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GET ADDITIONAL DATA HERE!

phenothrin (Ref: OMS 1809)
** d-phenothrin ** phenoxythrin ** cyfenothrin ** ENT 27972 ** sumithrin ** Translations

Environmental Fate - Ecotoxicology - Human Health - A to Z Index - Home
Further data may be found in the VSDB

GENERAL INFORMATION Click here for an explantaion of the general chemical status information
for phenothrin

Description: An insecticide used to control nuisance and injurious pests in public health and stoarge situations

Example pests controlled: Flies; Mosquitoes; Fleas; Ticks; Mites; Lice

Example applications: Domestic situations; Commercial and industrial sites; Gardens; Pet health products

Efficacy & activity: -

Availability status: Current

Introduction & key dates: 1976, Japan

EC Regulation 1107/2009 (repealing 91/414):
Status Not approved
Dossier rapporteur/co-rapporteur -
Date inclusion expires Expired
EU Candidate for substitution (CfS) -
Listed in EU database Yes

Approved for use () or known to be used () in the following European countries: Click to access a note on the approvals information on this site

AT

BE

BG

CY

CZ

DE

DK

EE

EL

ES

FI

FR

HR

HU

IE

IT

LT

LU

LV

MT

NL

PL

PT

RO

SE

SI

SK

UK

Also used in: Australia, USA

Chemical structure: Click here for further information on the general chemical status information used on this site
Isomerism Phenothrin is a molecule with two chiral centres. The technical material is an isomeric mixture of the cis and trans isomers in the ratio 20:80.
Chemical formula C23H26O3
Canonical SMILES CC(=CC1C(C1(C)C)C(=O)OCC2=CC(=CC=C2)OC3=CC=CC=C3)C
Isomeric SMILES No data
International Chemical Identifier key (InChIKey) SBNFWQZLDJGRLK-UHFFFAOYSA-N
International Chemical Identifier (InChI) InChI=1S/C23H26O3/c1-16(2)13-20-21(23(20,3)4)22(24)25-15-17-9-8-12-19(14-17)26-18-10-6-5-7-11-18/h5-14,20-21H,15H2,1-4H3
Structure diagram/image available? Yes

General status: Click here for further information on the general chemical status information used on this site
Pesticide type Insecticide, Veterinary substance
Substance group Pyrethroid
Minimum active substance purity -
Known relevant impurities -
Substance origin Synthetic
Mode of action Non-systemic with rapid contact and stomach action
CAS RN 26002-80-2
EC number 247-404-5
CIPAC number 356
US EPA chemical code 069005
PubChem CID 4767
Molecular mass (g mol-1) 350.46
PIN (Preferred Identification Name) -
IUPAC name 3-phenoxybenzyl (1RS,3RS;1RS,3SR)-2,2-dimethyl-3-(2-methylprop-1-enyl)cyclopropanecarboxylate
CAS name (3-phenoxyphenyl)methyl 2,2-dimethyl-3-(2-methyl-1-propenyl)cyclopropanecarboxylate
Other status information Marine Pollutant
Relevant Environmental Water Quality Standards -
Herbicide Resistance Classification (HRAC) Not applicable
Herbicide Resistance Classification (WSSA) Not applicable
Insecticide Resistance Classification (IRAC) 3
Fungicide Resistance Classification (FRAC) Not applicable
Examples of recorded resistance Blattella germanica
Culex pipiens molestus
Pediculus humanus capitis
Physical state Yellow-brown liquid
Related substances & organisms

Formulations:
Property Click here for information on the general product and branding information used on this site Value
Example manufacturers & suppliers of products using this active now or historically
  • Killgerm
Example products using this active -
UK LERAP status No UK approval for use as a pesticide under EC Regulation 1107/2009
Formulation and application details -


ENVIRONMENTAL FATE

for phenothrin

Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe environmental fate on this site Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with fate data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret environmental fate data
Solubility - In water at 20oC (mg l-1) 0.0097 L3 Low
Solubility - In organic solvents at 20oC (mg l-1) - - -
Melting point (oC) - - -
Boiling point (oC) 290 L3 -
Degradation point (oC) - - -
Flashpoint (oC) 107 L3 - (closed cup) -
Octanol-water partition coefficient at pH 7, 20oC P 1.02 X 1006 Calculated -
Log P 6.01 L3 High
Bulk density (g ml-1)/Specific gravity 1.06 L3 -
Dissociation constant (pKa) at 25oC - - -
Note:
Vapour pressure at 20oC (mPa) 0.021 R4 - @25DegC Low volatility
Henry's law constant at 25oC (Pa m3 mol-1) 6.75 X 10-01 L3 Moderately volatile
GUS leaching potential index Click here for a note on the limitations of the GUS index 0.00 Calculated Low leachability
SCI-GROW groundwater index (μg l-1) for a 1 kg ha-1 or 1 l ha-1 application rate Click here for a note on the limitations of the SCI-GROW index Value 5.35 X 10-03 Calculated -
Note Estimated concentrations of chemicals with Koc values greater than 9995 ml g-1 are beyond the scope of the regression data used in SCI-GROW development. If there are concerns for such chemicals, a higher tier groundwater exposure assessment should be considered, regardless of the concentration returned by SCI-GROW
Potential for particle bound transport index Click here for a note on the limitations of the potential for particle bound transport index - Calculated Low
Maximum UV-vis absorption L mol-1 cm-1 - - -
Surface tension (mN m-1) - - -

Degradation:
Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance degradation Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with degradation data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance degradation data
General biodegradability -
Soil degradation (days) (aerobic) DT50 (typical) 1 S1 Non-persistent
DT50 (lab at 20oC) - - -
DT50 (field) - - -
DT90 (lab at 20oC) - - -
DT90 (field) - - -
DT50 modelling endpoint - - -
Note Best available data
Dissipation rate RL50 on plant matrix Value - - -
Note -
Dissipation rate RL50 on and in plant matrix Value 6.0 R4 -
Note Published literature RL50 range 1.0-11.2 days, 2 field crops - rice & beans, various matrices, n=5
Aqueous photolysis DT50 (days) at pH 7 Value - - -
Note -
Aqueous hydrolysis DT50 (days) at 20oC and pH 7 Value - - -
Note -
Water-sediment DT50 (days) - - -
Water phase only DT50 (days) - - -

Soil adsorption and mobility:
Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance adsorption and mobility Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with adsorption and mobility data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance adsorption and mobility
Linear Kd - G3 Non-mobile
Koc 180000
Notes and range -
Freundlich Kf - - -
Kfoc -
1/n -
Notes and range -
pH sensitivity -


ECOTOXICOLOGY

for phenothrin

Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance ecotoxicology Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with ecotoxicology data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance ecotoxicology
Bio-concentration factor BCF (l kg-1) 730 J4 Cyprinidae Threshold for concern
CT50 (days) Not available -
Mammals - Acute oral LD50 (mg kg-1) > 5000 L3 Rat Low
Mammals - Short term dietary NOEL (mg kg-1) - - -
(ppm diet) - -
Birds - Acute LD50 (mg kg-1) 2500 L3 Colinus virginianus Low
Birds - Short term dietary (LC50/LD50) - - -
Fish - Acute 96 hour LC50 (mg l-1) 0.0027 L3 Oncorhynchus mykiss High
Fish - Chronic 21 day NOEC (mg l-1) - - -
Aquatic invertebrates - Acute 48 hour EC50 (mg l-1) 0.0043 L3 Daphnia magna High
Aquatic invertebrates - Chronic 21 day NOEC (mg l-1) - - -
Aquatic crustaceans - Acute 96 hour LC50 (mg l-1) 0.00002 F3 Americamysis bahia High
Sediment dwelling organisms - Acute 96 hour LC50 (mg l-1) - - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Chronic 28 day NOEC, static, water (mg l-1) - - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Chronic 28 day NOEC, sediment (mg kg-1) - - -
Aquatic plants - Acute 7 day EC50, biomass (mg l-1) - - -
Non-target plants - - -
- - -
Algae - Acute 72 hour EC50, growth (mg l-1) - - -
Algae - Chronic 96 hour NOEC, growth (mg l-1) - - -
Honeybees Contact acute 48 hour LD50 (μg bee-1) - - -
Oral acute 48 hour LD50 (μg bee-1) - - -
Unknown mode acute 48 hour LD50 (μg bee-1) 2.0 Q2 Moderate
Earthworms - Acute 14 day LC50 (mg kg-1) - - -
Earthworms - Chronic 14 day NOEC, reproduction (mg kg-1) - - -
Other soil macro-organisms - e.g. Collembola LR50 / EC50 / NOEC / % Effect - - -
Other arthropod (1) LR50 g ha-1 - - -
% Effect - - -
Other arthropod (2) LR50 g ha-1 - - -
% Effect - - -
Soil micro-organisms - - -
Mesocosm study data NOEAEC mg l-1 - - -
NOEAEC mg l-1 - - -


HUMAN HEALTH AND PROTECTION

for phenothrin

General:
Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe human health and protection issues Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with human health and protection data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret human health and protection data
Threshold of Toxicological Concern (Cramer Class) Click here for a note on the limitations of the Cramer class High (class III) - -
Mammals - Acute oral LD50 (mg kg-1) > 5000 L3 Rat Low
Mammals - Dermal LD50 (mg kg-1 body weight) > 2000 L3 Rat -
Mammals - Inhalation LC50 (mg l-1) 2.1 L3 Rat -
Other Mammal toxicity endpoints - -
ADI - Acceptable Daily Intake (mg kg-1bw day-1) 0.07 JMPR 1988 -
ARfD - Acute Reference Dose (mg kg-1bw day-1) - - -
AAOEL - Acute Acceptable Operator Exposure Level (mg kg-1 bw day-1) - - -
AOEL - Acceptable Operator Exposure Level - Systemic (mg kg-1bw day-1) - - -
Dermal penetration studies (%) - - -
Dangerous Substances Directive 76/464 - - -
Exposure Limits - - -
Exposure Routes Public -
Occupational -
European MRLs Click here for the EU MRL pesticide database
Drinking Water Standards - - -
Drinking Water MAC (μg l-1) - - -

Health issues:
Carcinogen Mutagen Endocrine disrupter Reproduction / development effects Cholinesterase inhibitor Neurotoxicant

-

-

Respiratory tract irritant Skin irritant Skin sensitiser Eye irritant Phototoxicant

-

-

General human health issues May cause dizziness, headaches, fatigue and diarrhea
Endocrine issues - Increase of estrogen-sensitive cells proliferation

: Yes, known to cause a problem
: No, known not to cause a problem
: Possibly, status not identified
- : No data found

Handling issues:
Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance handling issues Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with data on handling issues Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret data on handling issues
General Click here for a description of the International Maritime Dangerous Goods (IMDG) codes Prevent generation of mists
CLP classification 2013 None allocated at this time
EC Risk Classification Click here to view information omn the EU risk phrases Xi - Irritant: R36, R38
EC Safety Classification Click here to view information omn the EU safety phrases -
WHO Classification U - Unlikely to present an acute hazard
US EPA Classification (formulation) III - Caution - Slightly toxic
UN Number -
Waste disposal & packaging Click here for a description of UN packaging marks -


TRANSLATIONS

for phenothrin

Language Name
English phenothrin
French phenothrine
German Phenothrin
Danish phenothrin
Italian fenotrin
Spanish fenotrin
Greek -
Slovenian fenotrin
Polish fenotryna
Swedish -
Hungarian -
Dutch -

Record last updated: Thursday 24 May 2018
Contact: aeru@herts.ac.uk