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fenoxycarb (Ref: OMS 3010)
** CGA 114597 ** Translations

Environmental Fate - Ecotoxicology - Human Health - A to Z Index - Home

GENERAL INFORMATION
for fenoxycarb

Description: An insect specific growth regulator used to control moths, scale insects and other insects on fruit, vines and ornamentals

Example pests controlled: Fire ants; Fleas; Mosquitoes; Coachroach; Lepidoptera moths; Scale insects

Example applications: Olives; Vines; Cotton; Various fruits; Stored produce; Ornamentals; Turf

Availability status: Current

Introduction & key dates: 1981, first reported; 1985, first marketed

EC Regulation 1107/2009 (repealing 91/414):
Status Approved
Dossier rapporteur/co-rapporteur Netherlands
Date inclusion expires 31/05/2021

Approved for use () or known to be used () in the following European countries:

AT

BE

BG

CY

CZ

DE

DK

EE

EL

ES

FI

FR

HR

HU

IE

IT

LT

LU

LV

MT

NL

PL

PT

RO

SE

SI

SK

UK

Also used in: Australia, USA

General status:
Pesticide type Insecticide
Substance group Carbamate
Minimum active substance purity 960 g/kg
Known relevant impurities EU dossier - Toluene <1g/kg
Substance origin Synthetic
Mode of action Non-neurotoxic with contact and stomach action, acts by mimicing the action of the juvenile hormone keeping the insect in an immature state
CAS RN 79127-80-3
EC number 276-696-7
CIPAC number 425
US EPA chemical code 125301
Chiral molecule No
Chemical formula C17H19NO4
SMILES O=C(OCC)NCCOc2ccc(Oc1ccccc1)cc2
International Chemical Identifier key (InChIKey) HJUFTIJOISQSKQ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
International Chemical Identifier (InChI) InChI=1S/C17H19NO4/c1-2-20-17(19)18-12-13-21-14-8-10-16(11-9-14)22-15-6-4-3-5-7-15/h3-11H,2,12-13H2,1H3,(H,18,19)
Structure diagram/image available? Yes
Molecular mass (g mol-1) 301.34
PIN (Preferred Identification Name) ethyl [2-(4-phenoxyphenoxy)ethyl]carbamate
IUPAC name ethyl 2-(4-phenoxyphenoxy)ethylcarbamate
CAS name ethyl [2-(4-phenoxyphenoxy)ethyl]carbamate
Other status information -
Herbicide Resistance Classification (HRAC) Not applicable
Herbicide Resistance Classification (WSSA) Not applicable
Insecticide Resistance Classification (IRAC) 7B
Fungicide Resistance Classification (FRAC) Not applicable
Examples of recorded resistance Cydia pomonella
Physical state White flaky powder
Related substances & organisms -

Formulations:
Property Value
Example manufacturers & suppliers of products using this active now or historically
  • Syngenta
  • Maag
Example products using this active
  • Insegar
  • Logic
  • Torus
  • Pictyl
  • Varikill
UK LERAP status Buffer probably required in UK - see product label
Formulation and application details Supplied as wettable granules, micro-emulsions, emulsifiable concentrates, granules and dusts.


ENVIRONMENTAL FATE

for fenoxycarb

Property Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Interpretation
Solubility - In water at 20oC (mg l-1) 7.9 A5 Low
Solubility - In organic solvents at 20oC (mg l-1) 500000 A5 - Ethyl acetate -
500000 A5 - Acetone -
500000 A5 - Toluene -
4600 A5 - n-Hexane -
Melting point (oC) 53.6 A5 -
Boiling point (oC) 100.4 A3 -
Degradation point (oC) 248 A5 -
Flashpoint (oC) Not expected to self ignite; Not highly flammable A5 -
Octanol-water partition coefficient at pH 7, 20oC P 1.17 X 1004 Calculated -
Log P 4.07 A5 High
Bulk density (g ml-1)/Specific gravity 1.23 B5 -
Dissociation constant (pKa) at 25oC Not applicable A5 -
Note: No dissociation
Vapour pressure at 25oC (mPa) 8.67 X 10-04 A5 Volatile
Henry's law constant at 25oC (Pa m3 mol-1) 3.3 X 10-05 A5 Non-volatile
Henry's law constant at 20oC (dimensionless) 1.89 X 10-08 Q2 Non-volatile
GUS leaching potential index 0.14 Calculated Low leachability
SCI-GROW groundwater index (μg l-1) for a 1 kg ha-1 or 1 l ha-1 application rate Value 3.47 X 10-04 Calculated -
Note -
Potential for particle bound transport index - Calculated Medium
Maximum UV-vis absorption L mol-1 cm-1 Neutral solution: 228nm = 15219, 278nm = 2453, 300nm = 745; [Acidic solution: 228nm = 15062, 278nm = 2357, 300nm = 643; [Basic solution: 228nm = 14879, 278nm = 2374, 300nm = 664 A5 -
Surface tension (mN m-1) 56.7-57.6 A5 at 20oC -

Degradation:
Property Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Interpretation
Soil degradation (days) (aerobic) DT50 (typical) 1.55 A5 Non-persistent
DT50 (lab at 20oC) 1.55 A5 Non-persistent
DT50 (field) 5.94 A5 Non-persistent
DT90 (lab at 20oC) 26.1 A5 -
DT90 (field) 22.4 A5 -
Note EU dossier lab studies DT50 range 0.75-2.27 days, DT90 range 4.87-66.5 days; field studies DT50 range 4.08-8.89 days, DT90 range 13.55-29.53
Foliar DT50 (days) Value - - -
Note -
Aqueous photolysis DT50 (days) at pH 7 Value 16.1 A5 Slow
Note -
Aqueous hydrolysis DT50 (days) at 20oC and pH 7 Value Stable A5 Very persistent
Note Stable pH 3 to pH 9 up to 50 degC
Water-sediment DT50 (days) 15 A5 Fast
Water phase only DT50 (days) 4.13 A5 Moderately fast

Soil adsorption and mobility:
Property Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Interpretation
Linear Kd - - -
Koc -
Notes and range -
Freundlich Kf 24.5 A5 Slightly mobile
Kfoc 1816
1/n 0.89
Notes and range EU dossier kf range 4.4-46.7 mL/g, Kfoc range 1251-2599 mL/g, 1/n range 0.84-0.96, Soils=5; Other literature studies: Mean of 4 soils. Sandy loam Kf=18-77; Loam Kf=77
pH sensitivity No

Other known metabolites:
Metabolite name and reference Aliases Formation medium / Rate Estimated maximum occurrence fraction Metabolising enzymes
ethyl [2-(p-(p-hydroxy phenoxy)ethyl) carbamate] - Soil (Aerobic) - -
ethyl [2-(p-(p-hydroxy phenoxy)phenoxy)ethyl) carbamate) - Soil (Aerobic) - -
(Ref: CGA 294847) - Water (Photolysis) 0.169 -
[2-[4,4-glucoronoxy-phenoxy)-phenoxyl]-ethyl]carbamic acid ethyl ester
(Ref: CGA 294848)
- Rat (Urinary, Faeces); Soil (Aerobic) - -
(Ref: CGA 294850)
Note: Minor metabolite
Ro-16-8797 Soil - -
(Ref: CGA 294851) Ro-16-3192 Rat (Liver) - -


ECOTOXICOLOGY

for fenoxycarb

Property Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Interpretation
Bio-concentration factor BCF (l kg-1) 215 A5 Whole fish Threshold for concern
CT50 (days) 0.86 -
Mammals - Acute oral LD50 (mg kg-1) > 10000 A5 Rat Low
Mammals - Short term dietary NOEL (mg kg-1) > 40 A5 Rat High
(ppm diet) - -
Birds - Acute LD50 (mg kg-1) > 3000 A5 Anas platyrhynchos Low
Birds - Short term dietary (LC50/LD50) > 5885 mg kg bw-1 day-1 A5 Anas platyrhynchos -
Fish - Acute 96 hour LC50 (mg l-1) 0.66 A5 Oncorhynchus mykiss Moderate
Fish - Chronic 21 day NOEC (mg l-1) 0.048 A5 Oncorhynchus mykiss Moderate
Aquatic invertebrates - Acute 48 hour EC50 (mg l-1) 0.5 A5 Daphnia magna Moderate
Aquatic invertebrates - Chronic 21 day NOEC (mg l-1) 0.0032 A5 Daphnia magna High
Aquatic crustaceans - Acute 96 hour LC50 (mg l-1) - - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Acute 96 hour LC50 (mg l-1) - - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Chronic 28 day NOEC, static, water (mg l-1) 0.00075 A5 Chironomus riparius High
Sediment dwelling organisms - Chronic 28 day NOEC, sediment (mg kg-1) - - -
Aquatic plants - Acute 7 day EC50, biomass (mg l-1) - - -
Non-target plants > 450 A5 Maize, Wild oat, OSR, Soybean, Vegetative vigour, ER50, Vegetative vigour, ER50, as g/ha -
> 450 A5 Maize, Wild oat, OSR, Soybean, Seedling emergence, ER50, as g/ha -
Algae - Acute 72 hour EC50, growth (mg l-1) 0.38 A3 Pseudokirchneriella subcapitata, as product Moderate
Algae - Chronic 96 hour NOEC, growth (mg l-1) - - -
Honeybees Contact acute 48 hour LD50 (μg bee-1) > 204 A4 Low
Oral acute 48 hour LD50 (μg bee-1) > 204 A4 Low
Unknown mode acute 48 hour LD50 (μg bee-1) - - -
Earthworms - Acute 14 day LC50 (mg kg-1) > 425 A5 Eisenia foetida Moderate
Earthworms - Chronic 14 day NOEC, reproduction (mg kg-1) - - -
Other soil macro-organisms - e.g. Collembola LR50 / EC50 / NOEC / % Effect 3052 R4 Folsomia candida, NOEC: 12.5 mg kg-1 -
Other arthropod (1) LR50 g ha-1 >463 A5 Aphidius rhopalosiphi, adult -
% Effect - - -
Other arthropod (2) LR50 g ha-1 >463 A5 Typhlodromus pyri, protonymph -
% Effect - - -
Soil micro-organisms Nitrogen mineralisation: No significant adverse effect
Carbon mineralisation: No significant adverse effect
A5
Dose: 3.0 mg kg-1, 28days
-
Mesocosm study data NOEAEC mg l-1 0.00032 A4 Fish and aquatic invertebrates -
NOEAEC mg l-1 - - -


HUMAN HEALTH AND PROTECTION

for fenoxycarb

General:
Property Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Interpretation
Threshold of Toxicological Concern (Cramer Class) High (class III) - -
Mammals - Acute oral LD50 (mg kg-1) > 10000 A5 Rat Low
Mammals - Dermal LD50 (mg kg-1 body weight) > 2000 A5 Rat -
Mammals - Inhalation LC50 (mg l-1) > 4.4 A5 Rat 4 hr, (nose only) -
Other Mammal toxicity endpoints - -
ADI - Acceptable Daily Intake (mg kg-1bw day-1) 0.053 A2 Mouse, SF=100 -
ARfD - Acute Reference Dose (mg kg-1bw day-1) 2.0 A5 Rabbit, SF=100 -
AOEL - Acceptable Operator Exposure Level - Systemic (mg kg-1bw day-1) 0.1 A2 Rat, SF=100 -
Dermal penetration studies (%) 0.2-28.0 A5 concentration dependant -
Dangerous Substances Directive 76/464 - - -
Exposure Limits - - -
Exposure Routes Public Negligible risk to bystanders
Occupational Negligible risk to operators and workers
European MRLs Click here for the EU MRL pesticide database
Drinking Water MAC (μg l-1) - - -

Health issues:
Carcinogen Mutagen Endocrine disrupter Reproduction / development effects Cholinesterase inhibitor Neurotoxicant

Respiratory tract irritant Skin irritant Skin sensitiser Eye irritant Phototoxicant

-

-

General human health issues Possible liver, thyroid and kidney toxicant

: Yes, known to cause a problem
: No, known not to cause a problem
: Possibly, status not identified
- : No data found

Handling issues:
Property Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Interpretation
General Emits toxic fumes in a fire
Not explosive or oxidising
IMDG Transport Code is usually 9
CLP classification 2013 Health: H351
Environment: H400, H410
EC Risk Classification Carcinogen category 3: R40
N - Dangerous for the environment: R50, R53
EC Safety Classification -
WHO Classification U - Unlikely to present an acute hazard
US EPA Classification (formulation) III - Caution - Slightly toxic
UN Number Usually 3077
Waste disposal & packaging Packaging Group III (minor danger)


TRANSLATIONS

for fenoxycarb

Language Name
English fenoxycarb
French fenoxycarbe
German Fenoxycarb
Danish fenoxycarb
Italian fenoxicarb
Spanish fenoxicarb
Greek -
Slovenian fenoksikarb
Polish fenoksykarb
Swedish -
Hungarian fenoxikarb
Dutch -

Record last updated: Saturday 19 March 2016
Contact: aeru@herts.ac.uk