass (mg l-1) 2.3 A5 Lemna gibba Moderate
Non-target plants 639 A5 Oats
Seedling emergence, EC50
as g/ha
-
- - -
Algae - Acute 72 hour EC50, growth (mg l-1) 0.0022 A5 Pseudokirchneriella subcapitata High
Algae - Chronic 96 hour NOEC, growth (mg l-1) 0.032 Q2 Unknown species Moderate
Honeybees (Apis spp.) Contact acute LD50 (worst case from 24 , 48 and 72 hour values - μg bee-1) > 100 A5 Apis mellifera Low
Oral acute LD50 (worst case from 24 , 48 and 72 hour values - μg bee-1) > 111.5 A5 Apis mellifera Low
Unknown mode acute LD50 (worst case from 24 , 48 and 72 hour values - μg bee-1) - - -
Bumblebees (Bombus spp.) Contact acute LD50 (worst case from 24 , 48 and 72 hour values - μg bee-1) - - -
-
Oral acute LD50 (worst case from 24 , 48 and 72 hour values - μg bee-1) - - -
-
Mason bees (Osmia spp.) Contact acute LD50 (worst case from 24 , 48 and 72 hour values - μg bee-1) - - -
Oral acute LD50 (worst case from 24 , 48 and 72 hour values - μg bee-1) - - -
Other pollinators (1) Acute LD50 (worst case from 24 , 48 and 72 hour values - μg insect-1) - - -
Mode of exposure -
Other pollinators (2) Acute LD50 (worst case from 24 , 48 and 72 hour values - μg insect-1) - - -
Mode of exposure -
Earthworms - Acute 14 day LC50 (mg kg-1) > 274.5 A5 Eisenia foetida, corr Moderate
Earthworms - Chronic NOEC, reproduction (mg kg-1) 13.62 A5 Eisenia foetida, corr Moderate
Other soil macro-organisms Acute LC50 (mg kg-1) - - -
Chronic NOEC (mg kg-1) - - -
Other arthropod (1) LR50 g ha-1 - - -
% Effect - - -
Other arthropod (2) LR50 g ha-1 - - -
% Effect - - -
Soil micro-organisms Nitrogen mineralisation: No significant adverse effect
Carbon mineralisation: No significant adverse effect
A5
Dose: 11.25 kg ha-1, 100days
-
Mesocosm study data NOEAEC mg l-1 - - -
NOEAEC mg l-1 - - -


HUMAN HEALTH AND PROTECTION

for tri-allate

General:
Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe human health and protection issues Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with human health and protection data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret human health and protection data
Threshold of Toxicological Concern (Cramer Class) Click here for a note on the limitations of the Cramer class High (class III) - -
Mammals - Acute oral LD50 (mg kg-1) 1100 A5 Rat Moderate
Mammals - Dermal LD50 (mg kg-1 body weight) > 5000 A5 Rat -
Mammals - Inhalation LC50 (mg l-1) > 5.3 A5 Rat, 4 hr (whole body, aerosol) -
Other Mammal toxicity endpoints - -
ADI - Acceptable Daily Intake (mg kg-1bw day-1) 0.025 A5 -
ARfD - Acute Reference Dose (mg kg-1bw day-1) 0.6 A5 -
AAOEL - Acute Acceptable Operator Exposure Level (mg kg-1 bw day-1) - - -
AOEL - Acceptable Operator Exposure Level - Systemic (mg kg-1bw day-1) 0.032 A5, SF=100 -
Dermal penetration studies (%) 12 A5 -
Dangerous Substances Directive 76/464 - - -
Exposure Routes Public Acceptable risk to bystanders from spray drift and vapour
Occupational Acceptable risks for operators
Negligible risk to other workers
European MRLs Click here for the EU MRL pesticide database
Drinking Water Standards - - -
Drinking Water MAC (μg l-1) - - -

Health issues:
Carcinogen Genotoxic Endocrine disrupter Reproduction / development effects Cholinesterase inhibitor Neurotoxicant

A3; B2; C2; D0; E3

-

Respiratory tract irritant Skin irritant Skin sensitiser Eye irritant Phototoxicant

-

General human health issues Liver, spleen and kidney toxicant
USEPA - possible human carcinogen
Key: Genotoxicity
A: Chromosome aberration (EFSA database)
B: DNA damage/repair (EFSA database)
C: Gene mutation (EFSA database)
D: Genome mutation (EFSA database)
E: Unspecified genotoxicity type (miscellaneous data source)
0: No data
1: Positive
2: Mixed/ambiguous results
3: Negative
Key: Other
: Yes, known to cause a problem
: No, known not to cause a problem
: Possibly, status not identified
- : No data found

Handling issues:
Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance handling issues Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with data on handling issues Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret data on handling issues
General Click here for a description of the International Maritime Dangerous Goods (IMDG) codes Not explosive or oxidising
IMDG Transport Code is usually 6.1
CLP classification 2013 Health: H302, H317, H373
Environment: H400, H410
EC Risk Classification Click here to view information omn the EU risk phrases Xn - Harmful: R22, R43, R48/22
N - Dangerous for the environment: R50, R53
EC Safety Classification Click here to view information omn the EU safety phrases S2, S24, S37, S60, S61
WHO Classification III - Slightly hazardous
UN Number 2771
Waste disposal & packaging Click here for a description of UN packaging marks Packaging Group III (minor danger)


TRANSLATIONS

for tri-allate

Language Name
English tri-allate
French triallate
German Triallat
Danish tri-allate
Italian triallate
Spanish trialato
Greek -
Slovenian trialat
Polish tri-allat
Swedish -
Hungarian -
Dutch triallaat

Record last updated: Friday 08 November 2019
Contact: aeru@herts.ac.uk