Select Option
Home
A to Z
Search
Terms & Conditions
Support Information
Purchasing & Other Services
Video User Guides
GET ADDITIONAL DATA HERE!

carbaryl (Ref: UC 7744)
** sevin ** OMS 29 ** OMS 629 ** ENT 23969 ** NMC ** Translations

Environmental Fate - Ecotoxicology - Human Health - A to Z Index - Home

SUMMARY

Carbaryl is an obsolete carbamate insecticide that is not approved for use in the EU. It has a low aqueous solubility and is volatile. It is not persistent in either soil or water systems. It is highly toxic to mammals but it is not expected to bioaccumulate. It is a suspected endocrine disruptor. Carbaryl is moderately toxic to birds, fish and algae but less toxic to aquatic plants.

GENERAL INFORMATION Click here for an explantaion of the general chemical status information
for carbaryl

Description: An insecticide with a variety of uses including worm removal and fruit thinning

Example pests controlled: Beetles; Caterpillars; Adelgids

Example applications: Fruit including citrus; Cotton; Forestry; Lawns; Forage crops; Ornamentals

Availability status: Current

Introduction & key dates: circa 1957

EC Regulation 1107/2009 (repealing 91/414):
Status Not approved
Dossier rapporteur/co-rapporteur Spain
Date inclusion expires Expired

Approved for use () or known to be used () in the following European countries: Click to access a note on the approvals information on this site

AT

BE

BG

CY

CZ

DE

DK

EE

EL

ES

FI

FR

HR

HU

IE

IT

LT

LU

LV

MT

NL

PL

PT

RO

SE

SI

SK

UK

Also used in: Australia, USA

General status: Click here for further information on the general chemical status information used on this site
Pesticide type Insecticide, Plant growth regulator
Substance group Carbamate
Minimum active substance purity 990 g/kg
Known relevant impurities EU dossier - 2-Naphthol <0.5 g/kg, 2-naphthyl methylcarbamate <0.5 g/Kg
Substance origin Synthetic
Mode of action Stomach and contact activity with slight systemic properties. Cholinesterase inhibitor.
CAS RN 63-25-2
EC number 200-555-0
CIPAC number 26
US EPA chemical code 056801
Chiral molecule No
Chemical formula C12H11NO2
SMILES c12c(OC(NC)=O)cccc1cccc2
International Chemical Identifier key (InChIKey) CVXBEEMKQHEXEN-UHFFFAOYSA-N
International Chemical Identifier (InChI) InChI=1S/C12H11NO2/c1-13-12(14)15-11-8-4-6-9-5-2-3-7-10(9)11/h2-8H,1H3,(H,13,14)
Structure diagram/image available? Yes
Molecular mass (g mol-1) 201.22
PIN (Preferred Identification Name) naphthalen-1-yl methylcarbamate
IUPAC name 1-naphthyl methylcarbamate
CAS name 1-naphthalenyl methylcarbamate
Other status information Marine Pollutant; Chemical subject to PIC regulations
Herbicide Resistance Classification (HRAC) Not applicable
Herbicide Resistance Classification (WSSA) Not applicable
Insecticide Resistance Classification (IRAC) 1A
Fungicide Resistance Classification (FRAC) Not applicable
Examples of recorded resistance Adoxophyes orana
Chrysoperla carnea
Helicoverpa armigera
Psylla pyricola
plus others
Physical state White-grey powder
Related substances & organisms -

Formulations:
Property Click here for information on the general product and branding information used on this site Value
Example manufacturers & suppliers of products using this active now or historically
  • Scotts Company
  • Bonide Products
  • Bayer CropScience
  • BASF
  • Union Carbide
Example products using this active
  • Sevin XLR
  • Septene
  • Karbaspray
  • Devicarb
UK LERAP status No UK approval for use or outside scope
Formulation and application details Often formulated as a suspension concentrate that is mixed with water and applied using an orchard sprayer.


ENVIRONMENTAL FATE

for carbaryl

Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe environmental fate on this site Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with fate data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret environmental fate data
Solubility - In water at 20oC (mg l-1) 9.1 A5 Low
Solubility - In organic solvents at 20oC (mg l-1) 250 A5 - n-Heptane -
9860 A5 - Xylene -
87500 A5 - Methanol -
175000 A5 - Ethyl acetate -
Melting point (oC) 138 A5 -
Boiling point (oC) 210 A5 -
Degradation point (oC) 254 A5 -
Flashpoint (oC) Not expected to self ignite; Not highly flammable A5 -
Octanol-water partition coefficient at pH 7, 20oC P 2.29 X 1002 Calculated -
Log P 2.36 A5 Low
Bulk density (g ml-1)/Specific gravity 1.21 A5 -
Dissociation constant (pKa) at 25oC 10.4 A5 -
Note: Very weak acid
Vapour pressure at 25oC (mPa) 0.0416 A5 Volatile
Henry's law constant at 25oC (Pa m3 mol-1) 9.20 X 10-05 A5 Non-volatile
Henry's law constant at 20oC (dimensionless) 4.50 X 10-04 K3 Volatile
GUS leaching potential index Click here for a note on the limitations of the GUS index 2.02 Calculated Transition state
SCI-GROW groundwater index (μg l-1) for a 1 kg ha-1 or 1 l ha-1 application rate Click here for a note on the limitations of the SCI-GROW index Value 5.85 X 10-02 Calculated -
Note -
Potential for particle bound transport index Click here for a note on the limitations of the potential for particle bound transport index - Calculated Low
Maximum UV-vis absorption L mol-1 cm-1 Neutral solution: 220nm = 82696, 270nm = 5743, 279nm = 6434, 291nm = 4211; [Acidic solution: 221.5nm = 18362, 280.0nm = 6703, 295nm <2743 A5 -
Surface tension (mN m-1) 65.5 A5 at 20oC -

Degradation:
Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance degradation Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with degradation data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance degradation data
Soil degradation (days) (aerobic) DT50 (typical) 16 A5 Non-persistent
DT50 (lab at 20oC) 16 A5 Non-persistent
DT50 (field) - - -
DT90 (lab at 20oC) 107 A5 -
DT90 (field) - - -
Note EU dossier lab studies DT50 range 2.3-98.7 days, DT90 range 13.3-328.6 days
Plant matrix DT50 (days) Value 5.0 R4 -
Note DT50 range 0.5 - 29.5 days, 23 plants/crops, various matrices
Aqueous photolysis DT50 (days) at pH 7 Value 10 A5 Moderately fast
Note -
Aqueous hydrolysis DT50 (days) at 20oC and pH 7 Value 12 A5 Non-persistent
Note pH sensitive: stable at pH 5; 3 hrs at pH 9
Water-sediment DT50 (days) 5.8 A5 Fast
Water phase only DT50 (days) 3.1 A5 Moderately fast

Soil adsorption and mobility:
Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance adsorption and mobility Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with adsorption and mobility data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance adsorption and mobility
Linear Kd - DW3 Moderately mobile
Koc 300
Notes and range -
Freundlich Kf 2.6 A5 Moderately mobile
Kfoc 211
1/n 0.814
Notes and range EU dossier Kf range 1.74-3.52 mL/g, Kfoc range 177-249 mL/g, 1/n range 0.784-0.840, Soils=4; Literature data: Kf range 0.31-3.52 mL/g, kfoc range 134-320 mL/g, 1/n range 0.78-2.10, Soils = 8
pH sensitivity No

Key metabolites:
Metabolite Formation medium Estimated maximum occurrence fraction 91/414 relevancy Click here for further information on 91/414 relevancy
1-naphthol This metabolite may cause environmental pollution, click here for further information Soil   0.346   Major fraction, Relevant
methylamine Soil     -

Other known metabolites:
Metabolite name and reference Aliases Formation medium / Rate Estimated maximum occurrence fraction Metabolising enzymes
phthalic acid hydrated: - Water 0.063 -
- 2-hydroxycarbaryl Plant - -
- 4-hydroxycarbaryl Plant - -
- 5-hydroxycarbaryl Plant - -
phthalic acid - Water 0.064 -


ECOTOXICOLOGY

for carbaryl

Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance ecotoxicology Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with ecotoxicology data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance ecotoxicology
Bio-concentration factor BCF (l kg-1) 44 A5 (Whole fish, Other literature Log BCF range 0.4-4.3 (R3)) Low potential
CT50 (days) 32-144 -
Mammals - Acute oral LD50 (mg kg-1) 614 A5 Rat Moderate
Mammals - Short term dietary NOEL (mg kg-1) 3.73 A4 Dog, 1 year High
(ppm diet) - -
Birds - Acute LD50 (mg kg-1) > 2000 A5 Anas platyrhynchos Low
Birds - Short term dietary (LC50/LD50) > 1000 mg kg bw-1 day-1 A5 Colinus virginianus -
Fish - Acute 96 hour LC50 (mg l-1) 2.6 A5 Pimephales promelas Moderate
Fish - Chronic 21 day NOEC (mg l-1) 0.21 A3 Pimephales promelas, 34 day Moderate
Aquatic invertebrates - Acute 48 hour EC50 (mg l-1) 0.0064 A5 Daphnia pulex High
Aquatic invertebrates - Chronic 21 day NOEC (mg l-1) 0.25 A5 Daphnia magna Moderate
Aquatic crustaceans - Acute 96 hour LC50 (mg l-1) 0.0057 A5 Americamysis bahia High
Sediment dwelling organisms - Acute 96 hour LC50 (mg l-1) 0.13 F3 Chironomus riparius, 1 day Moderate
Sediment dwelling organisms - Chronic 28 day NOEC, static, water (mg l-1) - - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Chronic 28 day NOEC, sediment (mg kg-1) - - -
Aquatic plants - Acute 7 day EC50, biomass (mg l-1) 13.7 A5 Lemna gibba Low
Non-target plants - - -
- - -
Algae - Acute 72 hour EC50, growth (mg l-1) 0.6 F4 Chlorella spp. Moderate
Algae - Chronic 96 hour NOEC, growth (mg l-1) - - -
Honeybees Contact acute 48 hour LD50 (μg bee-1) 0.14 A5 High
Oral acute 48 hour LD50 (μg bee-1) 0.21 A5 High
Unknown mode acute 48 hour LD50 (μg bee-1) - - -
Earthworms - Acute 14 day LC50 (mg kg-1) < 4 A5 Allolobophora caliginosa High
Earthworms - Chronic 14 day NOEC, reproduction (mg kg-1) - - -
Other soil macro-organisms - e.g. Collembola LR50 / EC50 / NOEC / % Effect - - -
Other arthropod (1) LR50 g ha-1 0.0247 48 hour
A5 Aphidius rhopalosiphi, adult
-
% Effect - - -
Other arthropod (2) LR50 g ha-1 457 7 day
A5 Typhlodromus pyri, protonymph
-
% Effect - - -
Soil micro-organisms Nitrogen mineralisation: No significant adverse effect
Carbon mineralisation: No significant adverse effect
A5
Dose: 6.5 mg kg-1 soil
-
Mesocosm study data NOEAEC mg l-1 0.020 A1 Aquatic community, inappropriate test conditions -
NOEAEC mg l-1 - - -


HUMAN HEALTH AND PROTECTION

for carbaryl

General:
Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe human health and protection issues Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with human health and protection data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret human health and protection data
Threshold of Toxicological Concern (Cramer Class) Click here for a note on the limitations of the Cramer class High (class III) - -
Mammals - Acute oral LD50 (mg kg-1) 614 A5 Rat Moderate
Mammals - Dermal LD50 (mg kg-1 body weight) > 5000 A5 Rat -
Mammals - Inhalation LC50 (mg l-1) 2.4 A5 Rat -
Other Mammal toxicity endpoints - -
ADI - Acceptable Daily Intake (mg kg-1bw day-1) 0.0075 A5 SF=2000 -
ARfD - Acute Reference Dose (mg kg-1bw day-1) 0.01 A5 SF=100 -
AOEL - Acceptable Operator Exposure Level - Systemic (mg kg-1bw day-1) 0.01 A5 SF=1000 -
Dermal penetration studies (%) 0.5-10 A5 concentration dependant -
Dangerous Substances Directive 76/464 - - -
Exposure Limits - - -
Exposure Routes Public -
Occupational -
European MRLs Click here for the EU MRL pesticide database
Drinking Water MAC (μg l-1) - - -

Health issues:
Carcinogen Mutagen Endocrine disrupter Reproduction / development effects Cholinesterase inhibitor Neurotoxicant

Respiratory tract irritant Skin irritant Skin sensitiser Eye irritant Phototoxicant

-

-

General human health issues Highly toxic, may be fatal if inhaled, swallowed or absorbed through skin
IARC Group 3 carcinogen; USEPA - possible human carcinogen
May be estrogenic and progesteronic

: Yes, known to cause a problem
: No, known not to cause a problem
: Possibly, status not identified
- : No data found

Handling issues:
Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance handling issues Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with data on handling issues Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret data on handling issues
General Click here for a description of the International Maritime Dangerous Goods (IMDG) codes Not explosive but containers may explode when heated
Corrosive
IMDG Transport Code is usually 6.1
CLP classification 2013 Health: H302, H332, H351
Environment: H400
EC Risk Classification Click here to view information omn the EU risk phrases Carcinogen category 3: R40
Xn - Harmful: R20/22
N - Dangerous for the environment: R50
EC Safety Classification Click here to view information omn the EU safety phrases S2, S36/37, S46, S61
WHO Classification II - Moderately hazardous
US EPA Classification (formulation) No consensus across products or no products available - -
UN Number 2757
Waste disposal & packaging Click here for a description of UN packaging marks Packaging Group III (minor danger)


TRANSLATIONS

for carbaryl

Language Name
English carbaryl
French carbaryl
German Carbaryl
Danish carbaryl
Italian carbaril
Spanish carbaril
Greek carbaryl
Slovenian karbaril
Polish karbaryl
Swedish -
Hungarian karbaril
Dutch carbaryl

Record last updated: Monday 17 October 2016
Contact: aeru@herts.ac.uk