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Derquantel (Ref: PF-00520904)
Last updated: 08/04/2021
(Also known as: 2-deoxoparaherquamide)

Data alerts

The following alerts are based on the data in the tables below. An absence of an alert does not imply the substance has no implications for human health, biodiversity or the environment but just that we do not have the data to form a judgement.

Environmental fate Ecotoxicity Human health
 
Ecotoxicity
Moderate alert:
Fish acute ecotoxicity: Moderate; Daphnia acute ecotoxicity: Moderate; Daphnia chronic ecotoxicity: Moderate
Warning:
Significant data are missing
Human health
High alert:
Reproduction/development effects; Neurotoxicant
GENERAL INFORMATION
Description
A novel anthelminic drug intended for the treatment and control of gastrointestinal parasites in sheep
Availability status
-
Introduction & key dates
-
Examples of species treated
Sheep
Chemical structure
Isomerism
Isomeric
Chemical formula
C₂₈H₃₇N₃O₄
Canonical SMILES
CC1(C=COC2=C(O1)C=CC3=C2NCC34CC56CN7CCC(C7(CC5C4(C)C)C(=O)N6C)(C)O)C
Isomeric SMILES
C[C@]1(CCN2[C@]13C[C@@H]4[C@](C2)(C[C@]5(C4(C)C)CNC6=C5C=CC7=C6OC=CC(O7)(C)C)N(C3=O)C)O
International Chemical Identifier key (InChIKey)
DYVLXWPZFQQUIU-WGNDVSEMSA-N
International Chemical Identifier (InChI)
InChI=1S/C28H37N3O4/c1-23(2)10-12-34-21-18(35-23)8-7-17-20(21)29-15-26(17)14-27-16-31-11-9-25(5,33)28(31,22(32)30(27)6)13-19(27)24(26,3)4/h7-8,10,12,19,29,33H,9,11,13-16H2,1-6H3/t19-,25+,26-,27+,28-/m0/s1
2D structure diagram/image available?
Yes
General status
Veterinary substance type
Anthelmintic, Antiparasitic, Medicinal drug
Substance groups
Spiroindole
Minimum active substance purity
-
Known relevant impurities
-
Substance origin
Synthetic
Mode of action
Broad spectrum, acts by blocking cholinergic neuromuscular transmission
Molecular targets
-
CAS RN
187865-22-1
EC number
-
CIPAC number
-
US EPA chemical code
-
PubChem CID
-
ATCvet Code
QP52
Therapeutic Class
Antiparasitic products, Insecticides and Repellents: Anthelmintics
Controlled Drug?
No
Regulation 37/2010 MRL Classification
Allowed substance (Table 1: Ovine)
Molecular mass
479.61
PIN (Preferred Identification Name)
-
IUPAC name
(1'R,5'aS,7'R,8'aS,9'aR)-1'-hydroxy-1',4,4,8',8',11'-hexamethyl-2',3',8'a,9,9',10- hexahydrospiro[4H,8H-[1,4]dioxepino[2,3-g]indole-8,7'(8'H)-[5H,6H- 5a,9a](iminomethano)[1H]cyclopenta[f]indolizin]-10'-one
CAS name
(1S,6R,7R,9S,11R)-6-hydroxy-4',4',6,10,10,13-hexamethyl-9',10'-dihydro-4'H- spiro[3,13-diazatetracyclo[5.5.2.01,9.03,7]tetradecane-11,8'-[1,4]dioxepino[2,3-g]indol]- 14-one
Other status information
-
Relevant Environmental Water Quality Standards
-
Physical state
-
Related substances & organisms
Formulations
Property
Product
Manufacturer
Authorisation Route
UK Legal Class
Example products using this active
Startect Pfizer Ltd, New Zealand No UK authorisation for use with animals Not applicable
Formulation and application details
Will be supplied in formulations suitable for oral administration
ENVIRONMENTAL FATE
Property
Value
Source; quality score; and other information
Interpretation
Solubility - In water at 20 °C (mg l⁻¹)
- - -
Solubility - In organic solvents at 20 °C (mg l⁻¹)
- - -
Melting point (°C)
- - -
Boiling point (°C)
- - -
Degradation point (°C)
- - -
Flashpoint (°C)
- - -
Octanol-water partition coefficient at pH 7, 20 °C
P
9.12 X 1002 Calculated -
Log P
2.96
E3 E = Manufacturers safety data sheets
3 = Unverified data of known source
Moderate
Fat solubility of residues
Solubility
- - -
Data type
- - -
Density (g ml⁻¹)
1.34
Q3 Q = Miscellaneous internet resources
3 = Unverified data of known source
-
Dissociation constant pKa) at 25 °C
- - -
-
Vapour pressure at 20 °C (mPa)
- - -
Henry's law constant at 25 °C (Pa m³ mol⁻¹)
- - -
Maximum UV-vis absorption L mol⁻¹ cm⁻¹
- - -
Surface tension (mN m⁻¹)
- - -
Refractive Index
- - -
Degradation
Property
Value
Source; quality score; and other information
Interpretation
Soil degradation (days) (aerobic)
DT₅₀ (typical)
- - -
DT₅₀ (lab at 20 °C)
- - -
DT₅₀ (field)
- - -
DT₉₀ (lab at 20 °C)
- - -
DT₉₀ (field)
- - -
Note
-
Manure DT₅₀ (days)
- - -
Aqueous photolysis DT₅₀ (days) at pH 7
Value
- - -
Note
-
Aqueous hydrolysis DT₅₀ (days) at 20 °C and pH 7
Value
- - -
Note
-
Water-sediment DT₅₀ (days)
- - -
Water phase only DT₅₀ (days)
- - -
Soil adsorption and mobility
Property
Value
Source; quality score; and other information
Interpretation
Linear
Kd
- - -
Koc
-
Notes and range
-
Freundlich
Kf
- - -
Kfoc
-
1/n
-
Notes and range
-
pH sensitivity
-
Fate indices
Property
Value
Source; quality score; and other information
Interpretation
GUS leaching potential index
- - -
Bio-concentration factor
BCF (l kg⁻¹)
Low risk
Q3 Q = Miscellaneous internet resources
3 = Unverified data of known source
Based on LogP < 3
Low risk
CT₅₀ (days)
- -
Known metabolites

None

ECOTOXICOLOGY
Terrestrial ecotoxicology
Property
Value
Source; quality score; and other information
Interpretation
Mammals - Acute oral LD₅₀ (mg kg⁻¹)
500
E4 E = Manufacturers safety data sheets
4 = Verified data
Rat as minimum symptomatic dose
Moderate
Mammals - Short term dietary NOEL
(mg kg⁻¹)
- - -
(ppm diet)
- -
Mammals - Chronic 21d NOAEL (mg kg⁻¹ bw d⁻¹)
- - -
Birds - Acute LD₅₀ (mg kg⁻¹)
- - -
Birds - Short term dietary (LC₅₀/LD₅₀)
- - -
Birds - Chronic 21d NOEL (mg kg⁻¹ bw d⁻¹)
- - -
Earthworms - Acute 14 day LC₅₀ (mg kg⁻¹)
- - -
Earthworms - Chronic NOEC, reproduction (mg kg⁻¹)
- - -
Soil micro-organisms
- - -
Collembola
Acute LC₅₀ (mg kg⁻¹)
- - -
Chronic NOEC (mg kg⁻¹)
- - -
Non-target plants
- - -
- - -
Honeybees (Apis spp.)
Contact acute LD₅₀ (worst case from 24, 48 and 72 hour values - μg bee⁻¹)
- - -
Oral acute LD₅₀ (worst case from 24, 48 and 72 hour values - μg bee⁻¹)
- - -
Unknown mode acute LD₅₀ (worst case from 24, 48 and 72 hour values - μg bee⁻¹)
- - -
Chronic
- - -
Bumblebees (Bombus spp.)
Contact acute LD₅₀ (worst case from 24, 48 and 72 hour values - μg bee⁻¹)
- - -
-
Oral acute LD₅₀ (worst case from 24, 48 and 72 hour values - μg bee⁻¹)
- - -
-
Mason bees (Osmia spp.)
Contact acute LD₅₀ (worst case from 24, 48 and 72 hour values - μg bee⁻¹)
- - -
Oral acute LD₅₀ (worst case from 24, 48 and 72 hour values - μg bee⁻¹)
- - -
Other pollinators (1)
Acute LD₅₀ (worst case from 24, 48 and 72 hour values - μg insect⁻¹)
- - -
Mode of exposure
-
Other pollinators (2)
Acute LD₅₀ (worst case from 24, 48 and 72 hour values - μg insect⁻¹)
- - -
Mode of exposure
-
Beneficial insects (Ladybirds)
- - -
Beneficial insects (Lacewings)
- - -
Beneficial insects (Parasitic wasps)
- - -
Beneficial insects (Predatory mites)
- - -
Beneficial insects (Ground beetles)
- - -
Aquatic ecotoxicology
Property
Value
Source; quality score; and other information
Interpretation
Fish - Acute 96 hour LC₅₀ (mg l⁻¹)
57.7
E4 E = Manufacturers safety data sheets
4 = Verified data
Oncorhynchus mykiss
Moderate
Fish - Chronic 21 day NOEC (mg l⁻¹)
- - -
Aquatic invertebrates - Acute 48 hour EC₅₀ (mg l⁻¹)
21.17
E4 E = Manufacturers safety data sheets
4 = Verified data
Daphnia magna
Moderate
Aquatic invertebrates - Chronic 21 day NOEC (mg l⁻¹)
0.044
E4 E = Manufacturers safety data sheets
4 = Verified data
Daphnia magna
Moderate
Aquatic crustaceans - Acute 96 hour LC₅₀ (mg l⁻¹)
- - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Acute 96 hour LC₅₀ (mg l⁻¹)
- - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Chronic 28 day NOEC, static, water (mg l⁻¹)
- - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Chronic 28 day NOEC, sediment (mg kg⁻¹)
- - -
Aquatic plants - Acute 7 day EC₅₀, biomass (mg l⁻¹)
- - -
Algae - Acute 72 hour EC₅₀, growth (mg l⁻¹)
47.1
E4 E = Manufacturers safety data sheets
4 = Verified data
Pseudokirchneriella subcapitata
Low
Algae - Chronic 96 hour NOEC, growth (mg l⁻¹)
- - -
Mesocosm study data
NOEAEC mg l⁻¹
- - -
NOEAEC mg l⁻¹
- - -
HUMAN HEALTH AND PROTECTION
General
Property
Value
Source; quality score; and other information
Interpretation
Threshold of Toxicological Concern (Cramer Class)
- - -
Mammals - Acute oral LD₅₀ (mg kg⁻¹)
500
E4 E = Manufacturers safety data sheets
4 = Verified data
Rat as minimum symptomatic dose
Moderate
Mammals - Dermal LD₅₀ (mg kg⁻¹ body weight)
2000
E4 E = Manufacturers safety data sheets
4 = Verified data
Rat
-
Mammals - Inhalation LC₅₀ (mg l⁻¹)
2.4
E4 E = Manufacturers safety data sheets
4 = Verified data
Rat (as Minimum symptomatic dose)
-
Other Mammal toxicity endpoints
- - -
ADI - Acceptable Daily Intake (mg kg⁻¹ bw day⁻¹)
0.001
A5 A = EU regulatory and evaluation data as published by EC, EFSA (RAR, DAR & Conclusion dossiers), EMA (e.g. EU Annex III PIC DGD) (EU - Pesticides database; EFSA Scientific Publications )
5 = Verified data used for regulatory purposes
Dog SF=100
-
ARfD - Acute Reference Dose (mg kg⁻¹ bw day⁻¹)
- - -
AAOEL - Acute Acceptable Operator Exposure Level (mg kg⁻¹ bw day⁻¹)
- - -
AOEL - Acceptable Operator Exposure Level - Systemic (mg kg⁻¹ bw day⁻¹)
[Pfizer OEL TWA-8 Hr: 10 ug/m3] - -
Dermal penetration studies (%)
- - -
Dangerous Substances Directive 76/464
- - -
Exposure Routes
Public
-
Occupational
-
Mammalian dose elimination route and rate
Extensively metabolised and the majority of the administered dose is eliminated in the faeces, much less in the urine.
A5 A = EU regulatory and evaluation data as published by EC, EFSA (RAR, DAR & Conclusion dossiers), EMA (e.g. EU Annex III PIC DGD) (EU - Pesticides database; EFSA Scientific Publications )
5 = Verified data used for regulatory purposes
-
Health issues
Specific human health issues
Carcinogen
Genotoxic
Endocrine disruptor
XNo, known not to cause a problem
A0 A = Chromosome aberration (EFSA database)
0 = No data
;
B0 B = DNA damage/repair (EFSA database)
0 = No data
;
C0 C = Gene mutation (EFSA database)
0 = No data
;
D0 D = Genome mutation (EFSA database)
0 = No data
;
E3 E = Unspecified genotoxicity type (miscellaneous data source)
3 = Negative
No data found
Reproduction / development effects Acetyl cholinesterase inhibitor Neurotoxicant
Yes, known to cause a problem
No data found
Yes, known to cause a problem
Respiratory tract irritant Skin irritant Skin sensitiser
XNo, known not to cause a problem
XNo, known not to cause a problem
No data found
Eye irritant Phototoxicant  
XNo, known not to cause a problem
No data found  
General human health issues
Possible liver, kidney and thyroid toxicant
Clastogenic in vitro
Handling issues
Property
Value and interpretation
General
IMDG Transport Code is usually 6
CLP classification 2013
-
WHO Classification
None - not a ppp
UN Number
2902
Waste disposal & packaging
For products - Packaging Group III (minor danger)
TRANSLATIONS
Language
Name
English
derquantel
French
-
German
-
Danish
-
Italian
-
Spanish
-
Greek
-
Polish
-
Swedish
-
Hungarian
-
Dutch
-

Record last updated: 08/04/2021
Contact: aeru@herts.ac.uk
Please cite as: Lewis, K.A., Tzilivakis, J., Warner, D. and Green, A. (2016) An international database for pesticide risk assessments and management. Human and Ecological Risk Assessment: An International Journal, 22(4), 1050-1064. DOI: 10.1080/10807039.2015.1133242