Top Environmental Fate Ecotoxicology Human Health Translations
Home
A to Z
Search
Support information
Edit history
Purchasing and licensing
Maduramicin
Last updated: 21/04/2021
(Also known as: CL 259971 )

Data alerts

The following alerts are based on the data in the tables below. An absence of an alert does not imply the substance has no implications for human health, biodiversity or the environment but just that we do not have the data to form a judgement.

Environmental fate Ecotoxicity Human health
 
Ecotoxicity
Moderate alert:
Fish acute ecotoxicity: Moderate; Daphnia acute ecotoxicity: Moderate
Warning:
Significant data are missing
Human health
Low alert
GENERAL INFORMATION
Description
A substance with antiprotazoal activity first isolated from actinomycete and used to treat coccidiosis.
Availability status
-
Introduction & key dates
-
Examples of species treated
Poultry
Chemical structure
Isomerism
Isomeric
Chemical formula
C₄₇H₈₃NO₁₇
Canonical SMILES
CC1CC(C(OC1C2CC(C(O2)C3(CCC(O3)C4(CCC5(O4)CC(C(C(O5)C(C)C6C(C(C(C(O6)(CC(=O)[O-])O)C)OC)OC)C)O)C)C)OC7CC(C(C(O7)C)OC)OC)(C)O)C.[NH4+]
Isomeric SMILES
C[C@H]1C[C@H]([C@@](O[C@@H]1[C@H]2C[C@@H]([C@@H](O2)[C@@]3(CC[C@@H](O3)[C@@]4(CC[C@@]5(O4)C[C@@H]([C@H]([C@H](O5)[C@@H](C)[C@H]6[C@@H]([C@H]([C@@H]([C@](O6)(CC(=O)[O-])O)C)OC)OC)C)O)C)C)O[C@@H]7C[C@@H]([C@H]([C@@H](O7)C)OC)OC)(C)O)C.[NH4+]
International Chemical Identifier key (InChIKey)
WQGJEAMPBSZCIF-HKSLRPGUSA-N
International Chemical Identifier (InChI)
InChI=1S/C47H80O17.H3N/c1-23-18-24(2)45(9,51)61-36(23)31-19-32(58-35-20-30(53-10)40(55-12)28(6)57-35)42(59-31)44(8)15-14-33(60-44)43(7)16-17-46(64-43)21-29(48)25(3)37(62-46)26(4)38-41(56-13)39(54-11)27(5)47(52,63-38)22-34(49)50;/h23-33,35-42,48,51-52H,14-22H2,1-13H3,(H,49,50);1H3/t23-,24+,25+,26+,27-,28-,29-,30-,31+,32-,33+,35+,36-,37-,38-,39-,40-,41-,42+,43-,44-,45-,46+,47+;/m0./s1
2D structure diagram/image available?
Yes
General status
Veterinary substance type
Antiprotozoal agent, Medicinal drug, Antibacterial, Antibiotic
Substance groups
Monoglycoside polyether (ionophore)
Minimum active substance purity
-
Known relevant impurities
-
Substance origin
Natural
Mode of action
Acts by affecting cation transport across the cell membrane, increasing the influx of Ca+, Na+, and K+ in the cell wall thereby causing cell membrane disruption and cell death.
Molecular targets
-
CAS RN
84878-61-5
EC number
-
CIPAC number
-
US EPA chemical code
-
PubChem CID
-
ATCvet Code
QP51AX10
Therapeutic Class
Antiprotozals: Agents again protozoal diseases
Controlled Drug?
No
Regulation 37/2010 MRL Classification
Not listed
Molecular mass
934.16
PIN (Preferred Identification Name)
-
IUPAC name
azanium;2-[(2R,3S,4S,5R,6S)-6-[(1R)-1-[(2S,5R,7S,8R,9S)-2-[(2R,5S)-5-[(2R,3S,5R)-3-[(2R,4S,5S,6S)-4,5-dimethoxy-6-methyloxan-2-yl]oxy-5-[(2S,3S,5R,6S)-6-hydroxy-3,5,6-trimethyloxan-2-yl]oxolan-2-yl]-5-methyloxolan-2-yl]-7-hydroxy-2,8-dimethyl-1,10-dioxaspiro[4.5]decan-9-yl]ethyl]-2-hydroxy-4,5-dimethoxy-3-methyloxan-2-yl]acetate
CAS name
maduramicn ammonium
Other status information
-
Relevant Environmental Water Quality Standards
-
Physical state
White solid
Formulations
Property
Product
Manufacturer
Authorisation Route
UK Legal Class
Example products using this active
Cygro 1% premix Alpharma Canada Corp. - -
Formulation and application details
Usually mixed with feed
ENVIRONMENTAL FATE
Property
Value
Source; quality score; and other information
Interpretation
Solubility - In water at 20 °C (mg l⁻¹)
- - -
Solubility - In organic solvents at 20 °C (mg l⁻¹)
- - -
Melting point (°C)
165
E3 E = Manufacturers safety data sheets
3 = Unverified data of known source
-
Boiling point (°C)
- - -
Degradation point (°C)
- - -
Flashpoint (°C)
- - -
Octanol-water partition coefficient at pH 7, 20 °C
P
2.51 X 1003 Calculated -
Log P
3.4
E3 E = Manufacturers safety data sheets
3 = Unverified data of known source
High
Fat solubility of residues
Solubility
- - -
Data type
- - -
Density (g ml⁻¹)
1.18
V3 V = ChemID online databases / IPCS INCHEM (ChemID; IPCS INCHEM )
3 = Unverified data of known source
-
Dissociation constant pKa) at 25 °C
- - -
-
Vapour pressure at 20 °C (mPa)
- - -
Henry's law constant at 25 °C (Pa m³ mol⁻¹)
- - -
Maximum UV-vis absorption L mol⁻¹ cm⁻¹
Mo significant absorbance between 290 and 750nm
E3 E = Manufacturers safety data sheets
3 = Unverified data of known source
-
Surface tension (mN m⁻¹)
- - -
Refractive Index
- - -
Degradation
Property
Value
Source; quality score; and other information
Interpretation
Soil degradation (days) (aerobic)
DT₅₀ (typical)
- - -
DT₅₀ (lab at 20 °C)
- - -
DT₅₀ (field)
- - -
DT₉₀ (lab at 20 °C)
- - -
DT₉₀ (field)
- - -
Note
Literature states rapid degradation in soil. DT₅₀ in chicken excreta measure by antibiotic acivity is about 55 days.
Manure DT₅₀ (days)
55
A3 A = EU regulatory and evaluation data as published by EC, EFSA (RAR, DAR & Conclusion dossiers), EMA (e.g. EU Annex III PIC DGD) (EU - Pesticides database; EFSA Scientific Publications )
3 = Unverified data of known source
Temperature dependent
-
Aqueous photolysis DT₅₀ (days) at pH 7
Value
- - -
Note
-
Aqueous hydrolysis DT₅₀ (days) at 20 °C and pH 7
Value
- - -
Note
-
Water-sediment DT₅₀ (days)
- - -
Water phase only DT₅₀ (days)
- - -
Soil adsorption and mobility
Property
Value
Source; quality score; and other information
Interpretation
Linear
Kd
- - -
Koc
-
Notes and range
-
Freundlich
Kf
- - -
Kfoc
-
1/n
-
Notes and range
-
pH sensitivity
-
Fate indices
Property
Value
Source; quality score; and other information
Interpretation
GUS leaching potential index
- - -
Bio-concentration factor
BCF (l kg⁻¹)
- - -
CT₅₀ (days)
- -
Known metabolites

None

ECOTOXICOLOGY
Terrestrial ecotoxicology
Property
Value
Source; quality score; and other information
Interpretation
Mammals - Acute oral LD₅₀ (mg kg⁻¹)
> 2000
E3 E = Manufacturers safety data sheets
3 = Unverified data of known source
Rat
Low
Mammals - Short term dietary NOEL
(mg kg⁻¹)
- - -
(ppm diet)
- -
Mammals - Chronic 21d NOAEL (mg kg⁻¹ bw d⁻¹)
- - -
Birds - Acute LD₅₀ (mg kg⁻¹)
- - -
Birds - Short term dietary (LC₅₀/LD₅₀)
- - -
Birds - Chronic 21d NOEL (mg kg⁻¹ bw d⁻¹)
- - -
Earthworms - Acute 14 day LC₅₀ (mg kg⁻¹)
- - -
Earthworms - Chronic NOEC, reproduction (mg kg⁻¹)
- - -
Soil micro-organisms
- - -
Collembola
Acute LC₅₀ (mg kg⁻¹)
- - -
Chronic NOEC (mg kg⁻¹)
- - -
Non-target plants
- - -
- - -
Honeybees (Apis spp.)
Contact acute LD₅₀ (worst case from 24, 48 and 72 hour values - μg bee⁻¹)
- - -
Oral acute LD₅₀ (worst case from 24, 48 and 72 hour values - μg bee⁻¹)
- - -
Unknown mode acute LD₅₀ (worst case from 24, 48 and 72 hour values - μg bee⁻¹)
- - -
Chronic
- - -
Bumblebees (Bombus spp.)
Contact acute LD₅₀ (worst case from 24, 48 and 72 hour values - μg bee⁻¹)
- - -
-
Oral acute LD₅₀ (worst case from 24, 48 and 72 hour values - μg bee⁻¹)
- - -
-
Mason bees (Osmia spp.)
Contact acute LD₅₀ (worst case from 24, 48 and 72 hour values - μg bee⁻¹)
- - -
Oral acute LD₅₀ (worst case from 24, 48 and 72 hour values - μg bee⁻¹)
- - -
Other pollinators (1)
Acute LD₅₀ (worst case from 24, 48 and 72 hour values - μg insect⁻¹)
- - -
Mode of exposure
-
Other pollinators (2)
Acute LD₅₀ (worst case from 24, 48 and 72 hour values - μg insect⁻¹)
- - -
Mode of exposure
-
Beneficial insects (Ladybirds)
- - -
Beneficial insects (Lacewings)
- - -
Beneficial insects (Parasitic wasps)
- - -
Beneficial insects (Predatory mites)
- - -
Beneficial insects (Ground beetles)
- - -
Aquatic ecotoxicology
Property
Value
Source; quality score; and other information
Interpretation
Fish - Acute 96 hour LC₅₀ (mg l⁻¹)
5.0
E3 E = Manufacturers safety data sheets
3 = Unverified data of known source
Salmo gairdneri
Moderate
Fish - Chronic 21 day NOEC (mg l⁻¹)
- - -
Aquatic invertebrates - Acute 48 hour EC₅₀ (mg l⁻¹)
7.5
E3 E = Manufacturers safety data sheets
3 = Unverified data of known source
Daphnia magna
Moderate
Aquatic invertebrates - Chronic 21 day NOEC (mg l⁻¹)
- - -
Aquatic crustaceans - Acute 96 hour LC₅₀ (mg l⁻¹)
- - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Acute 96 hour LC₅₀ (mg l⁻¹)
- - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Chronic 28 day NOEC, static, water (mg l⁻¹)
- - -
Sediment dwelling organisms - Chronic 28 day NOEC, sediment (mg kg⁻¹)
- - -
Aquatic plants - Acute 7 day EC₅₀, biomass (mg l⁻¹)
- - -
Algae - Acute 72 hour EC₅₀, growth (mg l⁻¹)
- - -
Algae - Chronic 96 hour NOEC, growth (mg l⁻¹)
- - -
Mesocosm study data
NOEAEC mg l⁻¹
- - -
NOEAEC mg l⁻¹
- - -
HUMAN HEALTH AND PROTECTION
General
Property
Value
Source; quality score; and other information
Interpretation
Threshold of Toxicological Concern (Cramer Class)
High (class III) - -
Mammals - Acute oral LD₅₀ (mg kg⁻¹)
> 2000
E3 E = Manufacturers safety data sheets
3 = Unverified data of known source
Rat
Low
Mammals - Dermal LD₅₀ (mg kg⁻¹ body weight)
2000
E3 E = Manufacturers safety data sheets
3 = Unverified data of known source
Rat
-
Mammals - Inhalation LC₅₀ (mg l⁻¹)
- - -
Other Mammal toxicity endpoints
- - -
ADI - Acceptable Daily Intake (mg kg⁻¹ bw day⁻¹)
- - -
ARfD - Acute Reference Dose (mg kg⁻¹ bw day⁻¹)
- - -
AAOEL - Acute Acceptable Operator Exposure Level (mg kg⁻¹ bw day⁻¹)
- - -
AOEL - Acceptable Operator Exposure Level - Systemic (mg kg⁻¹ bw day⁻¹)
- - -
Dermal penetration studies (%)
- - -
Dangerous Substances Directive 76/464
- - -
Exposure Routes
Public
-
Occupational
-
Mammalian dose elimination route and rate
Over 90% lost in excreta unchanged
E3 E = Manufacturers safety data sheets
3 = Unverified data of known source
-
Health issues
Specific human health issues
Carcinogen
Genotoxic
Endocrine disruptor
XNo, known not to cause a problem
A0 A = Chromosome aberration (EFSA database)
0 = No data
;
B0 B = DNA damage/repair (EFSA database)
0 = No data
;
C0 C = Gene mutation (EFSA database)
0 = No data
;
D0 D = Genome mutation (EFSA database)
0 = No data
;
E3 E = Unspecified genotoxicity type (miscellaneous data source)
3 = Negative
XNo, known not to cause a problem
Reproduction / development effects Acetyl cholinesterase inhibitor Neurotoxicant
XNo, known not to cause a problem
XNo, known not to cause a problem
No data found
Respiratory tract irritant Skin irritant Skin sensitiser
No data found
Yes, known to cause a problem
No data found
Eye irritant Phototoxicant  
Yes, known to cause a problem
No data found  
General human health issues
May cause muscle weakness & myonecrosis
May cause renal failure
Highly toxic
Handling issues
Property
Value and interpretation
General
No information available
CLP classification 2013
-
WHO Classification
NL (Not listed)
UN Number
-
Waste disposal & packaging
-
TRANSLATIONS
Language
Name
English
maduramicin
French
maduramicine
German
-
Danish
-
Italian
-
Spanish
Kaduramicina
Greek
-
Polish
-
Swedish
-
Hungarian
-
Dutch
-

Record last updated: 21/04/2021
Contact: aeru@herts.ac.uk
Please cite as: Lewis, K.A., Tzilivakis, J., Warner, D. and Green, A. (2016) An international database for pesticide risk assessments and management. Human and Ecological Risk Assessment: An International Journal, 22(4), 1050-1064. DOI: 10.1080/10807039.2015.1133242