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propargite (Ref: ENT 27226)
** BPPS ** DO-14 ** Translations

Environmental Fate - Ecotoxicology - Human Health - A to Z Index - Home

GENERAL INFORMATION
for propargite

Description: An acaricide used for mite control on various field, fruit, vegetable and ornamental crops

Introduction: 1969, first introduced

EC Regulation 1107/2009 (repealing 91/414):
Status Not approved
Dossier rapporteur/co-rapporteur France
Date inclusion expires 12/2012 (period of grace)

Approved for use () or known to be used () in the following European countries:

AT

BE

BG

CY

CZ

DE

DK

EE

EL

ES

FI

FR

HU

IE

IT

LT

LU

LV

MT

NL

PL

PT

RO

SE

SI

SK

UK

Also registered in: Australia

General status:
Pesticide type Acaricide
Substance group Sulfite ester
Substance origin Synthetic
Mode of action Non-systemic with contact action, inhibits oxidative phosphorylation
CAS RN 2312-35-8
EC number 219-006-1
CIPAC number 216
US EPA chemical code 097601
Chiral molecule Chiral or specific isomer of chiral molecule
Chemical formula C19H26O4S
SMILES O=S(OCC#C)OC2CCCCC2Oc1ccc(cc1)C(C)(C)C
International Chemical Identifier (InChI) InChI=1/C19H26O4S/c1-5-14-21-24(20)23-18-9-7-6-8-17(18)22-16-12-10-15(11-13-16)19(2,3)4/h1,10-13,17-18H,6-9,14H2,2-4H3
Structure diagram/image available? Yes
Molecular mass (g mol-1) 350.47
PIN (Preferred Identification Name) -
IUPAC name 2-(4-tert-butylphenoxy)cyclohexyl prop-2-ynyl sulphite
CAS name 2-[4-(1,1-dimethylethyl)phenoxy]cyclohexyl 2-propynyl sulphite
Other status information -
Herbicide Resistance Classification (HRAC) Not applicable
Insecticide Resistance Classification (IRAC) 12C
Fungicide Resistance Classification (FRAC) Not applicable
Physical state Dark yellow-brown viscous liquid
Related substances & organisms

Formulations:
Property Value
Example manufacturers of products using this active
  • Chemtura
  • Makhteshim
Example products using this active
  • Omite 570EW
  • Fenpropar
  • Ornamite
  • Propachem
UK LERAP status No UK approval for use or outside scope
Formulation and application details Often formulated as an oil in water emulsion that is mixed with water and used as a spray.


ENVIRONMENTAL FATE

for propargite

Property Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Interpretation
Solubility - In water at 20oC (mg l-1) 0.215 A5 Low
Solubility - In organic solvents at 20oC (mg l-1) 200000 A5 - Hexane -
200000 A5 - Toluene -
200000 A5 - Dichloromethane -
200000 A5 - Acetone -
Melting point (oC) - - -
Boiling point (oC) Decomposes before boiling A5 -
Degradation point (oC) 210 A5 -
Flashpoint (oC) Not expected to self ignite; Not highly flammable A5 -
Octanol-water partition coefficient at pH 7, 20oC P 5.01 X 1005 Calculated -
Log P 5.7 A5 High
Bulk density (g ml-1)/Specific gravity 1.113 L3 -
Dissociation constant (pKa) at 25oC Not applicable A5 -
Note: No dissociation
Vapour pressure at 25oC (mPa) 0.00404 A5 Non-volatile
Henry's law constant at 25oC (Pa m3 mol-1) 6.4 X 10-02 A5 Non-volatile
Henry's law constant at 20oC (dimensionless) 2.70 X 10-06 Calculated Moderately volatile
GUS leaching potential index -1.23 Calculated Low leachability
SCI-GROW groundwater index (μg l-1) for a 1 kg ha-1 or 1 l ha-1 application rate Value 5.35 X 10-03 Calculated -
Note Estimated concentrations of chemicals with Koc values greater than 9995 ml g-1 are beyond the scope of the regression data used in SCI-GROW development. If there are concerns for such chemicals, a higher tier groundwater exposure assessment should be considered, regardless of the concentration returned by SCI-GROW
Potential for particle bound transport index - Calculated High
Maximum UV-vis absorption L mol-1 cm-1 No absorption >290nm A5 -
Surface tension (mN m-1) - - -

Degradation:
Property Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Interpretation
Soil degradation (days) (aerobic) DT50 (typical) 56 W4 Moderately persistent
DT50 (lab at 20oC) 72.2 A5 Moderately persistent
DT50 (field) 16.7 A5 Non-persistent
DT90 (lab at 20oC) 301.0 A5 -
DT90 (field) 262.7 A5 -
Note EU dossier lab studies DT50 range 29.1-429.3 days, DT90 range 155-697 days; field studies DT50 range 10.2-24.2 days, DT90 range 148.6-467.8
Aqueous photolysis DT50 (days) at pH 7 Value 13.2 A5 Moderately fast
Note DT50 5.5 days continuous irradiation, 13.2 days equivalent solar days
Aqueous hydrolysis DT50 (days) at 20oC and pH 7 Value 64.8 A5 Moderately persistent
Note pH and temperature sensitive: stable at pH 4, DT50 64.8 days pH 7 and 25 degC, 8.4 days at pH 7 and 40 degC, 1.1 days at pH 9 and 25 degC, 0.2 days at pH 9 and 40 degC
Water-sediment DT50 (days) 18.7 A5 Fast
Water phase only DT50 (days) 10.4 A5 Moderately fast

Soil adsorption and mobility:
Property Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Interpretation
Linear Kd - - -
Koc -
Notes and range -
Freundlich Kf 226 A5 Non-mobile
Kfoc 50491
1/n 1.343
Notes and range EU dossier Kf range 113-427 mL/g, Kfoc range 5293-95918 mL/g, 1/n range 0.97-1.59, Soils=6
pH sensitivity No

Key metabolites:
Metabolite Formation medium Estimated maximum occurrence fraction 91/414 relevancy
tert-butylphenoxycyclohexanol Soil   0.104   Major fraction, Relevant

Other known metabolites:
Metabolite name and reference Aliases Formation medium / Rate Estimated maximum occurrence fraction Metabolising enzymes
- TBPC-diol Mice (Faeces) - -
- HOMe-TBPC Rats - -
- HOMe-TBPC-diol; Propargite metabolite M05 Rats (Urinary, Faeces); Plants - -
- carboxy-TBPC Rats (Urinary, Faeces) - -
- TBPC-sulfate Soil 0.076 -


ECOTOXICOLOGY

for propargite

Property Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Interpretation
Bio-concentration factor BCF 13964 A5 High potential
CT50 (days) Not available -
Bioaccumulation potential - Calculated High
Mammals - Acute oral LD50 (mg kg-1) 2639 A5 Rat Low
Mammals - Short term dietary NOEL (mg kg-1) 4 L1 Rat High
(ppm diet) - -
Birds - Acute LD50 (mg kg-1) > 4640 L3 Anas platyrhynchos Low
Birds - Short term dietary (LC50/LD50) - - -
Fish - Acute 96 hour LC50 (mg l-1) 0.043 A5 Oncorhynchus mykiss High
Fish - Chronic 21 day NOEC (mg l-1) 0.0057 A5 Pimephales promelas -
Aquatic invertebrates - Acute 48 hour EC50 (mg l-1) 0.014 A5 Daphnia magna High
Aquatic invertebrates - Chronic 21 day NOEC (mg l-1) 0.009 A5 Daphnia magna -
Aquatic crustaceans - Acute 96 hour LC50 (mg l-1) - - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Acute 96 hour LC50 (mg l-1) - - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Chronic 28 day NOEC, static, water (mg l-1) 320 A5 Chironomus riparius Low
Sediment dwelling organisms - Chronic 28 day NOEC, sediment (mg kg-1) - - -
Aquatic plants - Acute 7 day EC50, biomass (mg l-1) 64 F3 Lemna gibba Low
Algae - Acute 72 hour EC50, growth (mg l-1) > 1.08 A5 Scenedesmus capricornutum Moderate
Algae - Chronic 96 hour NOEC, growth (mg l-1) - - -
Honeybees - Acute 48 hour LD50 (μg bee-1) 47.9 A5 Contact Moderate
Earthworms - Acute 14 day LC50 (mg kg-1) 378 A5 Eisenia foetida Moderate
Earthworms - Chronic 14 day NOEC, reproduction (mg kg-1) - - -
Other soil macro-organisms - e.g. Collembola LR50 / EC50 / NOEC / % Effect - - -
Other arthropod (1) LR50 g ha-1 7.2 A5 Aphidius rhopalosiphi Harmful at 1 kg ha-1
Moderately harmful at 0.1 kg ha-1
Harmless at 0.01 kg ha-1
% Effect - - -
Other arthropod (2) LR50 g ha-1 4.5 A5 Typhlodromus pyri Harmful at 1 kg ha-1
Harmful at 0.1 kg ha-1
Moderately harmful at 0.01 kg ha-1
% Effect - - -
Soil micro-organisms Nitrogen mineralisation: No significant adverse effect
Carbon mineralisation: No significant adverse effect
A5
Dose: 6.4 kg ha-1, 28 days
-
Mesocosm study data NOEAEC mg l-1 - - -
NOEAEC mg l-1 - - -


HUMAN HEALTH AND PROTECTION

for propargite

General:
Property Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Interpretation
Mammals - Acute oral LD50 (mg kg-1) 2639 A5 Rat Low
Mammals - Dermal LD50 (mg kg-1 body weight) > 4000 A5 Rat -
Mammals - Inhalation LC50 (mg l-1) 0.8 A5 Rat, 4 hr (aerosol, nose only) -
Other Mammal toxicity endpoints - -
ADI - Acceptable Daily Intake (mg kg-1bw day-1) 0.007 A2 Rat, SF=500 -
ARfD - Acute Reference Dose (mg kg-1bw day-1) 0.03 A2 Rabbit, SF=500 -
AOEL - Acceptable Operator Exposure Level - Systemic (mg kg-1bw day-1) 0.0225 A2 Dog, SF=500 -
Dermal penetration studies (%) 5-14 A4 concentration dependant -
Dangerous Substances Directive 76/464 - - -
Exposure Limits - - -
Exposure Routes Public Small risk to bystanders identified
Occupational No unacceptable risks to operators or other workers identified with PPE/PPC
Examples of European MRLs (mg kg-1) Value -
Note For the EU pesticides database click here
Drinking Water MAC (μg l-1) 0.1 EU Dir 89/778/EC limit; A5 Calc MAC=15 g/l -

Health issues:
Carcinogen Mutagen Endocrine disrupter Reproduction / development effects Acetyl cholinesterase inhibitor Neurotoxicant Respiratory tract irritant Skin irritant Eye irritant

-

-

General human health issues Skin sensitiser
Toxic via inhalation
May cause dermatitis

: Yes, known to cause a problem
: No, known not to cause a problem
: Possibly, status not identified
- : No data

Handling issues:
Property Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Interpretation
General Not explosive or oxidising
IMDG Transport Code is usually 9
CLP classification 2013 -
EC Risk Classification Carcinogen category 3: R40
T - Toxic: R23
Xn - Harmful: R41
Xi - Irritant: R38
N - Dangerous for the environment: R50, R53
EC Safety Classification S1/2, S26, S36/37/39, S45, S60, S61
WHO Classification III - Slightly hazardous
US EPA Classification (formulation) III - Caution - Slightly toxic
UN Number Usually 2810
Waste disposal & packaging Packaging Group III (minor danger)


TRANSLATIONS

for propargite

Language Name
English propargite
French propargite
German Propargit
Danish propargit
Italian propargite
Spanish propargita
Greek propargite
Slovenian propargit
Polish propargit
Swedish -
Hungarian propargit
Dutch propargite

Record last updated: Monday 17 February 2014
Contact: aeru@herts.ac.uk