The following alerts are based on the data in the tables below. An absence of an alert does not imply the substance has no implications for human health, biodiversity or the environment but just that we do not have the data to form a judgement.
Ecotoxicity Moderate alert: Fish acute ecotoxicity: Moderate; Fish chronic ecotoxicity: Moderate; Earthworms acute ecotoxicity: Moderate
Human health High alert: Mammals acute toxicity: High
Substance without pesticidal activity that is sometimes added to formulations as a binding agent or to initiate a chemical reaction. It is reported to have some effect on Gram negative bacteria.
Introduction & key dates
UK regulatory status
UK COPR regulatory status
Date COPR inclusion expires
UK LERAP status
EC Regulation 1107/2009 (repealing 91/414)
EC Regulation 1107/2009 status
Date EC 1107/2009 inclusion expires
EU Candidate for substitution (CfS)
Listed in EU database
Approved for use (✓) under EC 1107/2009 in the following EU Member States
Lewis, K.A., Tzilivakis, J., Warner, D. and Green, A. (2016) An international database for pesticide risk assessments and management. Human and Ecological Risk Assessment: An International Journal, 22(4), 1050-1064. DOI: 10.1080/10807039.2015.1133242