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thiocyclam hydrogen oxalate (Ref: SAN 1551)
** thiocyclam (ethanedioate 1:1) ** Translations

Environmental Fate - Ecotoxicology - Human Health - A to Z Index - Home

GENERAL INFORMATION Click here for an explantaion of the general chemical status information
for thiocyclam hydrogen oxalate

Description: A broad spectrum insecticide used to control sucking and chewing pests on a variety of crops

Example pests controlled: Spidermites; caterpillars; Thrips; Plant hoppers; Whiteflies; Wooly aphids

Example applications: Oilseed rape; Ornamentals including roses; Onions; Apples and pears

Efficacy & activity: -

Availability status: Unknown

Introduction & key dates: circa 1975

EC Regulation 1107/2009 (repealing 91/414):
Status Not approved
Dossier rapporteur/co-rapporteur Not applicable
Date inclusion expires Expired
EU Candidate for substitution (CfS) Not applicable
Listed in EU database Yes

Approved for use () or known to be used () in the following European countries: Click to access a note on the approvals information on this site

AT

BE

BG

CY

CZ

DE

DK

EE

EL

ES

FI

FR

HR

HU

IE

IT

LT

LU

LV

MT

NL

PL

PT

RO

SE

SI

SK

UK

Chemical structure: Click here for further information on the general chemical status information used on this site
Isomerism -
Chemical formula C7H13NO4S3
Canonical SMILES CN(C)C1CSSSC1.C(=O)(C(=O)O)O
Isomeric SMILES No data
International Chemical Identifier key (InChIKey) ICTQUFQQEYSGGJ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
International Chemical Identifier (InChI) InChI=1S/C5H11NS3.C2H2O4/c1-6(2)5-3-7-9-8-4-5;3-1(4)2(5)6/h5H,3-4H2,1-2H3;(H,3,4)(H,5,6)
2D structure diagram/image available? Yes

General status: Click here for further information on the general chemical status information used on this site
Pesticide type Insecticide
Substance group Unclassified
Minimum active substance purity -
Known relevant impurities -
Substance origin Synthetic
Mode of action A nereistoxin analogue insecticide. Selective, stomach acting with some contact action. Nicotinic acetylcholine receptor agonist/anatagonist.
CAS RN 31895-22-4
EC number 250-859-2
CIPAC number -
US EPA chemical code 128868
PubChem CID 35969
Molecular mass (g mol-1) 271.37
PIN (Preferred Identification Name) -
IUPAC name N,N-dimethyltrithian-5-amine;oxalic acid
CAS name N,N-dimethyl-1,2,3-trithian-5-amine hydrogen oxalate
Other status information Chemical subject to PIC regulations
Relevant Environmental Water Quality Standards -
Herbicide Resistance Classification (HRAC) Not applicable
Herbicide Resistance Classification (WSSA) Not applicable
Insecticide Resistance Classification (IRAC) 14
Fungicide Resistance Classification (FRAC) Not applicable
Examples of recorded resistance -
Physical state White solid
Related substances & organisms -

Formulations:
Property Click here for information on the general product and branding information used on this site Value
Example manufacturers & suppliers of products using this active now or historically
  • Nippon
  • FCC
  • Sundat (S) Pte. Ltd.
  • Sandoz
Example products using this active
  • Acmeclam
  • Evisect
  • Evisekt
UK LERAP status No UK approval for use as a pesticide under EC Regulation 1107/2009
Formulation and application details Usually supplied as a soluble powder or as granules.


ENVIRONMENTAL FATE

for thiocyclam hydrogen oxalate

Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe environmental fate on this site Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with fate data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret environmental fate data
Solubility - In water at 20oC (mg l-1) 16300 L3 High
Solubility - In organic solvents at 20oC (mg l-1) 17000 L3 - Methanol -
1900 L3 - Ethanol -
500 L3 - Acetone -
10 L3 - Hexane -
Melting point (oC) 126 L3 -
Boiling point (oC) - - -
Degradation point (oC) - - -
Flashpoint (oC) - - -
Octanol-water partition coefficient at pH 7, 20oC P 8.51 X 10-01 Calculated -
Log P -0.07 L3 Low
Bulk density (g ml-1)/Specific gravity 0.6 L3 -
Dissociation constant (pKa) at 25oC 3.95 L3 -
Note: pKa(2) 7.0
Vapour pressure at 20oC (mPa) 0.545 L3 Low volatility
Henry's law constant at 25oC (Pa m3 mol-1) 1.8 X 10-06 L3 Non-volatile
GUS leaching potential index Click here for a note on the limitations of the GUS index 0.00 Calculated Low leachability
SCI-GROW groundwater index (μg l-1) for a 1 kg ha-1 or 1 l ha-1 application rate Click here for a note on the limitations of the SCI-GROW index Value 1.11 X 10-03 Calculated -
Note -
Potential for particle bound transport index Click here for a note on the limitations of the potential for particle bound transport index - Calculated Low
Maximum UV-vis absorption L mol-1 cm-1 - - -
Surface tension (mN m-1) - - -

Degradation:
Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance degradation Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with degradation data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance degradation data
General biodegradability -
Soil degradation (days) (aerobic) DT50 (typical) 6 L3 Non-persistent
DT50 (lab at 20oC) 1 Q2 Non-persistent
DT50 (field) - - -
DT90 (lab at 20oC) - - -
DT90 (field) - - -
DT50 modelling endpoint - - -
Note General literature DT50 range 0.5-3.8 days (R3)
Dissipation rate RL50 on plant matrix Value - - -
Note -
Dissipation rate RL50 on and in plant matrix Value - - -
Note -
Aqueous photolysis DT50 (days) at pH 7 Value 2 L3 Moderately fast
Note -
Aqueous hydrolysis DT50 (days) at 20oC and pH 7 Value 6 L3 Non-persistent
Note pH sensitive: 0.5 years at pH 5, 5 - 7 days at pH 7-9
Water-sediment DT50 (days) - - -
Water phase only DT50 (days) - - -

Soil adsorption and mobility:
Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance adsorption and mobility Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with adsorption and mobility data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance adsorption and mobility
Linear Kd - Q2 Mobile
Koc 20
Notes and range Estimated
Freundlich Kf - - -
Kfoc -
1/n -
Notes and range -
pH sensitivity -


ECOTOXICOLOGY

for thiocyclam hydrogen oxalate

Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance ecotoxicology Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with ecotoxicology data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance ecotoxicology
Bio-concentration factor BCF (l kg-1) Low risk Q3 Based on LogP < 3 Low potential
CT50 (days) - -
Mammals - Acute oral LD50 (mg kg-1) 399 L3 Rat Moderate
Mammals - Short term dietary NOEL (mg kg-1) - - -
(ppm diet) - -
Birds - Acute LD50 (mg kg-1) 3.45 L3 Coturnix japonica High
Birds - Short term dietary (LC50/LD50) - - -
Fish - Acute 96 hour LC50 (mg l-1) 0.04 L3 Oncorhynchus mykiss High
Fish - Chronic 21 day NOEC (mg l-1) - - -
Aquatic invertebrates - Acute 48 hour EC50 (mg l-1) 2.01 L3 Daphnia magna Moderate
Aquatic invertebrates - Chronic 21 day NOEC (mg l-1) - - -
Aquatic crustaceans - Acute 96 hour LC50 (mg l-1) - - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Acute 96 hour LC50 (mg l-1) - - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Chronic 28 day NOEC, static, water (mg l-1) - - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Chronic 28 day NOEC, sediment (mg kg-1) - - -
Aquatic plants - Acute 7 day EC50, biomass (mg l-1) - - -
Non-target plants - - -
- - -
Algae - Acute 72 hour EC50, growth (mg l-1) 3.3 L3 Scenedemus subspicatus Moderate
Algae - Chronic 96 hour NOEC, growth (mg l-1) - - -
Honeybees (Apis spp.) Contact acute LD50 (worst case from 24 , 48 and 72 hour values - μg bee-1) - - -
Oral acute LD50 (worst case from 24 , 48 and 72 hour values - μg bee-1) 11.9 L3 Moderate
Unknown mode acute LD50 (worst case from 24 , 48 and 72 hour values - μg bee-1) - - -
Bumblebees (Bombus spp.) Contact acute LD50 (worst case from 24 , 48 and 72 hour values - μg bee-1) - - -
-
Oral acute LD50 (worst case from 24 , 48 and 72 hour values - μg bee-1) - - -
-
Mason bees (Osmia spp.) Contact acute LD50 (worst case from 24 , 48 and 72 hour values - μg bee-1) - - -
Oral acute LD50 (worst case from 24 , 48 and 72 hour values - μg bee-1) - - -
Other pollinators (1) Acute LD50 (worst case from 24 , 48 and 72 hour values - μg insect-1) - - -
Mode of exposure -
Other pollinators (2) Acute LD50 (worst case from 24 , 48 and 72 hour values - μg insect-1) - - -
Mode of exposure -
Earthworms - Acute 14 day LC50 (mg kg-1) - - -
Earthworms - Chronic 14 day NOEC, reproduction (mg kg-1) - - -
Other soil macro-organisms - e.g. Collembola LR50 / EC50 / NOEC / % Effect - - -
Other arthropod (1) LR50 g ha-1 - - -
% Effect - - -
Other arthropod (2) LR50 g ha-1 - - -
% Effect - - -
Soil micro-organisms - - -
Mesocosm study data NOEAEC mg l-1 - - -
NOEAEC mg l-1 - - -


HUMAN HEALTH AND PROTECTION

for thiocyclam hydrogen oxalate

General:
Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe human health and protection issues Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with human health and protection data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret human health and protection data
Threshold of Toxicological Concern (Cramer Class) Click here for a note on the limitations of the Cramer class High (class III) - -
Mammals - Acute oral LD50 (mg kg-1) 399 L3 Rat Moderate
Mammals - Dermal LD50 (mg kg-1 body weight) - - -
Mammals - Inhalation LC50 (mg l-1) - - -
Other Mammal toxicity endpoints - -
ADI - Acceptable Daily Intake (mg kg-1bw day-1) - - -
ARfD - Acute Reference Dose (mg kg-1bw day-1) - - -
AAOEL - Acute Acceptable Operator Exposure Level (mg kg-1 bw day-1) - - -
AOEL - Acceptable Operator Exposure Level - Systemic (mg kg-1bw day-1) - - -
Dermal penetration studies (%) - - -
Dangerous Substances Directive 76/464 - - -
Exposure Routes Public -
Occupational -
European MRLs Click here for the EU MRL pesticide database
Drinking Water Standards - - -
Drinking Water MAC (μg l-1) - - -

Health issues:
Carcinogen Genotoxic Endocrine disrupter Reproduction / development effects Cholinesterase inhibitor Neurotoxicant

-

A0; B0; C0; D0; E0

-

-

-

-

Respiratory tract irritant Skin irritant Skin sensitiser Eye irritant Phototoxicant

-

-

General human health issues Harmful if swallowed
Key: Genotoxicity
A: Chromosome aberration (EFSA database)
B: DNA damage/repair (EFSA database)
C: Gene mutation (EFSA database)
D: Genome mutation (EFSA database)
E: Unspecified genotoxicity type (miscellaneous data source)
0: No data
1: Positive
2: Mixed/ambiguous results
3: Negative
Key: Other
: Yes, known to cause a problem
: No, known not to cause a problem
: Possibly, status not identified
- : No data found

Handling issues:
Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance handling issues Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with data on handling issues Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret data on handling issues
General Click here for a description of the International Maritime Dangerous Goods (IMDG) codes IMDG Transport group 6.1
CLP classification 2013 Health: H302, H312
EC Risk Classification Click here to view information omn the EU risk phrases Xn - Harmful: R22, R43
Xi - Irritant: R36, R38
EC Safety Classification Click here to view information omn the EU safety phrases S2, S13, S20, S21, S46, S36/37
WHO Classification II - Moderately hazardous
UN Number -
Waste disposal & packaging Click here for a description of UN packaging marks Packaging Group III (minor danger)


TRANSLATIONS

for thiocyclam hydrogen oxalate

Language Name
English thiocyclam hydrogen oxalate
French -
German -
Danish -
Italian -
Spanish -
Greek -
Slovenian tiociklam hidrogenoksalat
Polish -
Swedish -
Hungarian -
Dutch -

Record last updated: Saturday 29 June 2019
Contact: aeru@herts.ac.uk