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bendiocarb (Ref: NC 6897)
** bendiocarbe ** bencarbate ** Translations

Environmental Fate - Ecotoxicology - Human Health - A to Z Index - Home
Further data may be found in the VSDB

SUMMARY

Bendiocarb is a carbamate insecticide and veterinary treatment that does not have EU regulatory approval for use. It has a moderate aqueous solubility, moderate volatility, is moderately mobile but, based on its chemical properties, would not be expected to leach to groundwater. It is highly toxic to mammals but tends not to bioaccumulate. It has a moderate to high toxicity for most aquatic organisms. It is highly toxic to birds and honey so but slightly less to earthworms.

GENERAL INFORMATION Click here for an explantaion of the general chemical status information
for bendiocarb

Description: A carbamate insecticide with a wide range of uses including storage, soil-dwelling and some foliar pests. Also has some veterinary applications.

Example pests controlled: Beetles; Aphids; Mites; caterpillars; Spiders; Wasps; Ants; Flies

Example applications: Non-cropped areas including paths, railroads; Residences and commercial buildings; Turf; Ornamentals

Availability status: Current

Introduction & key dates: 1971

EC Regulation 1107/2009 (repealing 91/414):
Status Not approved
Dossier rapporteur/co-rapporteur -
Date inclusion expires Expired

Approved for use () or known to be used () in the following European countries: Click to access a note on the approvals information on this site

AT

BE

BG

CY

CZ

DE

DK

EE

EL

ES

FI

FR

HR

HU

IE

IT

LT

LU

LV

MT

NL

PL

PT

RO

SE

SI

SK

UK

Also used in: Australia, USA

General status: Click here for further information on the general chemical status information used on this site
Pesticide type Insecticide, Veterinary substance
Substance group Carbamate
Minimum active substance purity -
Known relevant impurities -
Substance origin Synthetic
Mode of action Systemic, with contact and stomach action resulting in rapid knock-down. Acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitor.
CAS RN 22781-23-3
EC number 245-216-8
CIPAC number 232
US EPA chemical code 105201
Chiral molecule No
Chemical formula C11H13NO4
SMILES O=C(Oc1cccc2OC(Oc12)(C)C)NC
International Chemical Identifier key (InChIKey) XEGGRYVFLWGFHI-UHFFFAOYSA-N
International Chemical Identifier (InChI) InChI=1S/C11H13NO4/c1-11(2)15-8-6-4-5-7(9(8)16-11)14-10(13)12-3/h4-6H,1-3H3,(H,12,13)
Structure diagram/image available? Yes
Molecular mass (g mol-1) 223.23
PIN (Preferred Identification Name) 2,2-dimethyl-2H-1,3-benzodioxol-4-yl methylcarbamate
IUPAC name 2,2-dimethyl-1,3-benzodioxol-4-yl methylcarbamate
CAS name 2,2-dimethyl-1,3-benzodioxol-4-yl methylcarbamate
Other status information Marine Pollutant
Herbicide Resistance Classification (HRAC) Not applicable
Herbicide Resistance Classification (WSSA) Not applicable
Insecticide Resistance Classification (IRAC) 1A
Fungicide Resistance Classification (FRAC) Not applicable
Examples of recorded resistance Anopheles albimanus
Aonidella aurantii
Culex pipiens pipiens
plus others
Physical state White odoureless crystals
Related substances & organisms -

Formulations:
Property Click here for information on the general product and branding information used on this site Value
Example manufacturers & suppliers of products using this active now or historically
  • Farnham Co
  • Bayer Environmental Science
  • FBC
  • NOR-AM
Example products using this active
  • Multimet
  • Sudoxin
  • Tattoo
  • Seedox
  • Ficam
  • Turcam
  • Garvox
UK LERAP status No UK approval for use or outside scope
Formulation and application details Usually supplied in formulations for topical administration including impregnated collars .


ENVIRONMENTAL FATE

for bendiocarb

Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe environmental fate on this site Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with fate data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret environmental fate data
Solubility - In water at 20oC (mg l-1) 280 B4 Moderate
Solubility - In organic solvents at 20oC (mg l-1) 250 L2 - Dichlorobenzene -
175000 L2 - Acetone -
40000 L3 - Ethanol -
225 L3 - n-Hexane -
Melting point (oC) 126.7 L3 -
Boiling point (oC) Decomposes before boiling V3 -
Degradation point (oC) - - -
Flashpoint (oC) Not expected to self ignite; Not highly flammable V3 -
Octanol-water partition coefficient at pH 7, 20oC P 5.01 X 1001 Calculated -
Log P 1.7 B4 Low
Bulk density (g ml-1)/Specific gravity 1.29 B5 -
Dissociation constant (pKa) at 25oC 8.8 DW4 -
Note: Very weak acid
Vapour pressure at 25oC (mPa) 4.6 B5 Volatile
Henry's law constant at 25oC (Pa m3 mol-1) 4.00 X 10-03 H4 Non-volatile
Henry's law constant at 20oC (dimensionless) 1.50 X 10-06 K3 Moderately volatile
GUS leaching potential index Click here for a note on the limitations of the GUS index 0.99 Calculated Low leachability
SCI-GROW groundwater index (μg l-1) for a 1 kg ha-1 or 1 l ha-1 application rate Click here for a note on the limitations of the SCI-GROW index Value 3.84 X 10-03 Calculated -
Note -
Potential for particle bound transport index Click here for a note on the limitations of the potential for particle bound transport index - Calculated Low
Maximum UV-vis absorption L mol-1 cm-1 - - -
Surface tension (mN m-1) - - -

Degradation:
Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance degradation Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with degradation data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance degradation data
Soil degradation (days) (aerobic) DT50 (typical) 3.5 H4 Non-persistent
DT50 (lab at 20oC) 5.0 Q3 Non-persistent
DT50 (field) 3.5 H4 Non-persistent
DT90 (lab at 20oC) - - -
DT90 (field) - - -
Note Literature values vary from a few days to a few weeks depending on soil type
Plant matrix DT50 (days) Value 6.1 R4 -
Note DT50 range 3.6 - 18.3 days, 7 plants/crops, various matrices
Aqueous photolysis DT50 (days) at pH 7 Value 13 K4 Moderately fast
Note -
Aqueous hydrolysis DT50 (days) at 20oC and pH 7 Value 25 K4 Non-persistent
Note Hydrolysed rapidly in alkali media, slows under acid and neutral conditions
Water-sediment DT50 (days) 2 K4 Fast
Water phase only DT50 (days) 2 K4 Moderately fast

Soil adsorption and mobility:
Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance adsorption and mobility Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with adsorption and mobility data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance adsorption and mobility
Linear Kd - H3 Moderately mobile
Koc 385
Notes and range Other sources Koc 570 mL/g (DW3)
Freundlich Kf - - -
Kfoc -
1/n -
Notes and range -
pH sensitivity -

Key metabolites:
Metabolite Formation medium Estimated maximum occurrence fraction 91/414 relevancy Click here for further information on 91/414 relevancy
2,2-dimethyl-1,3-benzodioxol-4-ol (Ref: NC-7312) Soil     -


ECOTOXICOLOGY

for bendiocarb

Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance ecotoxicology Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with ecotoxicology data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret substance ecotoxicology
Bio-concentration factor BCF (l kg-1) 64.8 E3 Lepomis macrochirus Low potential
CT50 (days) Not available -
Mammals - Acute oral LD50 (mg kg-1) 34 B3 Rat High
Mammals - Short term dietary NOEL (mg kg-1) 0.75 B3 Rat High
(ppm diet) - -
Birds - Acute LD50 (mg kg-1) > 3.1 L3 Anas platyrhynchos High
Birds - Short term dietary (LC50/LD50) - - -
Fish - Acute 96 hour LC50 (mg l-1) > 1.55 L3 Oncorhynchus mykiss Moderate
Fish - Chronic 21 day NOEC (mg l-1) - - -
Aquatic invertebrates - Acute 48 hour EC50 (mg l-1) 0.03 J4 Daphnia magna High
Aquatic invertebrates - Chronic 21 day NOEC (mg l-1) - - -
Aquatic crustaceans - Acute 96 hour LC50 (mg l-1) 0.006 F3 Americamysis bahia High
Sediment dwelling organisms - Acute 96 hour LC50 (mg l-1) - - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Chronic 28 day NOEC, static, water (mg l-1) - - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Chronic 28 day NOEC, sediment (mg kg-1) - - -
Aquatic plants - Acute 7 day EC50, biomass (mg l-1) - - -
Non-target plants - - -
- - -
Algae - Acute 72 hour EC50, growth (mg l-1) > 1.71 K3 Unknown species Moderate
Algae - Chronic 96 hour NOEC, growth (mg l-1) 0.32 Q2 Unknown species Moderate
Honeybees Contact acute 48 hour LD50 (μg bee-1) - - -
Oral acute 48 hour LD50 (μg bee-1) > 0.1 E4 High
Unknown mode acute 48 hour LD50 (μg bee-1) - - -
Earthworms - Acute 14 day LC50 (mg kg-1) 188 F4 Eisenia foetida Moderate
Earthworms - Chronic 14 day NOEC, reproduction (mg kg-1) - - -
Other soil macro-organisms - e.g. Collembola LR50 / EC50 / NOEC / % Effect - - -
Other arthropod (1) LR50 g ha-1 - - -
% Effect - - -
Other arthropod (2) LR50 g ha-1 - - -
% Effect - - -
Soil micro-organisms - - -
Mesocosm study data NOEAEC mg l-1 - - -
NOEAEC mg l-1 - - -


HUMAN HEALTH AND PROTECTION

for bendiocarb

General:
Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe human health and protection issues Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with human health and protection data Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret human health and protection data
Threshold of Toxicological Concern (Cramer Class) Click here for a note on the limitations of the Cramer class High (class III) - -
Mammals - Acute oral LD50 (mg kg-1) 34 B3 Rat High
Mammals - Dermal LD50 (mg kg-1 body weight) 566 L3 Rat -
Mammals - Inhalation LC50 (mg l-1) 0.55 L3 Rat -
Other Mammal toxicity endpoints - -
ADI - Acceptable Daily Intake (mg kg-1bw day-1) 0.004 UK ACP 2002 -
ARfD - Acute Reference Dose (mg kg-1bw day-1) - - -
AOEL - Acceptable Operator Exposure Level - Systemic (mg kg-1bw day-1) - - -
Dermal penetration studies (%) - - -
Dangerous Substances Directive 76/464 - - -
Exposure Limits - - -
Exposure Routes Public -
Occupational -
European MRLs Click here for the EU MRL pesticide database
Drinking Water MAC (μg l-1) - - -

Health issues:
Carcinogen Mutagen Endocrine disrupter Reproduction / development effects Cholinesterase inhibitor Neurotoxicant

-

Respiratory tract irritant Skin irritant Skin sensitiser Eye irritant Phototoxicant

-

-

-

General human health issues May cause hepatic and renal diseases
May cause respiratory problems

: Yes, known to cause a problem
: No, known not to cause a problem
: Possibly, status not identified
- : No data found

Handling issues:
Property Click here for information on the parameters used to describe substance handling issues Value Source/Quality Score/Other Information Click here for information on the primary data sources used to populate this database with data on handling issues Interpretation Click here for information on the way in which we interpret data on handling issues
General Click here for a description of the International Maritime Dangerous Goods (IMDG) codes No information available
CLP classification 2013 Health: H301, H331, H312
Environment: H400, H410
EC Risk Classification Click here to view information omn the EU risk phrases T - Toxic: R23/25
Xn - Harmful: R21
N - Dangerous for the environment: R50, R53
EC Safety Classification Click here to view information omn the EU safety phrases S1/2, S22, S45, S61, S36/37, S60
WHO Classification II - Moderately hazardous
US EPA Classification (formulation) II - Warning - Moderately toxic
UN Number 2757
Waste disposal & packaging Click here for a description of UN packaging marks -


TRANSLATIONS

for bendiocarb

Language Name
English bendiocarb
French bendiocarbe
German Bendiocarb
Danish bendiocarb
Italian bendiocarb
Spanish bendiocarb
Greek bendiocarb
Slovenian bendiokarb
Polish bendiokarb
Swedish -
Hungarian -
Dutch bendiocarb

Record last updated: Saturday 13 August 2016
Contact: aeru@herts.ac.uk