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Orysastrobin
Last updated: 27/11/2019
(Not known by any other names)

SUMMARY
Orysastrobin is a rice fungicide without EU regulatory approval for use. It has a moderate aqueous solubility, is volatile and, based on its chemical properties, is mobile and can be expected to leach to groundwater. It is generally moderately persistent in soil systems but will not usually persist in aquatic systems under certain conditions. It is not generally susceptible to hydrolysis. It has a moderate mammalian toxicity and has a high potential to bioaccumulate. It is moderately toxic to most aquatic species, birds and earthworms but relatively non-toxic to honey bees.
GENERAL INFORMATION
Description
A rice fungicide that is highly effective against rice blast and other fungal pathogens.
Example pests controlled
Magnaporthe oryzae; Pyricularia oryzae; Thanatephorus cucumeris; Rhizoctonia solani
Example applications
Rice
Efficacy & activity
-
Availability status
Current
Introduction & key dates
2006
UK regulatory status
UK COPR regulatory status
Not approved
Date COPR inclusion expires
Not applicable
UK LERAP status
No UK approval for use
EC Regulation 1107/2009 (repealing 91/414)
EC Regulation 1107/2009 status
Not approved
Dossier rapporteur/co-rapporteur
Not applicable
Date EC 1107/2009 inclusion expires
Not applicable
EU Candidate for substitution (CfS)
Not applicable
Listed in EU database
Yes
Approved for use (✓) under EC 1107/2009 in the following EU Member States
ATAustria
BEBelgium
BGBulgaria
CYCyprus
CZCzech Republic
DEGermany
DKDenmark
EEEstonia
ELGreece
                 
ESSpain
FIFinland
FRFrance
HRCroatia
HUHungary
IEIreland
ITItaly
LTLithuania
LULuxembourg
                 
LVLatvia
MTMalta
NLNetherlands
PLPoland
PTPortugal
RORomania
SESweden
SISlovenia
SKSlovakia
                 
Also used in
Also used in
Japan, South Korea
Chemical structure
Isomerism
-
Chemical formula
C₁₈H₂₅N₅O₅
Canonical SMILES
CC(=NOC)C(=NOC)C(=NOCC1=CC=CC=C1C(=NOC)C(=O)NC)C
Isomeric SMILES
C/C(=N\OC)/C(=N\OC)/C(=N/OCC1=CC=CC=C1/C(=N\OC)/C(=O)NC)/C
International Chemical Identifier key (InChIKey)
JHIPUJPTQJYEQK-ZLHHXESBSA-N
International Chemical Identifier (InChI)
InChI=1S/C18H25N5O5/c1-12(20-25-4)16(22-26-5)13(2)21-28-11-14-9-7-8-10-15(14)17(23-27-6)18(24)19-3/h7-10H,11H2,1-6H3,(H,19,24)/b20-12+,21-13+,22-16+,23-17+/f/h19H
2D structure diagram/image available?
Yes
General status
Pesticide type
Fungicide
Substance group
Strobilurin
Minimum active substance purity
-
Known relevant impurities
-
Substance origin
Synthetic
Mode of action
Systemic, broad spectrum with protective and curative properties. Interferes with the respiration process. Respiration inhibitor (QoL fungicide).
CAS RN
248593-16-0
EC number
-
CIPAC number
None allocated
US EPA chemical code
-
PubChem CID
11486133
Molecular mass
391.43
PIN (Preferred Identification Name)
(2E)-2-(methoxyimino)-2-{2-[(3E,5E,6E)-5-(methoxyimino)-4,6-dimethyl-2,8-dioxa-3,7-diazanona-3,6-dien-1-yl]phenyl}-N-methylacetamide
IUPAC name
(2E)-2-(methoxyimino)-2-{2-[(3E,5E,6E)-5-(methoxyimino)-4,6-dimethyl-2,8-dioxa-3,7-diazanona-3,6-dien-1-yl]phenyl}-N-methylacetamide
CAS name
(αE)-α-(methoxyimino)-2-[(3E,5E,6E)-5-(methoxyimino)-4,6-dimethyl-2,8-dioxa-3,7-diaza-3,6-nonadienyl]-N-methylbenzeneacetamide
Other status information
-
Relevant Environmental Water Quality Standards
-
Herbicide Resistance Classification (HRAC)
Not applicable
Herbicide Resistance Classification (WSSA)
Not applicable
Insecticide Resistance Classification (IRAC)
Not applicable
Fungicide Resistance Classification (FRAC)
11
Examples of recorded resistance
-
Physical state
-
Formulations
Property
Value
Example manufacturers & suppliers of products using this active now or historically
  • Arashi
Example products using this active
  • BASF
Formulation and application details
-
ENVIRONMENTAL FATE
Property
Value
Source; quality score; and other information
Interpretation
Solubility - In water at 20 °C (mg l⁻¹)
80.6
R4 R = Peer reviewed scientific publications
4 = Verified data
Moderate
Solubility - In organic solvents at 20 °C (mg l⁻¹)
206000
R4 R = Peer reviewed scientific publications
4 = Verified data
Ethyl acetate
-
590
R4 R = Peer reviewed scientific publications
4 = Verified data
n-Heptane
-
125000
R4 R = Peer reviewed scientific publications
4 = Verified data
Toluene
-
33900
R4 R = Peer reviewed scientific publications
4 = Verified data
Propanol
-
Melting point (°C)
99
R4 R = Peer reviewed scientific publications
4 = Verified data
-
Boiling point (°C)
- - -
Degradation point (°C)
- - -
Flashpoint (°C)
- - -
Octanol-water partition coefficient at pH 7, 20 °C
P
2.29 X 1002 Calculated -
Log P
2.36
R4 R = Peer reviewed scientific publications
4 = Verified data
Low
Bulk density (g ml⁻¹)
- - -
Dissociation constant pKa) at 25 °C
- - -
-
Vapour pressure at 20 °C (mPa)
7.0 X 10-04
R4 R = Peer reviewed scientific publications
4 = Verified data
Low volatility
Henry's law constant at 25 °C (Pa m³ mol⁻¹)
- - -
Maximum UV-vis absorption L mol⁻¹ cm⁻¹
- - -
Surface tension (mN m⁻¹)
- - -
Degradation
Property
Value
Source; quality score; and other information
Interpretation
General biodegradability
-
Soil degradation (days) (aerobic)
DT₅₀ (typical)
55
R4 R = Peer reviewed scientific publications
4 = Verified data
Moderately persistent
DT₅₀ (lab at 20 °C)
- - -
DT₅₀ (field)
55
R4 R = Peer reviewed scientific publications
4 = Verified data
Moderately persistent
DT₉₀ (lab at 20 °C)
- - -
DT₉₀ (field)
- - -
DT₅₀ modelling endpoint
- - -
Note
Manufacturers published information gives DT₅₀ 51-58 days for field studies
Dissipation rate RL₅₀ on plant matrix
Value
- - -
Note
-
Dissipation rate RL₅₀ on and in plant matrix
Value
- - -
Note
-
Aqueous photolysis DT₅₀ (days) at pH 7
Value
0.8
R4 R = Peer reviewed scientific publications
4 = Verified data
Fast
Note
-
Aqueous hydrolysis DT₅₀ (days) at 20 °C and pH 7
Value
365
R4 R = Peer reviewed scientific publications
4 = Verified data
Very persistent
Note
-
Water-sediment DT₅₀ (days)
- - -
Water phase only DT₅₀ (days)
- - -
Soil adsorption and mobility
Property
Value
Source; quality score; and other information
Interpretation
Linear
Kd
-
R4 R = Peer reviewed scientific publications
4 = Verified data
Moderately mobile
Koc
92
Notes and range
Manufacturers published information gives Koc range 17.9-146 mL g⁻¹
Freundlich
Kf
- - -
Kfoc
-
1/n
-
Notes and range
-
pH sensitivity
-
Fate indices
Property
Value
Source; quality score; and other information
Interpretation
GUS leaching potential index
3.54 Calculated High leachability
SCI-GROW groundwater index (μg l⁻¹) for a 1 kg ha⁻¹ or 1 l ha⁻¹ application rate
Value
6.25 X 10-01 Calculated -
Note
-
Potential for particle bound transport index
Medium Calculated -
Potential for loss via drain flow
Moderately mobile Calculated -
ECOTOXICOLOGY
Property
Value
Source; quality score; and other information
Interpretation
Bio-concentration factor
BCF (l kg⁻¹)
Low risk
Q3 Q = Miscellaneous internet resources
3 = Unverified data of known source
Based on LogP < 3
Low risk
CT₅₀ (days)
- -
Mammals - Acute oral LD₅₀ (mg kg⁻¹)
> 356
R4 R = Peer reviewed scientific publications
4 = Verified data
Rat
Moderate
Mammals - Short term dietary NOEL
(mg kg⁻¹)
- - -
(ppm diet)
- -
Mammals - Chronic 21d NOAEL (mg kg⁻¹ bw d⁻¹)
- - -
Birds - Acute LD₅₀ (mg kg⁻¹)
> 2000
R4 R = Peer reviewed scientific publications
4 = Verified data
Colinus virginianus
Low
Birds - Short term dietary (LC₅₀/LD₅₀)
- - -
Birds - Chronic 21d NOEL (mg kg⁻¹ bw d⁻¹)
- - -
Fish - Acute 96 hour LC₅₀ (mg l⁻¹)
0.89
R4 R = Peer reviewed scientific publications
4 = Verified data
Oncorhynchus mykiss
Moderate
Fish - Chronic 21 day NOEC (mg l⁻¹)
- - -
Aquatic invertebrates - Acute 48 hour EC₅₀ (mg l⁻¹)
1.3
R4 R = Peer reviewed scientific publications
4 = Verified data
Daphnia magna
Moderate
Aquatic invertebrates - Chronic 21 day NOEC (mg l⁻¹)
- - -
Aquatic crustaceans - Acute 96 hour LC₅₀ (mg l⁻¹)
- - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Acute 96 hour LC₅₀ (mg l⁻¹)
- - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Chronic 28 day NOEC, static, water (mg l⁻¹)
- - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Chronic 28 day NOEC, sediment (mg kg⁻¹)
- - -
Aquatic plants - Acute 7 day EC₅₀, biomass (mg l⁻¹)
- - -
Non-target plants
- - -
- - -
Algae - Acute 72 hour EC₅₀, growth (mg l⁻¹)
7.1
R4 R = Peer reviewed scientific publications
4 = Verified data
Pseudokirchneriella subcapitata
Moderate
Algae - Chronic 96 hour NOEC, growth (mg l⁻¹)
- - -
Honeybees (Apis spp.)
Contact acute LD₅₀ (worst case from 24, 48 and 72 hour values - μg bee⁻¹)
- - -
Oral acute LD₅₀ (worst case from 24, 48 and 72 hour values - μg bee⁻¹)
- - -
Unknown mode acute LD₅₀ (worst case from 24, 48 and 72 hour values - μg bee⁻¹)
142
R3 R = Peer reviewed scientific publications
3 = Unverified data of known source
Low
Bumblebees (Bombus spp.)
Contact acute LD₅₀ (worst case from 24, 48 and 72 hour values - μg bee⁻¹)
- - -
-
Oral acute LD₅₀ (worst case from 24, 48 and 72 hour values - μg bee⁻¹)
- - -
-
Mason bees (Osmia spp.)
Contact acute LD₅₀ (worst case from 24, 48 and 72 hour values - μg bee⁻¹)
- - -
Oral acute LD₅₀ (worst case from 24, 48 and 72 hour values - μg bee⁻¹)
- - -
Other pollinators (1)
Acute LD₅₀ (worst case from 24, 48 and 72 hour values - μg insect⁻¹)
- - -
Mode of exposure
-
Other pollinators (2)
Acute LD₅₀ (worst case from 24, 48 and 72 hour values - μg insect⁻¹)
- - -
Mode of exposure
-
Earthworms - Acute 14 day LC₅₀ (mg kg⁻¹)
1000
R4 R = Peer reviewed scientific publications
4 = Verified data
Eisenia foetida
Moderate
Earthworms - Chronic NOEC, reproduction (mg kg⁻¹)
- - -
Other soil macro-organisms
Acute LC₅₀ (mg kg⁻¹)
- - -
Chronic NOEC (mg kg⁻¹)
- - -
Other arthropod (1)
LR₅₀ g ha⁻¹
- - -
% Effect
- - -
Other arthropod (2)
LR₅₀ g ha⁻¹
- - -
% Effect
- - -
Soil micro-organisms
- - -
Mesocosm study data
NOEAEC mg l⁻¹
- - -
NOEAEC mg l⁻¹
- - -
HUMAN HEALTH AND PROTECTION
General
Property
Value
Source; quality score; and other information
Interpretation
Threshold of Toxicological Concern (Cramer Class)
High (class III) - -
Mammals - Acute oral LD₅₀ (mg kg⁻¹)
> 356
R4 R = Peer reviewed scientific publications
4 = Verified data
Rat
Moderate
Mammals - Dermal LD₅₀ (mg kg⁻¹ body weight)
2000
R4 R = Peer reviewed scientific publications
4 = Verified data
Rat
-
Mammals - Inhalation LC₅₀ (mg l⁻¹)
2.02
R4 R = Peer reviewed scientific publications
4 = Verified data
Rat
-
Other Mammal toxicity endpoints
- - -
ADI - Acceptable Daily Intake (mg kg⁻¹ bw day⁻¹)
100
R3 R = Peer reviewed scientific publications
3 = Unverified data of known source
Rat
-
ARfD - Acute Reference Dose (mg kg⁻¹ bw day⁻¹)
- - -
AAOEL - Acute Acceptable Operator Exposure Level (mg kg⁻¹ bw day⁻¹)
- - -
AOEL - Acceptable Operator Exposure Level - Systemic (mg kg⁻¹ bw day⁻¹)
- - -
Dermal penetration studies (%)
- - -
Dangerous Substances Directive 76/464
- - -
Exposure Routes
Public
-
Occupational
-
European MRLs
EU MRL pesticide database 
Drinking Water Standards
- - -
Drinking Water MAC (μg l⁻¹)
- - -
Health issues
Specific human health issues
Carcinogen
Genotoxic
Endocrine disruptor
?Possibly, status not identified
A3 A = Chromosome aberration (EFSA database)
3 = Negative
;
B0 B = DNA damage/repair (EFSA database)
0 = No data
;
C0 C = Gene mutation (EFSA database)
0 = No data
;
D0 D = Genome mutation (EFSA database)
0 = No data
;
E0 E = Unspecified genotoxicity type (miscellaneous data source)
0 = No data
No data found
Reproduction / development effects Acetyl cholinesterase inhibitor Neurotoxicant
?Possibly, status not identified
No data found No data found
Respiratory tract irritant Skin irritant Skin sensitiser
No data found
XNo, known not to cause a problem
No data found
Eye irritant Phototoxicant  
XNo, known not to cause a problem
No data found  
General human health issues
Toxic by inhalation
Handling issues
Property
Value and interpretation
General
No information available
CLP classification 2013
Health: H302, H332, H351
Environment: H410
EC Risk Classification
Carcinogen category 3: R40
Xn - Harmful: R20/22
N - Dangerous for the environment: R50/53
EC Safety Classification
S22, S36/37, S46, S61
WHO Classification
NL (Not listed)
UN Number
-
Waste disposal & packaging
-
TRANSLATIONS
Language
Name
English
orysastrobin
French
-
German
-
Danish
-
Italian
-
Spanish
-
Greek
-
Polish
orysastrobina
Swedish
-
Hungarian
-
Dutch
-

Record last updated: 27/11/2019
Contact: aeru@herts.ac.uk
Please cite as: Lewis, K.A., Tzilivakis, J., Warner, D. and Green, A. (2016) An international database for pesticide risk assessments and management. Human and Ecological Risk Assessment: An International Journal, 22(4), 1050-1064. DOI: 10.1080/10807039.2015.1133242